The Australian Democrats is a centrist political party in Australia. Founded in 1977 from a merger of the Australia Party and the New Liberal Movement, both of which were descended from Liberal Party splinter group, it was Australia's largest minor party from its formation in 1977 through to 2004 and held the balance of power in the Senate during that time; the party's inaugural leader was Don Chipp, a former Liberal cabinet minister, who famously promised to "keep the bastards honest". At the 1977 federal election, the Democrats polled 11.1 percent of the Senate vote and secured two seats. The party would retain a presence in the Senate for the next 30 years, at its peak holding nine out of 76 seats, though never securing a seat in the lower house; the party's share of the vote collapsed at the 2004 election and was further diminished in 2007 with the last senators leaving office in 2008. Due to the party's numbers in the Senate, both Liberal and Labor governments required the assistance of the Democrats to pass contentious legislation, most notably in the case of the Howard Government's goods and services tax.
Ideologically, the Democrats were regarded as centrists, occupying the political middle ground between the Liberal Party and the Labor Party. The party was formally deregistered in 2016 for not having the required 500 members. In 2018 the Australian Democrats merged with Country Minded, an Australian political party seeking accountable regional and agricultural representation. On 7 April 2019 the merged entity regained registration of the name "Australian Democrats" with the Australian Electoral Commission; the party unsuccessfully contested the lower-house seat of Adelaide and a total of six Senate seats at the 2019 federal election. The party was founded on principles of honesty, tolerance and direct democracy through postal ballots of all members, so that "there should be no hierarchical structure... by which a engineered elite could make decisions for the members." From the outset, members' participation was fiercely protected in national and divisional constitutions prescribing internal elections, regular meeting protocols, annual conferences—and monthly journals for open discussion and balloting.
Dispute resolution procedures were established, with final recourse to a party ombudsman and membership ballot. Policies determined by the unique participatory method promoted environmental awareness and sustainability, opposition to the primacy of economic rationalism, preventative approaches to human health and welfare, animal rights, rejection of nuclear technology and weapons; the Australian Democrats were the first representatives of green politics at the federal level in Australia. They played a key role in the cause célèbre of the Franklin River Dam; the party's centrist role made it subject to criticism from both the right and left of the political spectrum. In particular, Chipp's former conservative affiliation was recalled by opponents on the left; this problem was to torment leaders and strategists who, by 1991, were proclaiming "the electoral objective" as a higher priority than the rigorous participatory democracy espoused by the party's founders. Because of their numbers on the cross benches during the Hawke and Keating governments, the Democrats were sometimes regarded as exercising a balance of power—which attracted electoral support from a significant sector of the electorate, alienated by both Labor and Coalition policies and practices.
Over three decades, the Australian Democrats achieved representation in the legislatures of the ACT, South Australia, New South Wales, Western Australia and Tasmania as well as Senate seats in all six states. However, at the 2004 and 2007 federal elections, all seven of its Senate seats were lost; the last remaining State parliamentarian, David Winderlich, left the party and was defeated as an independent in 2010. The Australian Democrats were formed in May 1977 from an amalgamation of the Australia Party and the New Liberal Movement; the two groups found a common basis for a new political movement in the widespread discontent with the two major parties. In the former Liberal Government Minister, Don Chipp, the two groups found their leader; the first Australian Democrat to sit in the federal parliamentarian was Senator Janine Haines who in 1977 was nominated by the South Australian Parliament to fill the casual vacancy caused by the resignation of Liberal Senator Steele Hall. The party's broad aim was to achieve a balance of power in one or more parliaments and to exercise it responsibly in line with policies determined by membership.
In 1977, the Australian Democrats secured two seats in the Senate with the election of Colin Mason and Don Chipp. In 1980, this increased to five seats with the election of Michael Macklin and John Siddons and the re-election of Janine Haines. Thereafter they held enough seats to give them the balance of power in the upper chamber. At a Melbourne media conference on 19 September 1980, in the midst of the 1980 election campaign, Chipp described his party's aim as to "keep the bastards honest"—the "bastards" being the major parties and/or politicians in general; this became a long-lived slogan for the Democrats. In South Australia, the New Liberal Movement dissolved and merged with the Democrats, making its sole parliamentary representative, Robin Millhouse, the Democrats' first member of the South Australian parliament. Millhouse held his seat at 1979 state elections. In 1982, Millhouse resigned to take up a senior judicial appointment, Heather Southcott won the by-election for the Democrats, but lost the seat to the Liberals that year at t
Wichita Collegiate School, known locally as Collegiate, is a private, co-educational, non-denominational, non-profit college preparatory day school founded in 1963 enrolling 966 students from preschool through 12th grade located in Wichita, United States. The Head of School is Nathan Washer, appointed in July of 2019; the school motto is: "Proba te Dignum" Wichita Collegiate School was conceived in the 1950s as an alternative to Wichita public education. Its name was Wichita Independent Day School; the founder and first chairman of Wichita Collegiate, Robert Love, claimed in his book, How to Start Your Own School, that, "Traditional private and parochial schools either eagerly emulate public institutions or are coerced by the state into doing so through acceptance of government accreditation and certification regulations... Collegiate was independent of both state from the beginning for practical reasons. All of us had rejected state-run schools as being a restrictive, inefficient way to educate children.
To be consistent, we decided against any association with the state in our new education venture. This meant no special legislative favors, no participation in government loan or grant programs, no state accreditation, no requirement that we hire only certified teachers." Robert Love was a member of the National Council of the Libertarian John Birch Society but he parted ways with that organization over its support for the Vietnam War. In 2008, Wichita Collegiate was selected by the Malone Family Foundation to receive a $2 million endowment to help make the educational opportunities and experiences accessible to academically talented students entering grades 7-12 whose families demonstrate significant financial need. Wichita Collegiate School is one of 82 schools that are members of the Independent Schools Association of the Southwest and the only ISAS member in Kansas. Duke University's Talent Identification Program has designated Wichita Collegiate School as a local partner for its gifted program.
The Kansas Board of Regents recognizes Wichita Collegiate School courses as meeting its Qualified Admissions requirements. Wichita Collegiate School has taken 1st, 2nd or 3rd place statewide in the Science Olympiad for Kansas Division C small schools over a period of many years; the Wichita Collegiate School average enrollment is 60 students per graduating class with an average class size of 15 students. The mean SAT test score in 2014 was 1828 compared to a national average in 2013 of 1498; the faculty at Wichita Collegiate School have received many honors. Some recent examples include the selection by The College Board of Science Department Chair Janice Crowley as National AP Teacher of the Year in 2008, Kansas State Board of Education's official recognition of Wichita Collegiate teacher Jenifer Sinsel, the 2006 National Finalist in science at its July 2007 meeting. Sinsel has since left Collegiate. Sinsel is the 2007 recipient of the National Science Teachers Association Sylvia Shugrue Award.
Sinsel was one of only 20 teachers from throughout the United States to be selected by NASA to be in the first class in the Airspace Systems Education Cohort. Wichita Collegiate School chemistry teacher Janice Crowley received the Milken Family Foundation Educator Pathfinder Award for leading her students in investigating a carcinogenic source of breast cancer in area fast food restaurants. Crowley was named in Reader's Digest's "America's 100 Best" and has been designated Regional Outstanding Chemistry Teacher by the American Chemical Society. Wichita Collegiate School's teams, the Spartans, have numerous state titles; these include four boys' state baseball championships, six boys' state basketball championships, three boys' state football championships, twelve boys' state golf championships and seventeen boys' state tennis championships. The girls' tennis team has won seventeen of the state championships in the past eighteen years, missing only the year'99-'00. Collegiate was moved to 4A after winning every athletic state championship in 2009, except boys' baseball and girls' basketball, which placed third.
They will be moving back down to 3A in the 2014-2015 season. Girls' Soccer was added to the athletic sports group in the 2013 season. R. C. Buford, general manager for the San Antonio Spurs Maurice Evans, NBA player who played for the Washington Wizards, Atlanta Hawks, Los Angeles Lakers, Orlando Magic, Detroit Pistons, Sacramento Kings, Minnesota Timberwolves Raj Goyle, State Representative and 2010 Democratic candidate for Kansas's 4th congressional district Chase Koch, son of Charles Koch and President of Koch Fertilizer, a subsidiary of Koch Industries Education in Kansas List of high schools in Kansas List of unified school districts in Kansas Official school websiteOtherAnnual Awards Presentation by Governor Kathleen Sebelius 2004 Journal of Chemical Education "Classroom Research: GC Studies of Linoleic and Linolenic Fatty Acids Found in French Fries" J. Chem. Educ. 2002 79 824 Gautum Agarwal, American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, "Lithium peroxide based electric propulsion system for an airplane for Mars exploration" Edwin G. West, "The Uneasy Case for State Education," Center for Independent Education of Wichita Collegiate School University of Wyoming, American Heritage Center, "Inventory of the Robert Love Center for Independent Education Collection, 1968-1971" Kansas Association of Chemistry Teachers "2007 Winning HS Scholarship Essay"
Asian Americans started to become a significant part of the Washington metropolitan area in the late twentieth century. Fairfax County, Montgomery County and Arlington, Virginia are the largest jurisdictions with high concentrations of Asian Americans in the region: Fairfax County Korean – 3% Indian – 3% Vietnamese – 3% Chinese – 2% Filipino – 1% Montgomery County Chinese – 3% Indian – 3% Korean – 2% Vietnamese – 1% Filipino – 1% Arlington County Indian – 2% Chinese – 2% Filipino – 2% Korean – 1% Japanese – 1% The area has been a destination for international immigration since the late 1960s, it attracts internal migration from other parts of the U. S. Racial composition of the Washington, D. C. area: 2006White: 51.7% Black: 26.3% Asian: 8.4% Hispanic: 11.6% Mixed and Other: 2.0%1980White: 67.8% Black: 26.0% Asian: 2.5% Hispanic: 2.8% Mixed and Other: 0.9% Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division Fairfax County, Virginia – 126,038 Prince George's County, Maryland – 31,032 Arlington County, Virginia – 16,327 Washington, D.
C. – 15,189 Loudoun County, Virginia – 9,067 Prince William County, Virginia – 10,701 Alexandria, Virginia – 7,249 Fairfax, Virginia – 2,617 Charles County, Maryland – 2,192 Stafford County, Virginia – 1,512 Spotsylvania County, Virginia – 1,243 Manassas, Virginia – 1,206 Falls Church, Virginia – 675 Calvert County, Maryland – 655 Manassas Park, Virginia – 418 Fauquier County, Virginia – 324 Fredericksburg, Virginia – 291 Jefferson County, West Virginia – 252 Warren County, Virginia – 136 Clarke County, Virginia – 62 Bethesda-Gaithersburg-Frederick, MD Metropolitan Division Montgomery County, Maryland – 98,651 Frederick County, Maryland – 3,269 Washington-Arlington-Alexandria, DC-VA-MD-WV Metropolitan Division Fairfax County, Virginia 13.00% Fairfax, Virginia 12.17% Arlington County, Virginia 8.62% Falls Church, Virginia 6.50% Alexandria, Virginia 5.65% Loudoun County, Virginia 5.35% Manassas Park, Virginia 4.06% Prince George's County, Maryland 3.87% Prince William County, Virginia 3.81% Manassas, Virginia 3.43% Washington, D.
C. 3.17% Charles County, Maryland 1.82% Stafford County, Virginia 1.64% Fredericksburg, Virginia 1.51% Spotsylvania County, Virginia 1.38% Calvert County, Maryland 0.88% Jefferson County, West Virginia 0.60% Fauquier County, Virginia 0.59% Clarke County, Virginia 0.49% Warren County, Virginia 0.43% Bethesda-Gaithersburg-Frederick, MD Metropolitan Division Montgomery County, Maryland 11.30% Frederick County, Maryland 1.67%
The Imperial Japanese Navy in World War II, at the beginning of the Pacific War in December 1941, was the third most powerful navy in the world, the naval air service was one of the most potent air forces in the world. During the first six months of the war, the Imperial Japanese Navy enjoyed spectacular success inflicting heavy defeats on Allied forces, being undefeated in every battle; the attack on Pearl Harbor crippled the battleships of the US Pacific Fleet, while Allied navies were devastated during Japan's conquest of Southeast Asia. Japanese naval aircraft were responsible for the sinkings of HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse, the first time that capital ships were sunk by aerial attack while underway. In April 1942, the Indian Ocean raid drove the Royal Navy from South East Asia. After these successes, the Japanese now concentrated on the elimination and neutralization of strategic points from where the Allies could launch counteroffensives against Japan's conquests. However, at Coral Sea the Japanese were forced to abandon their attempts to isolate Australia while the defeat at Midway saw them forced on the defensive.
The campaign in the Solomon Islands, in which the Japanese lost the war of attrition, was the most decisive. During 1943 the Allies were able to reorganize their forces and American industrial strength began to turn the tide of the war. American forces managed to gain the upper hand through a vastly greater industrial output and a modernization of its air and naval forces. In 1943, the Japanese turned their attention to the defensive perimeters of their previous conquests. Forces on Japanese held islands in Micronesia were to absorb and wear down an expected American counteroffensive. However, American industrial power became apparent and the military forces that faced the Japanese in 1943 were so overwhelming in firepower and equipment, that from the end of 1943 to 1944 Japan's defensive perimeter failed to hold. Defeat at the Philippine Sea was a disaster for Japanese naval air power with American pilots terming it, the Great Marianas Turkey Shoot, while the battle of Leyte Gulf led to the destruction of a large part of the surface fleet.
The Japanese lost control of the Western Pacific. During the last phase of the war, the Japanese resorted to a series of desperate measures, including a variety of Special Attack Units which were popularly called kamikaze. By May 1945, most of the Imperial Japanese Navy had been sunk and the remnants had taken refuge in Japan's harbors. By July 1945, all but one of its capital ships had been sunk in raids by the United States Navy. At the end of the war, the IJN had lost 300,386 officers and men. At the beginning of the Pacific War, the strategy of the Imperial Japanese Navy was underpinned by several key assumptions; the most fundamental was that just as the Russo-Japanese War had been decided by the naval Battle of Tsushima, the war against the United States would be decided by a single decisive naval battle or Kantai Kessen. This great naval clash would be determined by the big guns aboard battleships and this conviction was shared by both the Japanese and the American naval leaders alike.
All other arms of the navy were to be dedicated to supporting the battleships when they met the Americans in battle. The Japanese assumed that at the start of any conflict they would seize the unprotected American-held Philippines; this would force the United States to undertake a drive across the Pacific to retake them. The great decisive clash would take place somewhere in the western Pacific where the Japanese decided was the right area to stop the American advance, it was clear to the Japanese that in order to win the decisive battle they would have to make up for their numerical disadvantage. The Japanese acknowledged that they would never have the industrial capacity to create a navy, equal in size to the United States, however, as they were planning on fighting a defensive war they calculated that they had to have only 70 percent of the strength of the United States Navy to be in a position to achieve victory; this assumption was built on two pillars, both became driving forces in Japanese naval construction, tactical development and training between the wars.
The first was that the Japanese would had to have the weapons and tactics to inflict severe attrition on the US Pacific Fleet before the decisive battle which would bring the Japanese to at least parity. Once at rough parity, Japanese naval units with superior speed and capable of hitting at ranges beyond the reach of the Americans and crewed by expertly trained personnel, would win the day; the naval war that Japan fought in the Pacific during 1941-45 reflected quite a different strategy from the one in which the Imperial Japanese Navy had been planning and training for throughout the interwar period. This was due to the views and actions of Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto who had assumed command of the Combined Fleet in August 1939. Yamamoto overnight, changed the passive wartime strategy of seizing the Philippines and waiting for an American naval advance to the western Pacific to a much more aggressive forward strategy. Yamamoto had first discussed an attack on Pearl Harbor in March or April 1940.
After the completion of the Combined Fleet's annual maneuvers in the fall of 1940, Yamamoto had directed that a study of an attack on Pearl Harbor be performed under the utmost secrecy. By December of that year, Yamamoto had decided to conduct the Pearl Harbor operation. Yamamoto was convinced that war with the United States was inevitable, once the Japanese began any hostilities, he believed that since a traditional victory against the United States was not possible, he had to shatt
The seventh season of JAG premiered on CBS on September 25, 2001, concluded on May 21, 2002. The season, starring David James Elliott and Catherine Bell, was produced by Belisarius Productions in association with Paramount Television. Commander Harmon "Harm" Rabb, Jr. a former Naval aviator turned lawyer, is assigned to the Headquarters of the Navy Judge Advocate General alongside fellow Marine Corps lawyer Lieutenant Colonel Sarah "Mac" MacKenzie, a squared away officer with a dysfunctional past. This season, Mac waits anxiously for news of Harm, lost at sea, before requesting an assignment away from JAG, while Commander Sturgis Turner joins the team. Harm defends a Major accused of homicide and a Marine is accused of rape, Mac is awarded the Meritorious Service Medal, Harm faces disbarment, six Marines are killed in an ambush; the team run a marathon, The CAG comes out of retirement, Jennifer Coates is assigned Harm as legal counsel, before Harm and Mac go up against Admiral Chegwidden at a military tribunal when prosecuting a top Al-Qaeda terrorist, Lieutenant Bud Roberts is injured on a land mine in Afghanistan.
During its seventh season, JAG began to show " a surprising resurgence", with the season premiere achieving "the second-highest ratings in seven-year history". Series creator Donald P. Bellisario "credits the national wave of patriotism for part of the show’s new strength. "People are tuning in to get some insight into what the military is all about," he says. "We show the positive and the negative, but we give respect to those officers who lay it on the line." Lead actor David James Elliott, who portrays hunky lawyer Commander Harmon Rabb in the Navy's Judge Advocate General's office, agrees: "In the past, people thought the show was all about the military and just decided that they didn’t like it," says Elliott. "The fact that we’re feeling more favorably about our military can only help." 2001–02 United States network television schedule
Sophie Jones is an English former professional women's football player. The forward moved on to Preston North End Ladies. After a single season with the club, Jones moved to Blackburn Rovers Ladies, where she scored 14 goals in only 20 appearances in her final season. Jones joined Sheffield FC in July 2016. Following a season with the team, Jones joined cross-town rivals Sheffield United, playing with the club in their first season in the FA Women's Championship. Jones is a forward, who wears number 8. Jones started top flight football with the Preston North End Ladies, where she played for a single season, she moved to the Blackburn Rovers Ladies, where she scored 14 goals in only 20 appearances over two season. In October 2014, Jones participated in the Lancashire County Cup, she scored in the Rovers's win against Preston North End. In 2015, she played with the Rovers in the FA Women’s Premier League Cup. In the first round 4–2 victory against Huddersfield Town, Jones scored a goal in extra time to send her team through to the next round.
In October 2015, her team had put together a 4-game winning streak. The fourth match was against Guiseley Vixens, with Jones scoring a pair of goals in her team's 5–0 win. Jones joined Sheffield FC in July 2016, she said of the transfer, “I’m happy to sign for such great club, with one with a great history in women’s football. This is an exciting time for myself to start a new challenge, to help the team achieve success in the FA WSL 2.”Jones played for Sheffield United. The team was in the first division for the first time for the 2018-2019 season; the team's first win of the season was against Aston Villa, where Jones contributed 3 goals in their 4–1 victory. In December 2018, her team played Millwall Lionesses in a FA Women's Championship match. Jones scored the only goal in her team's 1–1 draw ten minutes into the second half. In another match in December 2018, her team lost 5–1 to Aston Villa. Jones scored the only goal of the game on a penalty kick. In 2019, Jones was charged with violating FA rule E3 and E3 by England's Football Association after a four-week investigation.
The incident occurred on 6 January against Tottenham Hotspur 2–1 away win in an FA Women's Championship match, with the charge occurring in February 2019. After the match, Renée Hector alleged to officials that an unknown United player made monkey noises at her. Spurs reported the incident to the Football Association. Jones had until 15 February to respond. Sheffield United indicated that they had co-operated with the FA's investigation and would deny the charges at a forthcoming disciplinary hearing; as a result of the investigation, Jones was banned for five games by the Football Association for racial abuse. Following the ban, by mutual consent, Sophie Jones left Sheffield United, she stated that she was quitting football, saying she was "unable to play under an organisation that I do not have any confidence in". She was born in England. Sophie Jones at Soccerway