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Ausiàs March

Ausiàs March was a medieval Valencian poet and knight from Gandia, Valencia. He is considered as one of the most important poets of the "Golden Century" of Catalan literature. Not much is known of March's life, he was born in 1400 to a Valencian noble family. His father, Pere March, was himself a poet and served at the court of the younger brother of King Alfonso IV, Peter, his uncle, Jaume March II, was a poet. March was one of the two children of Lionor of Ripoll. In 1413, the still-young March became head of his family—part of the Valencian petty nobility—upon the death of his father. From a young age he took part in the expeditions that King Alfons el Magnànim carried out in the Mediterranean. After returning from these expeditions in 1427, he settled in Gandia. After his return, he would never again leave the region. March was twice married: first to Isabel Martorell, to Joana Escorna. In 1450, he moved from Gandia to Valencia, it was there that he died on March 3, 1459. While March himself was buried in his family's chapel at the Valencia Cathedral, his two wives and family are buried in the Monastery of Sant Jeroni de Cotalba.

Five illegitimate children but no legitimate heirs have been attributed to him. Inheriting an easy fortune from his father, Pere March—the treasurer to the Duke of Gandia—and enjoying the powerful patronage of Charles of Viana, prince of Aragon, March was able to devote himself to poetical composition, he was an undisguised follower of Petrarch, carrying the imitation to such a point that he addressed his Cants d'amor to a lady whom he professed to have seen first in church on Good Friday. So far as the difference of language allows, he reproduced the rhythmical cadences of his model, but this should be qualified as the medieval tradition of locus communis requested this following; this is something Petrarch himself did and it need not to be stressed. March is a original and idiosyncratic poet. In the Cants de mort he touches a note of brooding sentiment peculiar to himself, it can be said that he developed Petrarch's rhetoric and used it for more inner psychological meditations, as other major poets like Camões and Shakespeare would.

March was one of the first poets to use the local vernacular, instead of the troubadour language, Occitan. His poems are marked by obscurity, a sometimes monotonous morbidity, a conflicting battle between desire and morality, achieved at its apex in the great Cant Spiritual, he was entitled to the supremacy which he enjoyed among his contemporaries, the success of his innovation no doubt encouraged Boscán to introduce the Italian metres into Castilian. His verses were transmitted in manuscript tradition until its first print edition in Valencian in 1543, but they had become known through the Spanish translation in 1539. March's poetry has been set to music by Joan Brudieu and other composers. Monastery of Sant Jeroni de Cotalba Route of the Valencian classics Ford, J. D. M.. "Auzias March". In Herbermann, Charles. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Ausiàs March in the AELC, Ausiàs March in LletrA: Catalan Literature Online A key anthology translated to English by the Anglo-Catalan Society.

Biography and some poems Short biography and some pictures from Find A Grave English verse translations of poem I, poem IV, poem XXVIII

Ali Sayad Shirazi

Ali Sayad Shirazi was an Iranian regular military officer. He served as commander of the Ground Force during Iran–Iraq War, he was assassinated in 1999 while serving as the deputy chief of the Iranian Armed Forces General Staff, the second-highest military office in Iran. He had directed several of Iran's major offensives in the war with Iraq in the 1980s. Shirazi was born in Kabud Gonbad Rural District, Iran, on 13 June 1944, his father being a non-commissioned officer in the Army motivated him to join and in 1964 he joined as a cadet. Shirazi was commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in the Artillery and in 1974, he was sent to the United States for further military education; when he returned to Iran he showed opposition to the policies of the Pahlavi government and participated in some street demonstrations. He joined the opposition movement against the Shah. During the 1979 revolution, he served in the 64th Infantry Division in Urumiyeh, he was awarded the rank of lieutenant general of the Iranian armed forces.

During the Iran–Iraq War Sayad Shirazi became one of the most important generals of Iran. In 1981, Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini appointed him commander of the Ground Forces of the Iranian Army. In 1982, he led the Iranian Pasdaran and Basij soldiers to victory in the Iranian Operation Undeniable Victory, this was the first time Iran was able to defeat Iraq in a major battle, Iran broke through Iraq's "impenetrable" defense lines and expelled them from the Dezful-Shush area, this operation is considered by many as the turning point in the war. During Iran's attempt to capture Basra with Operation Ramadan Shirazi was said: We will continue the war until Saddam Hussein is overthrown so that we can pray at Karbala and Jerusalem. In 1986, he was named member of the Supreme Defense Council. However, three weeks after this appointment Shirazi was relieved of his post as commander of the ground forces. In 1988, the People's Mujahedin of Iran with help of Saddam Hussein attacked West-Iran and battled Iranian forces for Kermanshah.

Iran smashed them with their counter offensive: Operation Mersad, led by Shirazi. He led other successful military operations against Iraq, such as, Operation Zafar 7. In 1989, Shirazi was awarded the highest military distinction in the Iranian armed forces, the Fath medal. A clash and disagreement over strategy to be adopted in the Iran-Iraq war emerged between Shirazi and Mohsen Rezaee, commander of the Revolutionary Guards, in July 1986; when this rivalry became public, Ayatollah Khomeini met them in his residence on 19 July 1986 and urged them to "seek unity", telling them "You must endeavor, not to think in terms of being members of the Armed Forces or those of the Guards Corps or of the Basij forces.... We must understand that if there were to be any disputes among you... not only are we doomed here and now, but we are guilty before God." It remains unclear why, Mohsen Rezaee, who had little military experience was in a technical dispute with a senior general. There is some controversy on.

At the time, Ali Sayyad Shirazi was seen as among "the most hawkish of Iran’s military and civilian leaders, those who most advocated for continuing the war into Iraq." Shirazi used harsh counterinsurgency methods against the rebellious Kurds. Many within the regular army did not like the idea of suppressing Iranians if they were minorities from the periphery; some army personnel deserted from the front in the Sanandaj region during the battles with the Kurdish irregulars. 14 A senior army aviation officer was tried and executed in Isfahan for his refusal to participate in the war against the Kurdish insurgents. On 10 April 1999, 6:45 local time, Shirazi was assassinated outside his house while on his way to work. Ayatollah Ali Khamenei issued a message on Shirazi's martyrdom. Iranian ex-President Khatami described him as "a selfless commander of Islam and honorable son of Iran." Thousands of people attended his state funeral. Shirazi has had several streets and military complexes named after him, including a subway station and a highway in Tehran.

List of Iranian two-star generals since 1979 Media related to Sayyad Shirazi at Wikimedia Commons


Itaya amicorum is a medium-size fan palm, native to Brazil and Peru. It is the only species in the genus Itaya, it was unknown to science until 1972, when it was discovered on the bank of the Itaya River in the Peruvian Amazon. Itaya amicorum is a single-stemmed palm with fan-shaped leaves; the stems reach a height of up to 4 metres with a diameter of 9 to 10 centimetres. Plants have between 11 and 25 leaves which have a circular blade, about 2 m in diameter, split into 10 to 16 broad leaflets, a long petiole; the leaves have a silver-grey underside. Itaya amicorum is pleonanthic—it flowers over the course of its lifespan—and hermaphroditic; the flowers are whitish in colour, while the fruit are yellowish-green, 2 to 2.5 cm long, 1.5 to 2 cm in diameter. Itaya is a monotypic genus—it includes only a single species, I. amicorum. The species was first collected in 1972 along the Rio Itaya in Peru, was described by Harold E. Moore the same year. In the first edition of Genera Palmarum, Natalie Uhl and John Dransfield placed the genus Itaya in the subfamily Coryphoideae, the tribe Corypheae and the subtribe Thrinacinae Subsequent phylogenetic analysis showed that the Old World and New World members of the Thrinacinae were not related.

As a consequence of this and related genera were places in their own tribe, Cryosophileae. Itaya amicorum is found only in the western Amazon basin in Brazil and Peru. Thought to be endangered due to its narrow distribution, the species is now known to be more distributed; the IUCN Red List categorises the species as data deficient. The Miraña, an indigenous Amerindian group in the Amazon burn the trunks of Itaya amicorum in order to extract salt from them; the leaves are used for thatch

Juan Antonini

Juan Antonini is an Argentine professional footballer who plays as a defender for Sarmiento. Antonini began in the youth set-up of local side Eclipse Villegas, he left to join River Plate's academy, though only spent seven months with them before returning to his former club. In 2015, Antonini signed for Sarmiento. Iván Delfino moved Antonini into their first-team squad in the 2018–19 Primera B Nacional, with his professional debut coming in a victory away to Chacarita Juniors on 23 February 2019. Antonini is the brother of Fermín and nephew of Rubén Piaggio, both of whom have been professional footballers; as were other family members, including his father and grandfather, for teams in the General Villegas region. As of 26 March 2019. Juan Antonini at Soccerway


Siddhashrama, popularly called Gyangunj, is considered as a mystical hermitage, which according to a tradition, is located in a secret land deep in the Himalayas, where great yogis and sages who are siddhas live. This place is revered as the mystical land of Shambhala by Tibetans. According to another tradition, the Siddhashrama is located in the Tibetan region, nearby Kailash parvat. Though any Sadhu, Yeti and Yogi might have known'Siddhashram' by any name or various cults might have used different worship or Sadhana methods according to their beliefs; the context of this supernatural land has been mentioned in many ancient scriptures along with four Vedas. The Siddhashram is described as a divine place in spiritual journey, thus it is believed that while discharging their divine works in this universe the spiritually empowered Yogis remain in constant touch with Siddhashram and they visit it regularly. Siddhashram is considered as the base of spiritual consciousness, heart of divinity and the mortification land of great Rishies.

Siddhashram is scarce to human beings and all the visible and invisible creatures. Thus, the Siddhashram is assumed as a scarce divine place, but it will be possible to get the divine power to enter this scarce and sacred place by doing hard works through Sadhana procedure and following Sadhana path. Siddhashram is a secret and mystical land deep in the Himalayas, where great siddha yogis and sages live. Siddhashram is the ashram by our ancestors, sages & Yogis of high order, it is referred to in many Indian epics, the Veda and Puranas including the Rigveda, the oldest scripture of human civilization. Siddhashram is the society for the enlightened siddhas; the person, who reaches high level in sadhana can reach the mystical siddhashram with the blessings of the guru, the regular of this place. This aashram lies near the Kailash. Siddha yogis and sanyasis are meditating in this place for thousands of years. Like many mystical places mentioned in different religions this place can't be seen with naked eyes, it's an experience and only through the path of meditation and spiritual awareness we can experience this place.

Swami Bishuddhananda Paramhansa first talked of this place in public. He was taken there in His childhood by some adept and He did his sadhana in Gyanganj Ashram for long long years. Many in Hinduism believe that Maharsih Vashishtha, Kanad, Atri, Mahayogi Gorakhnath, Srimad Shankaracharya, Kripacharya can be seen wandering there in physical form and one can have the privilege of listening to their sermons. Many Siddha yogi, Apsara, saints are found to be meditating in this place; the beautiful flowers in the garden, birds, siddha-yoga lake, meditating saints and many other things of the place cannot be described in words. Siddhashrama is referred to in the Ramayana and the Puranas. In Valmiki's Ramayana it is said that Viswamitra has his hermitage in Siddhashrama and it was the erstwhile hermitage of Vishnu, when he appeared as the Vamana Avatar, he takes Rama and Lakshmana to Siddhashrama to exterminate the demons who are disturbing his religious sacrifices. In the Narada Purana, Siddhashrama is mentioned as the hermitage of sage Suta.

In the modern era, the knowledge of Siddhashram is first referred by the Pandit Gopinath Kaviraj and extensively by Dr. Narayan Dutt Shrimali. Shambhala

List of United States federal courthouses in Pennsylvania

Following is a list of current and former courthouses of the United States federal court system located in Pennsylvania. Each entry indicates the name of the building along with an image, if available, its location and the jurisdiction it covers, the dates during which it was used for each such jurisdiction, and, if applicable the person for whom it was named, the date of renaming. Dates of use will not correspond with the dates of construction or demolition of a building, as pre-existing structures may be adapted or court use, former court buildings may be put to other uses; the official name of the building may be changed at some point after its use as a federal court building has been initiated. List of state and county courthouses in Pennsylvania Historic federal courthouses in Pennsylvania from the Federal Judicial Center "Pennsylvania Federal Buildings". General Services Administration. U. S. Marshals Service Eastern District of Pennsylvania Courthouse Locations U. S. Marshals Service Middle District of Pennsylvania Courthouse Locations U.

S. Marshals Service Western District of Pennsylvania Courthouse Locations