Augustine Volcano is a stratovolcano consisting of a central complex of summit lava domes and flows surrounded by an apron of pyroclastic, lahar and ash deposits. The volcano is active, with major eruptions recorded in 1883, 1935, 1963–64, 1976, 1986, 2006. Minor eruptive events were reported in 1812, 1885, 1908, 1944, 1971; the large eruptions are characterized by an explosive onset followed by the quieter effusion of lava. It forms Augustine Island in southwestern Cook Inlet in the Kenai Peninsula Borough of southcentral coastal Alaska, 174 miles southwest of Anchorage. Augustine Island has a land area of 32.4 square miles, while West Island, just off Augustine's western shores, has 2 sq mi. The irregular coastline of Augustine Island is due to the repeated catastrophic collapse of the summit dome, forming debris avalanches down the flanks and into Cook Inlet; the island is made up of past eruption deposits. Scientists have been able to discern; the nearly circular uninhabited island formed by Augustine Volcano is 12 km wide east-west, 10 km north-south.
Augustine's summit consists of several overlapping lava dome complexes formed during many historic and prehistoric eruptions. Most of the fragmental debris exposed along its slopes comprises angular blocks of dome-rock andesite of cobble to boulder size but carrying clasts as large as 4 to 8 meters as large as 30 meters; the surface of such deposits is skeet, a field of steep conical mounds and intervening depressions with many meters of local relief. En route to Katmai in 1913, Robert F. Griggs had inferred landslide as the origin of Augustine's hummocky coastal topography about Burr Point, by geomorphic analogy with the hummocky and blocky deposit of a 1912 landslide near Katmai; the hummocky deposits on Augustine's lower flanks resemble both topographically and lithologically those of the great landslide or debris avalanche that initiated the spectacular May 18, 1980 eruption of Mount St. Helens; the deposit of that landslide revealed the origin of coarse diamicts with hummocky topography at other strato volcanic cones.
Since 1980 many hummocky coarsely fragmental deposits on Augustine's lower flanks have come to be interpreted as deposits of numerous great landslides and debris avalanches. A March 27, 1986 eruption deposited ash over Anchorage and disrupted air traffic in southcentral Alaska. On January 11, 1994, Augustine erupted at 13:44 and 14:13 UTC; the eruption consisted of four "phases", starting in April 2005 and continuing through March 2006. The precursory phase began as a slow, steady increase in microearthquake activity beneath the volcano on April 30, 2005. An earlier swarm in October 2004 developed seismicity rates that exceeded any observed since the 1986 eruption; the number of located VT earthquakes increased from an average of one to two per day in May 2005 to five to six per day in October 2005 to 15 per day in mid-December 2005. December 2 revealed the onset of a series of small phreatic explosions that were recorded on the Augustine seismic network; the largest of these explosions occurred on December 10, 12, 15.
An observational overflight on December 12 revealed vigorous steaming from the summit area, a new vigorous fumarole on the summit's southern side at 3,600 ft elevation, a light dusting of ash on the volcano's southern flanks. A strong plume of steam and gas extended to the southeast; the ash was found to be a mix of weathered and glassy particles. Between December 12, 2005, January 10, 2006, seismicity rates were elevated, with more than 420 earthquakes located by the AVO. Much of this activity occurred in spasmodic bursts similar to those observed before the 1986 eruption; the volcano erupted on January 11, 2006, entering a second "stage", which would continue until January 28. Tectonic earthquakes began early in January, resulting in an explosive Volcanic Explosivity Index 3 eruption in that day. Several ash columns were generated, each 9 km above sea level. Samples of the tephra were dense. Six explosions were recorded by seismic instruments between January 13, the first of these consuming a seismograph and a CPGS located on the northwestern flank.
Ash columns now reached Kenai Peninsula residents reported ash deposits. On January 16, a new lava dome was observed on the summit; this explosion created a 20-30 meter wide crater in the new lava dome. On September 22, 2007, the Alaska Volcano Observatory reported that shallow earthquake activity had increased over the week of September 22. However, the activity was less than its level during the months leading up to the 2005-2006 eruption; the Plate Boundary Observatory, operated by UNAVCO has a network of 10 high-precision GPS instruments on the flanks of Augustine. Activity two years ago claimed two of these sites; the Alaska Volcano Observatory operates a number of seismometers and tiltmeters all around the volcano, including four webcams. List of volcanoes in the United States Augustine activity Augustine Volcano Live Webcam NASA Images from December 2005
Hormones, promoted as Hormones: The Series, is a Thai teen drama television series produced by GTH and first broadcast in 2013. The show follows the lives and relationships of a group of secondary school students as they go through school and home life and face various issues. Breaking the mould of Thai television, which features Thai soap operas and sitcoms, Hormones was conceived with a style more found in the U. S. and production values more associated with filmmaking. It distinguished itself by featuring controversial issues such as teenage sex and pregnancy and school violence; the series' first season was directed by Songyos Sugmakanan, was broadcast on satellite channel GMM One and online from May to August 2013. The series was positively received and, despite not being shown on free-to-air terrestrial television and being criticized for its content, proved popular, prompting the creation of a second season. Directed by Kriangkrai Vachiratamporn, the second season began broadcasting in July 2014.
In September 2015, Hormones 3: The Final Season began broadcasting. The episodes of the final season were released in the GTH's official channel with official English subtitles. Hormones is produced by Thai film company GMM Tai Hub and its subsidiary production and casting company Nadao Bangkok. According to director Songyos Sugmakanan, Hormones was conceived as a channel for GTH to create acting opportunities for its teenage actors and as an experiment in creating a drama series, non-typical for Thai television. With a concept based on Songyos's 2008 film of the same name and inspired by the British series Skins, Hormones seeks to explore and portray various aspects and issues of adolescent life; these include topics considered taboo for open discussion in Thai society, such as teenage sex and school violence. In creating the script and the writing team conducted online research on contemporary adolescent issues, but learned from the experiences of the young cast members, he aimed to show the issues from a teenager's point of view and avoided any preaching, trying instead to have consequences of actions implied through the characters' experiences.
Songyos opted to use the filmmaking techniques that he was familiar with in the creation of Hormones, adjusting them to suit a television production. Filming of the first season took place from December 2012 to April 2013. Although planned for only one season, GTH announced towards the end of the first season that it would be producing a second one, responding to the show's popularity. Songyos switched roles to become producer for the second season, with Kriangkrai Vachiratamporn, who had co-written the series, becoming director. GTH launched a casting programme with an accompanying reality series titled Hormones: The Next Gen, in order to select additional actors to supplement the original main cast from the first season. Hormones features an ensemble cast, with nine main characters in the first season; the story takes place at the fictional Nadao Bangkok College, where the characters attend upper-secondary school. All the main characters are followed throughout the season, with each episode focused on one or a few of the characters and the issues they experience.
The main cast for the first and second seasons, in order of first-season billing, are: Pachara Chirathivat as Win, the most popular boy at school, used to getting what he wants Ungsumalynn Sirapatsakmetha as Kongkwan, a role-model student seen by her classmates as "the perfect girl" Sutatta Udomsilp as Toei, a friendly girl who gets along better with male friends than with other girls Chutavuth Pattarakampol as Phu, a bisexual saxophonist in the school concert band and Toei's ex-boyfriend Sirachuch Chienthaworn as Mhog, an artsy and reclusive boy obsessed with film photography Gunn Junhavat as Tar, an ambitious boy with a passion for the guitar and an attraction to Toei Sananthachat Thanapatpisal as Dao, an innocent dreamy girl with an overprotective mother Thanapob Leeratanakajorn as Phai, a hot-headed boy who gets in trouble for violence Supassra Thanachat as Sprite, a free-spirited, sexually liberated girlThree supporting actors from the first season receive main billing in the second: Sedthawut Anusit as Thee, a school band flutist and Phu's ex-boyfriend Napat Chokejindachai as Pop, the de facto school reporter who knows about all the happenings in the school Kemisara Paladesh as Koi, Dao's best friend and girlfriendNew characters in Season 2 include: Thiti Mahayotaruk as Non, a cheerful and friendly boy with a bright personality, who becomes Thee's new best friend.
Thee falls in love with him, but he only sees Thee as a "brother." Pearwah N. Chatchaipholrat as Kanom-Pang, Tar's girlfriend and Pop's younger sister Narikunn Ketprapakorn as Oil, a girl, quiet and reserved, she is Kanom-Pang's best friend, runs a fake Facebook account in Sprite's name. Teeradon Supapunpinyo as Sun, a new vocalist of Tar's band, See Scape, he is Kanom-Pang's classmate, he is a funny and innocent boy with a unique voice. Thanaerng Kanyawee Songmuang as Jane, a drug-addicted girl, she is Win's new friend from New York. New characters in Season 3 include: Sarit Tailetwichen as Boss, a smart and serious boy that wants to make a differences in the school. However, he is not well liked by others. Nutchapan Paramacharenroj as First, a hilarious and fun-loving kid who sometimes hang out with Non and Pala. Wongrawee Nateeton as Pala, a quiet, simple boy, he lives with his grandmother, who
Prairie Township is one of fifteen townships in Edgar County, Illinois, USA. As of the 2010 census, its population was 273 and it contained 125 housing units. According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 35.99 square miles, of which 35.98 square miles is land and 0.01 square miles is water. Scottland Raven Illiana Quaker Wesley Chapel Cemetery. US Route 36 US Route 150 Illinois Route 1 Rowe Airport Edgar County Community Unit District 6 Georgetown-Ridge Farm Consolidated Unit School District 4 Illinois's 15th congressional district State House District 109 State Senate District 55 "Prairie Township, Edgar County, Illinois". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 10 January 2010. US Census Bureau 2007 TIGER/Line Shapefiles US National Atlas City-Data.com Illinois State Archives