The aurochs known as urus or ure, is an extinct species of large wild cattle that inhabited Asia and North Africa. It is the ancestor of domestic cattle; the species survived in Europe until 1627, when the last recorded aurochs died in the Jaktorów Forest, Poland. During the Neolithic Revolution, which occurred during the early Holocene, at least two aurochs domestication events occurred: one related to the Indian subspecies, leading to zebu cattle, the other one related to the Eurasian subspecies, leading to taurine cattle. Other species of wild bovines were domesticated, namely the wild water buffalo, wild yak and banteng. In modern cattle, numerous breeds share characteristics of the aurochs, such as a dark colour in the bulls with a light eel stripe along the back, or a typical aurochs-like horn shape; the aurochs was variously classified as Bos primigenius, Bos taurus, or, in old sources, Bos urus. However, in 2003, the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature "conserved the usage of 17 specific names based on wild species, which are predated by or contemporary with those based on domestic forms", confirming Bos primigenius for the aurochs.
Taxonomists who consider domesticated cattle a subspecies of the wild aurochs should use B. primigenius taurus. The words aurochs and wisent have all been used synonymously in English, but the extinct aurochs/urus is a separate species from the still-extant wisent known as the European bison. The two were confused, some 16th-century illustrations of aurochs and wisent have hybrid features; the word urus was borrowed into Latin from Germanic. In German, OHG ūr "primordial" was compounded with ohso "ox", giving ūrohso, which became the early modern Aurochs; the modern form is Auerochse. The word aurochs was borrowed from early modern German, replacing archaic urochs from an earlier form of German; the word is invariable in number in English, though sometimes a back-formed singular auroch and/or innovated plural aurochses occur. The use in English of the plural form aurochsen is nonstandard, but mentioned in The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language, it is directly parallel to the German plural Ochsen and recreates by analogy the same distinction as English ox and oxen.
During the Pliocene, the colder climate caused an extension of open grassland, which led to the evolution of large grazers, such as wild bovines. Bos acutifrons is an extinct species of cattle, suggested as an ancestor for the aurochs; the oldest aurochs remains have been dated to about 2 million years ago, in India. The Indian subspecies was the first to appear. During the Pleistocene, the species migrated west into the Middle East, as well as to the east, they reached Europe about 270,000 years ago. The South Asian domestic cattle, or zebu, descended from Indian aurochs at the edge of the Thar Desert. Domestic yak and Bali cattle do not descend from aurochs; the first complete mitochondrial genome DNA sequence analysis of Bos primigenius from an archaeologically verified and exceptionally well preserved aurochs bone sample was published in 2010, followed by the publication in 2015 of the complete genome sequence of Bos primigenius using DNA isolated from a 6,750-year-old British aurochs bone.
Further studies using the Bos primigenius whole genome sequence have identified candidate microRNA-regulated domestication genesA DNA study has suggested that the modern European bison developed as a prehistoric cross-breed between the aurochs and the steppe bison. Three wild subspecies of aurochs are recognised. Only the Eurasian subspecies survived until recent times; the Eurasian aurochs once ranged across the steppes and taigas of Europe and Central Asia, East Asia. It is noted as part of the Pleistocene megafauna, declined in numbers along with other megafauna species by the end of the Pleistocene; the Eurasian aurochs were domesticated into modern taurine cattle breeds around the sixth millennium BC in the Middle East, also at about the same time in the Far East. Aurochs were still widespread in Europe during the time of the Roman Empire, when they were popular as a battle beast in Roman arenas. Excessive hunting continued until the species was nearly extinct. By the 13th century, aurochs existed only in small numbers in Eastern Europe, the hunting of aurochs became a privilege of nobles, royal households.
The aurochs were not saved from extinction, the last recorded live aurochs, a female, died in 1627 in the Jaktorów Forest, from natural causes. Aurochs were found to have lived on the island of Sicily, having migrated via a land bridge from Italy. After the disappearance of the land bridge, Sicilian aurochs evolved to be 20% smaller than their mainland relatives due to insular dwarfism. Fossilized specimens were found in Japan herded with steppe bison; the Indian aurochs once inhabited India. It was the first subspecies of the aurochs to appear, at 2 million years ago, from about 9000 years ago, it was domesticated as the zebu. Fossil remains indicate wild Indian aurochs besides domesticated zebu cattle were in Gujarat and the Ganges area until about 4–5000 years ago. Remains from wild aurochs 4400 years old are identified from Karnataka in South India; the North African aurochs (B. P
The 1996 Atlanta Falcons season was the franchise’s 31st season in the National Football League. The Falcons were unable to match their previous season’s output of 9–7 and failed to reach the playoffs. Atlanta started the season 0 -- 8. Two of the team’s three wins were over the inept New Orleans Saints, who finished 3–13; this was the final season. The Falcons allowed 461 points in the most in team history. Football Outsiders calculates that the 1996 Falcons had the third-worst pass defense they had tracked; the season was notable when Jeff George was engaged in a shouting match with June Jones in a nationally televised game against Philadelphia. The next day, George was suspended for his act and was released by the team; as for coach Jones, he was fired at the conclusion of the season. 1996 Atlanta Falcons at Pro-Football-Reference.com
Cyril Guedjé is a Togolese professional footballer forward who plays for Achill Rovers in the Mayo Association Football League. He has played professionally for Boluspor, Anges de Notsè, AS Togo-Port, League of Ireland with St Patrick's Athletic and Limerick, he is a former Togo international. Guedjé was born in Tsévié, Togo but he moved to Belgium to play with the youth team of RSC Anderlecht before moving to K. V. C. Westerlo's youth team, his first club in senior football came. He returned to Togo after just one season, signing for Anges de Notsè before moving on to AS Togo-Port, another top division club, in the capital city of Lomé, where he would remain for 2 more seasons. A return to Europe was next on the cards for Guedjé as he went on trial with St Patrick's Athletic in the Republic of Ireland who are a regular competitor in the UEFA Champions League and UEFA Europa League, he impressed manager Liam Buckley enough to be offered a professional contract for the 2015 season with the Dublin based club and was signed on 5 March 2015, given the squad number 23.
Guedjé's first appearance for Pats came on 13 March against Bray Wanderers at Richmond Park when he came on from the bench in the 86th minute to a brilliant reception from the supporters. This made him the first player from Togo to play in the League of Ireland, his second appearance came in the League Cup in a 4–1 win over Crumlin United where he impressed with his work rate but was substituted after 76 minutes due to injury. Although not receiving much game time due to injury and the form of the Saints' first choice attacking trio, Guedjé has become a cult hero for the Pats supporters, with several chants in his name being created which were well received by the Togolese striker, his next appearance came when he played the second half of the Saints 3–2 win over Patrick Vieira's Manchester City XI side at Richmond Park on 29 July 2015. On the League of Ireland transfer deadline day, 31 July 2015, with Guedjé struggling to get playing time at Pats', he was sent on loan to last-placed Limerick to get playing time in their relegation fight with Sligo Rovers and Derry City.
Guedjé made three league appearances for Limerick. They were relegated. At the end of the 2015 League of Ireland season, Limerick did not opt to sign Guedjé on a permanent basis and he was not offered a new contract by his parent club St Patrick's Athletic, being released as a free agent. After being released, Guedjé stayed in Ireland and signed for amateur club Ballyheane of the Mayo Association Football League in summer 2016, he scored a hattrick on his debut vs Iorras Aointaithe on 14 August 2016. In March 2017, Guedjé teamed up with former Cameroon international Joseph N'Do at Achill Rovers. Guedjé has made 5 appearances for scoring 2 goals, he was part of the Togo team. He scored in the semi final in a 4-2 win over Liberia. WAFU Nations Cup: 2011 St Patrick's Athletic Profile Cyril Guedjé at Soccerway League of Ireland Profile Cyril Guedjé at National-Football-Teams.com BroSoccerManagement Profile