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Austrian Football Bundesliga

The Austrian Football Bundesliga is the highest-ranking national league club competition in Austrian football. The competition decides the Austrian national football champions, as well the country's entrants for the various European cups run by UEFA. Since Austria stayed in sixteenth place in the UEFA association coefficient rankings at the end of the 2015–16 season, the league gained its first spot for the UEFA Champions League; the Austrian Bundesliga, which began in the 1974–75 season, has been a separate registered association since 1 December 1991. It has been most won by the two Viennese giants Austria Wien, who were national champions 21 times, Rapid Wien, who won the national title 32 times. Rapid’s Last title was in the 2007–08 Season; the current champions are Red Bull Salzburg. Phillip Thonhauser is president of the Austrian Bundesliga; the Austrian Football Bundesliga is known as Tipico Bundesliga for sponsorship reasons. Football has been played in Austria since around 1890. Around the turn of the twentieth century two attempts were made to start a national championship.

From 1900 onwards, a cup competition was played in the Neues Wiener Tagblatt Pokal. This cup was played in league format; the efforts to create a football league succeeded in 1911, with the introduction of the first Austrian football championship. The competition for this championship, the 1. Klasse, was created and organized by the Niederösterreichischer Fußball-Verband, the participants played for the title of Niederösterreichische Landesmeister. From 1924, the league was considered professional and changed its name to I. Liga. In 1929, an all-Austrian amateur championship was first played, won by Grazer AK. Clubs from the professional league in Vienna were not part of this competition. Teams from the other states of Austria were first allowed to join the highest division with the introduction of the Nationalliga in the season of 1937–38. Austria's annexation by Germany in 1938 brought the Austrian Nationalliga to an early end. Numerous teams were disbanded and some players fled out of the country.

The Austrian Nationalliga was integrated into the system of the NSRL, the Sports office of the Third Reich as the Gau XVII section under Gaufachwart Hans Janisch. Despised by Nazis as unworthy of a true German, professionalism in sports was outlawed in May 1938. "Innovations" like the Hitler salute were introduced as compulsory after every game. Teams, like Hakoah Wien were banned and others, like Austria Wien were first closed and renamed; the operation of the junior teams was handed over to the local Hitlerjugend units. The new highest league in what had been Austria, the Gauliga Ostmark, was an amateur league and covered the whole of the former country except Tyrol and Vorarlberg, which were added to the Bavarian league system; the league champions now qualified for the German football championship, which Rapid Wien won in 1941. From 1941, the league was renamed Gauliga Donau-Alpenland to further eradicate the memory of Austria as an independent country. Following Nazi Germany's defeat in World War II and the disbandment of the NSRL, Austria's teams were excluded again from the German league.

The league returned to a Vienna-only format in 1945 named 1. Klasse once more before changing to just Liga in 1946. Only upon the introduction of the all-Austrian Staatsliga A in 1949 did teams from the whole federal territory play for the Austrian Championship. However, the road to organising the Staatsliga proved difficult. A conflict between the representatives of the amateur and the professional aspects of the sport led to the separation of the Viennese league from the football federation, to the establishment of its own competition on 30 June 1949. At the statutory Presidential Election Council of the Austrian Football Association only a few days a surprising turn took place – upon the request of Lower Austria, the introduction of the Staatsliga was and unanimously confirmed; the organization was in the hands of the Fußballstaatsliga Österreich, created for this purpose. A Staatsliga B, the second division of national league football, was formed in 1950; this league, was disbanded again in 1959, whereby the Staatsliga A dropped the A from its name, the need for differentiating having been gone.

In 1965, the Austrian Football Association again took over the organization of the top division, with the introduction of the Nationalliga. On 21 April 1974, against the vote of the Vorarlberg association, the introduction of the Bundesliga was decided; the Nationalliga remained for now. In the 1974–75 season the Bundesliga was introduced which, still led by the Austrian Football Association, aligned both of the highest divisions in Austria. In 1976, the Nationalliga was renamed to BundesligaSecond Division while the Bundesliga was now called Bundesliga – First Division. From 1974 to 1982 the league operated with ten clubs with each club playing the other four times during the season. From 1982 to 1985 it played with sixteen clubs with each club playing the others twice; the league's modus was changed in 1985 to a twelve team league which played a home -and away round in autumn. The top eight clubs advanced to the championship round who again played each other twice; the bottom four of the autumn round played the top four of the First League to determine the four teams to play in the Bundesliga in the following season.

This modus was used for the next eight seasons until 1993 when the league returned to the t

Alvin Karpis

Alvin Francis Karpis, a Depression-era gangster nicknamed "Creepy" for his sinister smile and called "Ray" by his gang members, was a Canadian-born criminal of Lithuanian descent known for being a leader of the Barker–Karpis gang in the 1930s. Karpis led the gang along with Arthur "Doc" Barker. There were only four "public enemies" given the title of "Public Enemy #1" by the FBI and he was the only one to be taken alive; the other three, John Dillinger, Pretty Boy Floyd, Baby Face Nelson, were all killed before being captured. He spent the longest time as a federal prisoner at Alcatraz Federal Penitentiary, serving twenty-six years. Karpis was born to Lithuanian immigrants John and Anna Karpavičius in Montreal and was raised in Topeka, Kansas, he started in crime at about age 10, selling pornography and running around with gamblers and pimps. In 1926, he was sentenced to 10 years at the State Industrial Reformatory in Hutchinson, for an attempted burglary, he escaped with another inmate, Lawrence De Vol, went on a year-long crime spree, interrupted while he lived with his parents after De Vol was arrested.

After moving to Kansas City, Missouri, he was caught stealing a car and sent back to the reformatory. Transferred to the Kansas State Penitentiary in Lansing, he met Fred Barker, in prison for bank burglary. Barker was one of the notorious members of the "Bloody Barkers," as the newspapers of the time called them; the Barker family included brothers Herman, Lloyd and Fred, the sons of Ma Barker. Growing up impoverished in a sharecropping family, all the boys soon turned into hardened criminals, robbing banks and killing without provocation. Doc was sentenced to life imprisonment in 1920 after murdering a night watchman. Herman committed suicide on August 29, 1927, after being badly injured in a shootout with police in Wichita, following the robbery of the Newton Ice Plant in Newton, with Charles Stalcup and Porter Meeks. Lloyd was sentenced to 25 years in 1922, for mail theft, released in 1938. "Ma" did her part to help her sons. "Ma" Barker was not herself a criminal, but badgered parole boards and governors for the release of her boys when they were incarcerated.

After Alvin was released in 1931, he joined up with Fred Barker in Tulsa and they soon put together the Barker-Karpis Gang. The Barker-Karpis Gang became one of the most formidable criminal gangs of the 1930s, they did not hesitate to kill anyone who got in their way innocent bystanders. On December 19, 1931, Karpis and Fred Barker killed Sheriff C. Roy Kelley, investigating their robbery of a store in West Plains, Missouri; the gang, including Ma Barker and her paramour Arthur Dunlop, fled to Minnesota. The group was led by Alvin, who had a photographic memory and was described as "super-smart" by fellow gang member Fred Hunter; the other leaders were Doc and Fred, both now out of prison, the gang included about 25 others. At this time a myth was started that Ma Barker ruled the gang with an iron fist, but the facts do not seem to support these claims, it is unlikely that criminals as adept as Karpis, Ma's sons for that matter, would have listened to her. Karpis wrote about this subject in his memoirs: Ma was always somebody in our lives.

Love didn't enter into it really. She was somebody we took with us when we moved city to city, hideout to hideout, it is no insult to Ma's memory. It would not have occurred to her to get involved in our business, we always made it a point of only discussing our scores when Ma wasn't around. We'd leave her at home when we were arranging a job. Ma saw a lot of movies. Harvey Bailey, another well-known bank robber of the era, knew the Barker gang well, in his autobiography published in the 1970s, he agreed with Karpis, observing that Ma Barker "couldn't plan breakfast," and was no mastermind behind any gang activity, it is purported that Ma Barker's entire reputation as a criminal mastermind was concocted by Hoover to protect the FBI's public image after federal agents discovered they had killed a 62-year-old mother. In 1933, on the same weekend as the Kansas City Massacre, they kidnapped William Hamm, a millionaire Minnesota brewer, his ransom netted them $100,000. Shortly after this, they abducted St. Paul banker Edward Bremer, whose ransom brought them $200,000.

The kidnappings, led to the gang's end. The father of the kidnapped Edward Bremer was a friend of President Franklin D. Roosevelt. Roosevelt had mentioned the kidnapping in one of his fireside chats, fueled by the Lindbergh kidnapping, the FBI and local police bureaus stepped up their pursuit of those engaged in these types of crimes; the FBI had by this time organized a group of skilled agents called the "flying squads," which specialized in hunting down the leading public enemies, they had been effective. The year 1934 alone saw the deaths of John Dillinger and Clyde, Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd, Lester "Baby Face Nelson" Gillis, John "Red" Hamilton, Homer Van Meter, Tommy Carroll, Eddie Green. Just after Ma and Fred's death in a shootout with the FBI on January 16, 1935, Karpis nearly met his own violent end when the FBI located him in Atlantic City, New Jersey. Karpis and Harry Campbell managed to shoot their way to an escape, though Karpis' eight-month-pregnant girlfriend Dolores Delaney was hit in the thigh by a wild shot fired by Campbell.

She was captured along with Campbell

Carlingford Lough

Carlingford Lough is a glacial fjord or sea inlet that forms part of the border between Northern Ireland to the north and the Republic of Ireland to the south. On its northern shore is County Down and on its southern shore is County Louth. At its extreme interior angle it is fed by the Newry Canal; the name is derived from the Old Norse Kerlingfjǫrðr, which means "narrow sea-inlet of the hag". It was called Cuan Snámh-Aighneach, Snámh-Aighneach or Cuan Cairlinne in Irish. An older English name was Nury Bay; the Newry River and the Newry Canal link the lough to the nearby city of Newry. The only other glacial fjords in Ireland are Killary Harbour. On the northern coast, in County Down, are the coastal towns of Warrenpoint and Rostrevor, backed by the Mourne Mountains. On the southern coast are Omeath and Greenore backed by the Cooley Mountains, all on the Cooley Peninsula in County Louth; the seaward entrance to the lough is marked by the Haulbowline Lighthouse, built in 1824. The area has been a popular tourist destination since Victorian times when the railway between Dublin and Belfast was opened.

Situated halfway between the two cities, the easy access to the area combined with its scenery and sheltered location are still important factors in its popularity today. The northern shores have extensive mudflats and salt marshes which provide winter feeding areas for the pale-bellied brent goose. At the mouth of the lough are several small rock and shingle islands which are breeding areas for terns that feed in its shallow waters; the Lough is an Important Bird Area. The Carlingford Lough Ramsar site, is 830.51 hectares in area, at latitude 54 03 00 N and longitude 06 07 00 W. It was designated a Ramsar site on 9 March 1998, it is a cross-border site. The northern shore is in Northern Ireland and includes the most significant mudflats in the lough, an area of salt marsh; the southern shore is in the Republic of Ireland. At the mouth of the lough are several small rock and shingle islands which are of importance to terns; the Ramsar Site lies between Killowen Point and Soldiers Point on the northern shores of Carlingford Lough and the landward boundary coincides with that of the Carlingford Lough Area of Special Scientific Interest and the Carlingford Lough Special Protection Area.

The site qualified under Criterion 2 of the Ramsar Convention because it supports important groups of vulnerable and endangered Irish Red Data Book bird species. It supports nationally important breeding populations of common tern. Roseate terns returned to the site after an absence of six years with two breeding pairs recorded in 1997, it has supported nationally important numbers of Arctic tern. It qualified under Criterion 3c for supporting internationally important breeding populations of Sandwich tern and of overwintering light-bellied brent geese. Newry is the nearest station located on the Dublin-Belfast railway line with trains running on the Enterprise between Belfast Central and Dublin Connolly, whilst other trains may call at additional stations en route to Belfast Great Victoria Street; until its closure in the early 1950s, the southern side of the lough was served by the Dundalk and Greenore railway. List of loughs in Ireland Official Carlingford Online website Links to Omeath and Carlingford area information on Omeath Online Information about the Connemara-Retriever disaster @ the BBC Landscapes Unlocked – Aerial footage from the BBC Sky High series explaining the physical and economic geography of Northern Ireland Carlingford and Cooley Tourism Association website

2012 Moorilla Hobart International

The 2012 Moorilla Hobart International was a tennis tournament played on outdoor hard courts. It was the 19th edition of the event and part of the WTA International tournaments of the 2012 WTA Tour, it took place at the Hobart International Tennis Centre in Hobart, Australia from 6 through 14 January 2012. 1 Rankings are as of 26 December 2011 The following players received wildcards into the singles main draw: Ashleigh Barty Casey Dellacqua Anastasia RodionovaThe following players received entry from the qualifying draw: Mona Barthel Sacha Jones Romina Oprandi Heather WatsonThe following players received entry from a lucky loser spot: Kristina Barrois Anna Chakvetadze 1 Rankings are as of 26 December 2011 Bethanie Mattek-Sands Mona Barthel def. Yanina Wickmayer, 6–1, 6–2 It was Barthel's first career title. Irina-Camelia Begu / Monica Niculescu def. Chuang Chia-jung / Marina Erakovic, 6–7, 7–6, Official website

Whammy! Push Your Luck

Whammy! Push Your Luck is a Philippine television game show broadcast by GMA Network, based on the 1976 United States game show Second Chance and its 2002-03 United States version Whammy! The All-New Press Your Luck. Hosted by Paolo Bediones and Rufa Mae Quinto, it premiered on October 8, 2007; the show concluded on February 2008 with a total of 105 episodes. For further information, see Whammy! The All-New Press Your Luck for information regarding game play; the game play was based on the 2002-03 United States version. Only differences between the two versions are listed; each contestant starts with PHP 1,000 to start the round. The first round has cash amounts ranging from PHP 1,000 to PHP 5,000, prizes worth several thousand pesos. Directional Squares: "Go Back Two Spaces" and "Advance Two Spaces", plus "Pick A Space". Whammy Bank: Known in the 2003 season episodes of the original US version as the "Big Bank," any Whammies hit placed all cash and prizes into the said space. A contestant had to hit the Big Bank space and answer a question to take all cash and prizes in the bank.

There are four questions in the question round, faithful to the 2002-03 US game. A player can earn a maximum of twelve spins in a question round, the maximum for all three would be 20; the second and final round board has much higher values ranging from P1,250 to P125,000, is added with special prizes by the sponsors of the show. Their value is PHP60,000 - P10,000 worth of the sponsor's product. If two or all three players were tied, the player with the fewest spins went first; the Double Whammy space is marked with two Whammies. A player who hit the Double Whammy space would have mischief on the player, although this version had more slime and pies rather than various objects related to United States version. A player who hits the Double Whammy space is only charged one Whammy; as is the case with the franchise, four Whammies eliminates a player from the game. The contestant that has the highest money earned will be the winner. Only this contestant will get the money. Whammy! Push Your Luck at

The Adventure of the Dying Detective

"The Adventure of the Dying Detective", in some editions titled "The Dying Detective", is one of the 56 Sherlock Holmes short stories written by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle. Together with seven other stories, it is collected as His Last Bow. Dr. Watson is called to tend Holmes, dying of a rare tropical disease, Tapanuli fever, contracted while he was on a case. Watson is shocked. Mrs. Hudson says that Holmes has neither drunk anything in three days. Holmes instructs Watson not to come near him, because the illness is infectious. In fact, he scorns to be treated by Watson and insults his abilities and hurting the doctor. Although Watson wishes to examine Holmes himself or call in a specialist, Holmes demands that Watson wait several hours before seeking help. While Watson waits, he examines several objects in Holmes's room. Holmes grows angry. At six o'clock, Holmes tells Watson to turn the gaslight on, but only half-full, he instructs Watson to bring Mr Culverton Smith of 13 Lower Burke Street to see Holmes, but to make sure that Watson returns to Baker Street before Smith arrives.

Watson goes to Smith's address. Although Smith refuses to see anyone, Watson forces his way in. Once Watson explains his errand on behalf of Sherlock Holmes, Smith's attitude changes drastically. Smith agrees to come to Baker Street within a half hour. Watson excuses himself, saying that he has another appointment, returns to Baker Street before Smith's arrival. Believing that they are alone, Smith is frank with Holmes, it emerges, to the hiding Watson's horror, that Holmes has been sickened by the same illness that killed Smith's cousin Victor. Smith sees the little ivory box, which he had sent to Holmes by post, which contains a sharp spring infected with the illness. Smith pockets it, he resolves to stay there and watch Holmes die. Holmes asks Smith to turn the gas up full. Smith asks Holmes if he would like anything else, to which Holmes replies—no longer in the voice of a man near death—"a match and a cigarette." Inspector Morton enters—the full gaslight was the signal to move in. Holmes tells Morton to arrest Culverton Smith for the murder of his cousin, also for the attempted murder of Sherlock Holmes.

Smith points out that his word is as good as Holmes' in court, but Holmes calls for Watson to emerge from behind the screen, to present himself as another witness to the conversation. Holmes explains. Holmes was not infected by the little box. Starving himself for three days and the claim of the "disease's" infectious nature was to keep Watson from examining him and discovering the ruse, since, as he clarifies, he has every respect for his friend's medical skills. In the story, the killer Culverton Smith's motive for killing his cousin, Victor Savage, is mentioned in an offhand remark by Holmes that Savage stood between "this monster and a reversion." The New Annotated Sherlock Holmes has a note for this word: In this instance, "reversion" refers to the undisposed-of part of an estate, which will fall into possession of the original grantor or his representative. Note that in "Shoscombe Old Place," the eponymous residence reverts to the brother of the late Sir James Falder upon the death of Sir James' widow, Lady Beatrice.

The setting date may be inferred from Watson's mention of it being "the second year of my marriage", the first having been 1889. Inspector Morton is referred to in a familiar fashion but this is his only appearance in canon. Canonical scholar Leslie S. Klinger wondered if Morton was the companion to Inspector Brown in The Sign of the Four. Tropical disease specialist William A. Sodeman, Jr. proposed that "Tapanuli fever" was melioidosis, a conclusion supported by physician Setu K. Vora. Vora raised the possibility that Conan Doyle read the first report of melioidosis published in 1912 before writing his short story in 1913. 1921 short film adaptation in the Stoll film series starring Eille Norwood as Holmes. 1947 radio episode of The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes, starring Tom Conway as Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Watson. This version features Inspector Lestrade instead of Inspector Morton. 1951 TV episode of We Present Alan Wheatley as Mr Sherlock Holmes in... starring Alan Wheatley as Holmes, Raymond Francis as Dr. Watson and Bill Owen as Inspector Lestrade.

The episode is now lost. 1994 TV episode of The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes starring Jeremy Brett as Holmes, Edward Hardwicke as Watson, Jonathan Hyde as Culverton Smith. This version is faithful to the original short story but expanded, it features much more detail on Smith's cousin, instead portrayed as Smith's cousin. 1994 BBC Radio 4 episode dramatised by Robert Forrest as part of Bert Coules' complete radio adaptation of the canon, starring Clive Merrison as Holmes and Michael Williams as Watson, featuring Edward Petherbridge as Culverton Smith and Alex Jennings as Savage. 2012 TV episode of Elementary starring Jonny Lee Miller as Holmes, the ninth episode of the first season, mirrors many elements from the story, albeit with Holmes ill from a more conventional disease that thus limits his ability to conduct fieldwork. A 2017 episode of Sherlock includes the character Culverton Smith, portrayed by Toby Jones; the title of the episode, "The Lying Detective", is a play on the title of the original story.

Unlike the original tale, where Culverton Smith is only suggested to have com