SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Assassination of John F. Kennedy

John Fitzgerald Kennedy, the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on November 22, 1963, at 12:30 p.m. Central Standard Time in Dallas, while riding in a presidential motorcade through Dealey Plaza. Kennedy was riding with his wife Jacqueline, Texas Governor John Connally, Connally's wife Nellie when he was fatally shot by former U. S. Marine Lee Harvey Oswald firing in ambush from a nearby building. Governor Connally was wounded in the attack; the motorcade rushed to Parkland Memorial Hospital where President Kennedy was pronounced dead about 30 minutes after the shooting. Oswald was arrested by the Dallas Police Department 70 minutes after the initial shooting. Oswald was charged under Texas state law with the murder of Kennedy, as well as that of Dallas policeman J. D. Tippit, fatally shot a short time after the assassination. At 11:21 a.m. November 24, 1963, as live television cameras were covering his transfer from the city jail to the county jail, Oswald was fatally shot in the basement of Dallas Police Headquarters by Dallas nightclub operator Jack Ruby.

Oswald was taken to Parkland Memorial Hospital. Ruby was convicted of Oswald's murder, though it was overturned on appeal, Ruby died in prison in 1967 while awaiting a new trial. After a 10-month investigation, the Warren Commission concluded that Oswald assassinated Kennedy, that Oswald had acted alone, that Ruby had acted alone in killing Oswald. Kennedy was the eighth and most recent US President to die in office, the fourth to be assassinated. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson automatically assumed the Presidency upon Kennedy's death. A investigation, the United States House Select Committee on Assassinations agreed with the Warren Commission that the injuries that Kennedy and Connally sustained were caused by Oswald's three rifle shots, but they concluded that Kennedy was "probably assassinated as a result of a conspiracy" as analysis of a dictabelt audio recording pointed to the existence of an additional gunshot and therefore "... a high probability that two gunmen fired at President".

The Committee was not able to identify any individuals or groups involved with the possible conspiracy. In addition, the HSCA found that the original federal investigations were "seriously flawed" with respect to information-sharing and the possibility of conspiracy; as recommended by the HSCA, the dictabelt evidence suggesting conspiracy was subsequently re-examined and rejected. It was determined that the dictabelt recorded different gunshots which were fired at another location in Dallas and at a different time, not related to the assassination. In light of the investigative reports determining that "reliable acoustic data do not support a conclusion that there was a second gunman", the U. S. Justice Department concluded active investigations and stated "that no persuasive evidence can be identified to support the theory of a conspiracy in... the assassination of President Kennedy". However, Kennedy's assassination is still the subject of widespread debate and has spawned numerous conspiracy theories and alternative scenarios.

Polls conducted from 1966 to 2004 found that up to 80 percent of Americans suspected that there was a plot or cover-up. President John F. Kennedy chose to travel to Texas to smooth over frictions in the Democratic Party between liberals Ralph Yarborough and Don Yarborough and conservative Texas governor John Connally. A presidential visit to Texas was first agreed upon by Kennedy, Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson, Connally while all three men were together in a meeting in El Paso on June 5, 1963. President Kennedy decided to embark on the trip with three basic goals in mind: 1.) to help raise more Democratic Party presidential campaign fund contributions. Begin his quest for reelection in November 1964. President Kennedy's trip to Dallas was first announced to the public in September 1963; the exact motorcade route was finalized on November 18 and publicly announced a few days before November 22. Kennedy's motorcade route through Dallas with Johnson and Connally was planned to give the president maximum exposure to local crowds before his arrival for a luncheon at the Trade Mart, where he would meet with civic and business leaders.

The White House staff informed the Secret Service that the President would arrive at Dallas Love Field via a short flight from Carswell Air Force Base in Fort Worth. The Dallas Trade Mart was preliminarily selected as the place for the luncheon, Kenneth O'Donnell, President Kennedy's friend and appointments secretary, had selected it as the final destination on the motorcade route. Leaving from Dallas Love Field, the motorcade had been allotted 45 minutes to reach the Trade Mart at a planned arrival time of 12:15 p.m. The itinerary was designed to serve as a meandering 10-mile route between the two places, the motorcade vehicles could be driven within the allotted time. Special Agent Winston G. Lawson, a member of the White House detail who acted as the advance Secret Service Agent, Secret Service Agent Forrest V. Sorrels, Special Agent in charge of the Dallas office, were the most active in planning the actual motorcade route. On November 14, both men attended a meeting at Love Field and drove over the route that Sorrels believed was best suited for the motorcade.

From Love Field, the route passed through a suburban section of Dallas, through Downtown along Main Street, to the Trade Mar

1946–47 Svenska mästerskapet (men's handball)

The 1946–47 Svenska mästerskapet was the 16th season of Svenska mästerskapet, a tournament held to determine the Swedish Champions of men's handball. The qualification criteria for the tournament was changed for this season. All Allsvenskan teams and all District Champions qualified, along with invited teams from Division II. 32 teams competed in the tournament. Majornas IK were the five-time defending champions, but were eliminated by Sandvikens IF in the Second Round. Redbergslids IK won their third title; the semifinals and final were played on 15–16 March in Mässhallen in Gothenburg. The final was watched by 4,198 spectators. Bodens BK–Umeå IK 9–19 Upsala Studenters IF–IK Göta 14–10 Ludvika FFI–SoIK Hellas 8–23 Motala AIF–KA 3 Fårösund 13–12 Sandvikens IF–GIF Sundsvall 21–5 Majornas IK–F 11 Nyköping 21–10 GF Kroppskultur–IK Heim 9–15 IFK Malmö–IFK Karlskrona 10–11 Sollefteå GIF–IFK Östersund 18–14 Rynninge IK–Redbergslids IK 4–18 Skövde AIK–Karlstads BIK 16–7 IFK Lidingö–Västerås IK result unknown Västerås HF–IF Guif 14–8 Lugi HF–IFK Eksjö result unknown IFK Trelleborg–Ystads IF 3–10 HK Drott–IFK Kristianstad 13–18 Umeå IK–Upsala Studenters IF 9–8 SoIK Hellas–Motala AIF 19–8 Sandvikens IF–Majornas IK 15–10 IK Heim–IFK Karlskrona 9–8 Sollefteå GIF–Redbergslids IK 5–18 Skövde AIK–IFK Lidingö 10–8 Västerås HF–Lugi HF 13–11 Ystads IF–IFK Kristianstad 17–13 Umeå IK–SoIK Hellas 7–10 Sandvikens IF–IK Heim 7–8 Redbergslids IK–Skövde AIK 10–8 Västerås HF–Ystads IF 8–10 SoIK Hellas–IK Heim 9–15 Redbergslids IK–Ystads IF 12–9 SoIK Hellas–Ystads IF 8–6 IK Heim–Redbergslids IK 7–8 The following players for Redbergslids IK received a winner's medal: Henry Öberg, Valter Larsson, Lars-Eric Olsson, Gösta Swerin, Rolf Andreasson, Sten Åkerstedt, Olle Juthage, Bertil Lundberg and Holger Karlsson.

1946–47 Allsvenskan

Luiseño traditional narratives

Luiseño traditional narratives include myths, legends and oral histories preserved by the Luiseño people of southwestern California. Luiseño oral literature is similar to that of the Luiseño's Takic-speaking relatives to the north and east, to that of their Yuman neighbors to the south. Prominent are several versions of the Southern California Creation Myth. Chinigchinich by Jerónimo Boscana "A Saboba Origin-Myth" by George Wharton James "The Legend of Tauquitch and Algoot" by George Wharton James "Two Myths of the Mission Indians of California" by Alfred L. Kroeber "Mythology of the Mission Indians" by Constance Goddard DuBois "Mythology of the Mission Indians" by Constance Goddard DuBois The North American Indian by Edward S. Curtis Applegate, Richard B. 1979. "The Red, the Black, the White: Duality and Unity in the Luiseño Cosmos. Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 1:71-88. Boscana, Gerónimo. 1933. Chinigchinich. Edited by John Peabody Harrington. Fine Arts Press, Santa Ana, California.

Curtis, Edward S. 1907-1930. The North American Indian. 20 vols. Plimpton Press, Massachusetts. DuBois, Constance Goddard. 1904. "Mythology of the Mission Indians". Journal of American Folklore 17:185-188. DuBois, Constance Goddard. 1906. "Mythology of the Mission Indians. Journal of American Folklore 19:52-60. DuBois, Constance Goddard. 1908. "Ceremonies and Traditions of the Diegueño Indians". Journal of American Folklore 21:228-236. DuBois, Constance Goddard. 1908. "The Religion of the Luiseño Indians of Southern California". University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 8:69-173. Berkeley. Gifford, Edward Winslow. 1918. "Clans and Moieties in Southern California". University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 14:155-219. Berkeley. Gifford, Edward Winslow, Gwendoline Harris Block. 1930. California Indian Nights. Arthur H. Clark, California. Harrington, John Peabody. 1934. A New Original Version of Boscana's Historical Account of the San Juan Capistrano Indians of Southern California.

Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections No. 92. Washington, D. C. James, George Wharton. 1902. "A Saboba Origin-Myth". Journal of American Folklore 15:36-39. James, George Wharton. 1903. "The Legend of Tauquitch and Algoot". Journal of American Folklore 16:153-159. Kroeber, A. L. 1906. "Two Myths of the Mission Indians of California". Journal of American Folklore 19:309-321. Kroeber, A. L. 1925. Handbook of the Indians of California. Bureau of American Ethnology Bulletin No. 78. Washington, D. C. Laylander, Don. 2004. Listening to the Raven: The Southern California Ethnography of Constance Goddard DuBois. Coyote Press Archives of California Prehistory No. 51. Salinas, California. Margolin, Malcolm. 1993. The Way We Lived: California Indian Stories and Reminiscences. First edition 1981. Heyday Books, California. Parker, Horace. 1965. The Historic Valley of Temecula: The Early Indians of Temecula. Paisano Press, Balboa Island, California. Reichlen and Paule Reichlen. 1971. "Le manuscrit Boscana de la Bibliothèque Nationale de Paris.

Journal de la Société des Américanistes 60:233-273. Robinson, Alfred. 1846. Life in California During a Residence of Several years in that Territory. Wiley & Putnam, New York. Sparkman, Philip Stedman. 1908. "A Luiseño Tale". Journal of American Folklore 21:35-36. Strong, William Duncan. 1929. "Aboriginal Society in Southern California". University of California Publications in American Archaeology and Ethnology 26:1-358. Berkeley. True, Delbert L. and Clement W. Meighan. 1987. "Nahachish". Journal of California and Great Basin Anthropology 9:188-198