Asia Carrera Lemmon is an American former pornographic actress. Asia Carrera was born Jessica Steinhauser in New York City to a German mother and Japanese father, the oldest of four siblings, she was raised on Lippincott Road in Little Silver, New Jersey, attending the Little Silver School District and Red Bank Regional High School. She studied piano as a child and performed at Carnegie Hall twice before the age of 15. At the age of 16, she taught English at Tsuruga College in Tsuruga, Japan. Carrera won a National Merit Scholarship and scored over 1440 on the SAT, as well as a Garden State Scholarship for her grades, she attended Rutgers University on full academic scholarship, where she majored in Japanese and business, but did not graduate. Carrera is a member of Mensa, with an IQ of 156. Carrera's adult film career started in 1993. In 1995 she became the first Asian performer to win the AVN Female Performer of the Year Award. Carrera retired from the film industry following her marriage to Don Lemmon.
Carrera lent her voice to several erotic hentai OVAs for publisher Pink Pineapple, such as Inmu and Shusaku. In October 2001, Carrera attended the Big Apple Anime Fest in New York City for her voice roles and along with Kobe Tai was an Opening Night Guest of Honor at the fest's Midnight Anime Concourse. Carrera was in the 2012 documentary After Porn Ends, about life after being a porn actor. In the documentary, she discusses her membership in Mensa. Despite being a celebrity member of the group, the organization refused to link to her website because it contained pornographic elements. In 1998, she appeared in an uncredited cameo role in the film The Big Lebowski in the faux pornographic movie Logjammin' within the film. Carrera was a guest reviewer for Maximum PC magazine. Carrera is an atheist; as of November 2014, she wore a colander on her head for her Utah driver's license photograph. State law prohibits the wearing of hats in driver license photos, but there is an exception for religious headwear, Carerra's colander was worn in honor of the religion of the Flying Spaghetti Monster.
She is one of about a dozen "Pastafarian" Utahns who have worn a colander in their official state ID photos. In September 1995, Carrera married adult film director Bud Lee, they remain good friends. She married nutritionist and author Don Lemmon on December 19, 2003; the couple moved to St. George, where she gave birth to a daughter on March 4, 2005. On June 10, 2006, Lemmon was killed in a car accident outside of Las Vegas. Seven weeks on July 31, Carrera gave birth to the couple's second child, son Devin D'Artagnan. In June 2012, she gave birth to a boy that she placed for adoption. In 2015 she was arrested for DUI with "a reported blood alcohol content of.254 percent – more than three times Utah’s.08 legal limit." She was sentenced to house arrest. She identified investor Warren Buffett as her hero on her website, which Buffett was pleased to learn. In 2017, Carrera began studies at Dixie State University with her daughter. 1995 AVN Female Performer of the Year 2000 AVN Best Couples Sex Scene – Film 2000 AVN Award nominee - Best Actress – Film 2001 AVN Hall of Fame inductee 2007 XRCO Hall of Fame inductee – XRCO Members' Choice Sources Official website Asia Carrera on IMDb Asia Carrera at the Internet Adult Film Database Asia Carrera at the Adult Film Database
The Somali Youth League known as the Somali Youth Club, was the first political party in Somalia. It played a key role in the nation's road to independence during the 1950s and 1960s. During the Second World War, Britain occupied Italian Somaliland and militarily administered the territory from 1941 to 1950. Faced with growing Italian political pressure inimical to continued British tenure and Somali aspirations for independence, the Somalians and the British came to see each other as allies; the first modern Somali political party, the Somali Youth Club, was subsequently established in Mogadishu in 1943. At its foundation, the party had 13 members: four muuse subeer samaroon, four habar muuse two Reer Xamar, two hawiye and one daarood; the Harari would become members in 1946. SYL supported Greater Somalia with Harar being the capital and a combined Harari-Somali representatives were commissioned to reveal this proposal to the U. N office in Mogadishu. Somali Youth League members were influenced by the earlier religious rebellion at the turn of the century of various religious figures such as Uways al-Barawi, Sheikh Hassan Barsane and Mohammed Abdullah Hassan.
To empower the new party, the better educated police and civil servants were permitted to join it. By 1948, following an official visit to the territory by the Four Power Commission, the SYC was a well-structured political unit, Abdullahi Issa was elected as its Secretary General and renamed itself as the Somali Youth League and began to open offices not only in Italian and British Somaliland, but in the Ogaden and in the Northern Frontier District; the SYL's stated objectives were to unify all Somali territories, including the Ogaden. SYL policy banned clannishness so that the thirteen founding members, although representing four of Somalia's five major clans, refused to disclose their clan affiliations. Although the SYL enjoyed considerable popular support from northerners, the principal parties in British Somaliland were the Somali National League and National United Front associated with the Isaaq clan, the United Somali Party, which had the support of the Dir and Darod clans. In 1945, the Potsdam conference was held, where it was decided not to return Italian Somaliland to Italy.
The United Nations opted instead in November 1949 to grant Italy trusteeship of Italian Somaliland, but only under close supervision and on the condition—first proposed by the SYL and other nascent Somali political organizations that were agitating for independence, such as the Marehan Union Party, Hizbia Digil Mirifle Somali and the SNL— that Somalia achieve independence within ten years. British Somaliland remained a protectorate of Britain until June 26, 1960, when it became independent; the former Italian Somaliland followed suit five days later. On July 1, 1960, the two territories united to form the Somali Republic, albeit within boundaries drawn up by Italy and Britain. A government was formed by Abdullahi Issa Mohamud and Muhammad Haji Ibrahim Egal with Aden Abdullah Osman Daar as the first President of the Somali Republic, Abdirashid Ali Shermarke as Prime Minister to become President. On July 20, 1961 and through a popular referendum, the Somali people ratified a new constitution, first drafted in 1960.
In the first national elections after independence, held on 30 March 1964, the SYL won an absolute majority of 69 of the 123 parliamentary seats. The remaining seats were divided among 11 parties. Five years from in general elections held in March 1969, the ruling SYL led by Mohammed Ibrahim Egal returned to power. However, in the same year President of Somalia Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke was assassinated. A military coup ensued, with Siad Barre now assuming leadership. Barre's Supreme Revolutionary Council subsequently renamed the country the Somali Democratic Republic, arrested members of the former government, banned political parties, dissolved the parliament and the Supreme Court, suspended the constitution; the following is a list of the SYL's 13 original founder members, including its first leader Abdulkhadir Sheikh Sakhawudeen: Abdulkhadir Sheikh Sakhawudeen Yasin Haji Osman Sharmarke, Mohamed Hirsi Nur, Haji Mahamed Hussein Mahad, Osman Geedi Rage, Dhere Haji Dhere, Dahir Haji Osman, Ali Hasan Maslah, Mohamed Ali Nur, Mohamed Farah Hilowle, H. Mohamed Abdullahi Hayesi, Hudow Malin Abdullahi Salah and Mohamed Osman Barbe Bardhere The following is a list of other notable public officials that emerged from the SYL's ranks: PresidentsAden Abdullah Osman Daar: July 1, 1960 – June 10, 1967.
Arun Agrawal is a political scientist in the School of Natural Resources & Environment at the University of Michigan. He is editor of the scholarly journal World Development, he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2018. PhD - Political Science, Duke University 1992 MA - Political Science, Duke University 1988 MBA - Development Administration and Public Policy, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, 1985 BA - History, University of Delhi, 1983 Some of Agrawal's work has been published in journals such as Science, Conservation Biology, World Development, PNAS. In a publication in Nature, Agrawal explores the positive side of disaster in his case study of a 1998 hurricane in Honduras. According to Agrawal, natural disasters like this set the stage for alternative social trajectories, his best known book is Environmentality: Technologies of Government and the Making of Subjects, published in 2005. Published books included Greener Pastures: Politics and Community Among a Migrant Pastoral People, Decentralization in Nepal: A Comparative Analysis.
"Arun Agrawal provides a most lucid account of the people-government- forest interplay in the 20th century Kumaon Himalayas in this book.... Arun Agrawal addresses these fascinating questions on the basis, not only of archival research, but on the strength of extensive long-term fieldwork."—The Hindu "This book aims to promote Arun Agrawal's own neologism - "environmentality"... This book, has hidden its worthwhile arguments in thickets of verbal profusion, which make it hard to see the teak for the forest."--The Times Higher Education 2001: Agrarian Environments: Resources and Rule in India. Duke University Press, Durham, ISBN 0-8223-2555-1 2001: Social Nature: Resources and Rule in India. Oxford University Press, New Delhi, ISBN 0-19-565460-9 2001: Communities and the Environment: Ethnicity and the State in Community-Based Conservation. Rutgers University Press, Piscataway, ISBN 0-8135-2914-X 2003: Regional Modernities: The Cultural Politics of Development in India. Stanford University Press, Palo Alto, ISBN 0-8047-4415-7 Central African Forest Initiative International Forestry Resources and Institutions