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Atari ST

The Atari ST is a line of home computers from Atari Corporation and the successor to the Atari 8-bit family. The initial ST model, the 520ST, saw limited release in April–June 1985 and was available in July; the Atari ST is the first personal computer to come with a bitmapped color GUI, using a version of Digital Research's GEM released in February 1985. The 1040ST, released in 1986, is the first personal computer to ship with a megabyte of RAM in the base configuration and the first with a cost-per-kilobyte of less than US$1; the Atari ST is part of a mid-1980s generation of home computers that have 16 or 32-bit processors, 256 KB or more of RAM, mouse-controlled graphical user interfaces. This generation includes the Macintosh, Commodore Amiga, Apple IIGS, the most advanced true 32bit Acorn Archimedes. "ST" stands for "Sixteen/Thirty-two", which refers to the Motorola 68000's 16-bit external bus and 32-bit internals. The ST was sold with the less expensive monochrome monitor; the system's two color graphics modes are only available on the former while the highest-resolution mode needs the monochrome monitor.

In some markets Germany, the machine gained a strong foothold as a small business machine for CAD and desktop publishing work. Thanks to its built-in MIDI ports, the ST enjoyed success for running music sequencer software and as a controller of musical instruments among amateurs and well-known musicians alike; the ST was superseded by the Atari STE, Atari TT, Atari MEGA STE, Falcon computers. The Atari ST was born from the rivalry between home-computer makers Atari, Inc. and Commodore International. Jay Miner, one of the original designers for the custom chips found in the Atari 2600 and Atari 8-bit family, tried to convince Atari management to create a new chipset for a video game console and computer; when his idea was rejected, Miner left Atari to form a small think tank called Hi-Toro in 1982 and began designing the new "Lorraine" chipset. The company, renamed Amiga Corporation, was pretending to sell video game controllers to deceive competition while it developed a Lorraine-based computer.

Amiga ran out of capital to complete Lorraine's development, Atari, owned by Warner Communications, paid Amiga to continue development work. In return Atari received exclusive use of the Lorraine design for one year as a video game console. After one year Atari would have the right to add a keyboard and market the complete computer, designated the 1850XLD; as Atari was involved with Disney at the time, it was code-named "Mickey", the 256K memory expansion board was codenamed "Minnie". After leaving Commodore International in January 1984, Jack Tramiel formed Tramel Technology, Ltd. with his sons and other ex-Commodore employees and, in April, began planning a new computer. The company considered the National Semiconductor NS320xx microprocessor but was disappointed with its performance; this started the move to the 68000. The lead designer of the Atari ST was ex-Commodore employee Shiraz Shivji, who had worked on the Commodore 64's development. Atari in mid-1984 was losing about a million dollars per day.

Interested in Atari's overseas manufacturing and worldwide distribution network for his new computer, Tramiel negotiated with Warner in May and June 1984. He bought Atari's Consumer Division in July; as executives and engineers left Commodore to join Tramel Technology, Commodore responded by filing lawsuits against four former engineers for theft of trade secrets. The Tramiels did not purchase the employee contracts when they bought the assets of Atari Inc. so one of their first acts was to interview Atari Inc. employees to decide whom to hire at what was a brand new company. At the time of the purchase of Atari Inc's assets, there were 900 employees remaining from a high point of 10,000. After the interviews 100 employees were hired to work at Tramel Technology, which soon changed its name to Atari Corporation. At one point a custom sound processor called AMY was a planned component for the new ST computer design, but the chip needed more time to complete, so AMY was dropped in favor of an off-the-shelf Yamaha sound chip.

It was during this time in late July/early August that Leonard Tramiel discovered the original Amiga contract, which required Amiga Corporation to deliver the Lorraine chipset to Atari on June 30, 1984. Amiga Corp. had sought more monetary support from investors in spring 1984. Having heard rumors that Tramiel was negotiating to buy Atari, Amiga Corp. entered into discussions with Commodore. The discussions led to Commodore wanting to purchase Amiga Corporation outright, which Commodore believed would cancel any outstanding contracts, including Atari's. Instead of Amiga Corp. delivering Lorraine to Atari, Commodore delivered a check of $500,000 to Atari on Amiga's behalf, in effect returning the funds Atari invested into Amiga for the chipset. Tramiel countersued Amiga Corp. on August 13, 1984. He sought an injunction to bar Amiga from producing anything with its technology. At Commodore, the Amiga team was in limbo during the summer of 1984 because of the lawsuit. No word on the status of the chipset, the Lorraine computer, or the team's fate was known.

In the fall of 1984, Commodore informed the team that the Lorraine project was active again, the chipset was to be improved, the operating system developed, the hardware design completed. While Commodore announced the Amiga 1000 with the Lorraine chipset in July 1985, the delay gave Atari, with its many former Commodore engineers, time to deliver

Vice Media

Vice Media LLC is an American-based Canadian digital media and broadcasting company. Developing from Vice magazine based in Montreal and co-founded by Suroosh Alvi, Shane Smith, Gavin McInnes, Vice expanded into youth and young adult–focused digital media; this included online content verticals and related web series, the news division Vice News, a film production studio, a record label among other properties. In 2015, Vice Media was called " a poster child for new-media success—especially when it comes to attracting a valuable millennial audience." Vice re-located to New York City in 2001. Vice Media broadcasts one news programs on HBO. HBO broadcast the Emmy-winning weekly documentary series Vice, which premiered on the network in April 2013. Vice features segments on global issues hosted by Shane Smith, co-founder Suroosh Alvi, a rotating cast of correspondents, they broadcast Vice News Tonight, which premiered October 10, 2016, showcased a nightly roundup of global news, the environment and pop culture while eschewing traditional news anchors.

However, on June 10, 2019, HBO announced the news program's cancellation in addition to the severing of relations with Vice Media after a seven-year partnership. In August 2019, it was reported that the company was laying off staff as part of a shift towards news that would involve merging Viceland and Vice News. Vice Media founders Shane Smith, Suroosh Alvi, Gavin McInnes launched the magazine Voice of Montreal in October 1994 in Montreal, Canada, with government funding, to cover music, art and drug culture not covered in print; the magazine was an alternative to the Montreal Mirror perceived as too mainstream by the Montreal alternative English-speaking scene. During the 1990s, Montreal's Plateau Mont-Royal/Mile-End neighborhood was home to a burgeoning subculture with the advent of collectives such as Godspeed You! Black Emperor, Dummies Theatre, Bran Van 3000 and Arcade Fire, they changed the name to Vice in 1996, as the magazine became more successful, the company began to find it difficult to scale their operations while based in Canada.

Following an investment of $4 million by Canadian investor Richard Szalwinski, Vice relocated to New York City in 1999. In 2001, the co-founders bought Vice back and moved to new offices in Williamsburg, Brooklyn; the magazine continued to gain attention and readership due to its content and contributions from photographers Terry Richardson and Ryan McGinley. The magazine rapidly expanded internationally, with Andrew Creighton and Andy Capper co-founding the UK division of Vice; the magazine expanded further into five continents. In 2006, on the advice of creative director Spike Jonze, Vice began expanding into digital video, launching new video service VBS.tv as a joint venture with MTV Networks. VBS gained a fan base with shows like The Vice Guide To Travel, Epicly Later'd, Toxic and Hamilton's Pharmacopeia; the documentaries on the channel featured unusual subjects, were hosted by young people working at Vice Media the founders themselves. In 2007, Vice Media began aggressively expanding its digital video operation, launching new channels, such as Motherboard and The Creators Project, an arts/technology site founded in partnership with Intel.

Vice Media would launch sites around electronic music culture, global news and sports. Additionally, Vice Media launched Virtue Worldwide, a creative services agency, to expand their capabilities for work around their platforms. During this time, Santiago Stelley was the director of content of VBS.tv and creative director of Vice Media. In January 2008 co-founder Gavin McInnes left Vice Media due to "creative differences" with the company, founded the website streetcarnage.com. He co-founded Rooster, an advertising agency. According to Columbia Journalism Review, Vice has altered shots during the editing process in pursuit of more entertaining or impactful scenes. In a 2011 documentary on Libya, a voiceover from the reporter claim that he had gone to the frontlines amidst an offensive, while a source claims he did not make the trip, with only a cameraman going there. In 2012, Vice Media continued to expand its coverage focused around news and current events. With the end of VBS.tv, Vice began releasing films like UK's Scariest Debt Collector, Swansea Love Story, World's Scariest Drug, Inside the Superhuman World of the Iceman through their main website and YouTube channel, as well as new series like Slutever, Love Industry and High Society.

Like previous Vice content, their online films and series always featured on-screen hosts such as Thomas Morton, Ryan Duffy, Matt Shea, Karley Sciortino, Charlet Duboc, Krishna Andavolu. In mid-August 2013, Rupert Murdoch's 21st Century Fox invested US$70 million in Vice Media, resulting in a 5 percent stake. Following the announcement, Smith explained, "We have set ourselves up to build a global platform but we have maintained control."In 2013 Vice Media premiered a new 30-minute news program for HBO titled Vice, executive produced by Bill Maher. In 2014, the second season of the show won a Creative Arts Emmy Award for Outstanding Informational Series or Special in the 66th Primetime Creative Arts Emmy Awards. In 2014, Vice Media launched its news channel, Vice News, which immediately gained global attention for its coverage of protests and conflict in Ukraine and Venezuela; as of October 2014, the leader of BBC's Newsdesk claimed the organization was "playing catch-up" to Vice News. Vice Media has advocated for their "immersionist" brand of journalism in the pursuit of more authentic and intere

Reweti Tuhorouta Kohere

Rēweti Tūhorouta Kōhere was a New Zealand Anglican clergyman, newspaper journalist and editor, writer, historian. Of Māori descent, he identified with the Ngati Porou iwi, he was born in Orutua, East Coast, New Zealand on 11 April 1871. His parents were Hone Hiki Kohere and Henerata Bristow, his grandfather was Mokena Kohere, his brothers were the Reverend Canon Poihipi Mokena Kōhere of Tikitiki. After early years of schooling at Māori schools on the East Coast, he became fluent in English when he attended Gisborne School from 1885 to 1887, he attended Te Aute College, where he graduated as the Dux of the school and qualified for university by passing the matriculation examination in 1890. In 1891 he joined the teaching staff at Te Aute College, he attended Canterbury College for three years from 1892, although he did not complete the BA degree course. He was assistant tutor at Te Rau Kahikatea Theological College from 1898 to 1908. In 1899 he was appointed editor of the Anglican church newspaper Te Pipiwharauroa.

On 14 December 1904 he married daughter of Paratene Tatae and Sarah "Hera" Halbert. Sarah was the daughter of Thomas Halbert, one of the founding fathers of Gisborne, Kaikiri. Sarah was the sister of Kate Wyllie and half-sister of Wi Pere and Otene Pitau, her children included All Blacks rugby players, William "Bill" Cunningham and Moana Paratene. He was ordained as a deacon in 1907, was appointed to Kawakawa, near East Cape, he was ordained as a priest in 1910. He studied for the examinations of the Board of Theological Studies and in 1911 was awarded the Licentiate in Theology in 1911. In addition to his pastoral duties, he worked with his brothers on the family farm, as well as continuing to contribute to newspapers, he contested one general election. The story of a Maori chief, Mokena Kohere and his forbears. Kohere, Reweti Tuhorouta; the Autobiography of a Maori. Wellington: Reed Publishing Ltd, he Konae Maori Proverbs and Sayings. Nga kōrero a Reweti Kohere Mā, edited by Wiremu and Ohorere Kaa

2015–16 PBA season

The 2015–16 PBA season was the 41st season of the Philippine Basketball Association. The league continued to use the three-conference format, starting with the Philippine Cup; the Commissioner's Cup and the Governors' Cup were the third conferences of the season. This season was the first season of Chito Narvasa as the PBA commissioner when Chito Salud announced his resignation at the end of the 2014–15 season. Salud remained with the PBA as he was the new CEO of the league. However, on December 1, 2015, Salud announced his resignation as president and CEO of the PBA that took effect at the end of December 2015, passing both President and CEO positions to Narvasa; the first event of the season was the 2015 PBA draft, held on August 23. This season holds the record for most games played in a season, having 266 games played throughout the whole year, it surpassed the previous record of 257 games set during the previous season. Andres Narvasa, Jr. Robert Non Eric Arejola Ramoncito Fernandez, * - Participated for the 2015–16 PBA Philippine Cup ** - Barako Bull was sold to Phoenix Petroleum in January 2016.

Participated beginning the 2016 PBA Commissioner's Cup. Like several Metro Manila-centric leagues, most games are held at arenas within Metro Manila, sometimes, Antipolo. Games outside this area are called "out-of-town" games, are played on Saturdays. Provincial arenas host one game two. Aside from games outside Metro Manila and Antipolo, the PBA played two games outside the Philippines, in Dubai, it was the third time. August 23, 2015: Danny Ildefonso announced his retirement after playing 17 seasons in the PBA. August 25, 2015: T. Y. Tang announced his retirement after playing 7 seasons in the PBA, all of them with the Rain or Shine franchise. October 14, 2015: Paul Artadi announced his retirement after playing 12 seasons in the PBA, his retirement was announced upon submitting his certificate of candidacy to run as councilor for San Juan in the 2016 elections. November 25, 2015: Don Allado announced his retirement after playing 16 seasons in the PBA. July 20, 2015: Barangay Ginebra San Miguel fired head coach Frankie Lim.

He was replaced by Star Hotshots coach Tim Cone. Cone's assistant from Star, Richard del Rosario, joins him in his transfer to Ginebra, as well. July 20, 2015: Assistant coach Jason Webb was promoted as the head coach of the Star Hotshots. April 28, 2016: Coach Chito Victolero resigned as interim head coach of Manny Pacquiao of the Mahindra Enforcer. April 29, 2016: The Mahindra Enforcer appointed Chris Gavina as their first assistant coach to replace the interim head coach slot vacated by resigned Chito Victolero. May 31, 2016: The Phoenix Fuel Masters hired Ariel Vanguardia as replacement for head coach Koy Banal. July 16: Columbian Autocar Corporation announced that they had changed their team name from Kia Carnival to Mahindra Enforcer. September 19: PBA Commissioner Chito Narvasa banned sportswriter Snow Badua from covering the league's activities due to his personal "baseless" attacks against Barangay Ginebra board governor Alfrancis Chua. October 14: The PBA Board, unanimously approved the memo that supported the Gilas Pilipinas in their participation in the Olympic qualifying tournament, held in July 2016, in lieu of this, 17 PBA players constituted the player pool of the Tab Baldwin-mentored national squad.

October 14: The board of governors approved to adjust the league calendar to accommodate the preparation of the Philippines men's national basketball team for the 2016 FIBA World Olympic Qualifying Tournament. The Commissioner's Cup was extended until May 2016 the league took a break for the duration of the qualifiers; the season's Governors' Cup will be held after the qualifiers and will finish around October 2016. The PBA launched their first 3x3 basketball tournament that catered for women's basketball players on October 23; each active PBA team was represented by one women's team composed of four players. The women's 3x3 tournament games were to be played in between of the first and second games of the Wednesday and Friday gamedays; the Talk'N Text Tropang Texters silently changed their name to TNT Tropang Texters. This is after their mother company, Talk'N Text was rebranded as "TNT" last September 2015. PBA Commissioner Chito Narvasa imposed an indefinite ban to Mahindra team consultant Joe Lipa, after the latter accused Narvasa of issuing degrading remarks against Mahindra player-coach Manny Pacquiao during a press conference in Dubai.

Narvasa made a mandatory summon over Lipa's remarks. December 1: PBA President and CEO Chito Salud resigned from his post effective December 31, he was replaced by current PBA chairman Robert Non who took over as President and CEO until the board finds his replacement. During an out of town game between Barangay Ginebra San Miguel and Blackwater Elite at the AUF Gymnasium, Barangay Ginebra board governor Alfrancis Chua was seen using an e-cigarette while on the team's bench. Since the game was broadcast live on national television, the Department of Health, the Philippine Sports Commission and Angeles University Foundation officials requested the PBA to take action on prohibiting the use of e-cigarettes on the team bench. On December 13, 2015, PBA Commissioner Chito Narvasa issued a reprimand against Alfrancis Chua for the vaping incident. In the final eight seconds of the overtime period of the knockout quarterfinal game

Pierre-Yves Oudeyer

Dr. Pierre-Yves Oudeyer is Research Director at the French Institute for Research in Computer Science and Automation and head of the Inria and Ensta-ParisTech FLOWERS team. Before, he has been a permanent researcher in Sony Computer Science Laboratory for 8 years, he studied theoretical computer science at Ecole Normale Supérieure in Lyon, received his Ph. D. degree in artificial intelligence from the University Paris VI, France. After working on computational models of language evolution, he is now working on developmental and social robotics, focusing on sensorimotor development, language acquisition and lifelong learning in robots. Inspired by infant development, the mechanisms he studies include artificial curiosity, intrinsic motivation, the role of morphology in learning motor control, human-robot interfaces, joint attention and joint intentional understanding, imitation learning, he has published a book, more than 80 papers in international journals and conferences, holds 8 patents, gave several invited keynote lectures in international conferences, received several prizes for his work in developmental robotics and on the origins of language.

In particular, he is laureate of the ERC Starting Grant EXPLORERS. He is editor of the IEEE CIS Newsletter on Autonomous Mental Development, associate editor of IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development, Frontiers in Neurorobotics, of the International Journal of Social Robotics, he is working for the diffusion of science towards the general public, through the writing of popular science articles and participation to radio and TV programs as well as science exhibitions. Oudeyer is co-inventor of over 15 patents covering 5 different technological issues, he received a number of awards for certain publications. Official website http://flowers.inria.fr

Christiansholm Fortress

Christiansholm Fortress was a Norwegian fortress built to defend the city of Kristiansand. The fortress was finished in 1672 and formed a part of King Christian IV's plan for defense of Kristiansand when the city was founded in 1641; the architect of the fortress was quartermaster general Willem Coucheron. It was built about 100 yards from shore. Today the fortress is connected to the mainland; the only time the fortress has been in battle was against a British fleet force, led by HMS Spencer in 1807 during the Napoleonic Wars. One of the few remaining larger warships under Danish-Norwegian command was the ship of the line HDMS Prinds Christian Frederik with 70 cannons, in the eastern harbor of Kristiansand. Captain Stopford on board HMS Spencer ordered to sail toward the city and announced in a letter that he wanted to take over the HDMS Prinds Christian Fredrik, threatened to open fire on the city if the ship were not disclosed; when the ships approached, they were met by fierce resistance from Christiansholm Fortress.

The attack was repulsed by massive gunfire and the British sailed instead to the abandoned Fredriksholm Fortress, blown up and destroyed. The fortress was decommissioned by royal decree during June 1872 as part of a major redevelopment of fortifications across the nation. Today, Christiansholm is a tourist attraction by the Kristiansand Boardwalk and venue for a variety of cultural events and festivities, it is now owned by the municipality and is a site used principally for recreation and cultural events. Holte, Leiv Christiansholm og Retranchementet Christiansholm Fortress attractions Christiansholm Fortress and sights