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Ashurnasirpal II

Ashur-nasir-pal II was king of Assyria from 883 to 859 BC. Ashurnasirpal II succeeded his father, Tukulti-Ninurta II, in 883 BC. During his reign he embarked on a vast program of expansion, first conquering the peoples to the north in Asia Minor as far as Nairi and exacting tribute from Phrygia invading Aram conquering the Aramaeans and Neo-Hittites between the Khabur and the Euphrates Rivers, his harshness prompted a revolt that he crushed decisively in a two-day battle. According to his monument inscription, while recalling this massacre he says: Following this victory, he advanced without opposition as far as the Mediterranean and exacted tribute from Phoenicia. On his return home, he moved his capital to the city of Kalhu. Ashurnasirpal II's father was Tukulti-Ninurta II, his son and successor was Shalmaneser III. His queen was Mullissu-mukannišat-Ninua; the palaces and other buildings raised by him bear witness to a considerable development of wealth and art. He was renowned for his brutality, using enslaved captives to build a new Assyrian capital at Kalhu in Mesopotamia where he built many impressive monuments.

He was a shrewd administrator, who realized that he could gain greater control over his empire by installing Assyrian governors, rather than depending on local client rulers paying tribute. Like previous Assyrian monarchs Ashurnasirpal campaigned along the Euphrates against Aramaeans and in the Diyala against Babylon. Ashurnasirpal II's brutal treatment of rebels ensured that when his army was not present, there would not be further revolts. Further revolts would see the local monarch replaced with a governor loyal only to the Assyrian monarchy. Leading his army, composed of infantry, heavy & light cavalry and chariots, Ashurnasirpal conquered the Hittites and Aramaean states of northern Syria. Ashurnasirpal II did not destroy the Phoenician/Canaanite cities, he was unsuccessful in his siege of Tyre, which under Ittobaal settled Kition in Cyprus and opened up trade routes throughout the Aegean, at Rhodes and Miletus. Through tribute they became sources for the raw materials of his building programs.

Iron was needed for weapons, Lebanese cedar for construction and gold and silver for the payment of troops. Ashurnasirpal II's palace was built and completed in 879 BC in Kalhu, in modern-day Iraq north of Baghdad; the palace walls were lined with reliefs carved in alabaster. These reliefs bore elaborate carvings, many portraying the king surrounded by winged protective spirits, or engaged in hunting or on campaign; each had text inscribed in it. This text was the same or similar on each relief and is therefore called the Standard Inscription; the Standard Inscription begins by tracing Ashur-nasir-pal II's lineage back three generations and recounts his military victories, defines the boundaries of his empire, tells how he founded Kalhu, built the palace. Ashurnasirpal II built a massive gateway at Nimrud; the British archaeologist A. H. Layard excavated Kalhu in the 1840s, uncovering the North-West Palace of Ashurnasirpal II. Today, many of the reliefs and sculptures from the excavations in Nimrud are displayed in the galleries of the British Museum, including the Statue of Ashurnasirpal II and the Black Obelisk, with other reliefs on display in museums in Europe and the USA.

After Assyria fell in 612 BC, the palace became overgrown and completely buried, in which state it remained for nearly 2,500 years until rediscovered by the British born Austen Henry Layard in 1845. Layard oversaw the excavation of the palace during which time the reliefs that dominated the walls of the structure were removed from the site and sent to collections throughout Europe and North America, with the British Museum receiving the majority of these Nimrud reliefs. Despite excavating and removing many of these reliefs, a great number remained within the palace and were reburied with time. In 1949 M. E. L. Mallowan re-excavated the site, which lasted until 1957, at which time the project was taken over by the Iraq Department of Antiques which still remains in control of the site; the known area of the palace measures 200m from north to south and 120 meters from east to west. This is most only a portion of the original design, including the possibility of an upper level while no concrete evidence of this remains.

All of the walls of the palace were lined with stone slabs of which a majority were decorated with relief images. Among these relief images occurred a certain amount of standardization around 870 BC. Carved into each of the stone slabs, including the ones lacking relief, was what is referred to as the Standard Inscription; this text gave the various names and titles of the king, spoke of his relationship with the gods and summarized his military conquests. The text goes on to describe the founding of Kalhu and speaks of the palace itself; the slabs, which contain relief, consist of depictions of Assurnasirpal's royal ideology. This ideology can be categorized into four main ideas, the military success of the king, his service to the gods, which provided divine protection and Assyrian prosperity. There is a particular interest in the anatomy of both animals within the depictions. Royal hunting scenes are some of the most well known of the Nimrud reliefs those showing Assurnasirpal II hunting lions.

There is a distinct interest in the relationship between man and animal in many of the scenes. In several depictions the king is shown with supernatural creatures of human combination. All of the apotropaic portrayals, which would have

Dreyfus model of skill acquisition

The Dreyfus model of skill acquisition is a model of how learners acquire skills through formal instruction and practicing, used in the fields of education and operations research. Brothers Stuart and Hubert Dreyfus proposed the model in 1980 in an 18-page report on their research at the University of California, Operations Research Center for the United States Air Force Office of Scientific Research; the model proposes that a student passes through five distinct stages and was determined as: novice, proficiency and mastery. The Dreyfus model is based on four binary qualities: Recollection Recognition Decision Awareness The original model included mastery as the last stage, in their book Mind over Machine, this was adjusted to end with Expertise; this leads to the full five stage process: A criticism of Dreyfus and Dreyfus's model has been provided by Gobet and Chassy, who propose an alternative theory of intuition. According to these authors, there is no empirical evidence for the presence of stages in the development of expertise.

In addition, while the model argues that analytic thinking does not play any role with experts, who act only intuitively, there is much evidence that experts in fact carry out slow problem solving. Dreyfus' critique of artificial intelligence Chris Argyris' concepts of Action learning Four stages of competence Skill Shu Ha Ri Merleau Ponty Language proficiency ACTFL Proficiency Guidelines Bloom's taxonomy Benner, Patricia. "Using the Dreyfus Model of Skill Acquisition to Describe and Interpret Skill Acquisition and Clinical Judgment in Nursing Practice and Education". Bulletin of Science, Technology & Society. 24: 188–19. Doi:10.1177/0270467604265061. Eriksen, Jørgen W.. "Should Soldiers Think before They Shoot?". Journal of Military Ethics. 9: 195–218. Doi:10.1080/15027570.2010.510861. The seven stages of expertise in Software engineering

1980 Palanca Awards

The Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature winners in the year 1980. Novel Special Prize: "Silapulapu and The Zebut Brothers" by Remmie Suaco BrilloShort story First Prize: “The Fruit of the Vine” by Rowena Tiempo Torrevillas Second Prize: “Flashback” by Rosario Garcellano Third Prize: “The Outsider” by Cristina Pantoja-HidalgoPoetry First Prize: “Voices Prompted by the News, A Staple Food” by Alfredo N. Salanga Second Prize: “Counterclockwise” by Gemino Abad Jr.. Lanot Second Prize: "Liberal Individualism and the Commonwealth Novels” by Patricia Melendrez-Cruz Third Prize: “Turning Back and Moving Back” by Ligaya Tiamson-RubinOne-Act Play First Prize: “Anatomy of a Passionate Derangement” by Eric Gamalinda Second Prize: “Captive Word” by Elsa M. Coscolluela Third Prize: “The Surrender” by Alfredo N. SalangaFull-length Play First Prize: No winner Second Prize: “In My Father's House” by Elsa M. Coscolluela Third Prize: “Fiesta” by Herminia Sison Honorable Mention: “Looking for Edison or What's the Name of the Guy Who Invented Something” by Lemuel Torrevillas Novel Grand Prize: “Gapo” by Lualhati BautistaShort story First Prize: “Kandong” by Reynaldo A. Duque Second Prize: “Ang Tornilyo sa Utak ni Rufo Sabater” by Alfonso Mendoza Third Prize: “Orasyon sa Simbahan, sa Piitan at sa Coral Ballroom ng Manila Hilton” by Benigno R. JuanPoetry First Prize: “Pula ang Putik sa Konkretong Looban at iba pang Tula” by Teresita Capili-Sayo Second Prize: “Sa Kopitang Litro, Ang Alak ay Krudo at iba pang tula” by Orlando Olgado Third Prize: “Mga Talababa ng Panahon” by Mar Al.

TiburcioEssay First Prize: “Ang Krus sa Balikat ng Makata” by Pedro L. Ricarte Second Prize: “Ilang Talang Luma Buhat sa Talaarawan ng Isang May Nunal sa Talampakan” by Jun Cruz Reyes Third Prize: “Pagkamulat at Iba Pang Sanaysay” by Benigno R. JuanOne-Act Play First Prize: “Isang Gabi sa Beerhouse” by Wilfred S. Victoria. Laot... Daungan” by Dong Delos Reyes Second Prize: “Ambon sa Madaling Araw” by Jose Y. Dalisay Jr. Third Prize: “1898: Sa Mata ng Daluyong” by Conrado De Quiros "The Don Carlos Palanca Memorial Awards for Literature | Winners 1980". Archived from the original on 2009-10-24

David Elson

David Elson is an American football coach. He is the defensive coordinator at Ball State University, a position he had held since 2017. Elson served as head football coach at Western Kentucky University from 2003 to 2009, he oversaw the transition of Western Kentucky from a Football Championship Subdivision to a Football Bowl Subdivision program, the highest division in college football. Elson joined the Hilltoppers staff as a defensive backs coach in 1996, he served as defensive coordinator for the 2001 and 2002 season before he was promoted to head coach. The rise to college football's highest level was difficult for the program, Hilltoppers went 2-20 in Elson's final two seasons. On November 9, 2009 Elson was fired by the university. WKU alumnus and Stanford running backs coach Willie Taggart replaced him. In March 2010, Indiana University head football coach Bill Lynch announced that Elson will be a defensive quality control coach. Coach Lynch noted this would be an administrative role, but that he would be involved in coaching decisions.

The Hoosiers made their first road trip of the year to play Elson's former team, the WKU Hilltoppers in Bowling Green, Kentucky. Elson spent the 2011 football season as defensive coordinator for KHSAA state finalist Franklin-Simpson High School in Franklin, Kentucky. On January 4, 2012, Elson was announced as the defensive coordinator at New Mexico State University. On January 13, 2013, Elson was announced as the new secondary coach for the Southern Illinois University Carbondale, where he was a graduate assistant from 94 to 95. On January 20, 2016, after two years at Southern Illinois, Elson accepted the position as defensive coordinator at Western Illinois under new head coach Charlie Fisher. Elson and his wife, have three daughters. Ball State profile

Kyustendil Province

Kyustendil Province is a province in southwestern Bulgaria, extending over an area of 3,084.3 km2, with a population of 163,889. It borders on the provinces of Sofia and Blagoevgrad; the administrative center of the Province is Kyustendil. The region features diverse surface relief — fertile valleys and canyons, separated by hillocks and mountains; the northern and western parts of the territory form the so-called "Kyustendilsko kraishte" and include parts of the cross-border Milevska, Zemenska and — to the east — Konyavska mountains. To the south, the Kyustendilsko kraishte reaches as far as the valleys of the Dragovishtitsa and Bistritsa rivers, as well as the Lisets mountain; the southern part of the region includes massifs of the Osogovo and northwestern Rila mountains, embracing the Kamenitsa and Dupnitsa lowerlands. The region is divided in two under-districts: Kyustendil in Dupnitsa in east. In Dupnitsa region there are the geographic areas of Gorno pole, Dolno pole, the area Razmetanitsa where the Emperor Samuil of Bulgaria killed his brother Aron and his family.

The region abounds with granites, clays and ores. Polymetal ores are excavated in Osogovo. Clays deposits are located at the villages of Chetirtsi and Dragovishtitsa; the region, however, is most famous for its numerous mineral water springs: hot mineral water springs in Kyustendil, Sapareva banya, the villages of Nevestino and Chetirtsi. A marvel of nature, found in the region are the Stobski piramidi. For the most part, the climate is transcontinental; the main drainage river is Struma whose subsidiaries are the Treklyanska, Bistritsa, Novoselska and Rila rivers. Subterranean water levels are high. Near the village of Kamenichka Skakavitsa, the Golemi dol river forms a 70-meter-high waterfall; the Dyakovo, Drenov dol and Bagrentsi artificial lakes are chiefly used for irrigation purposes. Soil composition is most favorable for the traditionally developed fruit-growing. Forest vegetation is deciduous, although coniferous forests are present; the Gabra natural reservation houses the last remaining black-pine trees.

The region of Kyustendil includes nine municipalities with 182 settlements. The regional administrative center is the town of Kyustendil situated in its southwestern part: the Kyustendil lowerland; the town serves as the administrative center of the municipality of Kyustendil, with a population of 73 346, of whom 51 300 are residents of the town area. Four main transport routes pass through Kyustendil: from North Macedonia on the Skopie-Sofia high-way. Kyustendil has managed to preserve is historical and cultural heritage, it is a contemporary Bulgarian administrative center, whose future is seen in the development of cultural tourism, modern rehabilitation resort centers by the hot mineral water springs. The surrounding region is like an untapped national park. Wander through green lanes past medieval houses and barns and discover stunning landscapes. Plenty of fishing, treking, 4*4 country, with clear air and a fantastic climate; the Kyustendil province contains nine municipalities. The following table shows the names of each municipality in English and Cyrillic, the main town or village, the population as of 2009.

Kyustendil province had a population of 135,664 according to the 2011 census, of which 48.9% were male and 51.1% were female. The following table represents the change of the population in the province after World War II: Total population: 136 686 Ethnic groups:Of 130,615 persons: Bulgarians: 121 351 Romani: 8 305 Others and indefinable: 959 Ethnic groups in the province according to 2001 census: Bulgarians: 152,644 Romani: 8 294 Others and indefinable: 1596 Most of the Gypsies live within the city limits of Kyustendil, the provincial center of Bulgaria with largest concentration of Gypsies, where they are 5,179, constituting 12.2% of the population. Most of the rest are to be found in the second largest city of Dupnitsa, where they are 2,333. Mother tongues in the province according to 2001 census: 153,242 Bulgarian 7,929 Romani 1363 others and unspecified Religious adherence in the province according to 2001 census: Kyustendil tourist destination - tourism opportunities in the Kyustendil region Kyustendil Province Provinces of Bulgaria Municipalities of Bulgaria List of cities and towns in Bulgaria List of villages in Kyustendil Province

Pickering series

The Pickering series consists of three lines of singly ionized helium found in absorption, in the spectra of hot stars like Wolf–Rayet stars. The name comes from Edward Charles Alfred Fowler; the lines are produced by transitions from a higher energy level of an electron to a level with principal quantum number n = 4. The lines have wavelengths: 4551 Å 5411 Å 10123 Å The transitions from the n = 6 and n = 8 states overlap with hydrogen lines and are not seen in stellar spectra. In 1896, Pickering published observations of unknown lines in the spectra of the star ζ Puppis. Pickering attributed the observation to a new form of hydrogen with half-integer transition levels. Fowler managed to produce similar lines from a hydrogen–helium mixture in 1912, supported Pickering's conclusion as to their origin. Niels Bohr, included an analysis of the series in his'trilogy' on atomic structure and concluded that Pickering and Fowler were wrong and that the spectral lines arise instead from ionised helium, He+.

Fowler was skeptical but was convinced that Bohr was correct, by 1915 "spectroscopists had transferred definitively to helium." Bohr's theoretical work on the Pickering series had demonstrated the need for "a re-examination of problems that seemed to have been solved within classical theories" and provided important confirmation for his atomic theory. Hydrogen spectral series PROTO-HYDROGEN