Avondale is a city in Maricopa County, United States, adjacent to Phoenix. According to the 2017 U. S. Census estimates, the population of the city is 84,025. Avondale, incorporated in 1946, experienced rapid residential and commercial growth in the years since 1980. Once a sparsely populated farming community with many acres of alfalfa and cotton fields, Avondale has transformed into a major bedroom suburb for Phoenix. Several major residential subdivisions and shopping centers have been built on former farmland, many adjacent to Interstate 10. Phoenix Children's Hospital has a satellite facility, at the corner of Avondale Boulevard and McDowell Road. Avondale is located at 33°26′01″N 112°20′59″W. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 41.3 square miles, of which, 41.3 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. Avondale first appeared on the 1920 U. S. Census as the 45th Precinct of Maricopa County. In 1930, it appeared as the Coldwater Precinct.
It was recorded as having a Spanish/Hispanic majority for that census. With the combination of all county precincts into 3 districts in 1940, it did not report on that census. In 1946, it was incorporated as the town of Avondale, has appeared on every census since 1950. In 1959, it upgraded to a city; as of the census of 2000, there were 35,883 people, 10,640 households, 8,724 families residing in the city. The population density was 869.7 people per square mile. There were 11,419 housing units at an average density of 276.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 63.27% White, 5.20% Black or African American, 1.28% Native American, 1.89% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 24.32% from other races, 3.89% from two or more races. 46.23% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. There were 10,640 households out of which 47.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.9% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 18.0% were non-families.
12.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 3.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age. The average household size was 3.36 and the average family size was 3.66. In the city, the population was spread out with 34.2% under the age of 18, 9.7% from 18 to 24, 33.1% from 25 to 44, 17.7% from 45 to 64, 5.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 102.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 101.1 males. The median income for a household in the city was $49,153, the median income for a family was $51,084. Males had a median income of $35,134 versus $27,487 for females; the per capita income for the city was $16,919. About 10.3% of families and 13.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 16.7% of those age 65 or over. In 2010 Avondale had a population of 78,256; the racial and ethnic composition of the population was 50.3% Hispanic or Latino, 34.0% non-Hispanic white, 9.3% black or African American, 1.7% Native American, 3.5% Asian, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 0.2% non-Hispanic of some other race and 4.5% reporting two or more races.
Avondale falls within Arizona's 3rd Congressional District, served by Representative Raúl Grijalva and Arizona's 19th State Legislative District, served by Representatives Mark A. Cardenas and Diego Espinoza and Senator Lupe Contreras, all Democrats. Avondale has a large amount of sunshine year round due to its stable descending air and high pressure. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, the city has a Hot desert climate, abbreviated "Bwh" on climate maps. Winters are sunny and mild with nighttime lows averaging between 40 °F and 50 °F and daytime highs ranging from 60 °F to 75 °F; the record low temperature recorded in Avondale is 16 °F. Summers are hot, with daily high temperatures at or above 100 °F for the entirety of June and August, as well as many days in May and September. An occasional heat wave will spike temperatures over 115 °F briefly. Nighttime lows in the summer months average between 70 °F and 80 °F, with an occasional overnight low above 80 °F not uncommon. Avondale's record high temperature stands at an impressive 125 °F, a few degrees warmer than the record for Phoenix, just 3 °F shy of Arizona's state record of 128 °F, recorded in Lake Havasu City on June 29, 1994.
Snow is rare in the area, occurring once every several years. Lows in the winter dip below freezing, which may damage some desert plants such as saguaros and other cacti. In the summer, the North American Monsoon can hit the Phoenix area in the afternoon and evening, causing rain showers from a sunny morning. Dust storms are occasional during the summer. Mitch Garcia – professional soccer player, graduated from Agua Fria High School. Shawn Gilbert – professional baseball player. Everson Griffen – defensive end for USC Trojans and Minnesota Vikings. Nick Harris – punter for NFL's Detroit Lions. Drisan James – wide receiver for CFL's Hamilton Tiger-Cats. Craig Mabbitt – vocalist for band Escape The Fate and former vocalist for bands blessthefall and The Word Alive. Randall McDaniel – former NFL offensive guard, inducte
Prince Suphayok Kasem known as: Mom Chao Nen Kashemsri, was a son of Prince Kashemsri Subhayok and Mom Poem Kashemsri na Ayudhya, a former Thai Minister of Finance. Prince Suphayok-Kasem known as Mom Chao Naen Kashemsri, was born on 29 August 1872 and studied at Phra Tamnuk Suan Kularb School until he reached the age of 17, whereupon he entered the civil service in the Ministry of Finance receiving the rank of Director-General in 1921, alongside being elevated to the rank of'His Highness' by the reigning monarch, King Rama VI, he was the only member of the House of Kashemsri with the rank'His Serene Highness' to be elevated to'Phra Ong Chao', or His Highness. Following this, he became the Minister of Finance in 1922, would continue in office until his resignation from the post in 1929. However, he resumed the position of Minister for a few short months in 1932 before the 1932 Siamese Revolution, when the new revolutionary government removed him from the position five days after the end of the absolute monarchy.
He died 6–7 months on 29 June 1932. Prince Subhayok had three wives according to Siamese custom. Two, Mom Khao and Mom Ping, were siblings. Mom Khao was the most senior of the three. Order of Chula Chom Klao - 1st Class
The following list includes some of the most significant awards and nominations received by pop musician Phil Collins as a solo artist. *Tie with Carly Simon for "Let the River Run". **Until Anika Noni Rose became a recipient in 2011, Collins held the record for shortest time between his first contribution in 1996, when he first started to write the music for Disney's Tarzan, being named a Disney Legend in 2002. For Genesis, see Awards and nominations received by Genesis. Phil Collins - Artist - grammy.com Winners - Best Performance Music Video - grammy.com Hugh Padgham - Artist - grammy.com Sammy Nestico - Artist - grammy.com Grammy Awards American Music Awards History Brit Awards Brit Awards Brit Awards Winners Database - Billboard Music Awards Phil Collins - Awards & Nominations The Ivor Novello Awards MTV Video Music Awards History Academy Awards and Golden Globe Awards Hollywood Walk of Fame Songwriters Hall of Fame Honorary Degree Honorary Degree Recipients Honorary Degree Honorary Degree
Global Precipitation Measurement is a joint mission between JAXA and NASA as well as other international space agencies to make frequent observations of Earth's precipitation. It is part of NASA's Earth Systematic Missions program and works with a satellite constellation to provide full global coverage; the project provides global precipitation maps to assist researchers in improving the forecasting of extreme events, studying global climate, adding to current capabilities for using such satellite data to benefit society. GPM builds on the notable successes of the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission, a joint NASA-JAXA activity; the project is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, consists of a GPM Core Observatory satellite assisted by a constellation of spacecraft from other agencies and missions. The Core Observatory satellite measures the two and three dimensional structure of Earth's precipitation patterns and provides a new calibration standard for the rest of the satellite constellation.
The GPM Core Observatory was assembled and tested at Goddard Space Flight Center, launched from Tanegashima Space Center, Japan, on a Mitsubishi Heavy Industries H-IIA rocket. The launch occurred on February 2014 at 3:37 am JST on the first attempt. Agencies in the United States, Japan and France operate the remaining satellites in the constellation for agency-specific goals, but cooperatively provide data for GPM. GPM has five broad science objectives: advance precipitation measurement from space improve knowledge of precipitation systems, water-cycle variability and freshwater availability improve climate modeling and prediction improve weather forecasting and climate reanalysis improve hydrological modeling and prediction The DPR is a spaceborne radar, providing three-dimensional maps of storm structure across its swath, including the intensity of rainfall and snowfall at the surface; the DPR has two frequencies, allowing researchers to estimate the sizes of precipitation particles and detect a wider range of precipitation rates.
The Ku-band radar, similar to the PR on TRMM, covers a 245 km swath. Nested inside that, the Ka-band radar covers a 120 km swath. Data from the DPR is sent to the ground via a single-access link with TDRSS relay satellites; the GMI is a passive sensor that observes the microwave energy emitted by the Earth and atmosphere at 13 different frequency/polarization channels. These data allow quantitative maps of precipitation across a swath, 885 km wide; this instrument continues the legacy of TRMM microwave observations, while adding four additional channels, better resolution, more reliable calibration. Data from the GMI is continuously sent to the ground via a multiple-access link with TDRSS relay satellites. GPM distributes a wide variety of precipitation data products. Processing takes place at the Precipitation Processing System at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, as well as at the JAXA facility in Japan. Data is provided at multiple "levels" of processing, from raw satellite measurements to best-estimate global precipitation maps using combinations of all the constellation observations and other meteorological data.
All data from the mission is made available to the public on NASA websites. Precipitation data is made available in a variety of formats and temporal resolutions, processing levels which are accessible on the Precipitation Measurement Missions "Data Access" webpage. Several data visualization and analysis tools have been made available to provide easy access for the science and applications communities, which include the in-browser Earth science data analysis tool Giovanni, a web API, a 3D near-realtime global precipitation viewer. In addition to maintaining social media accounts and the GPM Road to Launch Blog, JAXA and NASA developed several outreach activities specific to this mission prior to launch that the public could participate in. After launch a series of featured articles and videos were produced to highlight various scientific goals and discoveries of the mission, an "Extreme Weather" blog is maintained to provide timely updates about the latest extreme precipitation events and natural disasters occurring around the world.
A Precipitation Education website is maintained to provide teachers and students with lesson plans and other resources to teach about the water cycle, Earth science, the GPM mission. NASA Socials JAXA-NASA DC Cherry Blossom Event April 12, 2013, at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland GPM Media DayFriday, Nov. 15, 2013, at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD Social media users were invited to apply for credentials to attend the media day activities and share their experiences via their own accounts. Photo Contests Extreme Weather Let it Snow Unique Perspectives GPM Anime Challenge The main character Mohan Bharghav in 2004 Indian film Swades: We, the People is a Project Manager in NASA's GPM project. Movie starts from NASA's GPM project analysis. Bharghav discuss its positive impact on Earth. In the movie the GPM satellite is launched by the Space Shuttle. A short anime film of 6 minutes, Dual frequency Precipitation Radar Special Movie, was produced by JAXA and White Fox in 2013.
Emperor Suizei known as Kamununakawamimi no Mikoto, was the second Emperor of Japan according to the traditional order of succession. Little is known about this Emperor due to a lack of material available for further verification and study. Suizei is known as a "legendary emperor" among historians. A legendary account from the Kojiki states that Suizei became emperor after receiving the title of crown prince by his half brother due to his bravery regarding a murder plot. Suizei's reign started in 581 BC, he had one wife and a sole son who became the next emperor upon his death in 549 BC. While the Kojiki provides little information about Suizei, it does state his name, a record about his accession to the throne, he was born sometime in 632 BC, was one of the sons of Emperor Jimmu and his chief wife Himetataraisuzu-hime. The account in the Kojiki states that Suizei's older brother Kamuyaimimi was the Crown-prince; when Jimmu died, another of his sons named Tagishimimi attempted to seize the throne by murdering those in his way.
Tagishimimi was given birth to by a lesser wife named Ahiratsu-hime, was older than Jimmu's legitimate heir. When Himetataraisuzu-hime learned of the plot she tried in vain to warn her sons by way of songs and poems. While Suizei encouraged Kamuyaimimi to slay Tagishimimi, he could not find it in him to murder his own half brother. Suizei pleaded with his older brother for the weapon he was going to use, upon receiving it accomplished the deed for him. Kamuyawimimi ceded his rights as crown prince shortly after to Suizei as he believed his braver younger brother should be the new Emperor. Emperor Suizei's pre-ascension name remains unknown, but the Kojiki records that he ruled from the palace of Takaoka-no-miya at Katsuragi in what would come to be known as Yamato Province. While another more expansive account exists in the Nihon Shoki, the section is more steeped in myth. Suizei is conventionally considered to have reigned from 581 to 549 BC, he wed Isuzuyori-hime at an unknown date, the two had one son.
Emperor Suizei died in 549 BC and his gravesite is formally named Tsukida no oka no e no misasagi. He was succeeded by Prince Shikitsuhikotamatemi who became Emperor Annei; the existence of at least the first nine Emperors is disputed due to insufficient material available for further verification and study. Suizei is thus regarded by historians as a "legendary Emperor", is ranked as the first of eight Emperors without specific legends associated with them; the name Suizei-tennō was assigned to him posthumously by generations, means "joyfully healthy peace". His name might have been regularized centuries after the lifetime ascribed to Suizei during the time in which legends about the origins of the Yamato dynasty were compiled as the chronicles known today as the Kojiki. While the actual site of his grave is not known, an Imperial misasagi or tomb for Suizei is maintained in Kashihara; the first emperor that historians state might have existed is Emperor Sujin, the 10th emperor of Japan. Outside of the Kojiki, the reign of Emperor Kinmei is the first for which contemporary historiography is able to assign verifiable dates.
The conventionally accepted names and dates of the early Emperors were not confirmed as "traditional" though, until the reign of Emperor Kanmu between 737 and 806 AD. Empress: Isuzuyori-hime, Kotoshironushi's daughter Prince Shikitsuhikotamatemi Emperor Annei Emperor of Japan List of Emperors of Japan Imperial cult Aston, William George.. Nihongi: Chronicles of Japan from the Earliest Times to A. D. 697. London: Kegan Paul, Trubner. OCLC 448337491 Brown, Delmer M. and Ichirō Ishida, eds.. Gukanshō: The Future and the Past. Berkeley: University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-03460-0; the Kojiki. Read before the Asiatic Society of Japan on April 12, May 10, June 21, 1882. OCLC 1882339 Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth.. Japan encyclopedia. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; the Imperial House of Japan. Kyoto: Ponsonby Memorial Society. OCLC 194887 Titsingh, Isaac.. Nihon Ōdai Ichiran. Paris: Royal Asiatic Society, Oriental Translation Fund of Great Britain and Ireland. OCLC 5850691 Varley, H. Paul..
Jinnō Shōtōki: A Chronicle of Gods and Sovereigns. New York: Columbia University Press. ISBN 978-0-231-04940-5.
Mirza Ata-Allah Isfahani was a high-ranking Persian statesman in the early Safavid era, who served as the vizier of Azerbaijan and Shirvan. A member of the Khuzani family of Isfahan, Ata-Allah is first mentioned in 1524, when he was assigned by the newly-crowned shah Tahmasp I to transport a royal decree and robe of honour to court of the Shirvanshah Khalilullah II, who ruled Shirvan under Safavid suzerainty. Ata-Allah afterwards served as vizier of Azerbaijan and Shirvan. In 1548, he helped the fellow Isfahan-born Mirza Salman Jaberi get enlisted under the service of Tahmasp I. In 1555, Tahmasp moved the capital from Tabriz to Qazvin, but Ata-Allah chose to stay in the former capital. In 1558, he accompanied the Ottoman rebel prince Şehzade Bayezid from Yerevan to the royal court in Qazvin. According to the Safavid court historian Iskandar Beg Munshi, Ata-Allah's administrative work was so influential, that "the administrative practices they instituted are still the rule and model in those provinces."
When Ata-Allah died sometime in the early 1560s, the poet Abdi Shirazi composed a poem in honour of him. He was survived by a son, Mirza Ahmad Khuzani, who served in the chancellery, whose son, Mirza Shah Vali Isfahani, served as the grand vizier of the country in 1587. Mitchell, Colin P.. The Practice of Politics in Safavid Iran: Power and Rhetoric. I. B. Tauris. Pp. 1–304. ISBN 0857715887. Mitchell, Colin Paul. "JĀBERI". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. XIV, Fasc. 3. Pp. 313–314. Mitchell, Colin P. ed.. New Perspectives on Safavid Iran: Empire and Society. Milton Park, UK: Routledge. ISBN 978-0-4157-7462-8. LCCN 2010032352. Meri, Josef W.. Medieval Islamic Civilization: L-Z, index. Taylor & Francis. Pp. 1–878. ISBN 9780415966924