Eurovision Song Contest 2012
The Eurovision Song Contest 2012 was the 57th edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Baku, following Ell & Nikki's win at the 2011 contest in Düsseldorf, Germany with the song "Running Scared" — marking the first time that the country had won the contest; the contest was held at the newly constructed Baku Crystal Hall, with semi-finals held on 22 and 24 May 2012, followed by the final held on 26 May 2012. Forty-two countries competed in the contest — one less than the record number of 43 set at the previous contest, with Montenegro returning for the first time since 2009, the withdrawal of Armenia due to security concerns in relation to the ongoing Nagorno-Karabakh conflict with Azerbaijan, Poland due to financial concerns; the contest was won by singer Loreen from Sweden with the song "Euphoria" — written by Thomas G:son and Peter Boström, the song scored a total of 372 points. Russia finished with Serbia finishing in third, they were followed by the host country, which reached the 4th place.
Albania finished 5th. Germany and Spain were the three members of the "Big Five" that managed to rank within the top 10, finishing in 8th, 9th and 10th places respectively; the lead-up to the contest was met with political concerns and protests surrounding the host country, including its human rights record and allegations by advocacy groups that Baku was carrying out forced evictions in the construction of the contest's venue, along with objections to the contest's presence by Iranian officials—who felt that the event was anti-Islamic because it was, according to them, a "gay parade". Azerbaijan got the right to host the 2012 edition of the Eurovision Song Contest after winning the previous 2011 edition with the song "Running Scared" performed by Ell & Nikki. Baku, the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, was named the host city for the contest, with the venue being the Baku Crystal Hall, built a few months prior to the contest on the city's coastline.
Shortly after Azerbaijan's victory at the 2011 edition, officials announced that a new 23,000 seat concert venue was to be built near National Flag Square in Baku, as a potential venue for the event. Three days other venue options were revealed by organisers, such as the 37,000-seat Tofiq Bahramov Stadium and the Heydar Aliyev Sports and Exhibition Complex. On 2 August 2011, Alpine Bau Deutschland AG was awarded the contract to construct the Baku Crystal Hall. Preparations for construction began in the area shortly after the announcement. Though the full cost of the contract was not named, the government allocated 6 million AZN for the construction of the venue. On 8 September 2011, Azad Azerbaijan TV reported that Baku Crystal Hall would be the venue of the contest, but no formal confirmation was made at the time by the EBU. On 31 October 2011, Ismayil Omarov, the director general of Azerbaijani national broadcaster İctimai Television announced that a decision on the venue choice would be taken by the steering committee in January 2012.
On 25 January 2012, it was confirmed. Though the venue had an extended capacity of 23,000 people, only 16,000 people were able to attend each show. Tickets for the contest became available online for purchase on 28 February 2012. In a meeting of the Eurovision Reference Group on 29 June 2011, it was decided that the televoting system would revert the format used most in the 2009 Contest, in which the phone and SMS lines opened for a fifteen-minute window after all songs had been performed, instead of opening before the show starts, the system used between 2010 and 2011; the results format of each show remained the same with each country's votes being decided on a 50:50 split between televoting and a national jury. Each participating country had their own national jury, which consisted of five professional members of the music industry. Under the official rules released on 24 November 2011, the number of participants in the final was raised to 26, including the host nation, the "Big Five", the ten qualifiers from each semi-final.
This was the second time in the Eurovision Song Contest that 26 countries were in the final, the first being the 2003 Contest. The draw that determined the semi-final running order was held on 25 January 2012 at the Buta Palace; the participating countries, excluding the automatic finalists, were split into six pots, based upon how those countries voted in past contests. From these pots, half competed in the first semi-final on 22 May 2012; the other half in that particular pot competed in the second semi-final on 24 May 2012. This draw acted as an approximate running order, in order for the delegations from the countries to know when their rehearsals would commence and determine which semi-final the automatic finalists would be allowed to vote in. 1.^ Armenia withdrew a month and a half after the semi-final allocation draw. The design of the contest was built around the motto "Light your fire!", inspired by the nickname of Azerbaijan itself, "Land of Fire". Each introductory video postcard began with a shot of the artist and performers, followed with the flag and country name in a handwritten font with a background resembling the yellow and red fire of the 2012 theme art.
The postcards consisted of various shots of Azerbaijan, with a caption displaying'Azerbaijan' and underneath'Land of...', which were followed by the name of a town or geographic feature, showing the landscape and culture of the country. Some postca
Olivia Newton-John, is an English-Australian singer, actress and activist. She is a four-time Grammy award winner who has amassed five number-one and ten other top ten Billboard Hot 100 singles, two number-one Billboard 200 solo albums. Eleven of her singles and 14 of her albums have been certified gold by the RIAA, she has sold an estimated 100 million records worldwide, making her one of the world's best-selling artists of all time. She starred in the musical film Grease, its soundtrack is one of the most successful in history, with the single "You're the One That I Want", with John Travolta, one of the best selling singles. Newton-John has been a long-time activist for environmental and animal rights issues, she has been an advocate for health awareness, becoming involved with various charities, health products, fundraising efforts. Her business interests have included launching several product lines for Koala Blue and co-owning the Gaia Retreat & Spa in Australia. Newton-John has been married twice.
She is the mother of Chloe Rose Lattanzi, with her first husband, actor Matt Lattanzi. She married John Easterling in 2008. Newton-John was born in England, to Welshman Brinley "Bryn" Newton-John and Irene Helene, her Jewish maternal grandfather, Nobel Prize-winning physicist Max Born, fled with his family to England from Germany before World War II to escape the Nazi regime. Newton-John's maternal grandmother was of paternal Jewish ancestry as well, she is a third cousin of comedian Ben Elton. Her maternal great-grandfather was jurist Victor Ehrenberg and her matrilineal great-grandmother's father was jurist Rudolf von Jhering. Newton-John's father was an MI5 officer on the Enigma project at Bletchley Park who took Rudolf Hess into custody during World War II. After the war he became Headmaster at Cambridgeshire High School for Boys and was in that role when Olivia was born. Newton-John is the youngest of three children, following brother Hugh, a doctor, sister Rona. In 1954, when Olivia was six, the Newton-Johns emigrated to Melbourne, where her father worked as a professor of German and as Master of Ormond College at the University of Melbourne.
She attended Christ Church Grammar School, University High School, near to Ormond College. At 14, Newton-John formed a short-lived all-girl group, Sol Four, with three classmates performing in a coffee shop owned by her brother-in-law, she became a regular on local Australian radio and television shows including HSV-7's The Happy Show where she performed as "Lovely Livvy". She appeared on The Go!! Show where she met future duet partner, singer Pat Carroll, future music producer, John Farrar, she entered and won a talent contest on the television program Sing, Sing, hosted by 1960s Australian icon Johnny O'Keefe, performing the songs "Anyone Who Had a Heart" and "Everything's Coming Up Roses". She was reluctant to use the prize she had won, a trip to Great Britain, but traveled there nearly a year after her mother encouraged her to broaden her horizons. Newton-John recorded her first single, "Till You Say You'll Be Mine", in Britain for Decca Records in 1966. While in Britain, Newton-John missed her then-boyfriend, Ian Turpie, with whom she had co-starred in the Australian telefilm, Funny Things Happen Down Under.
She booked trips back to Australia which her mother would subsequently cancel. Newton-John's outlook changed when Pat Carroll moved to the UK; the two formed a duo toured nightclubs in Europe. After Carroll's visa expired forcing her to return to Australia, Newton-John remained in Britain to pursue solo work until 1975. Newton-John was recruited for the group Toomorrow formed by American producer Don Kirshner. In 1970, the group starred in a "science fiction musical" film and recorded an accompanying soundtrack album, on RCA records, both named after the group; that same year the group made two single recordings, "You're My Baby Now/Goin' Back" and "I Could Never Live Without Your Love/Roll Like A River". Neither track became the project failed with the group disbanding. Newton-John released her first solo album, If Not For You, in 1971; the title track, written by Bob Dylan and recorded by former Beatle George Harrison for his 1970 album All Things Must Pass, was her first international hit (US No. 25 Pop, No. 1 Adult Contemporary.
Her follow-up single, "Banks of the Ohio", was a top 10 hit in the Australia. She was voted Best British Female Vocalist two years in a row by the magazine Record Mirror, she made frequent appearances on Cliff Richard's weekly show, It's Cliff Richard, starred with him in the telefilm The Case. In the United States, Newton-John's career foundered after If Not For You. Subsequent singles including "Banks of the Ohio" and remakes of George Harrison's "What Is Life" and John Denver's "Take Me Home, Country Roads" made minimal chart impact until the release of "Let Me Be There" in 1973; the song reached the American Top 10 on the Pop, AC charts and earned her a Grammy for Best Country Female and an Academy of Country Music award for Most Promising Female Vocalist. In 1974, Newton-John represented the United Kingdom in the
Eurovision Song Contest 2017
The Eurovision Song Contest 2017 was the 62nd edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Kiev, following Jamala's win at the 2016 contest in Stockholm, Sweden with the song "1944"; this was the second time the contest took place in Kiev, after 2005, as well as the fourth Eurovision event, after the Junior Eurovision Song Contest in 2009 and 2013. The contest was held at the International Exhibition Centre and consisted of two semi-finals on 9 and 11 May, the final on 13 May 2017. All three live shows were hosted by Volodymyr Ostapchuk and Timur Miroshnychenko. Forty-two countries participated in the contest. Portugal and Romania returned to the contest after a year's absence, while Bosnia and Herzegovina withdrew on financial grounds. Russia had planned to participate, but announced their withdrawal on 13 April 2017, after their representative, Julia Samoylova, was banned from entering Ukraine by virtue of having travelled directly from Russia to Crimea in 2015, a region, annexed by Russia in 2014, to give a performance, illegal under Ukrainian law.
The winner was Portugal with the song "Amar pelos dois", performed by Salvador Sobral and written by his sister Luísa Sobral. This was Portugal's first win – and first top five placing – in 53 years of participation, the longest winless run by a country in Eurovision history, it was the first winning song performed in a country's native language since Serbia's "Molitva" in 2007, the first winner written in triple metre since Ireland's "The Voice" in 1996. Additionally, this was the second consecutive year in which a returning country won the contest following Ukraine's victory in 2016; the top three countries – Portugal and Moldova – achieved the highest placing in their Eurovision history, while host country Ukraine received its worst placing to date in a Eurovision final. Out of the "Big Five" countries, only Italy, the pre-contest favourite, finished in the top ten, coming sixth; the EBU reported that 182 million viewers worldwide watched the contest, 22 million fewer than the 2016 record.
The contest took place in the International Exhibition Centre in Kiev, following Ukraine's victory at the 2016 contest with the song "1944", written and performed by Jamala. The International Exhibition Centre has a capacity of 11,000 attendees and is the largest exhibition centre in Kiev. Located in the western part of the Livoberezhna microdistrict, the centre was opened in October 2002, its head since its construction was Anatoly Tkachenko; the Deputy Chief of host broadcaster National Public Broadcasting Company of Ukraine and Head of Delegation for Ukraine, Viktoria Romanova, stated on 18 May 2016 that the first organisational meeting for the contest would take place before 8 June, during which the European Broadcasting Union and UA:PBC would go through the technical requirements for the contest, as well as any training required for the contest to take place in Ukraine. Romanova announced that the venue for the contest would be announced over the summer. UA:PBC and the Ukrainian Government formally launched the bidding process for interested cities to apply to host the contest on 23 June.
The selection of the host city was scheduled to be conducted in four stages: 24 June – 8 July: Interested cities were formally invited to submit their bids. 8–15 July: A working group within UA:PBC and a government-appointed Local Organisational Committee headed by Ukrainian Prime Minister Volodymyr Groysman reviewed submitted bids prior to their formal presentation. 18–22 July: Candidate cities formally presented their bids to the LOC. The bids of three cities were shortlisted and handed over to the EBU. 22 July – 1 August: The three shortlisted cities were inspected by representatives from the EBU and LOC to explore their infrastructure and implementation of their bids. A press conference was planned to be held during this period to announce the selection results and the host city; the following criteria were outlined for the selection of the host city: The venue must be covered with a capacity of at least 7,000 but ideally up to 10,000 attendees. An international press centre must be able to accommodate no less than 1,550 journalists.
Venues must be provided for the opening and closing ceremonies of at least 3,000 attendees. The host city must have priced hotel rooms to European standards, that are located in close proximity to the venue and the city centre. At least 2,000 hotel rooms must be provided: 1,000 for participating delegations and 1,000 for accredited media and fans; the host city must be able to guarantee the safety and security of participants, members of delegations and guests. The host city must have modern transport infrastructure: an international airport and available transport between the airport, the city and hotels, in addition to convenient traffic in the city and the opportunity to provide additional transport routes; the host city must provide a social program alongside their bid, showcasing the hospitality, cultural values and identity of both the city and Ukraine. Six cities submitted applications by the deadline of 8 July: Dnipro, Kherson, Kiev and Odessa. Prior to the opening of the bidding process, the cities of Cherkasy, Irpin and Vinnytsia had declared their interest in hosting the contest, but did not submit a formal bid.
Ukrainian Culture Minister Yevhen Nyshchuk stated on 30 June that an appropriate venue for the contest does not exist in Ukraine, suggesting that the construction of a new venue in Kiev or Lviv should be considered. The six candidate cities were presented to the LOC on 20 July in a two-hour live discussion show titled City Battle, broadcast from the UA:Pershyi studi
Eurovision Song Contest 2018
The Eurovision Song Contest 2018 was the 63rd edition of the annual Eurovision Song Contest. It took place in Lisbon, following Salvador Sobral's win at the 2017 contest in Kiev, Ukraine with the song "Amar pelos dois", it was the first time that the contest took place in Portugal – 53 years after the country made its debut. The contest was held at the Altice Arena, consisted of two semi-finals on 8 and 10 May, the final on 12 May 2018; the three live shows were hosted by Filomena Cautela, Sílvia Alberto, Daniela Ruah and Catarina Furtado. Forty-three countries participated in the contest, equalling the record of the 2008 and 2011 editions. Russia returned after their absence from the previous edition, for the first time since 2011, no country withdrew from the contest; the winner was Israel with the song "Toy", performed by Netta, written by Doron Medalie and Stav Beger. This was Israel's fourth victory in the contest, following their wins in 1978, 1979, 1998, their first top five placing in more than a decade.
This edition saw Cyprus and the Czech Republic achieve the best placings in their Eurovision history, coming in second and sixth place, respectively. Portugal finished in the last place, making this the third time that the host country ranked in the bottom five since 2015. For the first time since the introduction of the semi-finals in 2004, Azerbaijan and Russia all failed to qualify for the final. No countries in the Caucasus region participated in the final for the first time since 2005; the EBU reported that the contest had a worldwide audience of around 186 million viewers, surpassing the 2017 edition by over 4 million. The Altice Arena in Lisbon is a multi-purpose indoor arena built for the Expo'98 and has a capacity of 20,000 attendees, making it the largest indoor venue in Portugal and among the largest in Europe, it is located in the Parque das Nações riverside district in the northeast of Lisbon, renovated to host the 1998 world's fair. It is connected by metro to the nearby international airport and by train to the rest of the country and Europe.
On the day of the Eurovision Song Contest 2017 final, it was reported that Portuguese broadcaster Rádio e Televisão de Portugal would accept the challenge of organising the 2018 contest in case of a victory. Following Sobral's triumph, the European Broadcasting Union's Executive Supervisor for the Eurovision Song Contest, Jon Ola Sand, issued the hosting invitation to RTP during the winner's press conference; the following day, the director-general of RTP, Nuno Artur Silva, confirmed that the broadcaster would organise the contest in 2018 and mentioned MEO Arena in Lisbon as a venue to host the contest. On 15 May 2017, RTP appeared to have confirmed Lisbon as the host city, but clarified the following day that no final decision had been taken regarding both the host city and venue; the basic requirements to select a host city were set out in a document presented by the EBU to RTP following their win in Kiev: A suitable venue that can accommodate around 10,000 spectators. An international press centre for 1,500 journalists with adequate facilities for all the delegates.
A good distribution of hotel rooms, at different price categories, able to accommodate at least 2,000 delegates, accredited journalists and spectators. An efficient transport infrastructure, including a nearby international airport with available connections with the city and hotels. Besides Lisbon, other cities signalled their interest in bidding to host the 2018 contest: Braga, Faro, Guimarães, Santa Maria da Feira; the mayor of Porto, Rui Moreira, declared he would not be interested in "spending millions of euros" to host the contest, but he would support a bid from the Metropolitan Area of Porto. On 13 June 2017, RTP representatives met with the Eurovision Song Contest Reference Group at the EBU headquarters in Geneva. During the meeting, RTP officials attended a workshop covering several topics related with hosting the Eurovision Song Contest and learned from the experience of the Ukrainian broadcaster UA:PBC, they had the opportunity to present their first plans for the 2018 contest, including multiple proposals for the host city and venue.
On 25 July 2017, the EBU and RTP announced that Lisbon had been selected as the host city, overcoming confirmed bids from Braga, Guimarães, Santa Maria da Feira. In addition, RTP indicated the Parque das Nações, where Altice Arena is located, as the site for the shows. Key: Host venue The Eurovision Village was the official Eurovision Song Contest fan and sponsors area during the event weeks, where it was possible to watch performances by contest participants and local artists, as well as the live shows broadcast from the main venue, it was located in Lisbon's downtown Praça do Comércio, a large central square open to the Tagus river. The EuroClub was the venue for the official after-parties and private performances by contest participants. Unlike the Eurovision Village, access to the EuroClub was restricted to accredited fans and press, it was located at the "Ministerium" club, next to the Eurovision Village. The "Blue Carpet" event, where all the contestants and their delegations are presented before the accredited press and fans, took place on 6 May 2018 at the Museum of Art and Technology in Lisbon's Belém district.
This preceded the official Opening Ceremony of the 2018 contest, which took place at the nearby Electricity Museum. The theme for the contest, All Aboard!, was unveiled on 7 November 2017 in a press conference held at the Lisbon Oceanarium. Its visual design featur
Frankston is an outer-suburb of Melbourne in Victoria, Australia, in the local government area of the City of Frankston. It is located 55 km south-east of the Melbourne city centre, north of the Mornington Peninsula. Due to its geographic location, it is referred to as "the gateway to the Mornington Peninsula". European settlement of Frankston began around the same time as the foundation of Melbourne in 1835—initially as an unofficial fishing village serving the early Melbourne township. Prior to its settlement, the Frankston area was inhabited by the Mayone-bulluk clan from the Bunurong tribe of the Kulin nation; the official village of Frankston was established in 1854, with its first land sales taking place on 29 May. It has subsequently given its name to the broader Frankston local government area since 1893, serves as both its activity and administrative centre. Situated on the eastern shoreline of Port Phillip, Frankston has been a popular seaside destination of Melbourne since the 1880s.
Frankston Beach is still one of the most frequented in Victoria, is recognised as one of the cleanest in Australia. It is home to one of the largest exhibitions of sand sculpting in the Southern Hemisphere. Localities in the suburb include: Frankston Central Business District, Frankston East, Frankston Heights, Long Island, Mount Erin and Olivers Hill; the independent suburb of Frankston South shares the same postcode as Frankston. At the 2016 Census the suburb of Frankston recorded a population of 36,097; the demonym for someone from Frankston is a Frankstonian. The toponymic origins of Frankston are subject to conjecture, of which there are four popular theories. One of the earliest of these theories is that it was named after one of its early European settlers, Frank Liardet, who became one of its first official land owners; the Liardets were prominent pioneers of early Melbourne and arrived aboard the William Metcalfe from England in 1839. Liardet's father, founded what is now the Melbourne inner suburb of Port Melbourne and the family established and managed hotels around Melbourne as well as the first mail service of the early township.
Frank Liardet settled in the Frankston area in 1847, after taking out a 300-acre depasturing license for land, now the Frankston locality of Karingal. During this time, Liardet built the first wooden house in the Frankston area—which would become part of his Ballam Park estate after the formal land sales of 1854. Prior to settling in the area, Liardet had worked on the cattle run of the first Postmaster of the Port Phillip District, Captain Benjamin Baxter, located over what are now the City of Frankston suburbs of Langwarrin and Langwarrin South. By the time Liardet had taken out his depasturing license for the Frankston area in 1847 an unofficial fishing village was developing around its foreshore. Considering Frank Liardet's early presence in the Frankston area, his connections to the early mail services of Melbourne, it is plausible that "Frank's Town" became nomenclature for describing the area and its unofficial village; as a consequence it is possible that the name of "Frankston" was further adapted from it when naming the village for its formal land sales in 1854.
However, in a letter to the editor of The Argus newspaper a member of the Liardet family said that this was in fact not true. In the letter was excerpts of correspondence between the Liardet family and the Victorian state Department of Lands and Survey which refuted the theory. Instead, it puts forward the theory that Frankston was named after the Irish-born settler Charles Franks. Charles Franks arrived in Melbourne aboard the Champion from Van Diemen's Land in 1836 and made a squatter's claim to land on the western side of Port Phillip near Mount Cottrel. Franks' land neighboured that of the early Melbourne explorer and surveyor John Helder Wedge, managed by his nephew Charles Wedge—prior to him gaining a pre-emptive right to land license of his own for the Frankston area; the correspondence with the Department of Lands and Survey states that, at the time of surveying the area for the land sales of 1854, the name "Frankston" was suggested to honour the Wedge's deceased former neighbour. Another theory—that has become folklore—is that Frankston was named after a pub named "Frank Stone's Hotel".
In 1929 the author Don Charlwood, a student of Frankston High School at the time, compiled a history of Frankston using both local records and oral sources supporting the theory. The pub to which Charlwood refers was named the Cannanuke Inn and was the first permanent building in the Frankston area, it was built by the pre-emptive Frankston settler James Davey in the 1840s. The Victorian Heritage Database states that it was located on the present site of the Frankston Mechanics' Institute. According to Charlwood, it was purchased by a "Mr. Stone" in the early-1850s who, after the birth of his son, "Frank", renamed it "Frank Stone's Hotel" and around which the village developed and had its name adapted from for its formal land sales in 1854; as there appear to be no licensing records for the Cannanuke Inn, it is difficult to determine if this is in fact true. However, Charlwood does mention that Stone had purchased the Cannanuke Inn from "a man named Standring". Licensing records state that Benjamin Standring was the owner of the Frankston Ho
Samuel Pang is an Australian comedian and television presenter and producer of Chinese heritage. Pang played Australian rules football for the Collingwood under-19s team in 1991, he went on to play country football in regional Victoria and Tasmania for a number of years. He remained in the city holding down a range of odd jobs and received a small fee for his football services. Pang turned to radio hosting at the age of 28 at the urging of his friends to do so, he co-hosted Triple R's Breakfasters program for 5 years. In January 2011, Pang presented Summer Nights on ABC Local Radio. During the course of the 2012 London Olympics alongside Santo Cilauro, Pang presented The Rush Hour on Melbourne's Triple M while regular hosts James Brayshaw and Billy Brownless were at the Olympics. In January 2016, Pang was appointed co-host of the Nova 100 breakfast program, Sam & Browny. In September 2016, Pang joined Santo Cilauro and Ed Kavalee to co-host a podcast version of Santo, Sam and Ed's Total Football on ABC Radio.
Pang's television career is known for his hosting roles in a variety of television shows. His first hosting role was in 2009, when he hosted ADbc, a quiz show based on history-related topics, it lasted for one season. In 2010, he co-hosted Santo, Sam and Ed's Cup Fever!, a variety/panel/sports program coinciding with the FIFA World Cup on SBS TV. He co-hosted it with Ed Kavalee, he has written for TV Burp, hosted by Ed Kavalee on Channel Seven. In 2009, he began doing some commentary work with Julia Zemiro on the Eurovision Song Contest as part of the Australian delegation, he remained in this rile until 2017. As of February 2012, he has reunited with Santo Cilauro and Ed Kavalee to co-host a spin-off of Cup Fever on Channel Seven called Santo, Sam and Ed's Sports Fever!. In August 2012, Pang was one of the reporters for ABC2 for the 2012 Paralympic Games in London. In late 2013, Pang reunited with Santo Cilauro and Ed Kavalee to co-host Santo, Sam and Ed's Total Football on Fox Sports; the show lasted two seasons, finishing in 2015.
Since 2013, Pang has been a regular panellist on Network Ten's weekly game show, Have You Been Paying Attention?. The show has won numerous Logie Awards. Since 2015, he has co-hosted Friday Front Bar alongside Mick Molloy and Andy Maher, which airs on Channel Seven. Pang presented a 2017 Logie Award with his mother's cousin. Sam Pang on IMDb
Germany in the Eurovision Song Contest
Germany has participated in every Eurovision Song Contest since its beginning in 1956, except in 1996 when its entry did not qualify past the audio-only pre‐selection round, was not seen in the broadcast final and does not count as one of Germany's 62 appearances. No other country has been represented as many times. Along with France, Italy and the United Kingdom, Germany is one of the "Big Five" countries that are automatically qualified to the final, due to being the largest financial contributors to the European Broadcasting Union; the final is broadcast in Germany on Das Erste. Germany has won the contest twice, in 1982 and 2010. Germany first won the contest at the 27th attempt in 1982 in Harrogate, when Nicole won with the song "Ein bisschen Frieden"; the second German victory came 28 years at the 2010 contest in Oslo, when Lena won with "Satellite". Katja Ebstein, who finished third in 1970 and 1971 second in 1980, is the only performer to have made the top three on three occasions. Germany has a total of 11 top three placements finishing second with Lena Valaitis and twice with the group Wind, finishing third with Mary Roos and Surpriz.
Germany has finished last on seven occasions, receiving nul points in 1964, 1965 and 2015. Having not reached the top-ten in ten of the previous 13 contests, Michael Schulte achieved Germany's second-best result of the 21st century, by finishing fourth at the 2018 contest. Although German contestants have had varied levels of success, public interest remains high and the contest is one of the most watched events each year. Since 1996, ARD consortium member Norddeutscher Rundfunk has been responsible for Germany's participation in the contest; the Eurovision Song Contest semi-final is broadcast on NDR Fernsehen, the final is broadcast on Das Erste, the flagship channel of ARD. The German representative in the contest is chosen during a national selection, broadcast on public television channel Das Erste, organized by one of the nine regional public broadcasting organizations of the ARD. Between 2010 and 2012, private broadcaster ProSieben worked in partnership with NDR. Radio coverage has been provided, although not every year, by Deutschlandfunk and Bayern 2 from 1970 to 1979, hr3 from 1980–85, 1991–94, 2007 and 2011, NDR Radio 2 from 1986 to 1990, 1995 to 2006 and 2008–13, WDR1LIVE in 2011.
Since 2010 production company Brainpool, which co-produced the 2011 Eurovision Song Contest in Düsseldorf and the 2012 Eurovision Song Contest in Baku, have worked with NDR to co-produce the German national finals. Germany has changed the selection process used in order to find the country's entry for the contest, either a national final or internal selection has been held by the broadcaster at the time. Before German reunification, the country was presented as West Germany, representing the Federal Republic of Germany; the German Democratic Republic did not participate in the Eurovision Song Contest but instead took part in the Intervision Song Contest. With one win and four second-place results, Germany is the second most successful country in the contest in the 1980s, behind Ireland, who had two wins in the decade. ARD had selected an artist and song to represent them at the Eurovision Song Contest 1996, to be held in Oslo, Norway. Due to the large number of countries wanting to compete at Eurovision, they determined that only 23 of the 30 countries could compete.
Hosts Norway qualified automatically, the other 29 songs went into an audio only pre-qualification round, with the top 22 going on to compete alongside Norway in Oslo. For Germany its entry, Leon with "Planet of Blue", failed to earn enough points to progress to the final, finishing 24th. ARD and the EBU were not happy with this, as Germany was the biggest financial contributor at the time; this is the only time. In the 2000s, Germany has been notable for their adoption of musical styles which are not typical of Eurovision, such as country and western and swing. Germany tied for last at the 2008 contest for points, but was awarded 23rd of 25 places when the results were posted. In 2009, ARD held an internal selection for the first time since 1995 due to lack of interest and viewing figures of the German national finals. Alex Christensen and Oscar Loya were selected to represent Germany at the 2009 contest, where they performed on stage with burlesque artist Dita von Teese; however they only managed placing 20th of 25 competing countries.
In 2010, ARD approached former entrant and songwriter Stefan Raab and private network ProSieben to co-operate in finding a winning entry for the country. It has been said that Raab was approached due to his good record at the contest, finishing 5th in 2000 as well as writing entries in 1998 and 2004, which finished 7th and 8th respectively. Raab agreed and conducted a TV casting show called Unser Star für Oslo, broadcast on ARD and ProSieben. A winner arose in Lena Meyer-Landrut with "Satellite". Two further collaborations with ProSieben provided the second and third top ten result in a row in 2011