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Attalla, Alabama

Attalla is a city in Etowah County, United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 6,048; the town occupies the site of an Indian village, of considerable importance during the Creek War. It was in Attalla that David Brown, a Cherokee assisted by the Rev. D. S. Butterick, prepared the Cherokee Spelling Book. Attalla was not founded until 1870, on land donated by W. C. Hammond, a plantation owner, it was incorporated as a city government on February 5, 1872. The town was named "Attalla" in 1893, from the Cherokee language word meaning "mountain". Attalla was prosperous. Attalla is the site of the first hydroelectric dam to provide electricity for a city, constructed in 1887. William Lewis Moore, a U. S. postman and white civil rights activist, was murdered here on April 23, 1963 as he tried to walk from Chattanooga, Tennessee to Jackson, Mississippi to deliver his letter in support of civil rights to Mississippi Governor Ross Barnett. The suspected murderer, Floyd Simpson, was never charged with the crime.

Attalla is in Etowah County at 34°0′35″N 86°5′54″W. It is bordered to the east by the city of Gadsden, the county seat, at its southernmost point by Rainbow City. Interstate 59 runs along the eastern edge of the city, with access from Exits 181 and 183. U. S. Route 11 passes through the center of town as Third Street and runs parallel to I-59, leading northeast 36 miles to Fort Payne and southwest 58 miles to Birmingham. U. S. Routes 278 and 431 pass through the center of Attalla, leading east 5 miles to downtown Gadsden. US 431 runs north 20 miles to Albertville. Alabama State Route 77 passes through the southern section of Attalla, leading north 3 miles to US 431 and southeast 6 miles to Rainbow City. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of all of it land. Big Wills Creek, a tributary of the Coosa River, flows southeasterly through the city; the southern end of Lookout Mountain rises to the east overlooking the city. As of the census of 2000, there were 6,795 people, 2,672 households, 1,976 families living in the city.

The population density was 988.0 people per square mile. There were 2,914 housing units at an average density of 436.7 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 78.42% White, 13.5% Black or African American, 1.5% Native American, 0.08% Asian, 1.64% from other races, 0.67% from two or more races. 2.22% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 2,620 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 16.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 31.5% were non-families. 29.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.00. In the city, the population was spread out with 23.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 27.3% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, 17.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.2 males.

For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.5 males. The median income for a household in the city was $27,444, the median income for a family was $39,549. Males had a median income of $30,605 versus $19,693 for females; the per capita income for the city was $15,727. About 16.4% of families and 18.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.5% of those under age 18 and 22.0% of those age 65 or over. As of the census of 2010, there were 6,048 people, 2,442 households, 1,627 families living in the city; the population density was 983.9 people per square mile. There were 2,841 housing units at an average density of 424 per square mile; the racial makeup of the city was 81.5% White, 12.7% Black or African American.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 2.9% from other races, 2.0% from two or more races. 4.7 % of the population were Latino of any race. There were 2,442 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.5% were married couples living together, 18.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 33.4% were non-families.

29.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.0% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.07. In the city, the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, 17.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.8 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.9 males. The median income for a household in the city was $32,426, the median income for a family was $35,934. Males had a median income of $33,428 versus $25,441 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,457. About 13.9% of families and 18.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 27.5% of those under age 18 and 13.9% of those age 65 or over. The Attalla Beat first appeared on the 1880 U. S. Census. In 1890, "beat" was changed to "precinct." In 1960, the precinct was changed to "census division" as part of a general reorganization of counties.

In 1980, Attalla census division was consolidated with Gadsden census division. The Attalla City School System is the public school district; as of 2006 it has some 1,823 students. The district includes the following schools: Attalla Elementary School Etowah Middle School (Grades 6

Paul Collingwood

Paul David Collingwood MBE is a former English cricketer, having played all three formats of the game internationally for England. Collingwood played for Durham County Cricket Club and was the 2010 ICC World Twenty20 winning captain, he was a regular member of the England Test captain of the One Day International team. He is the first T20I cap for England, he captained Durham County Cricket Club for the final six seasons of his career. Collingwood is a batting all-rounder, he bowls reliable medium pace. Described as a "natural athlete", he was regarded as one of the finest fielders of his time fielding at backward point or 3rd or 4th slips in tests, he deputised as wicket-keeper for England, his first-class debut was in 1996 and he made his first appearance for England in One Day International cricket in 2001 and made his Test match debut in 2003. For two years he remained an occasional Test player but after selection for the final Test of the 2005 Ashes, he secured a regular place, his 206 during the 2006–07 Ashes was the first double century by an England batsman in Australia for 78 years and in a match that England lost.

A series of three consecutive match-winning performances by Collingwood at the end of the 2006–07 Commonwealth Bank Series in Australia brought him enthusiastic approval in the British media. His "allround display of incredible nerve and tenacity" helped to secure the trophy for England. In 2010 he led the England team to their first ICC trophy, the 2010 World Twenty20; until May 2019, he was England's most capped ODI cricketer and was, until passed by Ian Bell in 2015, the leading ODI run scorer. He announced his retirement from Test cricket in January 2011, during the 5th Test of the 2010–11 Ashes series, he finished on a high, becoming a three-times Ashes winner as England won a series in Australia for the first time in 24 years, with three innings victories contributing to a 3–1 win. Collingwood retired from first-class and List A cricket in September 2018. Collingwood was born and brought up in Shotley Bridge, near Consett, County Durham, by parents David and Janet, along with his elder brother Peter, was educated at Blackfyne Comprehensive School, now known as Consett Academy.

Introduced to cricket "on the playing fields of Blackfyne Comprehensive School", Paul was able to "force his way into Shotley Bridge's Under–13s team at the age of just nine". As a teenager, his father, who still remains a member of the Shotley Bridge Cricket Club, persuaded him to give up football and concentrate on cricket. Collingwood still makes regular visits to his old cricket club, "...he is a brilliant role model for the kids and his success is an inspiration to follow...". He lives in Northumberland, divorced from former wife Vicky, whom he married in February 2005 in Cape Town, South Africa, their three daughters Shannon and Hannah Mae, he is a big fan of Sunderland AFC. His nicknames are Colly and Shep. Paul Collingwood signed for Durham, his local county cricket side, in 1995, playing first in List A one-day cricket; when he first came to Durham's attention, Collingwood was regarded "as a bowler who batted a bit". According to coach Geoff Cook's 2006 assessment it was Collingwood's determination, rather than his talent, that shone through.

Collingwood made his first–class debut against Northamptonshire in 1996, at Durham's Riverside Ground. He made an immediate impression by taking the wicket of former England all-rounder David Capel with his first ball, scoring 91 in his first innings. However, his early years as a first-class player were characterised by steady and modest performances with bat and ball: in each season from 1996 to 2000, his batting average was between 20 and 30 and his bowling average was between 30 and 60, his breakthrough began in 2000, when he was voted Player of the Year by the Durham members for his one-day efforts. His form varied following a back injury, but he hit his stride in 2001, when he excelled both in the County Championship and in the one-day game. In the six English seasons from 2001, Collingwood has exceeded a batting average of 40 four times and achieved a bowling average of less than 40 on three occasions. Recognising his need to improve his all-round game Collingwood took himself off to Australia for their 2000–01 season where he played for the long-established Richmond Cricket Club in the tough Melbourne Premier League.

At the end of the season Collingwood was awarded the prestigious Jack Ryder Medal for the best player in the league, was the first – and so far only – Richmond player to receive it. Durham only achieved first-class status in 1992. In the 15 years since their best performances in the two league championships both came in 2006. Following in 2007 with the Friends Provident Trophy, beating Hampshire by 125 runs, Collingwood picking up 22 runs and bowling figures of 3/33. However, Collingwood's involvement was limited by his England commitments and he made no appearances at all in either competition; this stood in marked contrast to the previous season, when Collingwood was available to Durham for four of the five Tests, before his England recall for the final Ashes Test. In just 13 appearances in the County Championship in that 2005 season, Collingwood scored 1103 runs and took 21 wickets, averaging 55.15

Scott Taylor (actor)

Scott Anthony Taylor is an English actor. Taylor's acting career started at the age of 17 with a role in the 2000 Christmas special of ITV1's Heartbeat of which The Royal is a spin-off, he played Noel Stringer, the bank manager's son, kidnapped. An appearance in three episodes of Coronation Street followed where he played university student Stuart Fergus, a school friend of Todd Grimshaw, who encouraged Todd to become a student. Taylor soon moved to Birmingham to play Tom Bradley, a paranoid schizophrenic, in the BBC daytime soap opera Doctors. Prior to his present role Taylor played Harchester United midfielder Danny Rosthorne, for two series, in the Sky One drama Dream Team, he appeared as the ambulance driver Frankie Robinson in the ITV1 drama series The Royal until Frankie was killed off in series 7 along with Natalie Anderson's character Stella Davenport after a gas explosion ripped through an arcade shop they were trapped in. Scott has recently played a role of Peter Sutherland on Waterloo Road.

A police officer invited to the school to talk about his careers choices, but a lack of pupils leads to him and Steph Haydock living his schoolboy fantasy.. He starred in hit BBC Three sketch show Scallywagga. In January 2011 Scott joined the cast of Emmerdale as Joe Chappell, a carer to paralysed character Jackson Walsh. Taylor left the role. In May 2015 Scott appeared in episode 4 of Peter Kay's Car Share on BBC One as an irate builder who John has a dispute with at a children's road crossing. Scott left acting to become a paramedic with the North West Ambulance Service, he left acting due to being inspired. Scott Taylor on IMDb

Saint-André-Avellin, Quebec

Saint-André-Avellin is a municipality located within the Papineau Regional County Municipality in the Outaouais region in western Quebec, Canada. At the 2016 census, it had a population of 3,749 people; the town, located along Quebec route 321, is about 10 kilometres north of Papineauville and Quebec route 148 and about an hour away from Downtown Ottawa. It was in 1841 that the first settlers arrived in the townships which Saint-André-Avellin today lies; as being part of a large valley near the Ottawa River, it had agriculture potential but was located far from the main corridor of the Saint Lawrence River and the main area in which there was significant agriculture development in large townships on both sides of the river between Montreal and Quebec City. Due to the more remote location and the lack of efficient transportation, the development during much of the remainder of the 19th century was slow until several economic crises forced authorities to look for newer land to develop. Throughout most of the century, it was used for the logging industry due to the proximity of extensive forest areas in the higher valleys and hills of the region.

The parish municipality was created in 1851 and it was in 1890, that the first school was built in the area. Population increased during the 1970s by a wave of rural development; the parish and the village, made official in the second half of the 19th century merged in the late 1990s. It is one of the major sites of what it is called La Petite-Nation and is the site of two major summer events including the annual Western Rodeo Festival, as well as Musique en Nous, a county-wide event which it presents newer musical talents in the region as well as popular Quebec singers; the town is home to a theatre and a regional museum related to the history of the Petite-Nation. List of former mayors: Jean-Denis Lalonde Thérèse Whissell Jean-René Carrière List of municipalities in Quebec Petite-Nation River Town's website Musique en Nous Saint-Andre Avellin Rodeo Festival History of Saint-Andre Avellin

Developmental psychology

Developmental psychology is the scientific study of how and why human beings change over the course of their life. Concerned with infants and children, the field has expanded to include adolescence, adult development and the entire lifespan. Developmental psychologists aim to explain how thinking and behaviors change throughout life; this field examines change across three major dimensions: physical development, cognitive development, social emotional development. Within these three dimensions are a broad range of topics including motor skills, executive functions, moral understanding, language acquisition, social change, emotional development, self-concept, identity formation. Developmental psychology examines the influences of nature and nurture on the process of human development, processes of change in context across time. Many researchers are interested in the interactions among personal characteristics, the individual's behavior, environmental factors, including the social context and the built environment.

Ongoing debates in regards to developmental psychology include biological essentialism vs. neuroplasticity and stages of development vs. dynamic systems of development. Developmental psychology involves a range of fields, such as educational psychology, child psychopathology, forensic developmental psychology, child development, cognitive psychology, ecological psychology, cultural psychology. Influential developmental psychologists from the 20th century include Urie Bronfenbrenner, Erik Erikson, Sigmund Freud, Jean Piaget, Barbara Rogoff, Esther Thelen, Lev Vygotsky. Jean-Jacques Rousseau and John B. Watson are cited as providing the foundations for modern developmental psychology. In the mid-18th century, Jean Jacques Rousseau described three stages of development: infants and adolescence in Emile: Or, On Education. Rousseau's ideas were taken up by educators at the time. Developmental psychology focuses on how and why certain changes in the course of a human life occur over time. There are many theorists.

One of them, Erik Erikson developed a model of eight stages of psychological development. He believed that humans developed in stages throughout their lifetimes and that this would affect their behaviors. In the late 19th century, psychologists familiar with the evolutionary theory of Darwin began seeking an evolutionary description of psychological development. James Mark Baldwin, who wrote essays on topics that included Imitation: A Chapter in the Natural History of Consciousness and Mental Development in the Child and the Race: Methods and Processes, was involved in the theory of developmental psychology. Sigmund Freud, whose concepts were developmental affected public perceptions. Sigmund Freud believed that we all had a conscious and unconscious level. In the conscious, we are aware of our mental process; the preconscious involves information which, though not in our thoughts, can be brought into consciousness. Lastly, the unconscious includes mental processes, he believed there is tension between the conscious and unconscious because the conscious tries to hold back what the unconscious tries to express.

To explain this he developed three personality structures: the id, superego. The id, the most primitive of the three, functions according to the pleasure principle: seek pleasure and avoid pain; the superego plays the moralizing role. Based on this, he proposed five universal stages of development, that each is characterized by the erogenous zone, the source of the child's psychosexual energy; the first is the oral stage. During the oral stage, "the libido is centered in a baby's mouth." The baby is able to suck. The second is the anal stage, from one to three years of age. During the anal stage, the child defecates from the anus and is fascinated with their defecation; the third is the phallic stage. During the phallic stage, the child is aware of their sexual organs; the fourth is the latency stage. During the latency stage, the child's sexual interests are repressed. Stage five is the genital stage. During the genital stage, puberty starts happening. Jean Piaget, a Swiss theorist, posited that children learn by constructing knowledge through hands-on experience.

He suggested that the adult's role in helping the child learn was to provide appropriate materials that the child can interact with and use to construct. He used Socratic questioning to get children to reflect on what they were doing, he tried to get them to see contradictions in their explanations. Piaget believed that intellectual development takes place through a series of stages, which he described in his theory on cognitive development; each stage consists of steps. He believed that these stages are not separate from one another, but rather that each stage builds on the previous one in a continuous learning process, he proposed four stages: sensorimotor, pre-operational, concrete operational, formal operational. Though he did not believe these stages occurred at any given age, many studies have determined when these cognitive abilitie

Nicolet Bankshares

Nicolet Bankshares is a U. S. regional bank holding company based in Green Bay, Wisconsin. They are the parent company of the fourth largest Wisconsin based bank; as of July 20, 2017, it had over $2.29 billion in assets. Nicolet Bankshares was founded in November 2000, after founders Bob Atwell and Mike Daniels felt that the local bank they worked for was getting away from community banking, which they felt was important. In 2010, Nicolet acquired four branches from Anchor Bank. In 2013, they acquired the Bank of Wausau. In 2015, they announced that they were merging with Baylake Bank, with the new company taking the Nicolet National Bank name. On April 12, 2016, the shareholders of both banks voted in favor of merging the two banks; the $140 million deal closed on April 29, 2016. Official website