click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Avel Yenukidze

Avel Safronovich Yenukidze was a prominent "Old Bolshevik" and, at one point, a member of the Soviet Central Committee in Moscow. In 1932, along with Mikhail Kalinin and Vyacheslav Molotov, Yenukidze co-signed the infamous "Law of Spikelets". Yenukidze was the son of a peasants, born in a village in Georgia. After graduating from Tiflis Technical College, he was employed in the main workshop of the Transcaucasian railways in 1897-1900, he joined the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party in 1898. In 1900, he moved to Baku, to work on the railways there, created Baku's first RSDLP organisation, he was one of the organisers of an underground printing press in Baku, used to print RSDLP literature.. He was arrested twice in 1902, escaped from Siberia in 1903 and lived in a cellar with the illegal printing press in Baku in 1903-06. After the split in the RSDLP, he joined the Bolshevik faction, he escaped every time. In 1914, he was arrested for the seventh time, deported to Turukhansk drafted into the Russian army.

Yenukidze was stationed with the Petrograd garrison at the time of the February Revolution. He quit the army in April. During 1918, he was appointed Secretary of the Executive Committee of the Soviets, which meant that he was in charge of administration and security in the Kremlin; as one of the three most senior native Georgians in the Soviet leadership, after Josif Stalin and Sergo Ordzhonikidze, he was of four authors of The Life of Stalin, a hagiography published to coincide with Stalin's 50th birthday. His co-authors were Kliment Voroshilov and Lazar Kaganovich. In 1922-1934, he was chairman of the boards of the Bolshoi Theatre and Moscow Art Theatre. In February 1934, he was elected a member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. By all accounts, Yenukidze was one of the most amiable and least ambitious officials in Stalin's circle. Leon Trotsky acknowledged that "he was no careerist and not a scoundrel." Alexander Barmine described him as "the soul of kindness and sensitiveness towards the needs and feelings of other...human... sympathetic."

And the French communist, Victor Serge wrote that: He was a fair-headed Georgian, with a kind sturdy face lit up by blue eyes. His bearing was that of a mountain-dweller born and bred, he was affable and realistic... In the discharge of these high offices, he proved himself a man of human feeling, as liberal and large-hearted as it was possible to be in that age; when the poet Anna Akhmatova was seeking Osip Mandelstam after his arrest in May 1934, Yenukidze was the only high-ranking official to receive her. "He listened to her but said not a word." However, he was debauched. While in exile in Siberia, he had an affair with the future wife of Kliment Voroshilov, while running the Kremlin he reputedly abused his position to seduce young women. In February 1935, Yenukidze was removed from his post administering the Kremlin, appointed Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic, which would have meant sending him back to his native Georgia.

In the same month, the NKVD began a series of security checks on Kremlin staff, in the wake of the assassination of Sergei Kirov. By summer, 110 had been arrested, of whom two were sentenced to death, the rest to prison terms.. They included a brother of Lev Kamenev. In May, Yenukidze - who had not taken up his new job - pleaded not to be made to move to Tiflis, on health grounds, asked to be given post either in Moscow or the North Caucasus, he was sent to the North Caucasus to supervise mineral resorts. Two weeks after taking up this position, he returned to Moscow for a plenum of the CC CPSU unaware that it had been called to denounce him. Nikolai Yezhov, the future head of the NKVD, made his debut as a appointed Secretary of the CC, accusing Yenukidze of having put Stalin's life at risk by allowing potential assassins to work in the Kremlin, he was attacked by his fellow Georgians and Lavrentiy Beria over his practice of giving money to former Bolsheviks, deprived of their livelihoods for opposing Stalin.

He was expelled from the Central Committee and appointed head of the automobile works in Kharkov. While the accusation of lax security in the Kremlin was the pretext for humiliating Yenukidze, the real reason may have been his failure to contribute adequately to the glorification of Stalin. In particular, memoirs published in the 1920s, including Yenukidze's, principally attribute the creation of the illegal printing press in Baku to the late Lado Ketskhoveli, made no mention of Stalin, based in Tiflis, being involved, he complained of being under pressure to change the record for Stalin's benefit, saying: "I am doing everything he has asked me to do, but it is not enough for him. He wants me to admit that he is a genius." On 16 January 1935, Yenukdize was forced to publish a public apology, altering the record to say that Ketskhoveli was'sent to Baku' by Stalin and others to set up and to create the party organisation in Baku. Six months Beria published a history of the Bolshevik organisation in Transcaucasia, which accused Yenukidze of having "deliberately and with hostile intent" falsified the record.

Yenukidze was arrested on 11 February 1937. During the purges, it was comparatively rare for the Soviet press to publicise executions, apart f

Christian Brothers Grammar School, Omagh

The Christian Brothers Grammar School, Omagh is a boys grammar school in Omagh, County Tyrone, Northern Ireland. It is the largest grammar school in Omagh; the school was founded on 14 January 1861, on Mount St. Columba; the building has since went into other use as a retreat. A primary school, Holy Trinity, has been the school there since, its original headmaster was Brother John Redmond. On its first day of activity one hundred and twenty boys, all aged between five and fifteen, showed up. In 1902 an extension, a second floor to the school and a third to the brothers' house, was added; this came at the time a considerable cost of £1,200 financed by an £800 loan from past pupils. Operations of the school were moved to Brook Street while construction was under way. Once finished the renovations provided the school with three more rooms; the school moved to is present site on Kevlin Road in 1967. In 1993, after the resignation of Brother McCrohan, the school appointed its first non-clerical headmaster, Roddy Tierney, a former pupil of the school and a teacher in the school.

At present the Principal is Mr. Foncy McConnell, appointed Principal in March 2016, having being acting Principal for the previous year. At the time of appointment he was Vice Principal having taught in the school since 1987. Like Mr. Tierney he is a former pupil of Omagh CBS; the school's focus is academic, offering compulsory subjects of English Literature, English Language and Mathematics until GCSE. The School focuses on the teachings of the Catholic faith, making Religious Studies compulsory at GCSE, as a subsidiary weekly lesson during A Level years. In 2018, 94.2% of its entrants achieved five or more GCSEs at grades A* to C, including the core subjects English and Maths. In 2019 the school was ranked 18th out of 159 secondary schools in Northern Ireland with 86.7% of its A-level students who sat the exams in 2017/18 being awarded three A*-C grades. In Gaelic football, the school has won the MacRory Cup in 1974, 2001, 2005 and 2007, the All Ireland Hogan Cup in 2007. and many other under-age level competitions for example Omagh CBS won the Rannafast Cup in 2009 and 2012 and the McCormick cup in 2008, 2009 and 2011 Phil Taggart - radio presenter Christian Brothers of Ireland Edmund Rice Official website

Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen station

Zuffenhausen station is a railway station of the Stuttgart S-Bahn in Zuffenhausen in the city of Stuttgart, in the German state of Baden-Württemberg. With its six platform tracks, it is one of the largest stations in Stuttgart. Zuffenhausen station was opened by the Royal Württemberg State Railways on 15 October 1846, it was built as part of the Central Railway between Stuttgart and Ludwigsburg and had a one-story station building. Apart from passengers from Zuffenhausen, it was used for travellers to the neighbouring village of Korntal. In 1852 the State Railways, built a second track on the Northern Railway between Stuttgart and Bietigheim. From the early 1860s, the State Railways planned a line from Stuttgart to the Northern Black Forest. After long controversy over a route via Böblingen or via Zuffenhausen, the Württemberg parliament approved on 13 August 1865 a route for the Black Forest Railway that branched off the Northern Railway in Zuffenhausen and ran via Leonberg and Weil der Stadt to Calw.

The first section was opened between Zuffenhausen and Ditzingen on 23 September 1868. It took four years for the line to be completed. In 1868, Carl Julius Abel built a new, larger station building adequate for the increased ridership, it had a three-story front building connected to a two-storey extension. At its southern end was single-story waiting room. A restaurant was established for passengers waiting to transfer between trains. In addition, a freight shed, a locomotive shed and workshop were added. Meanwhile, the town began to industrialise. In 1868 it had a brick factory and an oil mill. Zuffenhausen became known for its furniture manufacturing; the town increased in population to over 10,000, it was proclaimed a city on 23 April 1907. In 1907, the parliament approved the upgrade of the line to four tracks between Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof and Ludwigsburg. In May 1925, the section between Feuerbach and the 12 km post was completed; the Great Depression hit Zuffenhausen hard and led to a sharp decline in tax revenues.

The city agreed to be annexed by Stuttgart, with effect from 1 April 1931. A month the station was renamed Stuttgart-Zuffenhausen. Electrification of two tracks for suburban railway services began on 15 May 1933 between Stuttgart and Ludwigsburg. In 1973 the new SpDr-L60 signal box became operational. Deutsche Bundesbahn rebuilt the station for the Stuttgart S-Bahn, its remaining 19th century buildings disappeared. In 1980 the old station building was demolished and replaced by the current station opened in 1982, it was one of a small number of stations in Württemberg that had survived World War II to be demolished and replaced. Zuffenhausen station is a railway junction; the Black Forest Railway branches off the Franconia Railway here. The Franconia Railway tracks are platform tracks 2 to 6. S-Bahn trains towards Stuttgart Hauptbahnhof use track 2. S-Bahn trains towards Ludwigsburg use track 4. Tracks 3, 5 and 6 are used by mainline trains. Platform 11 is an elevated platform located on a bridge running above the station and is connected by a path to Schwieberdinger Straße.

Platform 11 is used by S-Bahn trains towards Leonberg. Track 12 serves S-Bahn services towards Stuttgart, it served individual services of the Württemberg Railway Company running between Feuerbach and Weissach until 2012. Zuffenhausen station is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 3 station; the Zuffenhausen interlocking is a relay interlocking of class DrL60. Feitenhansl, Roland. Der Bahnhof Heilbronnseine Empfangsgebäude von 1848, 1874 und 1958. Hövelhof: DGEG Medien. ISBN 3-937189-01-7. Gühring, Albrecht. Zuffenhausen Dorf – Stadt – Stadtbezirk. Verlag W. Meyle. ISBN 3-00-013395-X. Jakob, Oskar. Die K. württembergischen Staatseisenbahnen in historisch-statistischer Darstellung. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte des Eisenbahnwesens. Tübingen: H. Laupp. Scharf, Hans-Wolfgang. Die Eisenbahn im Nordschwarzwald. 1. Historische Entwicklung und Bahnbau. Freiburg im Breisgau: EK-Verlag. ISBN 3-88255-763-X. Scharf, Hans-Wolfgang. Die Eisenbahn im Nordschwarzwald. 2. Ausgestaltung, Betrieb und Maschinendienst. Freiburg im Breisgau: EK-Verlag.

ISBN 3-88255-764-8

The Ski Bum (film)

The Ski Bum is a 1971 American drama film directed by Bruce D. Clark, written by Bruce D. Clark and Marc Siegler, starring Zalman King, Charlotte Rampling, Joseph Mell, Dimitra Arliss, Tedd King and Dwight Marfield. Based on the 1965 novel The Ski Bum by Romain Gary, it was released by Embassy Pictures. Ski instructor Johnny is carrying on a romance with Samantha, a married woman who serves as the hostess at a ski lodge. Samantha coaxes Jack into giving skiing lessons to the Stones, a rich family whose patriarch is the head of a mysterious company planning to take over the resort. Zalman King as Johnny Charlotte Rampling as Samantha Joseph Mell as Burt Stone Dimitra Arliss as Liz Stone Tedd King as Maxwell Enderby Dwight Marfield as Doctor Walter Graham Freddie James as Brad Stone Lori Shelle as Lisa Stone Pierre Jalbert as Roger Anna Karen Morrow as Golda Lanning Paul Jabara as Rocco Michael Lerner as Rod Don Campbell as Randy Noah Keen as Marty David Chow as Otto Penelope Spheeris as Star the Witch Deborah Smaller as Janey Joseph E. Levine bought the rights to make a film out of the Romain Gary story in 1964, but spent years trying to get a suitable screenplay.

At various times Peter O'Toole, Christopher Jones, Warren Beatty and Jon Voight were considered for the starring role. Levine gave a trio of UCLA film students a $750,000 budget and free rein to do what they wanted, resulting in a film that had little to do with the book. Roger Greenspun of The New York Times wrote, "Almost everybody in'The Ski Bum' is first rate, much too good for the material, with special honors to Joseph Mell as the ubiquitous Burt Stone and Lori Shelle as his mature daughter." Gene Siskel of the Chicago Tribune gave the film zero stars out of four and wrote that the young filmmakers "are moderately successful only when photographing snow. Each scene involving what they think is human interaction is either sickly; the film's electronic music and many echo chamber sound effects end up being the equivalent of scratches on a blackboard." Variety wrote that the changes from the novel to the film were "mostly for the worst" and that there was "very little to say about the final cut, since film has so little to say itself."

Jeanne Miller of The San Francisco Examiner called the film "an earnest, but unsuccessful attempt to portray the anguish of its existential hero, a primitive drifter hopelessly trapped in the externals of a materialistic society... seem to view the corporate greed of this affluent society as an insidious poison that affects everyone it touches. They were unable to translate their concept into fluid, moving or authoritative cinematic terms." The Ski Bum on IMDb

Dieter Brummer

Dieter Kirk Brummer is an Australian actor of German descent best known for his role as Shane Parrish, from 1992 until 1996 on the television soap opera Home and Away. Brummer began his career. For the role of Shane Parrish, Brummer was nominated for the Gold Logie and Silver Logie Awards for "Most Popular Actor" in 1994, but failed to win. However, he went on to win the "Most Popular Actor" silver Logie Award in 1995 and 1996. In 1993 and 1994, the role saw, he was written out. Brummer went on to appear in the hospital drama Medivac, the pay-TV series Shark Bay and had a guest role in The Man from Snowy River in 1996. Brummer appeared in the 1999 film Tom's Funeral and in The Finder, he had a recurring role in the short-lived soap opera Crash Palace on FOX8. In 2005 he took part in the reality television series Celebrity Circus. According to his mother in an April 2007 interview with the Sydney-based radio station 2Day FM he was working as a window-cleaner between acting roles; the station tried to get an interview with him for a "where are they now?" segment, but was unsuccessful.

In 2009, Brummer joined the cast of the Underbelly series in Underbelly: A Tale of Two Cities in the minor role of Trevor Haken, a corrupt member of the New South Wales Police Force. However, in the third series, Underbelly: The Golden Mile, this role was increased to one of the principal cast. In 2011, Brummer joined the cast of Neighbours for seven weeks as Troy Miller. On 2 March 2012, it was announced that Brummer had reprised his role as Troy for another guest stint. In 2014 he joined the cast of Losers for 5 episodes as Jason Ross. Brummer became involved in a much publicised media feud with Home and Away co-star Melissa George. For his portrayal of Shane Parrish on Home and Away, Brummer won two Logie Awards for Most Popular Actor in 1995 and 1996, he received nominations for the Gold Logie in 1994 and 1996. Dieter Brummer on IMDb

Homer D. Calkins

Homer D. Calkins was an American environmentalist who became a leading voice in the effort to save native habitat in Hardin County, he worked to develop county parks. He was instrumental in delaying construction of a rerouted U. S. Highway 20 through the Iowa River Greenbelt in Iowa. Calkins received posthumous awards from the Iowa Wildlife Federation and the Iowa Wildlife Rehabilitators Association praising his long relationship to nature. On March 24, 1940, Calkins married Ruth Winifred Robinson at the Little Brown Church, Iowa. On October 5, 1960, Homer Calkins was hired as the first executive director of the Hardin County Conservation Board, he remained as the executive director of the Board for 18 years, rehabilitated injured animals most of his life. While executive director of the Hardin County Conservation Board, Calkins had a long-running radio show on radio station KIFG-AM. In a folksy style similar to Aldo Leopold's A Sand County Almanac, Calkins would speak about natural scenes observed locally.

Calkins wrote weekly newspaper columns for the Iowa Falls Times-Citizen, the Ackley World Journal, the Eldora Herald-Ledger. Homer Calkins and his wife Ruth donated their 76-acre farm to the Ellsworth Community College Board of Trustees in 1981. Bordering the Iowa River in north central Iowa, the nature center includes woodland and reconstructed native prairie. In the late 1990s, students in Landscape Architecture from Iowa State University worked under Professor William Grundman on site and development plans for the Calkins Nature Area. Hardin County Conservation homepage Calkins Nature Area homepage