The Atlantic wolffish known as the seawolf, Atlantic catfish, ocean catfish, devil fish, wolf eel, woof or sea cat, is a marine fish of the wolffish family Anarhichadidae, native to the North Atlantic Ocean. The numbers of the Atlantic wolffish in US waters are being depleted, most due to overfishing and bycatch, is a Species of Concern according to the U. S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's National Marine Fisheries Service. Apart from their unique appearance wolffish are distinguished by the natural antifreeze they produce to keep their blood moving fluidly in their cold habitat, involvement by both the male and female in brood bearing, the large size of their eggs, they are an important factor in controlling green crab and sea urchin populations, which can become overly disruptive to habitats if left unchecked. Wolffish population success is an important indicator of the health of other bottom-dweller populations, such as Atlantic cod; the Atlantic wolffish has retained the bodily form and general external characteristics of small blennies.
The largest specimen recorded measured 1.5 m long and weighed 18 kg. Its body is long, subcylindrical in front, compressed in the caudal portion and slippery, the rudimentary scales being embedded and hidden in the skin. Atlantic wolffish vary in color seen as purplish-brown, a dull olive green, or blueish gray. An dorsal fin extends the whole length of the back, a similar fin from the vent to the caudal fin, as in blennies; the pectorals are large and rounded and the pelvic fins are absent. Its obtuse, eel-like body type makes the fish swim undulating from side to side, like an eel; the Atlantic wolffish's distinguishing feature, from which it gets its common name, is its extensive teeth structure. Its dentition distinguishes the Atlantic wolffish from all the other members of the family Anarhichadidae. Both the lower and upper jaws are armed with four to six fang-like, conical teeth. Behind the conical teeth in the upper jaw, there are three rows of crushing teeth; the central row has four pairs of the outer rows house blunted conical teeth.
The lower jaw has two rows of molars behind the primary conical teeth. The wolffish's throat is scattered with serrated teeth. Atlantic wolffish inhabit both the east coasts of the Atlantic. In the west Atlantic, they are seen as far north as the Davis Strait, of the Canadian territory of Nunavut, populating the shores of Greenland and Nova Scotia, extending as far south as Cape Cod. Although they are seen south of Cape Cod, there have been sightings in New Jersey; the most dense populations are in the Gulf of Maine and the Great South Channel. In the eastern Atlantic, they range from Russia's White Sea and Novaya Zemlya, through the Nordic countries and British Isles, to the Bay of Biscay. Atlantic wolffish are stationary fish moving from their rocky homes, they are benthic dwellers, living on the hard ocean floor seen in nooks and small caves. They like cold water, at depths of 20 to 500 m, they are found in water temperatures of −1 to 11 °C. Since they can live in near-freezing waters, to keep their blood moving smoothly, they contain a natural antifreeze.
Three related species occur in the north Atlantic. The northern wolffish has loose gelatinous flesh, but the other species are esteemed as food, both fresh and preserved, they are marketed in Britain as "Scotch halibut" and "Scarborough woof", or "woof" in other areas of the northeast coast, are a popular ingredient in fish and chips. The oil extracted from the liver is said to be equal in quality to the best cod liver oil. In Iceland, the species is called steinbítur, which translates to "stone biter". Atlantic wolffish use their strong jaws to eat hardshell molluscs and echinoderms, they do not eat other fish. They are known to eat large whelks, sea clams, large hermit crabs, sea urchins, they are an important predator of sea urchins and green crabs, whose populations escalate and can negatively affect the health of a marine system. The manner in which Atlantic wolffish fertilize their eggs distinguishes them from many fish. Instead of the female depositing her eggs in the open ocean for the male fish to fertilize and continue on his way, they are internally fertilized and the male wolffish stays with the nest and protects the eggs for as long as four months, until the brood is strong enough to gain independence.
Their eggs are 5.5 -- 6.0 mm in diameter, yellow opaque. The eggs are laid on the ocean floor in shoal water, sticking together in loose clumps, surrounded by seaweeds and stones. Atlantic wolffish mature late, at age six. According to scientific data, the Atlantic wolffish's population has decreased drastically due to overfishing and bycatch. Bottom-trawling vessels disrupt the wolffish's rocky underwater habitat when they drag large nets across the ocean floor, with heavy weights holding the nets to the ocean bottom; the nets are indiscriminate in what they catch and the heavy weights and nets are harmful to the benthic terrain and its inhabitants. Recreational fishing has threatened the survival of the Atlantic wolffish. According to data compiled by the National Marine Fisheries Service, since 1983, the landings from U. S. fishing vessels of Atlantic wolffish as bycatch has declined 95%, landing 64.7 m
John Gale was an English professional poker player based in Bushey, Hertfordshire. Gale started playing Texas hold'em in mid-2004, he first made a name for himself by qualifying for the World Poker Tour 2005 PokerStars Caribbean Poker Adventure tournament in The Bahamas in an online satellite tournament. He went on to win the first place prize of $890,600, outlasting a 461 player field in his first major live tournament. Upon returning to his management consultant job, he found less of an interest in day-to-day activities and sold the business to concentrate on poker full-time. Gale finished in the money on the European Poker Tour the next month, finished in the money four times during the 2005 World Series of Poker, including a second-place finish to Brian Wilson in the $5,000 pot limit hold'em event, he made it through to day 2 of the $10,000 no limit hold'em main event. At the 2006 WSOP, Gale won Event #29 when his K♣ 9♠ defeated Maros Lechman's A♠ 6♠ on a board of T♣ 9♦ 7♣ 5♠ 2♣ in the final hand.
Gale was awarded $374,849 along with a WSOP bracelet. During the 2015 WSOP, Gale won Event #18, he secured the victory over Gary Luther in heads-up play when he was re-raised all in pre-flop holding 2♣ 2♥ versus Luther's A♣ 3♠. Gale called and the board ran out 8♥ 4♥ 4♦ 10♠ 9♣ giving him the winning hand, he was awarded his second WSOP bracelet. As of 2015, his total live tournament winnings exceed $3,600,000, his 10 cashes as the WSOP account for $954,900 of those winnings. Gale died on November 18, 2019 at the age of 65. World Poker Tour profile PokerListings.com interview
Salvia microphylla, the baby sage, Graham's sage, or blackcurrant sage, is an evergreen shrub found in the wild in southeastern Arizona and the mountains of eastern and southern Mexico. It is a complex species which hybridizes, resulting in numerous hybrids and cultivars brought into horticulture since the 1990s; the specific epithet microphylla, from the Greek, means "small leaved". In Mexico, it is called "mirto de montes," or "myrtle of the mountains." Salvia microphylla grows to 1 to 1.3 m tall and wide, blooming in its first year and growing to full size in its second year. The leaves are ovate shaped, of varying sizes, smooth or covered with hairs; when crushed, the leaves have a strong fragrance, described as pleasant and mint-like, but as similar to that of blackcurrants, leading to the use of "blackcurrant sage” as an English name for this species. It sometimes spreads underground. Along with its cultivars and hybrids, S. microphylla blooms in late spring and again in autumn, with sporadic flowering year-round in mild conditions.
The flowers are arranged in whorls, with a wide range of color: magenta, red and rose. Botanist Carl Epling considered Salvia microphylla to have three geographical races, though the wide variation still causes confusion today, there are conceivably more than three races. Adding to the confusion, Salvia microphylla is mistaken for Salvia greggii, with which it hybridizes. Epling distinguishes between the two by the S. microphylla leaves, which have serrated edges, compared to the narrow and smooth-edged S. greggii leaves — and by a pair of papillae inside the S. microphylla corolla. In the U. S. it is sometimes called "Graham's sage,". It was named Salvia neurepia by Merritt Lyndon Fernald. Both these botanic names are considered invalid as they are than microphylla. There is confusion between Salvia microphylla and Salvia lemmonii, named by Asa Gray. Gray began calling it Salvia microphylla var. wislizeni, considering it to be a variety of S. microphylla, though most taxonomies still consider S. lemmonii to be a unique species.
S. lemmonii has leaves that are 1.5 to 3 cm long, which are furry and sharp-pointed, along with flowers that are vermilion or magenta, with the inflorescence shorter than that of S. microphylla. Var. neurepia. Some cultivars are hybrids with other Salvia species. Technically they are evergreen shrubs or sub-shrubs, though they are not reliably hardy and are short-lived. However, they are easy to propagate from cuttings; those marked. Salvia microphylla is grown in central Mexico as a medicinal plant, used for making tea. Jepson manual
The National Rivers Authority was one of the forerunners of the Environment Agency of England and Wales, existing between 1989 and 1996. Before 1989 the regulation of the aquatic environment had been carried out by the ten regional water authorities; the RWAs were responsible for the supply and distribution of drinking water and sewage disposal, land drainage and flood risk management, water quality management, pollution prevention, water resource management and many aspects of the management of aquatic ecology and some aspects of recreation. With the passing of the Water Act 1989, the 10 Water Authorities in England and Wales were privatised by flotation on the stock market, they took the water supply and sewage disposal activities into the privatised companies. The remaining duties remained with the newly created National Rivers Authority; the assets and the staff of the RWAs were divided up at privatisation between the new water companies and the NRA. However, all the assets relating to water supply reservoirs were transferred to the newly created private water companies in those cases where there were strong recreational and fisheries interests in the reservoirs.
Complex charging arrangements were put in place whereby the newly created companies paid abstraction charges to the NRA for water removed from surface and ground waters but the NRA had to pay to have such waters released into rivers. In circumstances where reservoirs had been built to control river flow and thus independently support drinking water abstractions, this could entail the NRA paying out more to have the water released than it had charged for its abstraction, it meant that some releases of water from reservoirs, which in the past had been made principally for ecological or recreational interests, were now made with economic interests as the principal driver. The logo of the NRA was a stylised image of a salmon in a circle of water, sometimes frivolously referred to by the staff of the NRA as the washing machine; the Chair of the NRA throughout its existence was Lord Crickhowell. In 1996, the NRA ceased to exist when it was subsumed into the Environment Agency together with HMIP and the local authority waste regulation functions
Orthostatic vital signs are a series of vital signs of a patient taken while the patient is supine again while standing. The results are only meaningful. Used to identify orthostatic hypotension, orthostatic vital signs are taken in triage medicine when a patient presents with vomiting, diarrhea or abdominal pain. Orthostatic vital signs are not collected where spinal injury seems or where the patient is displaying an altered level of consciousness. Additionally, it is omitted when the patient is demonstrating hemodynamic instability, which term is used to indicate abnormal or unstable blood pressure but which can suggest inadequate arterial supply to organs. Orthostatic vital signs are taken after surgery. A patient is considered to have orthostatic hypotension when the systolic blood pressure falls by more than 20 mm Hg, the diastolic blood pressure falls by more than 10 mm Hg, or the pulse rises by more than 20 beats per minute within 3 minutes of standing
Kristen Jeannine Dalton-Wolfe is an American actress and beauty pageant titleholder who won Miss USA 2009 and represented the United States at the Miss Universe 2009 pageant, placing in the top 10. Dalton is the daughter of Jeannine Dalton, Miss North Carolina USA 1982, her younger sister, was engaged to Chad Michael Murray. The third Dalton sister, was Miss North Carolina Teen USA 2008 and placed second runner-up at Miss Teen USA 2008. Julia won the title of Miss North Carolina USA 2015 and competed at Miss USA 2015; the Daltons are the only family to have two daughters win the same title. Dalton is of German ancestry. Dalton graduated from Hoggard High School and was an Honors College psychology and Spanish major at East Carolina University, she dated Reid Rosenthal, who appeared in the fifth season of The Bachelorette, but the couple broke up in March 2012. In 2009, Dalton appeared on Are You Smarter Than a 5th Grader as a contestant, she is a public advocate for Children International. Dalton is the creator and founder of She is MORE, an online faith-based magazine.
400,000 readers visit the site every month. She is the author of Rise Up, Princess: 60 Days To Revealing Her Royal Identity and Rise Up With God: The Guided Journal, her next book, The Sparkle Effect, is coming soon. Dalton is the host of Hot Off TBN's sister network for millennials, her show was a reach of 90 million worldwide. She has done international print and commercial campaigns. Dalton won the Miss North Carolina USA 2009 title in a state pageant held in High Point, North Carolina produced by RPM Productions in November 2008, she placed first runner-up to Nikkie Groat in the Miss North Carolina Teen USA 2005 pageant. Dalton represented North Carolina in the Miss USA 2009 pageant broadcast live from Planet Hollywood in Las Vegas, where she became the second Miss North Carolina USA to win the Miss USA title. Dalton won both the swimsuit and evening gown competitions during the final pageant competition, was crowned by former titleholder Crystle Stewart of Texas. Dalton represented the United States in the Miss Universe 2009 pageant, held at the Atlantis Paradise Island Resort in the Bahamas.
She finished in 10th place overall. Miss North Carolina USA official website Miss USA official website