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Aspen, Colorado

Aspen is the home rule municipality, the county seat and the most populous municipality of Pitkin County, United States. Its population was 6,658 at the 2010 United States Census. Aspen is in a remote area of the Rocky Mountains' Sawatch Range and Elk Mountains, along the Roaring Fork River at an elevation just below 8,000 feet above sea level on the Western Slope, 11 miles west of the Continental Divide. Founded as a mining camp during the Colorado Silver Boom and named "Aspen" because of the abundance of aspen trees in the area, the city boomed during the 1880s, its first decade of existence; the boom ended when the Panic of 1893 led to a collapse in the silver market, the city began a half-century known as "the quiet years" during which its population declined, reaching a nadir of fewer than a thousand by 1930. Aspen's fortunes reversed in the mid-20th century when neighboring Aspen Mountain was developed into a ski resort, industrialist Walter Paepcke bought many properties in the city in the 1950s and redeveloped them.

Today it is home to three institutions, two of which Paepcke helped found, that have international importance: the Aspen Music Festival and School, the Aspen Institute, the Aspen Center for Physics. In the late 20th century, the city became a popular retreat for celebrities. Gonzo journalist Hunter S. Thompson worked out of a downtown hotel and ran unsuccessfully for county sheriff. Singer John Denver wrote two songs about Aspen after settling there. Both of them popularized Aspen among the counter-cultural youth of the 1970s as an ideal place to live, the city continued to grow as it gained notoriety for some of the era's hedonistic excesses. Aspen has some of the most expensive real estate in the United States, it remains a popular tourist destination, with outdoor recreation in the surrounding White River National Forest serving as a summertime complement to the four ski areas in the vicinity. The city's roots are traced to the winter of 1879, when a group of miners ignored pleas by Frederick Pitkin, Governor of Colorado, to return across the Continental Divide to avoid a Ute uprising.

The Utes were fighting to maintain possession of their land and communities. Named Ute City, the small community was renamed Aspen in 1880, and, in its peak production years of 1891 and 1892, surpassed Leadville as the United States' most productive silver-mining district. Production expanded due to the passage of the Sherman Silver Purchase Act of 1890, which doubled the government's purchase of silver. By 1893, Aspen had banks, a hospital, a police department, two theaters, an opera house, electric lights. Economic collapse came with the Panic of 1893, when President Cleveland called a special session of congress and repealed the act. Within weeks, many of the Aspen mines were closed and thousands of miners were put out of work, it was proposed that silver be recognized as legal tender and the People's Party adopted that as one of its main issues. Davis H. Waite, an Aspen newspaperman and agitator, was elected governor of Colorado on the Democratic ticket, but in time the movement failed. After wage cuts, mining revived somewhat, but production declined and by the 1930 census only 705 residents remained.

Remaining, were stocks of old commercial buildings and residences, along with excellent snow. Aspen's development as a ski resort began in the 1930s when investors conceived of a ski area, but the project was interrupted by World War II. Friedl Pfeifer, a member of the 10th Mountain Division who had trained in the area, returned to the area and linked up with industrialist Walter Paepcke and his wife Elizabeth; the Aspen Skiing Corporation was founded in 1946 and the city became a well-known resort, hosting the FIS World Championships in 1950. Paepcke played an important role in bringing the Goethe Bicentennial Convocation to Aspen in 1949, an event held in a newly designed tent by the architect Eero Saarinen. Aspen was on the path to becoming an internationally known ski resort and cultural center, home of the Aspen Music Festival and School; the area would continue to grow with the development of three additional ski areas, Aspen Highlands, Snowmass. In 1978, Aspen was photographed for the Aspen Movie Map project funded by the U.

S. Department of Defense; the Movie Map is one of the earliest examples of virtual reality software. In 1999, the city council passed a resolution to petition the US Congress and President Clinton to restrict US immigration. Aspen residents cited concerns about the environmental impacts of increased immigration on their community, including urban and suburban sprawl, pollution from the older automobiles driven by immigrants, litter accumulating in the mountains attributable to the increasing population; the impetus for the resolution was the increasing number of trailer parks that housed the migrant workers employed locally in the service sector and ski industry. The parks were perceived to be degrading to the town's image, property values, environment; the move was led by Terry Paulson, an Aspen City Council member, supported and guided by national groups such as the Carrying Capacity Network, the Center for Immigration Studies. The resolution was discussed on the American Patrol Report website, contributing to a controversy over whether or not the resolution was racially motivated.

Councilman Terry Paulson and some Aspen citizens insisted that it was motivated by environmental concerns. Aspen is notable as the smallest radio market tracked by Arbitron, ranked number 302. Local media in Aspen include three radio stations, KSNO, KTND, KSPN.

Arthur F. H. Mills

Arthur Frederick Hobart Mills is one of a family of authors. His grandfather, Arthur Mills, was an expert of colonial economies and governance; the senior Mills' India in 1858 describes the political and economic conditions in India after the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Arthur F. H. Mills is the brother of children's book author George Mills and author and adventurer Lady Dorothy Mills, to whom he was married from 1916 through their divorce in 1933. Captain Mills was wounded in World War I at La Bassée and wrote a pair of books, his first, about that experience: With My Regiment: From the Aisne to La Bassée and Hospital Days under the pseudonym Platoon Commander. At his wedding to Lady Dorthy Walpole in 1916, her wedding ring was made from a bullet, surgically removed from his ankle. Despite favorable reviews, frequent impressions, global translations of many of his earlier books, Mills became known as a genre author of cheap crime and adventure novels, his work has been forgotten. Mills died in Hampshire, United Kingdom, on 18 February 1955.

Who Is George Mills? Google Books: With My Regiment

Irishtown Nature Park, New Brunswick

This article refers to a park in Canada. If you are looking for information about a park in Dublin, see Irishtown Nature Park, Dublin. Irishtown Nature Park is a large urban park located on the northern edge of Moncton within the city of Moncton, New Brunswick. At 9 km2 it is one of the largest urban parks in Canada; the park has a large lake, popular for kayaking and canoeing. The park is used for hiking, mountain biking and snowshoeing in the winter. There are several historic displays within the park including a small museum consisting of a restored one-room school. There is a set of signs relating to the parks history as the city of Monctons first water supply dating back to the mid 19th century. Birdwatching is popular in the park due to the wide variety of birds which reside in the park including: Black-capped chickadees Nuthatches Yellow-finches Purple finches Hairy woodpeckers Downy woodpeckers Doves The multi use trails can be accessed from multiple entry points such as the main parking lot at 1155 Elmwood Drive, Caledonia parking lot at 595 Caledonia Road or at the Gerdhart trail entrance across from Cedarwood avenue.

These trails are surfaced with compacted gravel which makes it accessible for all to walk, bike, or run and are cleared and sanded in the winter for walking. This multiuse trail is used by walkers, wheel chairs and hikers; the footpaths can be accessed from the surfaced trails. These trails are more natural trails made for the adventurer, they run along the lake with sections where it is wet have been surfaced with wood chips or boardwalks for easier access. These trails are used by hikers and snowshoers in the winter. List of parks in New Brunswick http://www.moncton.ca/Residents/Recreation_Parks_and_Culture/Parks/Irishtown_Nature_Park.htm Information from Tourism New Brunswick Information from the City of Moncton 46.1414°N 64.772823°W / 46.1414.