Astor family

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Astor family
Current regionUnited States
United Kingdom
Place of originGermany
Connected families
DistinctionsAmerica's first aristocrats
HeirloomsSancy diamond
Estate(s)

The Astor family achieved prominence in business, society, and politics in the United States and the United Kingdom during the 19th and 20th centuries. With ancestral roots in the Italian Alps,[1] the Astors settled in Germany, first appearing in North America in the 18th century with John Jacob Astor, one of the wealthiest people in history.

Founding family members[edit]

John Jacob Astor (born Johann Jakob Astor) was the youngest of four sons born to butcher Johann Jacob Astor (1724–1816) and Maria Magdalena vom Berg (1730–1764). John and his eldest brother George (born Georg) (1752–1813), known as 'George & John Astor', were flute makers, who came to England c. 1778 from Walldorf, Germany. While working in England, he learned to speak English and anglicized his name. In 1783, John Jacob left for Baltimore, Maryland, and was active first as a dealer in woodwind instruments, then in New York as a merchant in furs, pianos, and real estate. After moving to New York, John met and married Sarah Cox Todd (1762–1842). Sarah was the daughter of Scottish immigrants Adam Todd and Sarah Cox, she worked alongside her husband as a consultant, and was accused of witchcraft after her success with the company in 1817. The accusations never led to legal action, they had eight children, including occasional poet John Jacob Astor Jr. (1791–1869) and real estate businessman William Backhouse Astor Sr. (1792–1875).[2]

Henry Astor, son of William Backhouse Astor Sr.

John Jacob's fur trading company established a Columbia River trading post at Fort Astoria in 1811, the first United States community on the Pacific coast, he financed the overland Astor Expedition in 1810–1812 to reach the outpost, which was in the then-disputed Oregon Country. Control of Fort Astoria played a key role in English and American territorial claims on the region. John and George's brother Henry (born Heinrich) (1754–1833) also emigrated to America, he was a horse racing enthusiast, and purchased a thoroughbred named Messenger, who had been brought from England to America in 1788. The horse became the founding sire of all Standardbred horses in the United States today; the third brother Melchior remained in Germany. During the 19th century, the Astors became one of the wealthiest families in the United States. Toward the end of that century, some of the family moved to England and achieved high prominence there. During the 20th century, the number of American Astors began to decline, but their legacy lives on in their many public works including the New York Public Library. English descendants of the Astors hold two hereditary peerages: Viscount Astor and Baron Astor of Hever.

While many of Astor members had joined to the Episcopal Church,[3] John Jacob Astor remained a member of the Reformed congregation to his death.[4]

Family namesake places[edit]

For many years, the members of the Astor family were known as "the landlords of New York",[5] their New York City namesakes are the famous Waldorf-Astoria Hotel, an Astor Row, Astor Court, Astor Place, and Astor Avenue in the Bronx, where the Astors used to stable horses. The neighborhood of Astoria, Queens, is named after the family as well.

Beyond New York City, the Astor family name is imprinted in a great deal of United States history and geography. There are towns of Astor in the states of Florida, Georgia, Iowa, and Kansas and there are Astorias in Illinois, Missouri and Oregon. In the Astoria, Oregon, school district, the primary elementary school is called John Jacob Astor Elementary.

There is a neighborhood called Astor Park[6] just south of downtown Green Bay, Wisconsin. At the heart of this neighborhood is a park (also called "Astor Park"); the Astor family donated this land for the building of a trade school.

The Astors were also prominent on Mackinac Island, Michigan, and Newport, Rhode Island, with their summer house, Beechwood. At Grand Hotel on Mackinac Island, there are the Lord and Lady Astor Suites; the hotel salon is called Astor's. There is even a Hostel in York, England called The Astor.

Members by birth order[edit]

  1. John Jacob Astor Sr. (1763–1848)
  2. William Backhouse Astor Sr. (1792–1875)
  3. Charles Astor Bristed Sr. (1820–1874)
  4. John Jacob Astor III (1822–1890)
  5. William Backhouse Astor Jr. (1829–1892)
  6. William Waldorf Astor I (1848–1919)
  7. John Jacob "Jack" Astor IV (1864–1912)
  8. William Astor "Willie" Chanler Sr. (1867–1934)
  9. Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler Sr. (1869–1942)
  10. Robert Winthrop Chanler (1872–1930)
  11. Waldorf Astor (1879–1952)
  12. James Roosevelt "Tadd" Roosevelt Jr. (1879–1958)
  13. John Jacob Astor V (1886–1971)
  14. William Vincent Astor (1891–1959)
  15. Louis Zborowski (1895–1924)
  16. Ava Alice Muriel Astor (1902–1956)
  17. William Waldorf "Bill" Astor II (1907–1966)
  18. Francis David Langhorne Astor (1912–2001)
  19. John Jacob "Jakey" Astor VI (1912–1992)
  20. Michael Langhorne Astor (1916–1980)
  21. John Jacob "Jakie" Astor VII (1918–2000)
  22. Gavin Astor (1918–1984)
  23. Ivan Sergeyevich Obolensky (1925–2019)
  24. John Jacob "Johnny" Astor VIII (1946–)
  25. William Waldorf Astor III (1951–)
  26. Alexandra Aldrich (1972–)

Spouses by birth order[edit]

  1. Caroline Webster Schermerhorn (1830–1908): widow of William Backhouse Astor Jr.
  2. Ava Lowle Willing (1868–1958): 1st wife of John Jacob "Jack" Astor IV
  3. Nancy Witcher Langhorne (1879–1964): widow of Waldorf Astor, first female British MP.
  4. Julia Lynch Olin (1882–1961) 2nd wife and widow of Lewis Stuyvesant Chanler
  5. Violet Mary Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound (1889–1965): wife of John Jacob Astor V
  6. Madeleine Talmage Force (1893–1940): 2nd wife and widow of John Jacob "Jack" Astor IV
  7. Roberta Brooke Russell (1902–2007): 3rd wife and widow of William Vincent Astor
  8. Mary Benedict "Minnie" Cushing (1906–1978): 2nd wife of William Vincent Astor
  9. Irene Violet Freesia Janet Augusta Haig (1919–2001): widow of Gavin Astor
  10. Janet Bronwen Alun Pugh (1930–2017): 3rd wife and widow of William Waldorf "Bill" Astor II
  11. Annabel Lucy Veronica Jones (1948-): wife of William Waldorf Astor III, mother-in-law of British PM David Cameron
  12. Elizabeth Constance "Liz" Mackintosh (1950–): 2nd wife of John Jacob "Johnny" Astor VIII

Lines of Succession to the Family Titles[edit]

Both in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, the titles Coronet of a British Viscount.svg Viscount Astor, of Hever Castle in the County of Kent (1917), with subsidiary title Coronet of a British Baron.svg Baron Astor, of Hever Castle in the County of Kent (1916), and Coronet of a British Baron.svg Baron Astor of Hever, of Hever Castle in the County of Kent (1956), were granted with the standard remainder to the legitimate heirs male of the body of the original grantees.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Madsen, Axel (2002-03-14). John Jacob Astor: America's First Multimillionaire. New York: John Wiley & Sons (published 2002). pp. 7–8. ISBN 9780471009351. Retrieved 2016-11-16. The Astors [...] were Italian Protestants from the Alpine village of Chiavenna high above the northern end of Lake Como. [...] The first documented ancestor is Jean-Jacques d'Astorg. [...] He and his family are assumed to have been followers of the persecuted Waldensian Puritan faith [...]. Like most subjects of the duke of Savoy, d'Astorg spoke French and Italian, and answered both to Jean-Jacques and Giovan Petro Astore. [...] [I]n 1685 [...] the Sun King revoked the Edict of Nantes [...]. The massacre of Protestants in Valtellina high up in the Adda Valley sent d'Astorg-Astore, his wife, and their two children fleeing north across Switzerland to Heidelberg.
  2. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Wilson, J. G.; Fiske, J., eds. (1900). "Astor, John Jacob" . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.
  3. ^ B. Drummond Ayres Jr. (2011-12-19). "The Episcopalians: An American Elite with Roots Going Back to Jamestown". New York Times. Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2012-08-17. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ Reformed Congregation James Parton, Life of John Jacob Astor: To which is appended a Copy of his last will (The American News Comp., 1865), pg. 81
  5. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Astor Family" . Encyclopedia Americana.
  6. ^ "Astor Neighborhood Association – Astor Neighborhood Association – Green Bay, Wisconsin". www.astorneighborhood.org. Archived from the original on 2016-10-03. Retrieved 2016-09-16. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

External links[edit]