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AstroTurf is an American subsidiary that produces artificial turf for playing surfaces in sports. The original AstroTurf product was a short-pile synthetic turf. Since the early 2000s, AstroTurf has marketed taller pile systems that use infill materials to better replicate natural turf; the prime reason to incorporate AstroTurf on game fields is to avoid the cost of laying and maintaining natural turf and to maximize hours of usage. In 2016, AstroTurf became a subsidiary of German-based SportGroup, a family of sports surfacing companies, which itself is owned by the investment firm Equistone Partners Europe; the original AstroTurf brand product was co-invented in 1965 by Robert T. Wright, it was patented in 1965 and sold under the name "ChemGrass." It was rebranded as AstroTurf by a company employee named John A. Wortmann after its first well-publicized use at the Houston Astrodome stadium in 1966. Donald L. Elbert patented two methods to improve the product in 1971. Early iterations of the short-pile turf swept many major stadiums, but the product did need improvement.

Concerns over directionality and traction led Monsanto's R&D department to implement a texturized nylon system. By imparting a crimped texture to the nylon after it was extruded, the product became uniform. In 1987, Monsanto consolidated its AstroTurf management and technical activities in Dalton, Georgia, as AstroTurf Industries, Inc. In 1988, Balsam AG purchased all the capital stock of Inc.. In 1994, Southwest Recreational Industries, Inc. acquired the AstroTurf brand. In 1996, SRI was acquired by American Sports Products Group Inc. While AstroTurf was the industry leader throughout the late 20th century, other companies emerged in the early 2000s. FieldTurf, AstroTurf's chief competitor since the early 2000s, marketed a product of tall-pile polyethylene turf with infill, meant to mimic natural grass more than the older products; this third-generation turf, as it became known, changed the landscape of the marketplace. Although SRI marketed AstroPlay, a third-generation turf product, increased competition gave way to lawsuits.

In 2000, SRI was awarded $1.5 million in a lawsuit after FieldTurf was deemed to have lied to the public by making false statements regarding its own product and making false claims about AstroTurf and AstroPlay products. Despite their legal victory, increased competition took its toll. In 2004, SRI declared bankruptcy. Out of the bankruptcy proceedings, Textile Management Associates, Inc. of Dalton, acquired the AstroTurf brand and other assets. TMA began marketing the AstroTurf brand under the company AstroTurf, LLC. In 2006, General Sports Venue became TMA's marketing partner for the AstroTurf brand for the American market. AstroTurf, LLC handled the marketing of AstroTurf in the rest of the world. In 2009, TMA acquired GSV to enter the marketplace as a direct seller. AstroTurf, LLC focused its efforts on development, which has promoted rapid growth. AstroTurf introduced new product features and installation methods, including AstroFlect and field prefabrication. AstroTurf introduced a product called "RootZone" consisting of crimped fibers designed to encapsulate infill.

This product has been adopted by many professional colleges in the United States. In 2016, SportGroup Holding announced that it would purchase AstroTurf, along with its associated manufacturing facilities; the AstroTurf brand now operates in North America as AstroTurf Corporation. 1964 The Moses Brown School in Providence, Rhode Island, installs ChemGrass.1966 First major installation of AstroTurf at the Houston Astrodome indoor stadium for the Houston Astros. The infield portion was in place before opening day in April. According to script development notes, the installation firm hired by Mike Brady to lay the turf was owned by his college roommate, who had just started a landscaping business after returning from a combat tour in the Vietnam War with the 18th Engineer Brigade. However, in keeping with studio instructions, no direct mention of the war in Vietnam appeared in the script; the scene in which the installation takes place was cut, so never appeared in the series. 1970 The 1970 World Series is the first with games on AstroTurf, as the Reds play the Baltimore Orioles.1971 The CFL's Hamilton Tiger-Cats install AstroTurf at their home stadium, Ivor Wynne Stadium, in preparation for hosting the Grey Cup game the next year.1972 The Kansas City Chiefs home field of Arrowhead Stadium and the Kansas City Royals home field of Royals Stadium open in Kansas City, with AstroTurf playing surfaces.1973 The Buffalo Bills' home field of Rich Stadium opens in Orchard Park, New York, with an AstroTurf playing surface.1974 The Miami Dolphins face the Minnesota Vikings on AstroTurf in Super Bowl VIII – Rice Stadium, Texas.1975 The first international field hockey game is played on AstroTurf at Molson Stadium, Montreal.

1980 The Philadelphia Phillies and Kansas City Royals play the entire 1980 World Series on AstroTurf in their ballparks.1984 AstroTurf installs the first Nort

Clint Eastwood discography

Clint Eastwood, an audiophile, has had a strong passion for music all his life jazz and country and western music. He is a pianist and composer in addition to his main career as an actor and film producer, he developed as a ragtime pianist early on, in late 1959 he produced the album Cowboy Favorites, released on the Cameo label. Jazz has played an important role in Eastwood's life from a young age and although he was never successful as a musician, he passed on the influence to his son Kyle Eastwood, a successful jazz bassist and composer. Eastwood has his own Warner Bros. Records-distributed imprint, Malpaso Records, as part of his deal with Warner Brothers which has released all of the scores of Eastwood's films from The Bridges of Madison County onward. Eastwood co-wrote "Why Should I Care" with Linda Thompson-Jenner and Carole Bayer Sager, recorded by Diana Krall for the film True Crime. "Why Should I Care" was released on Krall's 1999 album When I Look in Your Eyes. Eastwood composed the film scores of Mystic River, Million Dollar Baby, Flags of Our Fathers, Grace Is Gone, Hereafter, J. Edgar, the original piano compositions for In the Line of Fire.

One of his songs can be heard over the credits of Gran Torino. "Smokin' the Hive" was the B-side of "A Few Ole Country Boys", a record that hit number 8 on the U. S. country charts and number 4 on the Canadian charts. Hughes, Howard. Aim for the Heart. London: I. B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1-84511-902-7. McGilligan, Patrick. Clint: The Life and Legend. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-638354-8

Speed skating at the 1956 Winter Olympics – Men's 1500 metres

The 1500 metres speed skating event was part of the speed skating at the 1956 Winter Olympics programme. The competition was held on frozen ice on the Lake Misurina, it was held on Monday, 30 January 1956, started at 2 PM and ended at 4:05 PM. Fifty-four speed skaters from 18 nations competed. There was no silver medalist as Soviet competitors Yevgeny Grishin and Yuri Mikhaylov tied for first place. Toivo Salonen from Finland won the bronze medal; these were the standing world and Olympic records prior to the 1956 Winter Olympics. The record was set in a high altitude venue and on frozen ice. Skating in the first pair, Toivo Salonen set a new Olympic record with 2:09.4 minutes. Yevgeny Grishin, who skated in the eleventh pair, bettered the world record with 2:08.6 minutes. In the twelfth pair, Yuri Mikhaylov was able to equalize the world record. Kees Broekman was placed 14th because he was paired up with Bertil Eng and finished behind his opponent. Pierre Huylebroeck did not finish after a fall. Olympic Games International Olympic Committee List of IOC country codes 1956 Winter Olympics Official Olympic Report "Results of the 1956 Olympic Games 1500 meters Men". Retrieved 27 August 2012


Bentazepam is a thienodiazepine, a benzodiazepine analog. It possesses anxiolytic, anticonvulsant and skeletal muscle relaxant properties. Peak plasma rates are achieved in around 2,5 hours after oral administration; the elimination half-life is between 2–4 hours. Bentazepam is effective as an anxiolytic. A severe benzodiazepine overdose with bentazepam may result in respiratory failure. Adverse effects include dry mouth, asthenia, constipation and drug-induced lymphocytic colitis has been associated with bentazepam. Severe liver damage and hepatitis has been associated with bentazepam. Whilst liver failure from bentazepam is considered to be rare, liver function monitoring has been recommended for all patients taking bentazepam. List of benzodiazepines

SPARCstation 2

The SPARCstation 2, or SS2 is a SPARC workstation computer sold by Sun Microsystems. It is based on the sun4c architecture, is implemented in a pizza box form factor. 40MHz Cypress CY7C601 CPU - 28.5 MIPS, TI TMS390C601A FPU - 4.2 MFLOPS. The only known CPU upgrade option was the Weitek 80MHz "SPARC POWER μP"; the SPARCstation 2 can be configured with up to 128 MB of memory in total: 64 MB on the motherboard, an additional 64 MB using a special 32 MB SBus memory card with another 32 MB piggy-backed daughterboard. The 16 RAM slots on the motherboard can be populated with either 1 MB SIMMs for a total of 16 MB, or with 4 MB SIMMs for a total of 64 MB. Standard 30 pin SIMMs can be used as long as they use parity error detection and are rated 80 ns or faster; the SPARCstation 2 uses a standard 50 pin SCSI interface and can house two, 3 1/2" full height disk drives. The SS2 comes with a special auto-ejecting 1.44 MB floppy disk drive. Modern 80-pin Single Connector Attachment SCSI drives can be used internally with an adapter, but the plastic drive sled used with 50-pin drives must be cut to allow clearance for the adapter board.

SCA drives may run hotter than original SCSI drives and cause heating issues if two drives are installed. There is an Ethernet AUI port on board. Onboard Ethernet is provided by an AMD Lance Am7990 Ethernet controller. External AUI transceivers are required for connection to 10Base5, 10Base2, 10baseT, or other Ethernet physical layer media; the OpenBoot ROM is able to boot from network, using RARP and TFTP. The SPARCstation 2 uses an M48T02 battery-backed RTC with RAM chip which handles the real time clock and boot parameter storage; the only problem with this chip is that the battery is internal, which means the entire chip must be replaced when its battery runs out. As all sun4c machines are now older than the battery life of this chip, a substantial number of these systems now refuse to boot. Additionally, the sun4c design used the reserved bits in the M48T02's NVRAM in a non-standard way. Due to incompatibilities with modern M48T02s, it is common to modify failed NVRAMs by cutting into the encapsulation and patching in a new battery.

It is possible to replace the entire encapsulation, which contains a 32.768 KHz clock crystal. The following operating systems will run on a SPARCstation 2: SunOS 4.1.1 onwards Solaris 2.0 to Solaris 7 Linux - Some, but not all, distributions supported this sparc32 sub-architecture. NetBSD/sparc32 since 1.0 OpenBSD/sparc32 - All versions up to 5.9 SPARCstation SPARCstation IPX, an architecturally similar machine in a lunchbox form factor


Ruehmnenteria is a genus of mites in the family Nenteriidae. Ruehmnenteria alzueti Ruehmnenteria bretonensis Ruehmnenteria breviunguiculata Ruehmnenteria chihuahuaensis Ruehmnenteria durangoensis Ruehmnenteria eulaelaptis Ruehmnenteria eutamiasae Ruehmnenteria gasellana Ruehmnenteria hirschmanni Ruehmnenteria israelensis Ruehmnenteria japonensis Ruehmnenteria javae Ruehmnenteria kokopoana Ruehmnenteria koreae Ruehmnenteria kurosai Ruehmnenteria laosiana Ruehmnenteria laplatae Ruehmnenteria longispinosa Ruehmnenteria mahunkai Ruehmnenteria malayica Ruehmnenteria manca Ruehmnenteria margaritaensis Ruehmnenteria mercuri Ruehmnenteria microti Ruehmnenteria nuciphila Ruehmnenteria orghidani Ruehmnenteria pallida Ruehmnenteria pisarskii Ruehmnenteria plumata Ruehmnenteria potosi Ruehmnenteria riedeli Ruehmnenteria ruehmi Ruehmnenteria rwandae Ruehmnenteria saltoensis Ruehmnenteria stylifera Ruehmnenteria sudanensis Ruehmnenteria sumatrensis Ruehmnenteria uruguayensis Ruehmnenteria venezolana Ruehmnenteria venezuelae Ruehmnenteria vitzthumi Ruehmnenteria zerbabomia