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Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States

Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States is the title of all members of the Supreme Court of the United States other than the chief justice of the United States. The number of associate justices is eight, as set by the Judiciary Act of 1869. Article II, Section 2, Clause 2 of the United States Constitution grants plenary power to the president to nominate, with the advice and consent of the Senate, appoint justices to the Supreme Court. Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution grants life tenure to associate justices, all other federal judges, which ends only when a justice dies, resigns, or is removed from office by impeachment; each Supreme Court justice has a single vote in deciding. However, the chief justice -- when in the majority -- decides. Otherwise, the senior justice in the majority assigns the writing of a decision. Furthermore, the chief justice leads the discussion of the case among the justices; the chief justice has certain administrative responsibilities that the other justices do not and is paid more.

Associate justices have seniority by order of appointment, although the chief justice is always considered to be the most senior. If two justices are appointed on the same day, the older is designated the senior justice of the two; the senior associate justice is Clarence Thomas. By tradition, when the justices are in conference deliberating the outcome of cases before the Supreme Court, the justices state their views in order of seniority; the senior associate justice is tasked with carrying out the chief justices's duties when he is unable to, or if that office is vacant. Associate justices were styled "Mr. Justice" in court opinions and other writings; the title was shortened to "Justice" in 1980, a year before Sandra Day O'Connor became the first female justice. There are eight associate justices on the Supreme Court; the justices, ordered by seniority, are: An associate justice who leaves the Supreme Court after attaining the age and meeting the service requirements prescribed by federal statute may retire rather than resign.

After retirement, they keep their title, by custom may keep a set of chambers in the Supreme Court building, employ law clerks. The names of retired associate justices continue to appear alongside those of the active justices in the bound volumes of Supreme Court decisions. Federal statute provides that retired Supreme Court justices may serve—if designated and assigned by the chief justice—on panels of the U. S. courts of appeals, or on the U. S. district courts. Retired justices are not, authorized to take part in the consideration or decision of any cases before the Supreme Court. When, after his retirement, William O. Douglas attempted to take a more active role than was customary, maintaining that it was his prerogative to do so because of his senior status, he was rebuffed by Chief Justice Warren Burger and admonished by the whole Court. There are three living retired associate justices at the present time: Sandra Day O'Connor, retired January 31, 2006. Both O'Connor and Souter serve on panels of the Courts of Appeals of various circuits.

Kennedy has not performed any judicial duties. Since the Supreme Court was established in 1789, the following 102 persons have served as an associate justice: Historic Supreme Court Decisions – by Justice, Legal Information Institute, Cornell University Law School Supreme Court of the United States

Kei Ling Ha

Kei Ling Ha is an area on the Sai Kung Peninsula, in eastern New Territories of Hong Kong. Administratively, it is part of Tai Po District, it is a good place for countryside visits and bird watching. Kei Ling Ha Lo Wai and Kei Ling Ha San Wai are villages within this area. Kei Ling Ha Lo Wai is a walled village. Kei Ling Ha is located at the coastal area near Sai Sha Road, at the junction of Ma On Shan Country Park and Sai Kung West Country Park, it is located in the innermost shore of Three Fathoms Cove which known as Kei Ling Ha Hoi indigenously. Kei Ling Ha is the site of a rocky shore. Mangrove can be found at Kei Ling Ha Lo Wai, the site has been a Site of Special Scientific Interest since 1994, it is the habitat of fiddler crabs. Kei Ling Ha is served by Sai Sha Road; the end of Stage 3 and start of Stage 4 of the MacLehose Trail is located at Shui Long Wo, part of Kei Ling Ha. Shap Sze Heung Environment of Hong Kong List of buildings and areas in Hong Kong List of villages in Hong Kong

Préville (actor)

Préville was a French comic actor. Born Pierre-Louis Dubus to an impoverished family in Paris, he was intended for the clergy. While playing with a mediocre troop of actors in provincial France, Préville's budding talents were spotted in the town of Rouen by Jean Monnet, who engaged him to perform with the Opéra-Comique in Paris in 1743. Préville returned to the provinces and was the manager of the Grand Théâtre in Lyon, he joined the Comédie Francaise in Paris in 1753, where he debuted on 20 September in the role of Crispin in Jean-François Regnard's Le Légataire universel. He took on roles played by François-Arnoul Poisson and revealed himself to be the best comedian in the company since Jean-Baptiste Raisin, he appeared with the actress Mlle Dangeville with great success in several plays by Pierre de Marivaux and created the roles of Figaro in Pierre Beaumarchais's Le Barbier de Séville in 1775 and Brid'oison in Le Mariage de Figaro in 1784. One of his most notable successes was playing 6 characters in one in Edmé Boursault's Le Mercure galant.

He retired in 1786, returning to the stage in 1791 and 1794–5, died in Beauvais at the age of 78 years and 3 months. Troupe of the Comédie-Française in 1754 Troupe of the Comédie-Française in 1755 Notes SourcesForman, Edward. Historical Dictionary of French Theatre. Lanham, Maryland: The Scarecrow Press. ISBN 978-0-8108-4939-6. Hartnoll, Phyllis; the Oxford Companion to the Theatre. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-211546-1. L'Intermédiaire des chercheurs et curieux, vol. 36. Paris. View at Google Books. Michaud, Louis Gabriel. Biographie universelle moderne, vol. 34. Paris: Desplaces. View at Google Books