Spider-Man (2002 film)
Spider-Man is a 2002 American superhero film based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name. Directed by Sam Raimi from a screenplay by David Koepp, it is the first installment in the Spider-Man trilogy, stars Tobey Maguire as the title character, alongside Willem Dafoe, Kirsten Dunst, James Franco, Cliff Robertson, Rosemary Harris, J. K. Simmons; the film centers on an outcasted teen named Peter Parker, who develops spider-like superhuman abilities after being bitten by a genetically-altered spider. He is driven to use his new abilities for a good purpose, as the vigilante Spider-Man, to atone for his uncle's murder. After progress on the film stalled for nearly 25 years, it was licensed for a worldwide release by Columbia Pictures in 1999 after it acquired options from Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer on all previous scripts developed by Cannon Films and New Cannon. Exercising its option on just two elements from the multi-script acquisition, Sony hired Koepp to create a working screenplay, Koepp received sole credit in final billing.
Directors Roland Emmerich, Ang Lee, Chris Columbus, Jan de Bont, M. Night Shyamalan, Tony Scott, David Fincher were considered to direct the project before Raimi was hired as director in 2000; the Koepp script was rewritten by Scott Rosenberg during pre-production and received a dialogue polish from Alvin Sargent during production. Filming took place in Los Angeles and New York City from January 8 to June 30, 2001. Sony Pictures Imageworks handled the film's visual effects. Spider-Man premiered at the Mann Village Theater on April 29, 2002, was released in the United States four days on May 3, it received favorable reviews from critics, who praised its action sequences, romantic moments, visual effects, performances. The film became a financial success: it was the first film to reach $100 million in a single weekend, became the most successful film based on a comic book. With a box office gross of over $821.7 million worldwide, it was the third highest-grossing film of 2002 and became the seventh highest-grossing film of all time.
Spider-Man is credited for redefining the modern superhero genre, as well as the summer blockbuster. It was followed by Spider-Man 3 in 2004 and 2007, respectively. High-school senior Peter Parker lives with his aunt May and uncle Ben, is a school outcast. On a school field trip, he visits a genetics laboratory with his friend Harry Osborn and love interest Mary Jane Watson. There, Peter is bitten by a genetically engineered "super spider." Shortly after arriving home, he becomes unconscious. He awakes and discovers he has superhuman powers, such as super strength and being able to climb walls. Meanwhile, Harry's father, scientist Norman Osborn, owner of Oscorp, is trying to secure an important military contract, he experiments on himself with an unstable performance-enhancing chemical. After absorbing the chemical, he kills his assistant, Dr. Mendel Stromm. Brushing off Ben's advice that "with great power comes great responsibility", Peter thinks of impressing Mary Jane with a car, he enters an underground fighting tournament and wins his first match, but the promoter cheats him out of his money.
When a thief raids the promoter's office, Peter allows him to escape. Moments he discovers that Ben was carjacked, killed. Peter confronts the carjacker, only to realize it was the thief he let escape. After Peter disarms him, the carjacker dies. Meanwhile, a crazed Norman interrupts a military experiment by Oscorp's corporate rival Quest Aerospace and kills several scientists and the military's General Slocum. Upon graduating, Peter begins using his abilities to fight injustice, donning a costume and the persona of Spider-Man. J. Jonah Jameson, a newspaper company headmaster hires Peter as a freelance photographer since he is the only person providing clear images of Spider-Man. Norman, upon learning Oscorp's board members plan to force him out and sell the company, assassinates them at the World Unity Fair with a weaponized glider and donning a green jumpsuit and helmet. Jameson dubs the mysterious killer the Green Goblin; the Goblin offers Spider-Man a place at his side. They fight, Spider-Man is wounded.
At Thanksgiving dinner, May invites Mary Jane and Norman. During the dinner, Norman realizes his identity. Shortly after he leaves, Goblin attacks, hospitalizes May. While visiting May in the hospital, Mary Jane admits she has a crush on Spider-Man, who has rescued her on numerous occasions, asks Peter whether Spider-Man asked about her. Harry, dating Mary Jane and presumes she has feelings for Peter after seeing them hold hands. Devastated, Harry tells his father that Peter loves Mary Jane, unintentionally revealing Spider-Man's biggest weakness; the Goblin kidnaps and holds Mary Jane and a Roosevelt Island Tram car full of children hostage alongside the Queensboro Bridge. He forces Spider-Man to choose whom he drops Mary Jane and the children. Spider-Man manages to save both Mary Jane and the tram car, while Goblin is pelted by civilians who side with Spider-Man; the Goblin grabs Spider-Man and throws him into an abandoned building where he is brutally beaten by him. When Goblin boasts about how he will kill Mary Jane, an enraged Spider-Man overpowers Goblin.
Norman reveals himself to Spider-Man. He begs at the same time controls his glider to impale Spider-Man. Sensing the attack, the superhero dodges, the glider impales Norman; as he dies, Norman
Israel Defense Forces
The Israel Defense Forces known in Israel by the Hebrew acronym Tzahal, are the military forces of the State of Israel. They consist of the ground forces, air force, navy, it is the sole military wing of the Israeli security forces, has no civilian jurisdiction within Israel. The IDF is headed by its Chief of General Staff, the Ramatkal, subordinate to the Defense Minister of Israel. An order from Defense Minister David Ben-Gurion on 26 May 1948 set up the Israel Defense Forces as a conscript army formed out of the paramilitary group Haganah, incorporating the militant groups Irgun and Lehi; the IDF served as Israel's armed forces in all the country's major military operations—including the 1948 War of Independence, 1951–1956 Retribution operations, 1956 Sinai War, 1964–1967 War over Water, 1967 Six-Day War, 1967–1970 War of Attrition, 1968 Battle of Karameh, 1973 Operation Spring of Youth, 1973 Yom Kippur War, 1976 Operation Entebbe, 1978 Operation Litani, 1982 Lebanon War, 1982–2000 South Lebanon conflict, 1987–1993 First Intifada, 2000–2005 Second Intifada, 2002 Operation Defensive Shield, 2006 Lebanon War, 2008–2009 Operation Cast Lead, 2012 Operation Pillar of Defense, 2014 Operation Protective Edge.
According to GlobalSecurity.org, the number of wars and border conflicts in which the IDF has been involved in its short history makes it one of the most battle-trained armed forces in the world. While the IDF operated on three fronts—against Lebanon and Syria in the north and Iraq in the east, Egypt in the south—after the 1979 Egyptian–Israeli Peace Treaty, it has concentrated its activities in southern Lebanon and the Palestinian Territories, including the First and the Second Intifada; the Israel Defense Forces is somewhat unique in its inclusion of mandatory conscription of women and its structure, which emphasizes close relations between the army and air force. Since its founding, the IDF has been designed to match Israel's unique security situation; the IDF is one of Israeli society's most prominent institutions, influencing the country's economy and political scene. In 1965, the Israel Defense Forces was awarded the Israel Prize for its contribution to education; the IDF uses several technologies developed in Israel, many of them made to match the IDF's needs, such as the Merkava main battle tank, Achzarit armoured personnel carrier, high tech weapons systems, the Iron Dome missile defense system, Trophy active protection system for vehicles, the Galil and Tavor assault rifles.
The Uzi submachine gun was invented in Israel and used by the IDF until December 2003, ending a service that began in 1954. Since 1967, the IDF has had close military relations with the United States, including development cooperation, such as on the F-15I jet, THEL laser defense system, the Arrow missile defense system; the Israel Defense Forces are believed to have had an operational nuclear weapons capability since 1967 possessing between 80 and 400 nuclear weapons, with delivery systems forming a nuclear triad, of plane launched-missiles, Jericho III intercontinental ballistic missiles and submarine launched cruise missiles. The Israeli cabinet ratified the name "Israel Defense Forces", Tzva HaHagana LeYisra'el "army for the defense of Israel," on 26 May 1948; the other main contender was Tzva Yisra'el. The name was chosen because it conveyed the idea that the army's role was defense, because it incorporated the name Haganah, the pre-state defensive organization upon which the new army was based.
Among the primary opponents of the name were Minister Haim-Moshe Shapira and the Hatzohar party, both in favor of Tzva Yisra'el. The IDF traces its roots to Jewish paramilitary organizations in the New Yishuv, starting with the Second Aliyah; the first such organization was Bar-Giora, founded in September 1907. Bar-Giora was transformed into Hashomer in April 1909, which operated until the British Mandate of Palestine came into being in 1920. Hashomer was an elitist organization with narrow scope, was created to protect against criminal gangs seeking to steal property; the Zion Mule Corps and the Jewish Legion, both part of the British Army of World War I, would further bolster the Yishuv with military experience and manpower, forming the basis for paramilitary forces. After the 1920 Palestine riots against Jews in April 1920, the Yishuv leadership realised the need for a nationwide underground defense organization, the Haganah was founded in June of the same year; the Haganah became a full-scale defense force after the 1936–1939 Arab revolt in Palestine with an organized structure, consisting of three main units—the Field Corps, Guard Corps, the Palmach.
During World War II, the Yishuv participated in the British war effort, culminating in the formation of the Jewish Brigade. These would form the backbone of the Israel Defense Forces, provide it with its initial manpower and doctrine. Following Israel's Declaration of Independence, Prime Minister and Defense Minister David Ben-Gurion issued an order for the formation of the Israel Defense Forces on 26 May 1948. Although Ben-Gurion had no legal authority to issue such an order, the order was made legal by the cabinet on 31 May; the same order called for the disbandment of all other Jewish armed forces. The two other Jewish underground organizations and Lehi, agreed to join the IDF if they would be able to form independent units and agreed not to make independent arms purchase
King Arthur and the Knights of Justice
King Arthur and the Knights of Justice is an animated series produced by Golden Films, C&D and Bohbot Entertainment. The series was created by Jean Chalopin along with Diane Eskenazi and Avi Arad who were executive producers of the series, which lasted for two seasons of 13 episodes each, its first episode aired on September 13, 1992, the last episode was on December 12, 1993. The show's premise had King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table trapped in the Cave of Glass by the Arthur's sister, the evil enchantress Queen Morgana; the wizard Merlin, unable to free King Arthur and the Knights himself, searches the timeline for replacement Knights. He finds the quarterback of the New York Knights football team, Arthur King, transports him and his teammates to Camelot after one of their football games, he appoints Arthur King as their leader, with his teammates as the new Knights of the Round Table, assigns them the task of freeing the true King and Knights. To do so, they must find the Twelve Keys of Truth, one for each knight that only the knight in question can touch.
Once all the keys are found, the real knights will be free and the team will return home. In the meantime, they pledge "fairness to all, to protect the weak and vanquish the evil"; the Knights are armed with special armor and are able to summon their respective creatures at any time when in battle armor. These animals, such as King Arthur's dragon, are emblazoned on their shields; the series had a progressive story with both sides advanced towards their goals. Continuity was established in the episodes which would be brought up in episodes, along with some repeat minor characters, character relationships, overcome weaknesses of the Knights. Despite the continual movement towards a resolution, the series is incomplete and ended abruptly during the second season. King Arthur – The quarterback of his football team, The Knights, in his own time, Arthur uses his natural leadership skill in battle against Morgana's forces. While seeking Merlin's counsel at times, Arthur comes up with clever strategies and battle plans when needed.
His shield houses the Dragon of Justice, a wyvern which can be unleashed to do his bidding when he needs it. The dragon was the family crest of the original Arthur of Arthur Pendragon, he stores the great sword Excalibur in his chestplate, rather than a sheath. His horse's name is mentioned once as being Valor. Sir Lancelot – Lance is the second-in-command of the knights and Arthur's best friend. Fearless and brave, Lance is the most serious of the knights, his emblem is a lion. Sir Tone – Tone is the team's inventor and blacksmith, he invents many machines based on ones. Tone's real name is Anthony, he speaks with an Italian accent, his chestplate houses a hammer and chisel with which he can build anything. Sir Trunk – The knights' strongman, his shield contains a giant ram strong enough to break down walls and carry several people on its back with ease. Sir Wally – A guard for The Knights football team, as a true knight his job is now to protect Arthur during attacks. Good takes it hard when he makes mistakes.
Sir Brick is his best friend. His shield emblem is a falcon. Sir Brick – Like Wally, Brick is used as Arthur's bodyguard, he has unwavering loyalty to his friends, including Wally. He is able to call an unlimited supply of bricks out of his chest plate and create massive walls from them at will. Sir Phil – One of the stronger knights of the twelve. Is adamant about returning "to the land of cheeseburgers and fries", his chestplate houses a club, his shield contains a black panther. Sir Darren – The only one of the knights with a crossbow, Darren is the team's pretty boy. Now he has found a steady girlfriend in Lady Elaine, he is cool and confident on and off the battlefield too much so. His shield houses a giant eagle capable of lifting multiple men in each talon. Sir Gallop – The ladies' man, Gallop thinks of women, though is very respectful towards them. In season 2 he dates. Sir Breeze – Breeze is the big trash talker in the group, he uses a lot of slang of his time, is both afraid of heights and small spaces.
His emblem is the sphinx. He knows where his priorities lie. Sir Lug – Though the team's equipment manager, in Medieval times, Lug is in charge of Camelot's squires. Lug has low self-esteem and is picked on by some of the other knights, but he possesses great courage and can hold his own against Lord Viper in a fight, his shield emblem resembles a kraken. Sir Zeke – A certified brainiac, Zeke is the least seen of the knights. Merlin – The great wizard who served King Arthur, he was responsible for bringing Arthur and his teammates into the past to fight against Morgana after the real King Arthur and his knights were imprisoned. Merlin is a great asset to the knights and uses his various spells and advice to assist them when needed, he is the only person from his time period to know Arthur and the others' true identities. Queen Guinevere – Camelot's queen and the real King Arthur's wife. Guinevere was captured by Morgana at the show's beginning, but she was rescued by A
Jews or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites and Hebrews of historical Israel and Judah. Jewish ethnicity and religion are interrelated, as Judaism is the traditional faith of the Jewish people, while its observance varies from strict observance to complete nonobservance. Jews originated as an ethnic and religious group in the Middle East during the second millennium BCE, in the part of the Levant known as the Land of Israel; the Merneptah Stele appears to confirm the existence of a people of Israel somewhere in Canaan as far back as the 13th century BCE. The Israelites, as an outgrowth of the Canaanite population, consolidated their hold with the emergence of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah; some consider that these Canaanite sedentary Israelites melded with incoming nomadic groups known as'Hebrews'. Though few sources mention the exilic periods in detail, the experience of diaspora life, from the Ancient Egyptian rule over the Levant, to Assyrian captivity and exile, to Babylonian captivity and exile, to Seleucid Imperial rule, to the Roman occupation and exile, the historical relations between Jews and their homeland thereafter, became a major feature of Jewish history and memory.
Prior to World War II, the worldwide Jewish population reached a peak of 16.7 million, representing around 0.7% of the world population at that time. 6 million Jews were systematically murdered during the Holocaust. Since the population has risen again, as of 2016 was estimated at 14.4 million by the Berman Jewish DataBank, less than 0.2% of the total world population. The modern State of Israel is the only country, it defines itself as a Jewish and democratic state in the Basic Laws, Human Dignity and Liberty in particular, based on the Declaration of Independence. Israel's Law of Return grants the right of citizenship to Jews who have expressed their desire to settle in Israel. Despite their small percentage of the world's population, Jews have influenced and contributed to human progress in many fields, both and in modern times, including philosophy, literature, business, fine arts and architecture, music and cinema, science and technology, as well as religion. Jews have played a significant role in the development of Western Civilization.
The English word "Jew" continues Iewe. These terms derive from Old French giu, earlier juieu, which through elision had dropped the letter "d" from the Medieval Latin Iudaeus, like the New Testament Greek term Ioudaios, meant both "Jew" and "Judean" / "of Judea"; the Greek term was a loan from Aramaic Y'hūdāi, corresponding to Hebrew יְהוּדִי Yehudi the term for a member of the tribe of Judah or the people of the kingdom of Judah. According to the Hebrew Bible, the name of both the tribe and kingdom derive from Judah, the fourth son of Jacob. Genesis 29:35 and 49:8 connect the name "Judah" with the verb yada, meaning "praise", but scholars agree that the name of both the patriarch and the kingdom instead have a geographic origin—possibly referring to the gorges and ravines of the region; the Hebrew word for "Jew" is יְהוּדִי Yehudi, with the plural יְהוּדִים Yehudim. Endonyms in other Jewish languages include the Yiddish ייִד Yid; the etymological equivalent is in use in other languages, e.g. يَهُودِيّ yahūdī, al-yahūd, in Arabic, "Jude" in German, "judeu" in Portuguese, "Juif" /"Juive" in French, "jøde" in Danish and Norwegian, "judío/a" in Spanish, "jood" in Dutch, "żyd" in Polish etc. but derivations of the word "Hebrew" are in use to describe a Jew, e.g. in Italian, in Persian and Russian.
The German word "Jude" is pronounced, the corresponding adjective "jüdisch" is the origin of the word "Yiddish". According to The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, fourth edition, It is recognized that the attributive use of the noun Jew, in phrases such as Jew lawyer or Jew ethics, is both vulgar and offensive. In such contexts Jewish is the only acceptable possibility; some people, have become so wary of this construction that they have extended the stigma to any use of Jew as a noun, a practice that carries risks of its own. In a sentence such as There are now several Jews on the council, unobjectionable, the substitution of a circumlocution like Jewish people or persons of Jewish background may in itself cause offense for seeming to imply that Jew has a negative connotation when used as a noun. Judaism shares some of the characteristics of a nation, an ethnicity, a religion, a culture, making the definition of, a Jew vary depending on whether a religious or national approach to identity is used.
In modern secular usage Jews include three groups: people who were born to a Jewish family regardless of whether or not they follow the religion, those who have some Jewish ancestral background or lineage, people without any Jewish ancestral background or lineage who have formally converted to Judaism and therefore are followers of the religion. Historical definitions of Jewish identity have traditionally been based on halakhic definitions of matrilineal descent, halakhic conversions; these definitions of, a Jew date back to the codification of the Oral
Carl Celian Icahn is an American businessman and philanthropist. He is the founder and controlling shareholder of Icahn Enterprises, a diversified conglomerate holding company based in New York City known as American Real Estate Partners, he is Chairman of Federal-Mogul, an American developer and supplier of powertrain components and vehicle safety products. In the 1980s Icahn developed a reputation as a "corporate raider" after profiting from the hostile takeover and asset stripping of the American airline TWA. According to Forbes magazine, Icahn had a net worth of $17 billion in 2019, making him the 26th-wealthiest person on the Forbes 400, the 5th-wealthiest hedge fund manager. Icahn served as special economic adviser on financial regulation to US President Donald Trump in 2017, leaving amid concerns of conflicts of interest. Icahn was raised in a Jewish family in the Far Rockaway, Queens section of New York City, where he attended Far Rockaway High School, his father, an atheist, was a cantor, a substitute teacher.
His mother worked as a schoolteacher. Icahn graduated from Princeton University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in philosophy in 1957 and entered New York University School of Medicine, but he dropped out after two years to join the army reserves. Icahn began his career on Wall Street as a stockbroker in 1961. In 1978, he began taking controlling positions in individual companies. Icahn developed a reputation as a "corporate raider" after his hostile takeover of Trans World Airlines in 1985. Icahn systematically sold TWA's assets to repay the money he borrowed to purchase the company, described as "asset stripping." In 1988, Icahn took TWA private, gaining a personal profit of $469 million, leaving TWA with a debt of $540 million. In 1991, he sold TWA's London routes to American Airlines for $445 million, he formed lowestfares.com to sell TWA tickets and acquired portions of Global Leisure Travel from Ramy El-Batrawi to merge into it. Icahn launched an unsuccessful $7 billion hostile takeover for 89% of U.
S. Steel in late 1986. In July 2001 Icahn's Riverdale, LLC lent Genesisintermedia $100 million in exchange for an option to purchase 2 million shares of the company. In 2004, after Mylan Laboratories had announced a deal to acquire King Pharmaceuticals, Icahn purchased a large block of stock and threatened a proxy fight over the acquisition. Mylan gave up its efforts to acquire King. In 2005, XO Holding announced its intention to sell the wired part of its business for $700 million to its majority shareholder and chairman Icahn. Icahn would have owned the wired business outright, still own his 60% stake in XO. In spite of Icahn's majority ownership and the board of directors declaring the deal to be in the best interest of shareholders, R2 and other minority shareholders defeated the attempt through the Delaware Court in 2008, which awarded penalties for damages to the business caused by Icahn's self-dealing and/or conflict of interest. In August 2006, Icahn bought stock in the video game publisher Take-Two Interactive, increased his holdings to 11.3% in 2009, becoming the company's second-largest shareholder.
In January 2007, he purchased a 9.2 % stake in a biotech company engaged in cancer research. He made an investment of 6.1 million shares of WCI Communities. He owned about 33.5 million shares of Motorola, but in May was refused a seat on its board of directors. On February 9, 2007, Lear Corporation's board of directors accepted a $2.3 billion takeover offer from Icahn. That month he invested $50 million in Motricity, a North Carolina-based provider of mobile content delivery technology. In 2007, Icahn and his affiliates owned majority positions in ACF Industries, American Railcar Industries, Philip Services, NYSE-listed Icahn Enterprises. By September he owned 8.5% of the business software company BEA Systems. He increased his holdings to 13% in October, two months before Oracle Corporation announced it was purchasing BEA Systems. Beginning in 2007, Icahn increased his stake in biotechnology company Biogen. Icahn sold his casino interests in Nevada in February 2008, including the Stratosphere, Arizona Charlie's Boulder, Arizona Charlie's Decatur, Aquarius Casino Resort which were operated through American Entertainment Properties, a subsidiary of Icahn Enterprises.
The sale price of $1.3 billion was $1 billion more than he paid for the properties. In March 2008, Icahn sued Motorola as part of his effort to gain four seats on Motorola's board and force a sale of its mobile business. In May 2008, Icahn purchased a large block of shares in Yahoo, shortly thereafter threatened to start a proxy fight to remove Yahoo's board of directors in response to their rejection of Microsoft's takeover bid. Instead, he forced an agreement to expand Yahoo's board to eleven members, including Icahn and two others of his choice. In June 2008, Icahn launched The Icahn Report, which hosts United Shareholders of America where individual investors can sign up and campaign for shareholder rights. In September/October 2008 Icahn was involved in the rejected attempted purchase of Imclone by Bristol-Myers Squibb and in the eventual sale of Imclone to Eli Lilly and Company in an all-cash deal valued at $6.5 billion. In December that year he filed suit against Realogy over a proposed debt swap.
In April 2009, Icahn engaged in a proxy battle for Amylin. In September, he offered to buy the shares of XO he did not own for 55 cents each, he raised his
Generation X (film)
Generation X is a television pilot directed by Jack Sholder that aired on Fox on February 20, 1996. It was broadcast as a television film, it is based on the Marvel Comics comic-book series of the same name, a spin-off of the X-Men franchise. It was produced by Marvel Entertainment Group. Rebellious teenager Jubilation Lee finds herself in trouble after her mutant "fireworks" power manifests itself at a local arcade, she is rescued from her predicament by Emma Frost and Sean Cassidy, the headmasters of Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters. They recruit "Jubilee" and offer her sanctuary at the school, a place where mutants learn to control their powers; the trio picks up teenager Angelo "Skin" Espinosa and proceed to the school where Jubilee and Skin are introduced to their fellow students. At the school the students are taught not only to cope with their mutant powers but with a world that fears and hates them; the students are warned not to leave the school grounds lest they come into conflict with the "townies" from the local area.
In addition to coping with their new abilities and Skin find their dreams haunted by Russel Tresh, a mad scientist obsessed with the power of dreams. Tresh once worked with Emma Frost as a researcher on a project to develop a "dream machine" to access the dream dimension but he was fired from the team when Emma discovered his unethical behavior. Tresh believes that material extracted from mutants' brains will allow him to develop his own psychic abilities. Although Jubilee is able to resist Tresh somewhat, Skin finds himself drawn to Tresh and his promises, unknowingly falls victim to the scientist. Instructors Frost and Cassidy soon find themselves leading the novice team against an enhanced Tresh in order to rescue the enthralled Skin - a conflict which sees the youngsters pull together as a team and leaves a catatonic Tresh trapped in the "dream dimension"; the following is a prologue quote that appeared at the beginning of the movie, emulated in the X-Men theatrical films with similar defining quotes on mutation and evolution albeit in voice-over rather than on-screen text: Mutation: n.
1. The act of being altered or changed. 2. The illegal genetic condition, first apparent in puberty, caused by the X factor located in the pineal gland of the brain. Finola Hughes as Emma Frost / White Queen: She runs the Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters with Banshee, she takes her job seriously and wants to make sure the students are sufficiently trained for any situation. Part of the reason for this may be because in her past she trained another group called the Hellions who were lost, something she blames herself for, her powers include mind control. Jeremy Ratchford as Sean Cassidy / Banshee, an Irish mutant, runs the Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters with Emma Frost. Sean is much more laid back in his teaching approach than Emma, wants to make sure that the students bond as a team, he can produce a sonic scream. Amarilis as Monet Yvette Clarisse Maria Therese St. Croix / M, one of the students at the Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters, she claims that she is the perfect mutant. Heather McComb as Jubilation Lee / Jubilee, the newest student at the Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters, she is intelligent, curious.
She can generate brightly colored bursts of plasma energy. She seems to have some psychic abilities. Bumper Robinson as Mondo, one of the students at the Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters, he is hot-headed, gets into fights easily, he has the ability to take on the properties of any organic or inorganic matter he touches. He doesn't like Jell-O. Agustin Rodriguez as Angelo Espinosa / Skin: He has skin that can stretch in a variety of different ways, including the ability to wrap himself around objects, he has a younger sister. He seems to have some psychic abilities. Suzanne Davis as Arlee Hicks / Buff, one of the students at the Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters, she is a friendly person, whose mutation increases her muscle mass and strength, she wears loose clothing to cover it up. Randall Slavin as Kurt Pastorius / Refrax, one of the students at the Xavier's School for Gifted Youngsters, his eyes emit radiation giving him X-Ray vision and heat beams, he is a practical joker. He is best friends with Mondo.
Matt Frewer as Doctor Russel Tresh, an unethical scientist and researcher, investigating subliminal and psychic powers. He worked on a project with Emma Frost. Following this he put his talents towards the advertising industry where he uses the money to build a machine to access the "dream dimension"; some changes were made to the characters in the development of this film. Jubilation "Jubilee" Lee, for example, was not portrayed as a character of Asian descent, despite the X-Men comics and broadcast series have always portrayed her as Chinese American. Two new characters and Refrax, were created to replace characters from the comics whose powers would have been too expensive to produce on the film's budget. Buff was created to replace Husk, who sheds her skin revealing an epidermis of a different composition beneath, Refrax was created to replace Chamber, who had his chest and the lower half of his face destroyed whe
Spider-Man is a fictional superhero created by writer-editor Stan Lee and writer-artist Steve Ditko. He first appeared in the anthology comic book Amazing Fantasy #15 in the Silver Age of Comic Books, he appears in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, as well as in a number of movies, television shows, video game adaptations set in the Marvel Universe. In the stories, Spider-Man is the alias of Peter Parker, an orphan raised by his Aunt May and Uncle Ben in New York City after his parents Richard and Mary Parker were killed in a plane crash. Lee and Ditko had the character deal with the struggles of adolescence and financial issues, accompanied him with many supporting characters, such as J. Jonah Jameson, Flash Thompson, Harry Osborn, romantic interests Gwen Stacy and Mary Jane Watson, foes such as Doctor Octopus, Green Goblin and Venom, his origin story has him acquiring spider-related abilities after a bite from a radioactive spider. When Spider-Man first appeared in the early 1960s, teenagers in superhero comic books were relegated to the role of sidekick to the protagonist.
The Spider-Man series broke ground by featuring Peter Parker, a high school student from Queens behind Spider-Man's secret identity and with whose "self-obsessions with rejection and loneliness" young readers could relate. While Spider-Man had all the makings of a sidekick, unlike previous teen heroes such as Bucky and Robin, Spider-Man had no superhero mentor like Captain America and Batman. Marvel has featured Spider-Man in several comic book series, the first and longest-lasting of, The Amazing Spider-Man. Over the years, the Peter Parker character developed from a shy, nerdy New York City high school student to troubled but outgoing college student, to married high school teacher to, in the late 2000s, a single freelance photographer. In the 2010s, he joins Marvel's flagship superhero team. Spider-Man's nemesis Doctor Octopus took on the identity for a story arc spanning 2012–2014, following a body swap plot in which Peter appears to die. Marvel has published books featuring alternate versions of Spider-Man, including Spider-Man 2099, which features the adventures of Miguel O'Hara, the Spider-Man of the future.
Miles is brought into mainstream continuity, where he works alongside Peter. Spider-Man is one of the commercially successful superheroes; as Marvel's flagship character and company mascot, he has appeared in countless forms of media, including several animated and live action television series, syndicated newspaper comic strips, in a series of films. The character was first portrayed in live action by Danny Seagren in Spidey Super Stories, a The Electric Company skit which ran from 1974 to 1977. In films, Spider-Man has been portrayed by actors Tobey Maguire, Andrew Garfield, Tom Holland. Reeve Carney starred as Spider-Man in the 2010 Broadway musical Spider-Man: Turn Off the Dark. Spider-Man has been well received as a superhero and comic book character, he is ranked as one of the most popular and iconic comic book characters of all time. In 1962, with the success of the Fantastic Four, Marvel Comics editor and head writer Stan Lee was casting about for a new superhero idea, he said the idea for Spider-Man arose from a surge in teenage demand for comic books, the desire to create a character with whom teens could identify.
In his autobiography, Lee cites the non-superhuman pulp magazine crime fighter the Spider as a great influence, in a multitude of print and video interviews, Lee stated he was further inspired by seeing a spider climb up a wall—adding in his autobiography that he has told that story so he has become unsure of whether or not this is true. Although at the time teenage superheroes were given names ending with "boy", Lee says he chose "Spider-Man" because he wanted the character to age as the series progressed, moreover felt the name "Spider-Boy" would have made the character sound inferior to other superheroes. At that time Lee had to get only the consent of Marvel publisher Martin Goodman for the character's approval. In a 1986 interview, Lee described in detail his arguments to overcome Goodman's objections. Goodman agreed to a Spider-Man tryout in what Lee in numerous interviews recalled as what would be the final issue of the science-fiction and supernatural anthology series Amazing Adult Fantasy, renamed Amazing Fantasy for that single issue, #15.
In particular, Lee stated that the fact that it had been decided that Amazing Fantasy would be cancelled after issue #15 was the only reason Goodman allowed him to use Spider-Man. While this was indeed the final issue, its editorial page anticipated the comic continuing and that "The Spiderman... will appear every month in Amazing."Regardless, Lee received Goodman's approval for the name Spider-Man and the "ordinary teen" concept and approached artist Jack Kirby. As comics historian Greg Theakston recounts, Kirby told Lee about an unpublished character on which he had collaborated with Joe Simon in the 1950s, in which an orphaned boy living with an old couple finds a