The Legislative Assembly for the Australian Capital Territory is the unicameral legislature of the Australian Capital Territory. It sits in the Legislative Assembly Building on Civic Square, close to the centre of the city of Canberra; the Assembly was created by four acts of the Commonwealth Parliament in 1988, including the Australian Capital Territory Act 1988. The first election was held on 4 March 1989 and the assembly first sat on 11 May that year; until this point, the ACT had been directly administered by the Commonwealth Government. It replaced the House of Assembly, which existed from 1976 to 1986, but had no executive power, with a principal function of advising the Commonwealth on matters relating to the Territory. Since October 2016, the Legislative Assembly has 25 members elected from five electorates, Ginninderra, Kurrajong and Yerrabi, each having five members. Members are elected for four-year terms by the Hare-Clark system, a variation of the Single Transferable Vote form of proportional representation.
The Legislative Assembly had 17 members elected from three electorates—Brindabella and Ginninderra, each of which had five members, Molonglo, which had seven members. In 2014 the Assembly voted to expand the number of members, with the change taking effect at the 2016 election; the Assembly was elected by a modified d'Hondt system, but a 1992 referendum supported the Hare-Clark method, this was introduced in the 1995 election. Members of the Legislative Assembly vote to elect a Chief Minister—in practice, the leader of whichever party can form government; the Chief Minister, in turn, selects ministers to form a cabinet. The leader of the second-largest party in the Assembly becomes the Leader of the Opposition. Election dates for the Assembly are fixed in legislation, with elections held on the third Saturday in October every four years; the term of the Assembly was increased in 2004 from three to four years. The next election is due on 17 October 2020. Unlike the legislatures of the other mainland states and territories, the Assembly has the functions of a local council.
The ACT is unique among Australian states and self-governing territories, as it has no vice-regal post exercising authority as the representative of the monarch, such as a governor or an Administrator. The functions vested in a state Governor or territorial Administrator as nominal head of the Executive—commissioning government, proroguing parliament and enacting legislation—are exercised by the Assembly itself and by the Chief Minister. Instead of vice-regal or regal assent, a Bill passed by the ACT Legislative Assembly is enacted on "notification"—publication in the Government Gazette of a notice authorised by the Chief Minister. However, the Governor-General of Australia does have the power to dissolve the Assembly if it is "incapable of performing its functions or is conducting its affairs in a grossly improper manner"; as with the Northern Territory Legislative Assembly, the ACT Legislative Assembly lacks the full powers of a state legislature. Section 122 of the Constitution of Australia provides that the Commonwealth Parliament "may make laws for the government of any territory" surrendered by any State to the Commonwealth.
In exercise of that power, the Commonwealth Parliament has enacted the Territories Self-Government Legislation Amendment Act 2011, which states that the Commonwealth Parliament retains a right to legislate for the Territory in all matters, including power to override laws passed by the Assembly. Although this is rare in practice, the Civil Unions Act 2006, which allowed same-sex couples to enter into "civil unions" was overruled following concerns that the civil unions mimicked marriage. In July 2006, the Federal Government again threatened to overrule the ACT Stanhope Government's anti-terror legislation, not consistent with other state laws; the Commonwealth retained control of the Territory's justice system until handing it over to the Assembly in 1992. 2016 Australian Capital Territory general election In this diagram, the red and green squares indicate assembly members who belong to the ALP, the Liberal Party and the Greens respectively. 13 votes as a majority are required to pass legislation.
ACT Government 2020 Australian Capital Territory general election Human Rights Act 2004 Members of the Australian Capital Territory Legislative Assembly Parliaments of the Australian states and territories Legislative Assembly for the Australian Capital Territory
The City of Brimbank is a local government area located within the metropolitan area of Melbourne, Australia. It comprises the western suburbs between 10 and 20 km west and northwest from the Melbourne city centre; the City has an area of 123 km² and in June 2018, Brimbank had a population of 208,714. The Wurundjeri people have been the custodians of the land in the Port Phillip Bay region, including the current City of Brimbank, for over 40,000 years before European settlement. Brimbank lies within the area occupied by the Kurung-Jang-Balluk and Marin-Balluk clans of the Wurundjeri people who form part of the larger Kulin Nation. Other groups who occupied land in the area include the Marpeang-Bulluk clans. Brimbank was founded on 15 December 1994 during the amalgamations of local councils by the state government, it was formed after the merger of the former Cities of Sunshine. It was named after Brimbank Park in Keilor, which itself was named for the practice of local farmers driving livestock "around the brim of the bank" of the Maribyrnong River.
The Local Government Act to dismiss Council was passed by the Victorian Parliament on 12 November 2009. As a result, the Minister for Local Government, Richard Wynne, appointed three administrators – Mr Peter Lewinsky, Ms Joanne Anderson and Ms Meredith Sussex AM – for a three-year period. In 2012, the State government decided to extend the period of administration; the three administrators appointed were Ms Jane Nathan and Mr John Watson. In March 2014 Mr John Tanner replaced Mr Peter Lewinsky. In October 2016, the residents of the municipality had elected 11 new councillors. For electing councillors Brimbank is divided into the following wards: Grasslands Ward with 3 Councillors. Harvester Ward with 3 Councillors. Horseshoe Bend Ward with 2 Councillors. Taylors Ward with 3 Councillors. Cr Georgina Papafotiou Cr Lucinda Congreve Cr Margaret Giudice Cr John Hedditch Mr John Watson - Chair of Panel ofAdministrators Mr Peter Lewinsky - Chair of Panel ofAdministrators Cr Troy Atanasovski Cr Sam David Cr Margaret Giudice Cr Natalie Suleyman Cr Natalie Suleyman Cr Sam David Albanvale Albion Ardeer Brooklyn Cairnlea Calder Park Deer Park Delahey Derrimut Hillside Kealba Keilor Keilor Downs Keilor East Keilor Lodge Keilor North Keilor Park Kings Park St Albans Sunshine Sunshine North Sunshine West Sydenham Taylors Lakes Tullamarine Official website Metlink local public transport map City of Brimbank at the Local Government Victoria website
Kwon Ri-se, better known by her stage name RiSe, was a Japanese singer of Korean descent. She was a member of the South Korean girl group Ladies' Code under Polaris Entertainment. Prior to her joining Ladies' Code, she participated in Miss Korea 2009 and was crowned as "Miss Korea Japan Jin", she was one of the Top 12 contestants of MBC's Star Audition The Great Birth. She died in a car crash at age 23. Kwon was born in Japan, was a fourth-generation Korean Japanese, she attended Fukushima Korea Junior High School, Tokyo Korean School, completed her university education at Seikei University, majoring in Economics and Business Administration. Before joining Ladies' Code, Kwon was active as a model and participated in Miss Korea 2009 as the Japan representative, she signed with KeyEast after Star Audition The Great Birth in 2011. In 2011, Kwon appeared in the third season of MBC's reality show We Got Married, where she was paired up with former Birth of a Great Star contestant, David Oh, she filmed a LG commercial for LG Optimus 3D with David Oh in the same year.
In 2013, Kwon's contract with KeyEast expired, she went on to sign a contract with Polaris Entertainment as she wished to pursue a music career. On February 24, 2013, a teaser for Kwon was released on Polaris Entertainment's official YouTube channel. After a series of video teasers of the members of Ladies' Code, the music video for their debut was released on March 6, 2013, their debut EP, Code#1 Bad Girl was released on March 7, 2013, through online music stores and the group performed on M Countdown on the same day. On September 1, 2013, Ladies' Code released the video teaser for their second EP's title song, Pretty Pretty; the music video for the title track was released on September 3, 2013, the EP, Code#02 Pretty Pretty, was released on September 5, 2013. On February 13, 2014, the official music video for their first single, So Wonderful was released and the group performed the new song for the first time on M! Countdown on February 13. On August 6, 2014, the music video for Ladies' Code second single, Kiss Kiss was released on Loen Music's official YouTube channel and the single was released on August 7, 2014.
After attending the recording of KBS "Open Concert" at DGIST and thus completing promotions for "Kiss Kiss", the group was returning to Seoul when at 1:30 am on September 3, 2014, Kwon was critically injured in a car crash. The group's manager, Mr. Park, driving the van, had been speeding, driving 137 km/h in a 100 km/h zone for a distance of 30 km. Rainy conditions made the road slippery, which caused Park to lose control of the vehicle, causing the group's van to hydroplane and skid several times before crashing into a protective wall in the vicinity of the Singal Junction on Yeongdong Expressway, it was reported. By the time the paramedics arrived at the scene, Kwon's injuries were so severe that the paramedics were unable to identify her, her bandmates Ashley and Zuny sustained minor injuries while bandmate Sojung sustained major injuries, EunB was killed. Park and one stylist sustained minor injuries. Rise was taken to the Catholic University of Korea St. Vincent's Hospital, where she was given emergency CPR before being taken into surgery due to suffering severe cranial and abdominal injuries.
The surgeons operated on her cranial area three times while having to resuscitate her via defibrillation during the procedures. In the midst of a fourth procedure for her back in the 11th hour of surgery, Kwon's blood pressure began to drop rapidly, making it unsafe to continue, she was moved to the intensive care unit at Ajou University Hospital, where she remained in critical condition. It was reported that her brain was swollen and that she was not regaining consciousness, with the doctors monitoring her condition in order to safely resume surgery. Kwon died at 10:10am on September 7, 2014, in Ajou University Hospital, having never woken up from her coma, her wake was held at Korea University Anam Hospital funeral home. Her funeral in South Korea was held at Seoul Memorial Park on September 9, 2014. Many prominent South Korean stars attended her funeral or sent flower wreaths including her former Birth of a Great Star mentor Lee Eun-Mi, members of Super Junior, idol Roh Ji-hoon, Kara, Bestie and more.
Nianing is a city in Petite Côte, south of Dakar, 8 kilometres from M'Bour. Nianing was once a major trading post for cotton and peanuts. Today, the city is situated on the main road. Nianing is part of the rural community of Malicounda in M'bour Department, Thiès; the nearest towns are Saly, M'Bour, Gagnabougou, Pointe-Sarène, Nianing Boro According to PEPAM, there are 6448 people and 736 households in Nianing. The population is predominantly Serer Catholic. Fish constitute the primary natural resource in the area; the local economy relies on livestock, agriculture and tourism. Tourism in Senegal Kamal El Jack. Un Centre de formation agricole: le cas de Nianing au Sénégal. Brigitte Rasoloniaina. Étude des représentations linguistiques des Sereer. Paris: L'Harmattan. Marguerite Schelechten. Tourisme balnéaire ou tourisme rural intégré? Deux modèles de développement sénégalais. Éditions universitaires. P. 442. ISBN 2-8271-0393-1. Nianing on the PEPAM website Nianing on the website of the rural community of Malicounda
The Ministry of Dáil Éireann was the cabinet of the 1919–1922 Irish Republic during the Irish War of Independence. The Ministry was established by the Dáil Constitution adopted by the First Dáil on 21 January 1919, after it issued the Declaration of Independence; this constitution provided for a cabinet consisting of a head of government, known as the Príomh Aire or President of Dáil Éireann, four other ministers. The Irish Republic modelled itself on the parliamentary system of government and so its cabinet was appointed by and answerable to the Dáil. Under the constitution the President was elected by the Dáil, while the remaining ministers were nominated by the President and ratified by the Dáil; the Dáil could dismiss both the cabinet as a individual ministers by passing a resolution. Ministers could be dismissed by the President. A number of changes were made to the cabinet system after its adoption in January 1919; the number of ministers was increased in April 1919. As established in 1919, the Irish Republic had no explicit head of state.
For a brief period the members of this president's cabinet became known as "secretaries of state" rather than ministers. When the Fourth Ministry assumed office in 1922 after the approval of the Anglo-Irish Treaty, with Arthur Griffith as its head, cabinet members were once again described as ministers and Griffith adopted the title of President of Dáil Éireann. For much of 1922, the Ministry governed in parallel with the Provisional Government, an interim administration established on 16 January 1922 under the Anglo-Irish Treaty, the membership of the two cabinets overlapped. In August 1922, after the respective deaths of Collins, Chairman of the Provisional Government, Griffith, President of Dáil Éireann, Cosgrave succeeded to both positions, the Ministry was the same as the Second Provisional Government. In December 1922, when the Irish Free State came into being, both the Ministry and the Provisional Government were superseded by the Executive Council of the Irish Free State
Brayton Point Power Station was a coal-fired power plant located in Somerset, Massachusetts. It was the largest coal-fired generating station in New England, was the last coal-fired power station in Massachusetts to provide power to the regional grid, it had been owned by the power company Dominion Energy New England since 2005, after it was purchased from PG&E. The plant was owned from August 2013 to April 2015 by Energy Capital Partners, is now owned by Dynegy; the plant ceased power generation and went offline on June 1, 2017. The power station began operations in the 1960s and was one of the largest in New England, standing on a 306-acre site; the plant had 262 full-time staff, with four power generating units powering in the region of 1.5 million homes using coal, natural gas and oil as its fuel sources. Its energy outputs from the four units were: Unit 1: 243 megawatts Unit 2: 240 megawatts Unit 3: 612 megawatts Unit 4: 435 megawattsBrayton Power Station had been estimated to burn 40,000 tons of coal in three days, fresh supplies were brought by barge every four days.
The coal was brought from Colombia and Colorado. With regulations and concerns from the public, Dominion agreed to make investments to improve in the environmental impacts of the plant in two areas; the first area was to decrease emissions of mercury, sulfur oxide and nitrogen oxide through the implementation of a system called Novel Integrated Desulphurization. The NID injects lime to allow its reaction with the fumes to separate chemicals from the smoke which reduces the emissions of mercury and sulfur oxide; the company implemented another system to pass the fumes through ammonia to reduce nitrogen oxide emission. The company reported having reduction of those emissions by 90 percents after the installation; the other area was to reduce the impact on the water consumption and the release of heated water, killing fish. Dominion began construction of two 500-foot cooling towers in 2009, which were completed in 2011 at a cost of $600 million; this was to create a closed-cycle water cooling system whereby the heated water is cooled by the towers and the water is recycled back to be used in the system again.
This stopped the heated water being released back to Mount Hope Bay. In March 2013, the Virginia-based owners Dominion announced that Equipower would purchase the power station; the purchase was closed in August 2013 as part of the $650 million deal that Energy Capital Partners took over three power plants, including two other plants in Illinois, the natural gas-fired Elwood Power Station and the coal-fired Kincaid Power Station. In September 2013, the new owners announced that the plant would be shut down in May 2017, citing low electricity prices as well as high costs to meet environmental standards and maintain aging facilities, it was the last coal-fired power station in Massachusetts. 1957New England Power purchased the land for Brayton Point Power PlantAugust 1, 1963Brayton Point Power Plant service beginsJuly 1964Unit 2 goes on line1969Third generating unit constructed with the capacity to burn coal or oilJuly 29, 1969Third unit went online making the station's total generating capacity 1,100,000 KWEnd of 1969All three units designed to burn coal, were converted to burning oil as a result of low oil prices at the timeMay 1973The Department of the Army Division Corps of Engineers issues draft environmental statement on addition of a 4th generating unit at Brayton Point.
Environmental groups contest the expansion because of water resources Brayton Point is using from Mount Hope Bay and the heat being discharged from the existing three units. A resident says the plant's continued abuse of the air and water, combined with size, presents a daily threat to the quality of life in the area. March 30, 1981Permanent coal burning began as Unit 1 begins burning coal on a permanent basisAugust 17, 1988Brayton Point celebrates 25th anniversary of commercial operation in Unit 1June 26, 1995Rhode Island Department of Environmental Management study blames Brayton Point for unique loss of aquatic life in Mount Hope Bay of 87 percent. October 23, 1996EPA revokes Brayton Point water discharge permit two years before it was set to expire, concerned about decline in Mount Hope Bay fish populationsSeptember 16, 2000Brayton Point must stop use of unlined basins to filter ash-- ash contains metals that can find their way into groundwaterJune 6, 2001Mount Hope Bay's temperature has risen two degrees, a warming trend based on discharge from Brayton Point Power Plant in Somerset, according to a study released by a Brown University geologist.
October 3, 2001Brayton Point is investing in ambitious new technology to reduce emissions, increase recycling of coal ash and limit any potential damage to Mount Hope Bay... The plant's parent company, PG&E Corp. plans to spend $250 million on these projectsJune 8, 2002Brayton Point Emission Plan approved to comply with acting Gov. Jane Swift's tougher regulations on power plantsJuly 25, 2002On Monday, EPA released its draft water discharge permit for the plant, which stated the station must reduce the amount of water it withdraws from and discharges back into Mount Hope Bay... The massive cuts will force the power plant to install a closed-cycle cooling system to reduce the amount of hot water discharge. October 7, 2003EPA approved a new permit that will force the plant to stop releasing massive amounts of heated water into the Taunton River daily, a situation that environmentalists say decimated the fish population. September 10, 2004USGen New England Inc. agrees to sell Brayton Point and two other power plants to Dominion Resources Inc. of Richmond, Virginia for $656 millionJune 13, 2005Inflating of a 107-foot tall dome erected by Dominion Energy New England in Somerset in an effort to reduce fly ash produced at the