The Austrian Armed Forces are the combined military forces of the Republic of Austria and the main military organisation responsible for national defence. It includes following branches: the Joint Forces, which consists of the Land Forces, Air Forces, International Missions and Special Forces, next to Mission Support and Joint Command Support Centre; the military consists of 21,200 active-duty personnel and 950,000 reservists, of which 157,900 are joint-structured and 130,200 unstructured. The military budget is € 2.85 billion, which includes military pensions. Austria, a landlocked country, has no navy; that duty has been assumed by the Bundespolizei. Between 1918 and 1920, the Austrian semi-regular army was called Volkswehr, fought against Yugoslavian army units occupying parts of Carinthia, it has been known as "Bundesheer" since except when Austria was a part of Nazi Germany. The Austrian Army did develop a defence plan in 1938 against Germany, but politics prevented it from being implemented.
World War II role of the "Bundesheer": Elements of Austrian Army became 9th Panzer Division Elements of Austrian Army became 44th Infantry Division 4th Austrian Division became the 45th Infantry Division In 1955, Austria issued its Declaration of Neutrality, meaning that it would never join a military alliance. The Austrian Armed Forces' main purpose since has been the protection of Austria's neutrality, its relationship with NATO is limited to the Partnership for Peace program. With the end of the Cold War, the Austrian military have assisted the border police in controlling the influx of illegal immigrants through Austrian borders; the war in the neighbouring Balkans resulted in the lifting of the restrictions on the range of weaponry of the Austrian military, imposed by the Austrian State Treaty. The main constitutional tasks of today's Austrian military are: to protect the constitutionally established institutions and the population's democratic freedoms. To maintain order and security inside the country.
To render assistance in the case of natural catastrophes and disasters of exceptional magnitude. Under the constitution, the President is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. In reality, the Chancellor has the decision-making authority, exercised through the Minister for National Defence; the Chancellor chairs the National Defence Council, which has as its members a vice-chairman, the minister for national defence, an appointee of this minister, the Chief of the General Staff, a parliamentary representative. The minister for national defence, acting in co-operation with the minister for interior, coordinates the work of the four major committees under the National Defence Council: the Military Defence Committee; the Chief of the General Staff acts as the senior military adviser to the Minister for National Defence, assists the minister in the exercise of his authority, and, as the head of the general staff, is responsible for planning. However, the army commander exercises direct operational control of the Bundesheer in both peacetime and wartime.
Article 79 of the constitution, as amended in 1985, states that the Army is entrusted with the military defence of the country. Insofar as the constituted civil authority requests its co-operation, the army is further charged with protecting constitutional institutions and their capacity to act, as well as the democratic freedoms of the inhabitants. In administering the armed forces, the Ministry for National Defence is organized into four principal sections and the inspectorate general: Section I deals with legal and legislative matters; the general troop inspectorate is a separate section of the ministry with responsibility for co-ordination and fulfilment of the missions of the armed forces. It encompasses a general staff department, an attaché department, planning and inspection groups; the armed forces consist of the army, of which the air force is considered a constituent part. In 1993, the total active complement of the armed forces was 52,000, of whom 20,000 to 30,000 were conscripts undergoing training of six to eight months.
The army had 46,000 personnel on active duty, the air force had 6,000 personnel. Under the area defence strategy, which had determined the army's organizational structure until 1993, the army was divided into three principal elements: the standing alert force of active units, including the air division. Both the mobile militia and the stationary
As part of his 1980 presidential campaign, Ronald Reagan made an appearance at the Neshoba County Fair where he gave a speech on August 3, 1980. Critics claim. During his speech, Reagan said: I still believe the answer to any problem lies with the people. I believe in states' rights. I believe in people doing as much as they can for themselves at the community level and at the private level, I believe we've distorted the balance of our government today by giving powers that were never intended in the Constitution to that federal establishment, he went on to promise to "restore to states and local governments the power that properly belongs to them." The use of the phrase was seen by some as a tacit appeal to Southern white voters and a continuation of Richard Nixon's Southern strategy, while others argued it reflected his libertarian economic beliefs. Republican political strategists chose the venue for the speech as part of an effort to win over rural voters in the American South; the Neshoba County Fair, while offering the traditional elements of rural county fairs, had become a recognized venue for political speechmaking by 1980.
The Reagan campaign saw breaking President Carter's hold on southern states as critical to winning the presidential election. The 1980 Mississippi state GOP director, Lanny Griffith, explained, It was not a mistake that Reagan went to the Neshoba County Fair, rather than Jackson; this was sort of heresy, going out in these rural areas... I know from my standpoint in 1980, we were just obsessed with how you turn around these rural counties and get them started voting with us; some members of the Reagan campaign anonymously expressed their discomfort with the choice to a Washington Post reporter: "It would have been like we were coming to Mississippi and winking at the folks here, saying we didn't mean to be talking to them Urban League folk.... It would have been the wrong signal." Reagan was hosted in Mississippi by Republican Representative Trent Lott. 15,000 people attended Reagan's speech. Coverage of the speech by the media focused on the use of the phrase "states' rights." The headline the next day in the New York Times read "REAGAN CAMPAIGNS AT MISSISSIPPI FAIR.
Coverage of Reagan's subsequent campaign stops in the North explicitly linked the location of the speech to the 1964 murders. Douglas Kneeland of the Times wrote on August 6, "Adding to the cautious reception he was given by the Urban League here was Mr. Reagan's appearance Sunday at the Neshoba County Fair in Philadelphia, Miss. Where three young civil rights workers were slain in 1964.""States' rights" had for decades been a rallying slogan for racial segregationists, including Strom Thurmond in 1948 and George Wallace in 1968, several press writers interpreted Reagan's use of the phrase according to that tradition. Columnist Bob Herbert of The New York Times wrote, "Everybody watching the 1980 campaign knew what Reagan was signaling at the fair," and that it "was understood that when politicians started chirping about'states' rights' to white people in places like Neshoba County they were saying that when it comes down to you and the blacks, we're with you". Paul Krugman of the Times, noted that a Republican national committee member from Mississippi had urged Reagan to speak at the county fair, as it would help win over "George Wallace-inclined voters", wrote that this was just one of many examples of "Reagan's tacit race-baiting in the historical record."Eulogizing on Reagan's death, Washington Post columnist William Raspberry noted of the incident: It was bitter symbolism for black Americans.
Countless observers have noted that Reagan took the Republican Party from virtual irrelevance to the ascendancy it now enjoys. The essence of that transformation, we shouldn't forget, is the party's successful wooing of the race-exploiting Southern Democrats known as Dixiecrats, and Reagan's Philadelphia appearance was an important bouquet in that courtship. Others, including the Washington Post editorial page, contended that there was nothing racist about Reagan's use of the phrase "states' rights" in the context of the speech. David Brooks of The New York Times responded to the article by fellow Times columnist Krugman, called the attention paid to the "states' rights" phrase a "slur" and a "distortion." He wrote that the campaign had been somewhat forced by the county fair organizers who had announced Reagan's appearance, that the "states' rights" phrase was used in the part of his speech, but that the speech was about inflation and the economy and how it related to schools. Brooks wrote that Reagan had been courting black voters at that time, he flew to New York City after the speech to deliver an address to the Urban League.
In the same article, Brooks does admit, that: You can look back on this history in many ways. It's callous, at least, to use the phrase "states' rights" in any context in Philadelphia. Reagan could have done something wonderful, he didn't. And it's true that race played a role in the G. O. P.'s ascent. This caused Bob Herbert to respond a few days with an op-ed column titled "Righting Reagan's Wrongs?", in which he wrote: Reagan was the first presidential candidate to appear at the fair, he knew what he was doing when he told that crowd
Conan the Liberator is a fantasy novel by American writers L. Sprague de Camp and Lin Carter, featuring Robert E. Howard's sword and sorcery hero Conan the Barbarian, it was first published in paperback by Bantam Books in February 1979, reprinted in 1982. The first hardcover edition was published by Tor Books in June 2002; the first British edition was from Sphere Books. The novel was gathered together with Conan the Swordsman and Conan and the Spider God into the omnibus collection Sagas of Conan. Howard himself never wrote the tale of this turning point of Conan's life, starting as wandering mercenary and pirate, he became a king; the only detail provided in the canonical Howard stories is that Conan strangled Numedides on his own throne and crowned himself with the dead King's crown. Carter and de Camp, filling in this link in Conan's career, show that a prolonged, arduous military campaign was needed before he got to this point, that there were many setbacks and moments when all seemed lost.
While Conan's own courage and perseverance played a crucial role, his success owed a great deal to a band of loyal and dedicated companions, some of whom did not survive to see the final victory. Following the events of the story "The Treasure of Tranicos", Conan joins a conspiracy of former comrades-in-arms to overthrow Numedides, the mad and tyrannical king of Aquilonia; as commander of the rebel forces, he has the prospect of becoming king himself. However, Conan has not only Numedides' loyal troops, led by General Procas, to overcome, but the magic of an evil sorcerer named Thulandra Thuu. Chronologically, Conan the Liberator overlaps the events of the story "Wolves Beyond the Border", is followed by the story "The Phoenix on the Sword". Shortly before publication of the first hardcover edition in 2002 Kirkus Reviews pronounced that "nce again, de Camp and Carter mime Howard's hyperbolic spirit and majestic inverted syntax with great style." The review expressed no other opinion as to the merit of the novel.
Don D'Ammassa called the book "a pretty good story" and noted that "the military encounters are well constructed." Fantastic Fiction entry for Conan the Liberator "Conan the Liberator" - a book review by Cindy Lynn Speer
Bles Bridges, born Lawrence John Gabriel Bridges, was a South African singer. He became known as Bles Bridges, as his Irish grandfather called him "Bles", due to his thin hair from an early age. Married to Leonie Bridges from 1969 till his death on 24 March 2000, he made his 1ste album in 1972 under the nickname, Morné with a lady called Mimi van Heerden, Adios, my skat. He released his first solo album in Onbekende Weermagman, his professional career began in 1984, with the release of his second album, which went gold in under a month and included Maggie, one of his better-known songs. The album had sold twice. At the time of his death, Bles had sold more than 2.6 million albums. Up to 2016, he sold over 3 million records, making him the biggest selling male singer in the Afrikaans Music industry. Soon Bles Bridges began alternating between Afrikaans and English language albums, to great acclaim, he began working with Eurovision South Africa. In 2000, he began recording an album with his friends in the music industry.
The first song - a duet with Patricia Lewis - was "The First Kiss Goodnight" by Dennis East. His biggest hit was "Ruiter van die Windjie", released in 1986. In the 1980s, he held a concert in support of the Volkshulpskema of the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging, a far right paramilitary organisation, which raised R10,000, he had cancer during the 1980s and gave generously to charity for cancer research after his recovery. His wife Leonie was his sound engineer and the composer and/or songwriter of most of his songs, including most of his biggest hits, including "Maggie" and "I am the Eagle, you're the Wind", among others, it was his custom to hand out roses to some of the female audience members in the front row at his concerts.. This was the basis for a Leon Schuster skit, in the hit movie, Oh Schucks..... It's Schuster!. In the skit, dressed as an Afrikaner lady, became irate when Bridges refused to give her a rose. Chaos ensued, his career highlight was when he performed to a soldout 8,000-seater Super Bowl at Sun City, five times on one weekend, becoming the first and only artist to do so, as feature artist on 14 and 15 November 1987.
He managed to draw a bigger crowd than Frank Sinatra did when he opened the Super Bowl in 1982. Bles died in a motorcar accident on 24 March 2000, leaving behind his wife and children Sunette and Victor. More than 20,000 mourners turned up for his funeral. Albums & Cd's Released. Morne en Marie Sing - 1972 Onbekende Weermagman - 1982 Bles - 1984 Uit die Boonste Rakke - 1985 Vir een en Almal - 1986 I Am the Eagle, You're the Wind - 1986 Reik Na Die Sterre - 1987 Fight For Love - 1987 Laat My Lewe, Laat My Liefhê - 1988 Ons Eerste Ontmoeting - 1989 Nog'N Nuwe Dag - 1989 The Devil and the Song - 1989 Let Me Love You - 1990 Back on My Feet Again - 1991 Soos Nooit Tevore - 1992 Am I That Easy To Forget - 1993 One Dance With You - 1994 Grootste Treffers - 1994 Sproetjies Kom Terug - 1995 Love and Roses - My Greatest Hits - 1996 Die Hart Van My Moeder - 1997 Sweef Soos'N Arend - 1998 Classics My Way - 1998 Country my Way - 1999 Goue & Platinum Treffers Deur Die Jare Heen - 2000 Môre Bring'N Nuwe Dag - 2000 Goue & Platinum Treffers Deur Die Jare Heen - 2000 Net Vir Jou - 2010 Die Bekroonde Kunstenaas - 2011 In Search of Love Op Toer Met Bles He starred in a 1989 movie called The Devil and the Song
Joel W. Martin is an American marine biologist and invertebrate zoologist, Chief of the Division of Invertebrate Studies and Curator of Crustacea at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, his main area of research is the morphology and systematics of marine decapod crustaceans. Martin received a doctorate from the Florida State University in 1986, he has published more than 100 scientific articles and books on morphology, natural history and evolutionary relationships of both decapods and of branchiopods of ephemeral pools. His work includes studies on the animals inhabiting deep-sea hydrothermal vents and cold seeps, he is best known of an article on an updated classification of all crustaceans In addition to his research on marine invertebrates, he has been active on communicating questions of global biodiversity and on the history and interaction of science and religious faith. Bauer, Raymond T.. Crustacean Sexual Biology. New York: Columbia University Press. P. 355. ISBN 978-0-231-06880-2.
Martin, Joel W.. "An Updated Classification of the Recent Crustacea". Science Series No. 39. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: 124. Martin, Joel W.. Decapod Crustacean Phylogenetics. Crustacean Issues. 18. Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, Taylor & Francis. P. 632. ISBN 978-1-4200-9258-5. Martin, Joel W.. The Prism and the Rainbow: A Christian Explains Why Evolution Is Not a Threat. Johns Hopkins University Press. P. 192. ISBN 9780801894787
Globalization is the eighth studio album by American rapper Pitbull. It was released on November 21, 2014 through Mr. 305, Polo Grounds Music, RCA Records. The album debuted at No. 18 on Billboard 200, No. 3 on Rap Albums, selling 38,000 copies in its first week. The album has sold 198,000 copies in the United States as of September 2016; the album debuted at No. 16 on the Canadian Albums chart. "Wild Wild Love" was released as the album's lead single on February 25, 2014. The song features guest appearances from American-British-Canadian girl group G. R. L.. The song reached at number 6 on the UK. "Fireball" was released as the album's second single on July 23, 2014. The song features guest appearance from John Ryan; the song reached at number one in Netherlands. "Time of Our Lives" featuring Ne-Yo was released as the album's third single on November 17, 2014. The song reached at number 7 in Czech Republic. "Fun" featuring Chris Brown was released as the album's fourth single on April 21, 2015. The song reached at number 40 in the United States.
"Drive You Crazy" featuring Jason Derulo and Juicy J was released as the album's fifth official single on August 21, 2015. "We Are One" was released as official single of the official 2014 FIFA World Cup song on April 15, 2014. It features Brazilian recording artist Claudia Leitte. "Celebrate" was released on October 18, 2014. It serves as the lead single featured on the Original Motion Picture of Penguins of Madagascar and was used in the commercial for the 2016 edition of CBC's Hockey Day in Canada; the Philadelphia Phillies play the song after every home victory. These songs were included on "Globalization". "Sexy Beaches" was used in the "Visit Florida" tourism campaign, sponsored by the state of Florida. The music video was filmed at The Don CeSar in St. Petersburg and was uploaded to Pitbull's YouTube channel on July 13, 2016. Notes^ signifies an additional producer "Ah Leke" contains elements of "Passinho do Volante" performed by MC Federado & Os Leleks, written by MC Federado. "Celebrate" contains elements of "I Just Want to Celebrate" performed by Rare Earth and written by Dino Fekaris and Nick Zesses