The Atlanta Braves are an American professional baseball team based in the Atlanta metropolitan area. They compete in Major League Baseball as a member club of the National League East division; the team played its home games at Atlanta–Fulton County Stadium from 1966 to 1996, at Turner Field from 1997 to 2016. Since 2017, their home stadium has been Truist Park, located 10 miles northwest of downtown Atlanta in Cobb County, Georgia; the Braves play spring training games at CoolToday Park in Florida. The name "Braves", first used in 1912, originates from a term for a Native American warrior, they are nicknamed "the Bravos", referred to as "America's Team" in reference to the team's games being broadcast on the nationally available TBS from the 1970s until 2007, giving the team a nationwide fan base. From 1991 to 2005, the Braves were one of the most successful teams in baseball, winning division titles an unprecedented 14 consecutive times, producing one of the greatest pitching rotations in the history of baseball.
Most notably, this rotation consisted of pitchers Greg Maddux, John Smoltz, Tom Glavine. Pitcher Steve Avery was a significant contributor to the rotation during the period of 1991-1993; the Braves won the National League West division from 1991 to 1993, after divisional realignment, the National League East division from 1995 to 2005. They returned to the playoffs as the National League Wild Card in 2010; the Braves advanced to the World Series five times in the 1990s, winning the title in 1995 against the Cleveland Indians. Since their debut in the National League in 1876, the franchise has won 18 divisional titles, 17 National League pennants, three World Series championships — in 1914 as the Boston Braves, in 1957 as the Milwaukee Braves, in 1995 as the Atlanta Braves; the Braves are the only Major League Baseball franchise to have won the World Series in three different home cities. The Braves and the Chicago Cubs are the National League's two remaining charter franchises; the Braves were founded in Boston, Massachusetts, as the Boston Red Stockings.
The team states it is "the oldest continuously operating professional sports franchise in America."After various name changes, the team began operating as the Boston Braves, which lasted for most of the first half of the 20th century. In 1953, the team moved to Milwaukee and became the Milwaukee Braves, followed by the final move to Atlanta in 1966; the Cincinnati Red Stockings, established in 1869 as the first all-professional baseball team, voted to dissolve after the 1870 season. Player-manager Harry Wright, with brother George and two other Cincinnati players went to Boston, Massachusetts at the invitation of Boston Red Stockings founder Ivers Whitney Adams to form the nucleus of the Boston Red Stockings, a charter member of the National Association of Professional Base Ball Players; the original Boston Red Stockings team and its successors can lay claim to being the oldest continuously playing team in American professional sports. Two young players hired away from the Forest City club of Rockford, turned out to be the biggest stars during the NAPBBP years: pitcher Al Spalding and second baseman Ross Barnes.
Led by the Wright brothers and Spalding, the Red Stockings dominated the National Association, winning four of that league's five championships. The team became one of the National League's charter franchises in 1876, sometimes called the "Red Caps"; the Boston Red Caps played in the first game in the history of the National League, on Saturday, April 22, 1876, defeating the Philadelphia Athletics, 6–5. Although somewhat stripped of talent in the National League's inaugural year, Boston bounced back to win the 1877 and 1878 pennants; the Red Caps/Beaneaters were one of the league's dominant teams during the 19th century, winning a total of eight pennants. For most of that time, their manager was Frank Selee. Boston came to be called the Beaneaters while retaining red as the team color; the 1898 team finished 102–47, a club record for wins that would stand for a century. Stars of those 1890s Beaneater teams included the "Heavenly Twins", Hugh Duffy and Tommy McCarthy, as well as "Slidin'" Billy Hamilton.
The team was decimated when the American League's new Boston entry set up shop in 1901. Many of the Beaneaters' stars jumped to the new team, which offered contracts that the Beaneaters' owners did not bother to match, they only managed one winning season from 1900 to 1913, lost 100 games five times. In 1907, the Beaneaters eliminated the last bit of red from their stockings because their manager thought the red dye could cause wounds to become infected (as noted in The Sporting News Baseball Guide during the 1940s when each team's entry had a history of its nickname; the American League club's owner, Charles Taylor, wasted little time in adopting Red Sox as his team's first official nickname. Media-driven nickname changes to the Doves in 1907 and the Rustlers in 1911 did nothing to change the National League club's luck; the team became the Braves for the first time before the 1912 season. The president of the club, John M. Ward named the club after James Gaffney. Gaffney was called o
The Korsunsky work-of-indentation approach is a method of extracting a value of hardness for a small volume of material from indentation test data. Instead of relying on measurements or assumptions pertaining to the area of contact between indenter and sample, the method uses the load-displacement data registered in the continuously recorded indentation testing, widely applied in nanoindentation experiments. In particular, the method re-defines hardness and expresses it in terms of the energy associated with indenting the surface of a material by the probe; the work-of-indentation used in the analysis may refer to the total, elastic or dissipated energy, depending on the formulation. The approach was found to be useful in the analysis of thin coatings, nano-multi-layers, nanoscale features; the original application of the approach was to the problem of finding the composite hardness of a coated system. The composite hardness is indentation depth. In the Korsunsky work-of-indentation approach, the composite hardness is given by a simple expression of the relative indentation depth, the substrate and coating hardness.
The function contains a single fitting parameter, which describes a wide range of composite and indenter properties such as coating brittleness, interfacial strength, indenter geometry, etc. This model of hardness determination has been verified by numerous researchers investigating different coated systems; this approach has undergone numerous modifications since its inception. Most Jha et al. found that the Korsunsky work-of-indentation approach measures the nominal hardness of a material, defined as the maximum load divided by the area of maximum contact. The nominal hardness of a material is fundamentally different than its true hardness, but the two concepts are interrelated. Jha et al. derived an expression that determines the true hardness of a material from its nominal counterpart. In doing so, they employed a dimensionless energy-based parameter that relates the contact depth to the maximum depth of penetration. For a soft material, the difference between the contact depth and the maximum depth of penetration is small, hence its nominal and true hardness values are the same.
For a harder material these two types of hardness are remarkably different as the difference between them is large. The model proposed by Jha et al. in its current form is applicable when the indenter is ideally sharp or when the maximum depth of penetration is sufficiently large in comparison to the indenter tip radius. The advantage of the modified work-of-indentation is that it does not require the computation of contact area, the main limitation of the conventional Oliver-Pharr method; the approach requires further modification in order to incorporate effect of bluntness at the tip of an indenter on the measured hardness of a material
The 2007–08 Los Angeles Lakers season was the 60th season of the franchise, 59th in the National Basketball Association and 48th in Los Angeles. During the offseason, the Lakers re-signed point guard Derek Fisher; the Lakers celebrated their 60th anniversary, thus the Laker jerseys wore the 60th anniversary patches on the leftmost part. They finished the regular season with 57 wins, finishing with the most wins in the tightest conference race in NBA history; the Lakers clinched the top seed in the playoffs for the 29th time in franchise history. This 15-game turnaround from the prior season has been attributed to the progress of the team's bench players and the mid-season trade for Pau Gasol; the Lakers sold out all 41 home games for the season. After 12 seasons in the NBA, Kobe Bryant was named the 2008 NBA Most Valuable Player for the first time in his career. In the playoffs, the Lakers swept the Denver Nuggets in four games in the First Round, defeated the Utah Jazz in six games in the Semifinals, defeated the defending NBA champion San Antonio Spurs in five games in the Conference Finals to advance to the NBA Finals since 2004.
In the NBA Finals, the Lakers faced off against their rivals, the Boston Celtics, renewing their storied rivalry, marking the first time the two teams faced off against each other in the NBA Finals since 1987. However, the Lakers would lose against the Celtics in the NBA Finals in six games, ending with a blowout defeat to the Celtics in Game 6 by 39 points, losing 92–131, marking the Lakers' ninth defeat to the Celtics in the NBA Finals. June 28: The 2007 NBA draft took place in New York City. July 1: The free agency period started. October 7: The preseason started with a home game versus the Utah Jazz. October 28: The regular season started with a home game versus the Houston Rockets. February 16–17: The 2008 NBA All-Star Weekend took place. March 2: The Lakers matched their previous season win total with an overtime win against the Dallas Mavericks. April 11: The Lakers clinched the Pacific Division title with a win over the New Orleans Hornets. April 15: The Lakers clinched the Western Conference title and concluded the regular season with a game against the Sacramento Kings.
April 20: The Lakers played their first playoff game of the season. June 17: The Lakers played their final game of the playoffs against the Boston Celtics in the NBA Finals, losing 92–131. Following the 2006–07 NBA season, their offseason was marred with surgeries to their two key players; the first of, Lamar Odom having shoulder surgery which made him miss the first five games of the 2007–08 NBA season. The other was Kwame Brown having shoulder surgery also; the Lakers' first signing was their first-round draft pick Javaris Crittenton. The Lakers re-signed Luke Walton to a six-year contract extension worth $30 million. Chris Mihm signed a new contract for two years despite missing the entire previous season after having surgery on his right ankle. Walton was a key player last season; the most notable signing of the Lakers off-season was past hero Derek Fisher, signed to a three-year deal worth $14 million. Fisher was released from the Utah Jazz at his request during the offseason so his family could move to a city that has better treatment for his daughter, diagnosed with retinoblastoma.
The Lakers signed him in order to add stability at the point and they needed a player, well versed in the triangle offense. The Lakers were hoping that signing a former veteran of the Lakers would ease Bryant's demand to be traded. Andrew Bynum and Jordan Farmar had their 3rd-year contracts extended respectively; this kept each player with the team for at least one more year. D. J. Mbenga and rookie Coby Karl were signed with the team to fill roster spots. Coby Karl, the son of Nuggets coach George Karl, switched between the NBDL and Lakers roster throughout the season. During midseason, injuries plagued Ira Newble was signed to a ten-day contract. After this he signed a contract for the rest of the season; the most notable departure was last year's starting point guard Smush Parker to the Miami Heat. Aaron McKie became a voluntary coach for the 76ers. After spending one year with the Lakers, Shammond Williams left via free agency to play for Pamesa Valencia of the ACB. Early in the season the Lakers traded Maurice Evans and under-achieving power forward Brian Cook for forward Trevor Ariza.
Ariza would average 6.5 points per game. Ariza missed the rest of the regular season, he returned to the Lakers on May 23. After Andrew Bynum was injured for the rest of the season, the Lakers needed help in the front court before they risked falling out of contention in the playoff race. In February, the Lakers traded Kwame Brown, Javaris Crittenton, Aaron McKie, the draft rights to Marc Gasol, two first-round draft picks and cash for Pau Gasol and a second-round draft pick in 2010. Many consider the Lakers the major benefactor of the trade; as a result, some criticized the trade as being unbalanced in excessively benefiting the Lakers. Gregg Popovich called Memphis' agreement to the terms of the trade "beyond comprehension" and suggested that the league should form a committee to "scratch all trades that make no sense"; the trade became an immediate success for the Lakers, who went 22–5 with Gasol in the lineup and went on to reach the NBA Finals. Los Angeles had three selections for the 2007 NBA draft.
With their first-round pick, the Lakers selected Georgia Tech freshman point guard Javaris Crittenton. With their second pick coming from the Bobcats, the Lakers selected the 6-foot-9-inch Ch
Justice Eric Lloyd Basnayake is a Sri Lankan Judge. He was a Justice of the Court of Appeal of Sri Lanka and Court of Appeal of Fiji as well as a Judge of the High Courts and District Courts in Sri Lanka. Basnayake received his primary education at St. Thomas College and completed his secondary education at Royal College, Colombo. Thereafter he entered University of Ceylon, Colombo in 1969 graduating with an LL. B and was admitted to the bar in December 1975, he had apprenticed under Vernon Wijethunge, QC and Nimal Senanayake, PC. He joined the Attorney General's Department as a State Counsel in 1979, he left the Attorney General's Department in 1987 on his appointment as a District Judge in September 1987. In this capacity he served as District Judge in Ampara, Embilipitiya, Kurunegala, Mt. Lavinia and Colombo, he was thereafter appointed as a Judge of the High Court in February 1999 serving in Kurunegala, Hambantota and Colombo. His last appointment in the High Court was that of Presiding Judge of the Trial-at-Bar, constituted to hear the Udathalawinna murder case.
In February 2005 he was appointed to as a Justice of the Court of Appeal of Sri Lanka and served until his retirement from the judicial service. In 2015, he was appointed as a Justice of the Court of Appeal of Fiji, he was the President of the Judicial Service Association
A. S. Pescina Valle del Giovenco referred to as Valle del Giovenco, was an Italian association football club based in Pescina, Abruzzo. Though they were based in Pescina, the team was temporarily playing in a nearby city, it was founded in 2005. In 2006, Valle del Giovenco gained promotion from Eccellenza after winning the promotion play-offs; the following year, the squad gained a second consecutive promotion by winning Round F of the Serie D promotion play-offs. The club played in Serie C2 in the 2007–2008 season. Following the promotions, the club started a rebranding process that included the relocation to Avezzano to accommodate their advancing position on the Italian football scene; the club define themselves as representative of the city of Avezzano, starting from their official website and changed their crest that features a wolf in white and green color scheme, reminiscent of the now defunct Nuova Avezzano Calcio franchise. Moreover, the club has signed a sponsorship deal with the comune of Avezzano.
USS Pelias, was a Griffin-class submarine tender in service with the United States Navy from 1941 to 1970. Pelias was laid down as SS Mormacyork under Maritime Commission contract by Sun Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Co. Chester, Pennsylvania, 8 May 1939. Mormacyork served for a short time on passenger service between ports in the United States and South America. Acquired by the Navy late in 1940, she was renamed Pelias 9 January 1941 and converted for Navy use as a submarine tender by Bethlehem Steel Co. Brooklyn, N. Y. Pelias commissioned at New York 5 September 1941, Comdr. William Wakefield in command. Following shakedown off New England, Pelias sailed for the Pacific 9 October 1941. Steaming via San Diego, she arrived Pearl Harbor 21 November 1941 as the tender for Submarine Squadron Six. Six days she began sub overhauls at the Submarine Base where she was berthed during the Japanese attack 7 December 1941. During the sneak attack her guns splashed one enemy torpedo plane, damaged a second, as they made their deadly runs along the main channel little more than 100 yards from her port side.
She resumed repair duty shortly after the attack and during the early months of the war provided valuable assistance as the United States Pacific Fleet prepared for the long struggle for supremacy of the Pacific. After servicing a score of submarines at Pearl Harbor, Pelias steamed to San Francisco late in May 1942 and took on spare parts and ammunition. Departing for the Southwest Pacific 22 June 1942, she touched at Melbourne, Australia, 16 July and reached Albany, the 23d. Assigned to duty under Rear Admiral Charles A. Lockwood, ComSubSoWesPac, she refitted the 10 submarines of Submarine Squadron 6 at Albany before shifting her base to Fremantle, Western Australia, 27 October. There, she relieved Holland as mother ship for the SoWesPac submarines, which pressed the attack against Japanese naval and merchant shipping. Except for brief deployments to Exmouth Gulf in May 1943 and to Albany in March 1944, Pelias operated out of Fremantle during her Australian employment. Between July 1942 and May 1944 she overhauled and refitted 59 submarines of Submarine Squadrons 6, 12, 16.
Ordered home in May 1944, she departed Fremantle 15 May 1944, touched at Pearl Harbor 6 June and reached San Francisco the 15th. For more than two months she underwent overhaul at Mare Island Naval Shipyard. Engine repairs delayed her deployment to Midway, she refitted 7 subs before sailing to Midway 9 January 1945. Assigned to Submarine Squadron 32, Pelias completed 15 sub refits and voyage repairs during the next four months. Between 26 May and 10 June she steamed via Pearl to San Diego where she undertook the repair and decommissioning overhaul of the S class submarines of Submarine Squadron 45. Based at San Diego when hostilities ended 15 August, Pelias steamed to Tiburon Bay 10 September 1945, thence to Mare Island 24 February 1946, she was placed in commission in reserve 6 September 1946, in service in reserve 1 February 1947. On 21 March 1950 she was placed out of service in reserve, but performed berthing ship duty at Mare Island until she decommissioned 14 June 1970. Pelias received one battle star for World War II service.
The ships bell is on display at Cerritos College in Norwalk, CA. This article incorporates text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships; the entry can be found here. Naval Vessel Register - AS14 NavSource.org - USS Pelias