Aurangabad is a city in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is the administrative headquarters of Aurangabad district and is the largest city in the Marathwada region. Located on a hilly upland terrain in the Deccan Traps, Aurangabad is the fourth-most populous urban area in Maharashtra with a population of 1,175,116; the city is known as a major production center of cotton textile and artistic silk fabrics. Several prominent educational institutions, including Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Marathwada University, are located in the city; the city is a popular tourism hub, with tourist destinations like the Ajanta and Ellora caves lying on its outskirts, both of which have been designated as UNESCO World Heritage Sites since 1983. Another tourist destination is the Bibi Ka Maqbara known as Dakkhanī Tāj or the "Taj Mahal of the Deccan", commissioned in 1660 by the Mughal emperor, Aurangzeb, to house the tomb of his favourite wife, Dilras Banu Begum. Other tourist attractions include Aurangabad Caves, Daulatabad Fort, Grishneshwar Temple, Jama Mosque, Himayat Bagh and Salim Ali Lake.
There were 52 Gates in Aurangabad, some of them extant, because of which Aurangabad is nicknamed as the "City of Gates". In 2019, the Aurangabad Industrial City became the first greenfield industrial smart city of India under the country's flagship Smart Cities Mission. Paithan, the imperial capital of the Satavahana dynasty, as well as Daulatabad or Dēvagirī, the capital of the Yadava dynasty, are located within the limits of modern Aurangabad. In 1308, the region was annexed by the Delhi Sultanate during the rule of Sultan Alauddin Khalji. In 1327, the capital of the Delhi Sultanate was shifted from Delhi to Daulatabad during the rule of Sultan Muhammad bin Tughluq, who ordered a mass migration of Delhi's population to Daulatabad. However, Muhammad bin Tughluq reversed his decision in 1334 and the capital was shifted back to Delhi. In 1499, Daulatabad became a part of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate. In 1610, a new city named Khaḍkī was established at the location of modern Aurangabad to serve as the capital of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate by the Ethiopian military leader Malik Ambar, brought to India as a slave but rose to become a popular Prime Minister of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate.
Malik Ambar was succeeded by his son Fateh Khan. In 1636, the Mughal viceroy of the Deccan region, annexed the city into the Mughal Empire. In 1653, Aurangzeb renamed the city as "Aurangabad" and made it the capital of the Deccan region of the Mughal Empire. In 1724, the Mughal governor of the Deccan, Nizam Asaf Jah I, seceded from the Mughal Empire and founded his own Asaf Jahi dynasty; the dynasty established the State of Hyderabad with their capital at Aurangabad, until they transferred their capital to the city of Hyderabad in 1763. Hyderabad State became a princely state during the British Raj, remained so for 150 years; until 1956, Aurangabad remained part of Hyderabad State. In 1960, Aurangabad and the larger Marathi-speaking Marathwada region became a part of the state of Maharashtra. Khaḍkī was the original name of the village, made a capital city by Malik Ambar, the Prime Minister of Murtaza Nizam Shah II, Sultan of Ahmednagar. Within a decade, Khaḍkī grew into a imposing city. Malik Ambar died in 1626.
He was succeeded by his son Fateh Khan. With the capture of Daulatabad Fort by the imperial troops in 1633, the Nizam Shahi dominions, including Fatehnagar, came under the possession of the Mughals. In 1653 when Mughal prince Aurangzeb was appointed the Viceroy of the Deccan for the second time, he made Fatehnagar his capital and renamed it Aurangabad. Aurangabad is sometimes referred to as Khujista Bunyad by the Chroniclers of Aurangzeb's reign. In 1724, Asif Jah, a Turkic general and Nizam al-Mulk of the Mughals in the Deccan region, decided to secede from the crumbling Mughal Empire, with the intention of founding his own dynasty in the Deccan and decided to make Aurangabad his capital, his son and successor, Nizam Ali Khan Asaf Jah II transferred his capital from Aurangabad to Hyderabad in 1763. In 1795, the city came under the Maratha rule, following the Maratha victory in the Battle of Kharda, along with an indemnity of 30 million rupees paid by Ali Khan Asaf Jah II, Nizam of Hyderabad to the Marathas.
However, Maratha rule lasted only eight years before the city came under the rule of the Nizam of Hyderabad, under the protection of the British East India Company, following the British victory in the Second Anglo-Maratha War. During the period of the British Raj, the city was known as Aurungábád. Aurangabad was a part of the Princely State of Hyderabad during the British Raj, until its annexation into the Indian Union after the Indian Independence in 1947, thereafter a part of Hyderabad state of India until 1956. In 1956 it became a part of newly formed bilingual Bombay State and in 1960 it became a part of Maharashtra state; the co-ordinates for Aurangabad are N 19° 53' 47" – E 75° 23' 54". The city is surrounded by hills on all directions. Aurangabad features a semiarid climate under the Köppen climate classification. Annual mean temperatures range from 17 to 33 °C, with the most comfortable time to visit in the winter – October to February; the highest maximum temperature recorded was 46 °C on 25 May 1905.
The lowest recorded temperature was 2 °C on 2 February 1911. In the cold season, the district is sometimes affected by cold waves in association with the eastward passage of western disturbances across north India, when the
Kevit Subash Desai is the Principal Secretary in the State Department of Vocational and Technical Education in the Ministry of Education and Technology of Kenya. Prior to this appointment, Desai was the managing director of Centurion Systems Kenya Limited, a company that deals with industrial automation and control systems. Desai holds a PhD in Robotics Systems Engineering from Shibaura Institute of Technology and Bachelor of Science in Computer Engineering, from University of North London. Desai has served as an Industrial Automation Development Engineer at Nippon ABS Ltd. Kevit Desai is a fan of classic and vintage cars and is a patron on the African Concours D'elegance
"I Got Soul" is a song performed by American R&B singer Eamon issued as the third single from his 2017 studio album Golden Rail Motel. The song was produced by Eamon and Dan Ubick of Connie Price and the Keystones and co-produced by Stoupe from Jedi Mind Tricks. Vocal production was handled by Los Angeles-based record producer Snipe Young; the song lashes out against mass marketing and individualism, while suggesting that instead of lots of money and luxury items, there are deeper, more worthwhile things to possess. The official music video for “I Got Soul” was directed by Douglas Quill, who had worked with Eamon on R. A. the Rugged Man’s “Still Get Through the Day”, a song Eamon was featured on. The music video for "I Got Soul" is a one-shot known as a "one-take" or "oner", it was shot over one night in August 2017 in the Antelope Valley, a desert-like setting on the outskirts of L. A. County. In June 2017, Eamon approached Quill about shooting a music video that takes place at a "Golden Rail Motel", the concept behind his album of the same title.
Quill went on to write a treatment that features Eamon returning to a seedy, 1970's-style motel, following him from room to room, greeting his fellow "down on their luck" residents as he performs the song. Horn arrangements by Dan Ubick and Eamon All music recorded at The Lion's Den in Topanga Canyon, California All vocals recorded at The Space Ship in Los Angeles, California Mixing and additional production by Steve Kaye at SunKing Studios Mastered by Dave Cooley at Elysian Masters Lyrics