Howard Leslie Shore is a Canadian composer, notable for his film scores. He has composed the scores for over 80 films, most notably the scores for The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit film trilogies, he won three Academy Awards for his work on the first trilogy, with one being for the original song "Into the West", an award he shared with Eurythmics lead vocalist Annie Lennox and writer/producer Fran Walsh, who wrote the lyrics. He is a consistent collaborator with director David Cronenberg, having scored all but one of his films since 1979. Shore has composed a few concert works including one opera, The Fly, based on the plot of Cronenberg's 1986 film premiered at the Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris on July 2, 2008, a short piece Fanfare for the Wanamaker Organ and the Philadelphia Orchestra, a short overture for the Swiss 21st Century Symphony Orchestra. In addition to his three Academy Awards, Shore has won three Golden Globe Awards and four Grammy Awards. Howard Shore was born in Toronto, Canada, the son of Bernice and Mac Shore.
Shore is Jewish. He started studying music at the age of 8 or 9, he learned a multitude of instruments and began playing in bands at the ages of 13 and 14. When Shore was 13, he met and became good friends with a young Lorne Michaels in summer camp, this friendship would be influential in his career. By 17, he decided, he studied music at Berklee College of Music in Boston after graduating from Forest Hill Collegiate Institute. From 1969 to 1972, Shore was a member of the jazz fusion band Lighthouse. In 1970, he became the music director for Lorne Michaels and Hart Pomerantz's short-lived TV program The Hart & Lorne Terrific Hour. Shore wrote the music for Canadian magician Doug Henning's magic musical Spellbound in 1974 and, from 1975 to 1980, he was the musical director for Lorne Michaels' influential late-night NBC comedy show Saturday Night Live, appearing in many musical sketches, including Howard Shore and His All-Nurse Band, dressed as a beekeeper for a John Belushi/Dan Aykroyd performance of the Slim Harpo classic "I'm a King Bee".
Shore suggested the name for The Blues Brothers to Dan Aykroyd and John Belushi. Shore's first film score was to the low budget thriller I Miss You and Kisses, followed by David Cronenberg's first major film, The Brood, he would go on to score all of Cronenberg's subsequent films, with the exception of The Dead Zone, scored by Michael Kamen. The first film he scored, not directed by Cronenberg was Martin Scorsese's After Hours. Following that, he scored The Fly, again directed by Cronenberg. Two years he composed the score to Big, directed by Penny Marshall and starring Tom Hanks, he scored two more of David Cronenberg's films: Dead Ringers and Naked Lunch. During 1991, Shore composed the score for the acclaimed film The Silence of the Lambs, starring Jodie Foster and Anthony Hopkins, directed by Jonathan Demme, he received his first BAFTA nomination for the score. The film became the third to win the five major Academy Awards. Shore is the only living composer to have scored a "Top Five" Oscar-winning film.
During 1993, he composed the scores for M. Butterfly and Mrs. Doubtfire, directed by Chris Columbus; the latter two films were successful, Philadelphia winning Tom Hanks his first Oscar. Shore scored another three films in 1994: The Client, Ed Wood, Nobody's Fool. Ed Wood is notable for being one of the three films directed by Tim Burton that did not feature a score by Danny Elfman. Shore continued to score numerous films from 1995 to 2001, including two David Fincher films and The Game, The Truth About Cats and Dogs, directed by Michael Lehmann. Shore composed the score of the 2000 film The Cell. Major success came in 2001 with his score to The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, the first film in the acclaimed The Lord of the Rings trilogy; the news that Shore would score the trilogy surprised some, since he was associated with dark, ominous films and had never scored an epic of this scale. However, the score was hugely successful and won Shore his first Oscar, as well as a Grammy Award, garnered Shore nominations for a Golden Globe and a BAFTA.
A cue from this film was used in Man of Steel. The following year, Shore composed the scores to Panic Room, Gangs of New York, The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers, the second film in the trilogy. Shore's score for The Two Towers was going to be deemed ineligible for submission to the Academy, due to a new rule that disallowed the submission of scores which contained themes from previous work. However, the implementation of this rule change was subsequently postponed, meaning the score remained eligible; the Two Towers score did not receive an Academy Award nomination. In 2003, he composed the score for the final film in The Lord of the Rings trilogy, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King; the film was the most successful of the year. Shore won his second Oscar for Best Original Score, as well as a third for Best Original Song for "Into the West
University of Southern California
The University of Southern California is a private research university in Los Angeles, California. Founded in 1880, it is the oldest private research university in California. For the 2018–19 academic year, there were 20,000 students enrolled in four-year undergraduate programs. USC has 27,500 graduate and professional students in a number of different programs, including business, engineering, social work, occupational therapy and medicine, it is the largest private employer in the city of Los Angeles, generates $8 billion in economic impact on Los Angeles and California. USC is the birthplace of the Domain Name System. Other technologies invented at USC include DNA computing, dynamic programming, image compression, VoIP, antivirus software. USC's alumni include a total of 11 Rhodes Scholars and 12 Marshall Scholars; as of October 2018, nine Nobel laureates, six MacArthur Fellows, one Turing Award winner have been affiliated with the university. USC sponsors a variety of intercollegiate sports and competes in the National Collegiate Athletic Association as a member of the Pac-12 Conference.
Members of USC's sports teams, the Trojans, have won 104 NCAA team championships, ranking them third in the United States, 399 NCAA individual championships, ranking them second in the United States. Trojan athletes have won 288 medals at the Olympic Games, more than any other university in the United States. In 1969, it joined the Association of American Universities. USC has had a total of 521 football players drafted to the National Football League, the second-highest number of drafted players in the country; the University of Southern California was founded following the efforts of Judge Robert M. Widney, who helped secure donations from several key figures in early Los Angeles history: a Protestant nurseryman, Ozro Childs, an Irish Catholic former-Governor, John Gately Downey, a German Jewish banker, Isaias W. Hellman; the three donated 308 lots of land to establish the campus and provided the necessary seed money for the construction of the first buildings. Operated in affiliation with the Methodist Church, the school mandated from the start that "no student would be denied admission because of race."
The university is no longer affiliated with any church, having severed formal ties in 1952. When USC opened in 1880, tuition was $15.00 per term and students were not allowed to leave town without the knowledge and consent of the university president. The school had an enrollment of 53 students and a faculty of 10; the city lacked paved streets, electric lights, a reliable fire alarm system. Its first graduating class in 1884 was a class of three—two males and female valedictorian Minnie C. Miltimore; the colors of USC are cardinal and gold, which were approved by USC's third president, the Reverend George W. White, in 1896. In 1958, the shade of gold, more of an orange color, was changed to a more yellow shade; the letterman's awards were the first to make the change. USC students and athletes are known as Trojans, epitomized by the Trojan Shrine, nicknamed "Tommy Trojan", near the center of campus; until 1912, USC students were known as Fighting Methodists or Wesleyans, though neither name was approved by the university.
During a fateful track and field meet with Stanford University, the USC team was beaten early and conclusively. After only the first few events, it seemed implausible USC would win. After this contest, Los Angeles Times sportswriter Owen Bird reported the USC athletes "fought on like the Trojans of antiquity", the president of the university at the time, George F. Bovard, approved the name officially. During World War II, USC was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the V-12 Navy College Training Program which offered students a path to a Navy commission. USC is responsible for $8 billion in economic output in Los Angeles County. On May 1, 2014, USC was named as one of many higher education institutions under investigation by the Office of Civil Rights for potential Title IX violations by Barack Obama's White House Task Force to Protect Students from Sexual Assault. USC is under a concurrent Title IX investigation for potential anti-male bias in disciplinary proceedings, as well as denial of counseling resources to male students, as of 8 March 2016.
In 2017, the university came into the national spotlight when the Los Angeles Times published information about Carmen A. Puliafito, the dean of USC's medical school. After accusations of drug use, he resigned from his position as dean in 2016 and was fired from the school the following year after the news stories were published, his medical license was subsequently suspended pending a decision. The following year, the Los Angeles Times broke another story about USC focusing on George Tyndall, a gynecologist accused of abusing 52 patients at USC; the reports span from 1990 to 2016 and include using racist and sexual language, conducting exams without gloves and taking pictures of his patients' genitals. Inside Higher Ed noted that there have been "other incidents in which the university is perceived to have failed to act on misconduct by powerful officials" when it reported that the university's president, C. L. Max Nikias, is resigning. Tyndall was fired in 2017 after reaching a settlement with the university.
The school did not report him to state medical authorities or law enforcement at the time, though the LAPD is now investigatin
Stoic LLC is a video game development company located in Austin, Texas. Founded by three ex-BioWare staff in December 2011, Stoic is most known for developing the tactical role-playing video game The Banner Saga and its sequels, The Banner Saga 2 and The Banner Saga 3. Stoic was founded by Arnie Jorgensen, John Watson and Alex Thomas in early 2012, they left BioWare in 2012 after finishing the production of Star Wars: The Old Republic and wanted to make their "dream game", which would become The Banner Saga. Using crowdfunding platform Kickstarter, Stoic funded the game within 2 days, though the team wanted to fund the game using their own personal savings; the funds raised far exceeded their expectations, thus the team expanded the game's scope to include more features. The team partnered with Versus Evil, which served as the game's publisher, providing services such as quality assurance; the multiplayer portion of the game was soft launched by Stoic in February 2013 via Steam as a standalone game as The Banner Saga: Factions, while the full game was released in January 2014.
The game was a critical and commercial success, thus the team was able to fund the development of The Banner Saga 2 by themselves. With development lasting for two years, The Banner Saga 2, like its predecessor received positive reviews when it was released in April 2016; when Watson reflected on the game's development, he noted that the team starting crunching as the team ran out of money. The game commercial performance disappointed Stoic, with the title selling just a third of its predecessors. Watson attributed the game's failure to the team neglecting the franchise's community, while Versus Evil's General Manager Steve Escalante believed that the game's underwhelming performance was due to increased competition from other titles; the team returned to Kickstarter again for The Banner Saga 3. While Stoic funded most of the game's development, the funds raised via Kickstarter was spent hiring an animation studio, a sound studio and a recording studio in Iceland to assist the title's development.
The $200,000 funding goal was reached within a week. The game, being confirmed as the last entry in the series, is expected to be released on July 26, 2018. 505 Games will release a retail bundle containing all three games on the same day. Official website
Assassin's Creed Syndicate
Assassin's Creed Syndicate is an action-adventure video game developed by Ubisoft Quebec and published by Ubisoft. It was released on October 23, 2015, for PlayStation 4 and Xbox One, on November 19, 2015, for Microsoft Windows, it is the ninth major installment in the Assassin's Creed series, the successor to 2014's Assassin's Creed Unity. The plot is set in a fictional history of real-world events and follows the centuries-old struggle between the Assassins, who fight for peace with liberty, the Templars, who desire peace through order; the story is set in Victorian era London and follows twin assassins Jacob and Evie Frye as they navigate the corridors of organized crime, take back the city from Templar control. The open world design lets players roam London; the game is played from a third-person perspective and its world is navigated on foot or by carriage. The game introduces refined combat and stealth mechanics. Players control the two lead protagonists—twins Jacob and Evie Frye—throughout the game's story, switching between them both during and outside of missions.
Unlike its direct predecessors, Syndicate does not feature any multiplayer gameplay. Assassin's Creed Syndicate received positive reviews. Critics praised the visuals, the likability of the major characters the Frye twins and the antagonist, the interwoven structure of the sidequests and main objectives, creative mission design, as well as the lightheartedness of the game and the entertaining story. Criticism was directed at the lackluster ending as well as the aging and repetitive gameplay and the lack of diverse character-models, yet overall critics agreed that it was a major improvement over Unity. Assassin's Creed Syndicate was nominated for multiple awards in 2015, including "action-adventure" of the year 2015 at The Game Awards, it was followed by Assassin's Creed Origins, released worldwide in October 2017. Assassin's Creed Syndicate is an action-adventure, stealth game played from a third-person perspective, that features similar gameplay elements to the previous games in the series.
Players complete quests—linear scenarios with set objectives—to progress through the story. Outside of quests, the player can roam the open world. Composed of the greater area of Victorian London, consisting of seven boroughs, the world of Assassin's Creed Syndicate is much larger than previous entries in the series; the player can perform side missions, which were designed to reflect the fight for power in London, are cohesive to the game's main story. In keeping with a historical context that more resembles the modern day, the city guard of previous iterations is replaced by a Victorian-era police force, who will attack the player unless a crime is committed in their presence; the game lets the player control two characters: twins Evie Frye. Jacob is a hot-headed brawler, specializing in close-ranged combat, while Evie is strong in stealth and relies on her intelligence and wit. Additionally, Evie is the first playable female protagonist of the main series; the main weapons of Syndicate include brass knuckles, a compact revolver, a cane-sword, the traditional Nepalese curved kukri knife.
The game introduces new systems to navigate the world: a rope launcher, which allows the player to rappel up structures, or create a zip-line between buildings. Unlike its predecessor, the game has no multiplayer mode, does not feature a companion app, introduced in Assassin's Creed IV: Black Flag. In 1868, at the tail end of the Second Industrial Revolution, with the Assassin Brotherhood all but eradicated in Victorian London, twins Jacob and Evie Frye leave Crawley for London and arrive to find a city controlled by the Templars, with both the Church and the Monarchy losing their power. Raised as Assassins to follow the Creed and Evie aim to take back the city from Templar control by infiltrating and uniting London's criminal underworld, aided by notable figures of the era such as novelist Charles Dickens, biologist Charles Darwin, inventor Alexander Graham Bell, political theorist Karl Marx, nurse Florence Nightingale, Duleep Singh, Sergeant Frederick Abberline of the Metropolitan Police Service, Queen Victoria.
Additionally, Jacob's granddaughter, Lydia Frye, appears in a separate World War I segment, where she aids Winston Churchill in defending London against a new enemy espionage faction. In the present day, the Helix player, now an Assassin Initiate, is once again contacted by Bishop from the Assassin Brotherhood, is tasked with reliving the memories of twin Assassins and Evie Frye, to find a Piece of Eden hidden in London. Meanwhile, Rebecca Crane and Shaun Hastings have infiltrated an Abstergo facility and, against orders, decide to spy on a secret Templar meeting. In 1868, Henry Green—born Jayadeep Mir, the son of Indian Assassin, Arbaaz Mir—writes to the Assassin Brotherhood begging for aid. Green explains that the Brotherhood in London has fallen, leaving the city at the mercy of Templar Grand Master Crawford Starrick, a powerful figure in London's industry and its criminal underworld. Starrick plots to use his wealth and influence to increase the Templars' political power within Britain and, through its holdings, the world making the British Empire an arm of the Templar Order.
Outside of London, the Frye twins begin their work, with Jacob assassinating
A leitmotif or leitmotiv is a "short recurring musical phrase" associated with a particular person, place, or idea. It is related to the musical concepts of idée fixe or motto-theme; the spelling leitmotif is an anglicization of the German Leitmotiv meaning "leading motif", or "guiding motif". A musical motif has been defined as a "short musical idea... melodic, harmonic, or rhythmic, or all three", a salient recurring figure, musical fragment or succession of notes that has some special importance in or is characteristic of a composition: "the smallest structural unit possessing thematic identity."In particular, such a motif should be "clearly identified so as to retain its identity if modified on subsequent appearances" whether such modification be in terms of rhythm, orchestration or accompaniment. It may be "combined with other leitmotifs to suggest a new dramatic condition" or development; the technique is notably associated with the operas of Richard Wagner, most his Der Ring des Nibelungen, although he was not its originator and did not employ the word in connection with his work.
Although a short melody, it can be a chord progression or a simple rhythm. Leitmotifs can help to bind a work together into a coherent whole, enable the composer to relate a story without the use of words, or to add an extra level to an present story. By association, the word has been used to mean any sort of recurring theme, in literature, or the life of a fictional character or a real person, it is sometimes used in discussion of other musical genres, such as instrumental pieces and video game music, sometimes interchangeably with the more general category of theme. The use of characteristic, recurring motifs in orchestral music can be traced back to the early seventeenth century, such as L'Orfeo by Monteverdi. In French opera of the late eighteenth century, "reminiscence motif" can be identified, which may recur at a significant juncture in the plot to establish an association with earlier events, their use, however, is not systematic. The power of the technique was exploited early in the nineteenth century by composers of Romantic opera, such as Carl Maria von Weber, where recurring themes or ideas were sometimes used in association with specific characters.
The first use of the word leitmotif in print was by the critic Friedrich Wilhelm Jähns in describing Weber's work, although this was not until 1871. Motifs figured in purely instrumental music of the Romantic period; the related idea of the musical idée fixe was coined by Hector Berlioz in reference to his Symphonie fantastique. This purely instrumental, programmatic work features a recurring melody representing the object of the artist's obsessive affection and depicting her presence in various real and imagined situations. Though not corresponding to the strict definition of leitmotiv, several of Verdi's operas feature similar thematic tunes introduced in the overtures or preludes, recurring to mark the presence of a character or to invoke a particular sentiment. In La forza del destino, the opening theme of the overture recurs whenever Leonora feels guilt or fear. In Il Trovatore, the theme of the first aria by Azucena is repeated whenever she invokes the horror of how her mother was burnt alive and the devastating revenge she attempted then.
In Don Carlo, there are at least three leitmotivs that recur across the five acts: the first is associated with the poverty and suffering from war, the second is associated with prayers around the tomb of Carlos V, the third is introduced as a duet between Don Carlo and the Marquis of Posa, thereafter accentuating sentiments of sincere friendship and loyalty. Richard Wagner is the earliest composer most associated with the concept of leitmotif, his cycle of four operas, Der Ring des Nibelungen, uses hundreds of leitmotifs related to specific characters, things, or situations. While some of these leitmotifs occur in only one of the operas, many recur throughout the entire cycle. Wagner had raised the issue of how music could best unite disparate elements of the plot of a music drama in his essay "Opera and Drama"; some controversy surrounded the use of the word in Wagner's own circle: Wagner never authorised the use of the word leitmotiv, using words such as "Grundthema", or "Motiv". His preferred name for the technique was Hauptmotiv, which he first used in 1877.
The word gained currency with the overly literal interpretations of Wagner's music by Hans von Wolzogen, who in 1876 published a Leitfaden to the Ring. In it he claimed to have isolated and named all of the recurring motifs in the cycle leading to absurdities or contradictions with Wagner's actual practice; some of the motifs he identified began to appear in the published musical scores of the operas, arousing Wagner's annoyance. In fact Wagner himself never publicly named any of his leitmotifs, preferring to emphasise their flexibility of association, role in the musical form, emotional effect; the practice of naming leitmotifs con
The Adventures of Tintin (film)
The Adventures of Tintin is a 2011 3D motion capture computer-animated action-adventure film based on the comic book series of the same name by Belgian cartoonist Hergé. Produced and directed by Steven Spielberg, co-produced by Peter Jackson and Kathleen Kennedy and written by Steven Moffat, Edgar Wright and Joe Cornish, the film is inspired by three of Hergé's albums: The Crab with the Golden Claws, The Secret of the Unicorn and Red Rackham's Treasure; the film stars the voices of Andy Serkis, Daniel Craig, Nick Frost and Simon Pegg. Spielberg acquired the film rights to The Adventures of Tintin series following Hergé's death in 1983, re-optioned them in 2002. Filming was due to begin in October 2008 for a 2010 release, but the release was delayed to 2011 after Universal Pictures opted out of producing the film with Paramount Pictures, who provided $30 million on pre-production. Sony Pictures chose to co-finance the film; the delay resulted in Thomas Sangster, cast as Tintin, departing from the project.
The world première took place on 22 October 2011 in Brussels. The film was released in the United Kingdom and other European countries on 26 October 2011 and in the United States on 21 December 2011 in Digital 3D and IMAX 3D formats; the Adventures of Tintin was commercially successful, having grossed over $373 million against a budget of $135 million and received positive reviews from critics, who compared the film to Spielberg's previous work Raiders of the Lost Ark. It was the first motion-captured animated film to win the Golden Globe Award for Best Animated Feature Film. Composer John Williams was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Score and the film was nominated for six Saturn Awards, including Best Animated Film, Best Director for Spielberg and Best Music for Williams. In 1950s Brussels, while browsing in an outdoor market with his pet dog Snowy, young journalist Tintin purchases a miniature model of a ship known as the Unicorn, but is accosted by an Interpol officer named Barnaby and a ship collector named Ivan Ivanovitch Sakharine, who both unsuccessfully attempt to get the model from Tintin.
After Tintin takes the model home to his apartment, it gets accidentally broken during a chase between Snowy and a cat. A parchment scroll slips out and rolls under a piece of furniture. Meanwhile, bumbling police detectives Thomson and Thompson are on the trail of a pickpocket named Aristides Silk. After visiting Maritime Library to uncover the history surrounding the Unicorn, Tintin returns to find the Unicorn has been stolen, suspecting Sakharine, he heads to Marlinspike Hall and accuses him of the theft, but noticing Sakharine's model is not broken he realizes there are two Unicorn models. Tintin returns home to his apartment to find it ransacked. Snowy shows him the scroll, but they are interrupted by the arrival of Barnaby, assassinated while attempting to recover the Unicorn. Tintin is pickpocketed by Silk the next morning. Tintin is abducted and imprisoned by accomplices of Sakharine on the SS Karaboudjan, he learns that Sakharine led a mutiny to take control. On board, Tintin meets Archibald Haddock, the ship's captain, permanently drunk and unaware of most of his past.
Tintin and Snowy outrun the crew and escape from the Karaboudjan in a lifeboat. The ship fails to ram their boat because they instead rammed an empty lifeboat the captain accidentally released during his escape. Presuming them to have survived by the number of lifeboats, Sakharine sends a seaplane to find and capture them. Feeling cold and thirsty on the lifeboat ride, Haddock foolishly uses a stowaway bottle of scotch whisky to light a fire in the boat, accidentally causing a massive explosion that flips the boat upside down and leaves the trio stranded on top of it; the trio seizes the plane, uses it to fly towards the fictitious Moroccan port of Bagghar. However, the seaplane crashes in a desert due to a thunderstorm. While trekking through the desert, Haddock hallucinates and remembers his ancestor, Sir Francis Haddock, the 17th-century captain of the Unicorn whose treasure-laden ship was attacked by the crew of a pirate ship, led by Red Rackham revealed to be Sakharine's ancestor. Sir Francis surrendered and sank the Unicorn and most of the treasure, to prevent it from falling into Rackham's hands.
The story implies there were each containing a scroll. The third model is in Bagghar, possessed by Omar ben Salaad. Sakharine causes a distraction in a Bianca Castafiore concert that results in him stealing the third scroll. A chase through the city ensues. Just as he is ready to give up, Tintin is persuaded by Haddock to continue. With help from Thomson and Thompson and Haddock track Sakharine back to Brussels and set up a trap, but Sakharine uses his pistol to resist arrest; when his men fail to save him, Sakharine challenges Haddock to a sword fight with the cranes at the dock. After the fight, Sakharine is pushed overboard by Haddock and finally rescued and arrested by Thomson and Thompson. Guided by the three scrolls which indicate the location of Marlinspike Hall, Tintin and Snowy find there some of the treasure and a clue to the Unicorn's location; the film ends with both men agreeing on setting up an expedition to find the shipwreck. Jamie Bell as Tintin. Bell replaced Thomas Sangster, who dropped out when filming was delayed in October 2008.
Grace (2009 film)
Grace is a 2009 horror film written and directed by Paul Solet. It is based on the 2006 short film of the same name; the short film was used to obtain funding for the feature version. Michael Matheson and his pregnant wife Madeline are involved in a car accident. Michael dies, doctors tell Madeline that her unborn child is dead, too. Madeline, desperate after trying to have a child for years, decides to carry her baby to term anyway; the child, a girl appears stillborn. After a while, she seems to revive, Madeline names her "Grace", it soon becomes. She develops unhealthy smells, attracts flies, craves blood. After two unsuccessful attempts to have a child and Madeline succeed the third time. Michael's domineering mother Vivian would rather they use her preferred doctor and friend, Dr. Sohn, as their obstetrician, but Madeline wants to consult her midwife friend Patricia, an ex-girlfriend of hers. One night, Michael rushes Madeline to the hospital because of chest pain. Dr. Sohn comes at Vivian's request.
Just before he administers drugs to induce labor, Patricia arrives. She determines through bloodwork that inducement is not necessary. Madeline is treated and released, on the way home, a car accident kills Michael and the unborn baby. Madeline refuses to go to the hospital to begin induction of labor, so Patricia allows Madeline to carry to term; when the stillborn girl, is delivered, Madeline is left alone with her to say goodbye. However, when Patricia returns, the baby is miraculously alive. Overjoyed, Madeline names the baby Grace. Patricia visits Madeline at home and encourages her to take Grace to the hospital for tests to help understand how she revived. Citing her recent experience with Dr. Sohn, Madeline refuses any involvement with conventional medicine, but as Madeline cares for Grace, strange things keep happening in her home. She resorts to hanging fly paper in the nursery because Grace is attracting them due to her putrid scent when her diaper isn't soiled. Madeline tries to bathe her daughter.
Madeline attempts to contact Patricia for help, but can only reach the clinic's answering machine and Patricia's jealous girlfriend, who does not pass on her messages. After attempts at feeding Grace end with vomiting, Madeline realizes that the baby is unable to digest breast milk. In the meantime, Vivian wants to visit the baby and attempts to call Madeline, but she will not answer, she visits Dr. Sohn and convinces him to visit Madeline while looking to collect proof that she is an unfit mother in order to raise Grace herself. Madeline discovers that Grace's nursing is painful to the point of causing her breast to bleed, realizes that the child is feeding on her blood. At first, she's able to feed Grace beef blood from a bottle, but Grace can't digest it, forcing Madeline to continue feeding Grace her own blood. Madeline becomes weakened to the point, he explains that she is anemic, instructs her to refrain from nursing for a few days. After hearing Grace cry weakly, he starts upstairs. Fearing that he will take Grace away, Madeline beats Dr. Sohn unconscious, but not before his call connects.
Vivian arrives. She agrees to leave, but instead finds Grace in her crib, the bottle of Dr. Sohn's blood broken on the floor. Madeline tries to pursue her, but Vivian is able to grab Grace and look for a hiding place, discovering Dr. Sohn's body in the process, she arms herself with a hammer. They are discovered by Patricia, who realized her girlfriend was withholding Madeline's messages and decided to investigate; some time Patricia is driving a motor home through the desert. She goes to the back to check on Madeline and Grace, she asserts that medical tests have confirmed Grace is as healthy as she looks, as long as Madeline keeps eating the proper diet, they can continue feeding and raising Grace. Madeline is concerned about something else, however: Grace has begun teething, she pulls up her shirt to reveal. Jordan Ladd as Madeline Matheson Gabrielle Rose as Vivian Matheson Samantha Ferris as Dr. Patricia Lang Malcolm Stewart as Dr. Richard Sohn Stephen Park as Michael Matheson Serge Houde as Henry Matheson Shooting began on April 21, 2008, in Regina, Canada.
Grace premiered at the 2009 Sundance Film Festival. It was released in the US on August 14, 2009. Rotten Tomatoes, a review aggregator, reports that 67% of 27 surveyed critics gave the film a positive review. Metacritic rated it 52/100 based on six reviews. Jon Anderson of Variety called it "a satirical creepfest that mines modern motherhood for all its latent terrors". Doris Toumarkine of The Hollywood Reporter wrote, "Grace whimpers a bit like Rosemary's Baby and gurgles like The Exorcist, but the video look and bare-bones craftsmanship all scream B movie." Mike Hale of The New York Times described it as a "chilly and slow-moving horror film, which plays with ideas of mother love, obsessive child rearing and liberal spinelessness, adding a helping of trendy vampirism." Michael Ordona of the Los Angeles Times called it "a horrifying meditation on the unbreakable union of mother and child". S. James Snyder of Time Out New York rated it 1/5 stars and wrote, "Paul Solet's gyno-horror flick is twiste