United States Coast Guard
The United States Coast Guard is the coastal defense and maritime law enforcement branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the country's seven uniformed services. The Coast Guard is a maritime, multi-mission service unique among the U. S. military branches for having a maritime law enforcement mission and a federal regulatory agency mission as part of its mission set. It operates under the U. S. Department of Homeland Security during peacetime, can be transferred to the U. S. Department of the Navy by the U. S. President at any time, or by the U. S. Congress during times of war; this has happened twice: in 1917, during World War I, in 1941, during World War II. Created by Congress on 4 August 1790 at the request of Alexander Hamilton as the Revenue-Marine, it is the oldest continuous seagoing service of the United States; as Secretary of the Treasury, Hamilton headed the Revenue-Marine, whose original purpose was collecting customs duties in the nation's seaports. By the 1860s, the service was known as the U.
S. Revenue Cutter Service and the term Revenue-Marine fell into disuse; the modern Coast Guard was formed by a merger of the Revenue Cutter Service and the U. S. Life-Saving Service on 28 January 1915, under the U. S. Department of the Treasury; as one of the country's five armed services, the Coast Guard has been involved in every U. S. war from 1790 to the Iraq War and the War in Afghanistan. The Coast Guard has 40,992 men and women on active duty, 7,000 reservists, 31,000 auxiliarists, 8,577 full-time civilian employees, for a total workforce of 87,569; the Coast Guard maintains an extensive fleet of 243 coastal and ocean-going patrol ships, tenders and icebreakers called "cutters", 1650 smaller boats, as well as an extensive aviation division consisting of 201 helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft. While the U. S. Coast Guard is the smallest of the U. S. military service branches in terms of membership, the U. S. Coast Guard by itself is the world's 12th largest naval force; the Coast Guard carries out three basic roles, which are further subdivided into eleven statutory missions.
The three roles are: Maritime safety Maritime security Maritime stewardshipWith a decentralized organization and much responsibility placed on the most junior personnel, the Coast Guard is lauded for its quick responsiveness and adaptability in a broad range of emergencies. In a 2005 article in Time magazine following Hurricane Katrina, the author wrote, "the Coast Guard's most valuable contribution to may be as a model of flexibility, most of all, spirit." Wil Milam, a rescue swimmer from Alaska told the magazine, "In the Navy, it was all about the mission. Practicing for war, training for war. In the Coast Guard, it was, take care of our people and the mission will take care of itself." The eleven statutory missions as defined by law are divided into homeland security missions and non-homeland security missions: Ice operations, including the International Ice Patrol Living marine resources Marine environmental protection Marine safety Aids to navigation Search and rescue Defense readiness Maritime law enforcement Migrant interdiction Ports and coastal security Drug interdiction See National Search and Rescue Committee See Joint Rescue Coordination CentersWhile the U.
S. Coast Guard Search and Rescue is not the oldest search and rescue organization in the world, it is one of the Coast Guard's best-known operations; the National Search and Rescue Plan designates the Coast Guard as the federal agency responsible for maritime SAR operations, the United States Air Force as the federal agency responsible for inland SAR. Both agencies maintain rescue coordination centers to coordinate this effort, have responsibility for both military and civilian search and rescue; the two services jointly provide instructor staff for the National Search and Rescue School that trains SAR mission planners and coordinators. Located on Governors Island, New York, the school is now located at Coast Guard Training Center Yorktown at Yorktown, Virginia. Operated by the Coast Guard, the National Response Center is the sole U. S. Government point of contact for reporting all oil, radiological and etiological spills and discharges into the environment, anywhere in the United States and its territories.
In addition to gathering and distributing spill/incident information for Federal On Scene Coordinators and serving as the communications and operations center for the National Response Team, the NRC maintains agreements with a variety of federal entities to make additional notifications regarding incidents meeting established trigger criteria. The NRC takes Maritime Suspicious Activity and Security Breach Reports. Details on the NRC organization and specific responsibilities can be found in the National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan; the Marine Information for Safety and Law Enforcement database system is managed and used by the Coast Guard for tracking pollution and safety incidents in the nation's ports. The National Maritime Center is the merchant mariner credentialing authority for the USCG under the auspices of the Department of Homeland Security. To ensure a safe and environmentally sound marine transportation system, the mission of the NMC is to issue credentials to qualified mariners in the United States maritime jurisdiction.
The five uniformed services that make up the U. S. Armed Forces are defined in Title 10 of the U. S. Code: The term "armed forces" means the Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, Coast Guard; the Coast Guard is further defined by Title 14 of the United States Code: The Coast Guar
Marksmanship badges (United States)
In the United States, a marksmanship badge is a U. S. military badge or a civilian badge, presented to personnel upon successful completion of a weapons qualification course or high achievement in an official marksmanship competition. Today, the U. S. Army and the U. S. Marine Corps are the only military services. However, marksmanship medals and/or marksmanship ribbons are issued by the U. S. Navy, U. S. Coast Guard, U. S. Air Force for weapons qualifications. For non-military personnel, different U. S. law enforcement organizations and the National Rifle Association issue marksmanship qualification badges to those involved in law enforcement. Additionally, the Civilian Marksmanship Program and the NRA issue marksmanship qualification badges to U. S. civilians. Most of these organizations and the U. S. National Guard awarded marksmanship competition badges to the people they support who succeed in official competitions; the U. S. Army issues their marksmanship qualification badges for a variety of weapons while the U.
S. Marine Corps only issues theirs for the service service pistol. For civilians, the CMP issues the Army Marksmanship Qualification Badges for rifle, small bore rifle and small bore pistol as well as its own air rifle badges. Of those U. S. law enforcement organizations that issue marksmanship qualification badges, most issue them for their service pistols while others will issue them for rifle and/or shotgun. The NRA issues marksmanship qualification badges for air rifles, rifles and shotguns. For marksmanship competition badges, the U. S. military award rifle and pistol competition badges. S. National Guard award marksmanship competition badges for machine gun and sniper rifle; the CMP awards marksmanship competition badges for air rifle, pistol, and.22 rimfire pistol while the NRA awards them for air rifle, small bore rifle and semi-automatic pistol. The U. S. military and CMP marksmanship qualification badges are awarded in three grades: expert and marksman while their marksmanship competition badges are awarded in three to four grades: distinguished and bronze for the U.
S. Army, U. S. Coast Guard, U. S. civilians. S. Navy and U. S. Marine Corps. S. Air Force; the NRA marksmanship qualification badges are awarded in five to six grades: distinguished expert, sharpshooter, marksman first-class and pro-marksman. U. S. law enforcement marksmanship qualification badges tend to follow NRA guidelines for marksmanship qualification badges or have their own criteria and badge structure. The NRA and the U. S. National Guard marksmanship competition badges are only awarded at one grade with the exception of the NRA's Law Enforcement Distinguished Program, which awards a Law Enforcement Excellence-in-Competition Badge for those officers who earn their first points towards one of the law enforcement distinguished badges. Starting in the late 19th century, the U. S. Army began awarding marksmanship qualification badges to their Soldiers that met specific weapon qualification standards. In the early 20th century, the U. S. Marine Corps and U. S. Navy began awarding marksmanship qualification badges as well.
The U. S. Marine Corps began by awarding Army Marksmanship Qualification Badges but developed its own badge design, based on the original U. S. Army designs from the early 1900s; the U. S. Navy developed its own marksmanship qualification badge but retired it after only ten years in lieu of awarding marksmanship ribbons and medals. For U. S. civilians, the Office of the Director of Civilian Marksmanship, now known as the Corporation for the Promotion of Rifle Practice and Firearm Safety, the National Rifle Association began promoting civilian marksmanship in 1903. The CPRPFS's Civilian Marksmanship Program awards Army Marksmanship Qualification Badges to civilians who meet U. S. Army weapon qualification standards as well as its own badges to youth for air rifle marksmanship; the NRA began awarding its own marksmanship qualification badges to civilians in 1918 and today has two primary marksmanship proficiency programs, the Winchester/NRA Marksmanship Qualification Program and the Explorer Service Handgun Qualification Program.
Additionally, the NRA supports numerous other firearm proficiency programs throughout the United States, such as those found within various U. S. law enforcement organizations. The U. S. Army award Army Marksmanship Qualification Badges to their Soldiers, U. S. Army uniformed civilian guards, foreign military personnel, while the CMP awards these same badges to U. S. civilians who qualify at three different qualification levels: expert and marksman. Suspended from the badge are Army Weapon Qualification Clasps that indicate the type of weapon the individual has qualified to use; the following list of Army Weapon Qualification Clasps are authorized under U. S. Army Pamphlet 670-1: The level at which one qualifies is dependent on the weapon, firing range, the course of fire. For example, to earn an Army Marksmanship Qualification Badge for Pistol at the Combat Pistol Qualification Course, one must have a combined hit count of 26 out of 30 for expert, 21 out of 30 for sharpshooter, 16 out of 30 for marksman on firing tables one through five.
Regardless of the Soldier's overall score, everyo
Authorized foreign decorations of the United States military
Authorized foreign decorations of the United States military are those military decorations which have been approved for wear by members of the United States armed forces but whose awarding authority is the government of a country other than the United States. The wear of foreign decorations may either be approved on a case-by-case basis or a general order may be declared allowing for blanket approval to all U. S. service members to wear a particular non-U. S. Decoration; the following is a list of foreign decorations which have been approved at one time for wear on United States military uniforms. Such awards are always worn after all United States decorations and before international military awards; the list below is by no means comprehensive, but does display the awards which have been bestowed to U. S. service members by the governments of foreign countries. Order of the Liberator General San Martin Order of May in Military MeritArgentinian decorations are only awarded to senior US officers, most of those senior U.
S. officers have been in the United States Southern Command & United States Southern Command Air Forces Commander as "end-of-tour" decorations. Order of Australia Australian decorations are only awarded to senior U. S. officers, at the Joint Chiefs of Staff level Decoration of Honour for Services to the Republic of AustriaThis award consists of fifteen classes, of which the second class was awarded to Dwight D. Eisenhower. Decoration for Services to the Liberation of Austria The Khalifiyyeh Order of BahrainKingdom of Bahrain decorations were only awarded to senior U. S. officers. Most of those senior US officers in the United States Central Command as "end-of-tour" decorations. Order of Leopold Order of the African Star Royal Order of the Lion Order of the Crown Order of Leopold II Military Cross Croix de GuerreBelgian Orders were awarded to senior U. S. officers, while the War Cross was presented to any rank for valor during World War I & World War II. A Fourragère could be awarded to individuals in units that were cited twice in the Order of the Day.
Order of Naval Merit Order of Aeronautical MeritBolivian decorations are only awarded to senior U. S. officers, most of those senior US officers have been in the United States Southern Command & United States Southern Command Air Forces Commander as "end-of-tour" decorations. National Order of the Southern Cross Order of Defence Merit Order of Military Merit Order of Naval Merit Order of Aeronautical Merit Order of Rio Branco Santos-Dumont Medal of MeritBrazil's highest orders of merit were awarded to senior U. S. officers, during World War II. In the 21st century United States military most of those post World War II era presentations are still only awarded to senior US officers, most of those senior U. S. officers have been in the United States Southern Command & United States Southern Command Air Forces Commander as "end-of-tour" decorations. Order of the Madara HorsemanBulgarian decorations are only awarded to senior U. S. officers. Most of those were awarded to the United States European Command Commander as "end-of-tour" decorations.
Order of Canada Order of Military Merit Meritorious Service Cross Meritorious Service MedalCanadian decorations were awarded during World War I and World War II. The Meritorious Service Cross and Meritorious Service Medal are the only Canadian awards still being awarded to US personnel today. Most of those are awarded to senior U. S. officers in the United States European Command, United States Northern Command or North American Aerospace Defense Command as "end-of-tour" decorations. Order of MeritChilean decorations were only awarded to senior U. S. officers during World War II. Order of National Glory Order of Blue Sky and White Sun Order of the Sacred Tripod Order of the Cloud and BannerChinese decorations were only awarded to senior U. S. officers during World War II. Order of Boyaca Order of San Carlos Order of Military Merit Antonio Nariño Order of Military Merit José María Córdova Order of Naval Merit Admiral Padilla Air Force Cross of Aeronautical Merit Order of Health Merit Jose Fernandez MadridColombian decorations are only awarded to senior U.
S. officers, most of those senior US officers have been in the United States Southern Command & United States Southern Command Air Forces Commander as "end-of-tour" decorations. Order of Duke Trpimir Order of Duke BranimirCroatian decorations are only awarded to senior U. S. officers. Most of those were awarded to senior US officers in the United States European Command as "end-of-tour" decorations. Order of the White Lion Cross of Merit of the Minister of Defence of the Czech Republic, First ClassCzech Order of the White Lion was only awarded to senior U. S. officers. The Czechoslovak War Cross was a little more awarded to officers, than the Czech Order of the White Lion was, during World War I and World War II. Cross of Merit of the Minister of Defense First Class are only awarded to the United States European Command Commander as "end-of-tour" decorations. Order of the ElephantDanish decorations were only awarded to senior U. S. officers, during World War II. Order of Abdon CalderónEcuadorean decorations were only awarded to senior U.
S. officers, during World War II. Order of the Nile Order of the Republic Egyptian Order of MeritEgyptian decorations were only awarded to senior U. S. officers. Most of those senior U. S. officers in the United States Central Command as "end-of-tour" decorations. Gold Medal for Distinguished Service MedalSalvadoran decorations are only awarded to senior U. S. officers, most of those senio
Inter-service awards and decorations of the United States military
The United States military inter-service awards and decorations are those medals and ribbons which may be awarded to all members of the five military branches of the U. S. Armed Forces; each military branch awards inter-service awards under the same criteria. The World War I Victory Medal was the first inter-service award; this was followed by the Purple Heart,Silver Star Medal, Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal decorations. Prior to this time, several older service medals had been issued both to the Army and Navy, but in different versions for each service; the World War I Victory Medal, Purple Heart, Silver Star, Legion of Merit, Distinguished Flying Cross, Air Medal were thus the first medals which appeared identical, regardless of which service was bestowing the award. By the end of World War II, several World War II service medals had been established for issuance to both Army and Navy personnel; the United States Coast Guard received such awards under the authority of the Department of the Navy.
After World War II, The Korean Service Medal was the first inter-service non-decoration award, awarded by all five branches of the U. S. Armed Forces. Since 1956, 2010, the Distinguished Flying Cross, Silver Star Medal may be awarded by the Coast Guard. In the 1960s and 1970s, the U. S. Armed Forces created the Meritorious Service Medal, several campaign medals and service awards, all of which may be awarded by any service branch; the United States Department of Defense in the 1960s and 1970s began creating a series of peacetime meritorious awards which were eligible for presentation to any military member working in a joint command or under the authority of the Secretary of Defense. The last such medal, the Joint Service Achievement Medal decoration, was created in 1983; the only inter-service unit award, the Joint Meritorious Unit Award was created in 1981. On April 5, 2011, President Barack Obama amended Executive Order 12824 modifying the award eligibility of the Homeland Security Distinguished Service Medal to "any member of the Armed Forces of the United States" making it an inter-service award of the U.
S. military. This decoration has been given to Gen Craig R. McKinley for his service as Chief of the National Guard Bureau; the Medal of Honor a Navy award, is now technically an inter-service award, is issued in different versions for each branch of military service. There are presently three versions of the decoration in existence for the Army and Air Force. Marines receive the Navy version of the Medal of Honor while a Coast Guard version, which exists in theory, has never been bestowed; the following are the various military medals of the United States which are considered inter-service awards and decorations. Medals are shown in categories, not in order of precedence for uniform wear. Awards and decorations of the United States Armed Forces
The Gold Lifesaving Medal and Silver Lifesaving Medal are U. S. decorations issued by the United States Coast Guard. The awards were established by Act of Congress, 20 June 1874. S. C. § 500. These decorations are two of the oldest medals in the United States and were established at the Department of Treasury as Lifesaving Medals First and Second Class; the Department of the Treasury gave the award, but today the United States Coast Guard awards it through the Department of Homeland Security. They are not classified as military decorations, may be awarded to any person. A British Sea Gallantry Medal for saving life was authorized in 1854. Twenty years in the United States the Gold and Silver Lifesaving Medals were first authorized in an Act that furthered the United States Life-Saving Service; the Secretary of the Treasury was directed, among other provisions of the act, to create "medals of honor", to be distinguished as life-saving medals of the first and second class, bestow them upon any persons who endanger their own lives in saving, or endeavoring to save lives from perils of the sea, within the United States, or upon any American vessel.
The Lifesaving Medals have had three designs in their history. The original design in 1874 was "non-portable" and could not be worn by the recipient, but rather displayed much like a trophy. In 1882 the design was changed; the ribbon was red for the Gold Lifesaving light blue for the Silver Lifesaving medal. On 4 August 1949 the medals and ribbons were reduced in size so that they were more proportionate to medals awarded by the U. S. Armed Forces; the ribbons were redesigned to have multiple colors. The laws governing the awarding of medal were amended over the years, is awarded by the Coast Guard; the Commandant of the Coast Guard makes the final determination in authorizing the award. "The Gold Lifesaving Medal or the Silver Lifesaving Medal may be awarded to any person who rescues or endeavors to rescue any other person from drowning, shipwreck, or other perils of the water. The rescue or attempted rescue must either take place in waters within the U. S. or subject to the jurisdiction thereof, or one or the other of the parties must be a citizen of the U.
S. or from a vessel or aircraft owned or operated by citizens of the U. S. "The Lifesaving Medal is issued in two grades, being gold. "The Gold Lifesaving Medal may be awarded to an individual who performed a rescue or attempted rescue at the risk of his or her own life, demonstrates extreme and heroic daring. The Silver Lifesaving Medal may be awarded to an individual who performed a rescue or attempted rescue where the circumstances do not sufficiently distinguish the individual to deserve the medal of gold, but demonstrate such extraordinary effort as to merit recognition. If neither the Gold nor Silver Lifesaving Medal is appropriate a Certificate of Valor or an appropriate Coast Guard Public Service Award may be considered."Until the mid-20th century, the Lifesaving Medal was bestowed upon members of the military. This is due to the creation of a variety of additional military decorations that supplant the Lifesaving Medal; the United States Navy issues the Navy and Marine Corps Medal, instead of the Lifesaving Medal, for sea rescues involving risk of life.
"Military personnel serving on active duty would not be recommended for Gold and Silver Lifesaving Medals. In all other circumstances, a military award should be considered." The Lifesaving Medal is authorized for wear on U. S. military uniforms. The Lifesaving Medal is unusual among U. S. medals because it is struck from the eponymous precious metal, silver or gold. Multiple awards of the Lifesaving Medal are denoted by award stars on the decoration's ribbon and a gold clasp, inscribed with the recipient's name, is worn on the actual medal. Since 1874, more than 600 Gold Lifesaving Medals and more than 1,900 Silver Lifesaving Medals have been awarded. George Freeth, a swimming instructor and the "Father of Modern Surfing", who rescued seven fishermen off Venice Beach during a winter storm in December of 1908. Vice Admiral Harry G. Hamlet, U. S. Coast Guard – While in command of USS Marietta in the Bay of Biscay on 28 April 1919, rescued a crew of 47 persons from the sinking USS James Sergeant Marcus Hanna – Only person to receive both the Medal of Honor and the Gold Lifesaving Medal.
Joshua James – Legendary lifesaver. Jonas Johns - Native American who rescued the 14 man crew of the schooner Lily Grace wrecked near Gray's Harbor, Washington in January 1887 and a year rescued 3 more sailors. Medal awarded on December 9, 1889. James Larsin and Wisconsin state legislator. Ida Lewis, lighthouse keeper and first female recipient. Chief Warrant Officer John Allen Midgett Jr. USCG Rasmus Midgett Captain Henry C. Mustin, USN - Naval aviation pioneer. Sheppard Shreaves, for rescuing Henry Breault Lenny Skutnik Arland D. Williams, Jr. Richard Etheridge, Benjamin Bowser, Dorman Pugh, Theodore Meekins, Lewis Wescott, Stanley Wise, William Irving of the Pea Island Life-Saving Station, for rescue of the crew from the E. S. Newman on 11 October 1896. Awarded gold medals posthumously on 5 March 1996. Benjamin Dailey, keeper of the Cape Hatteras Lifeboat Station, led the rescue of the crew of the Ephraim Williams. William Babb, for the 1885 rescue of the American schooner A. C. Maxwell Coxswain Bernard C.
Webber, EN3 Andrew Fitzgerald.
Reserve Good Conduct Medal
A Reserve Good Conduct Medal refers to any one of the five military conduct awards, four of which are issued and one of, issued, by the United States Armed Forces to enlisted members of the Reserve and National Guard. The primary difference between the regular Good Conduct Medal and the Reserve Good Conduct Medal is that the regular Good Conduct Medal is only issued for active duty service while the reserve equivalent is bestowed for reserve duties such as drills, annual training, additional active duty for either training or operational support to the active duty force or, in the case of the Army National Guard and Air National Guard, in support of Title 32 U. S. C. state active duty such as disaster relief. To receive a Reserve Good Conduct Medal, a service member, must be an active member of the Reserve or National Guard and must have performed three to four years of satisfactory duty with such service being free of disciplinary action. Periods of active duty in the Active Component prior to joining the Reserve Component, full time active duty in an Active Guard and Reserve and Administration of the Reserve, Full Time Support, or active duty recall or mobilization in excess of three years are not creditable towards a Reserve Good Conduct Medal, although such periods are creditable for the active duty equivalent Good Conduct Medal.
Each service has specific varying requirements. The last of the Reserve Good Conduct Medals to be authorized, the U. S. Army Reserve Components Achievement Medal, was established by the Secretary of the Army on 3 March 1971 and amended by DA General Orders 4, in 1974; the Army Reserve Components Achievement Medal is awarded for exemplary behavior and fidelity while serving as a member of an Army National Guard or Army Reserve Troop Program Unit for each three-year period since 3 March 1972. Effective 28 March 1995, the period of qualifying service for the award was reduced from four years to three years. Service must have been consecutive and service performed in the Reserve Component of the U. S. Air Force, Marine Corps, or Coast Guard may not be credited for award of this medal; the member must have exhibited honest and faithful service in accordance with the standards of conduct and duty required by law and customs of the service of a member of the same grade as the individual to whom the standard is being applied.
A member must be recommended for the award by his or her unit commander whose recommendation is based on personal knowledge of the individual and the individual’s official records of periods of service under prior commanders during the period for which the award is made. Furthermore, a Commander may not extend the qualifying period for misconduct. A determination that service is not honorable as prescribed negates the entire period of the award. Soldiers who are ordered to active duty in the AGR program will be awarded the ARCAM if they have completed 2 of the 3 years required. Soldiers with less than 2 years will not receive an award. Service lost may be recovered if the Soldier is separated honorably from the AGR program and reverts to troop program unit service, for example, a Soldier serves 1 year and 6 months of qualifying service and is ordered to an AGR tour; this service is not sufficient for award of the ARCAM. When the Soldier leaves the AGR program that 1 year and 6 months is granted towards the next award of the ARCAM.
Only the State Adjutant General may determine that the AGR service was not sufficiently honorable enough to revoke the earned time, regardless of the type of separation given. The ARCAM is awarded to both officer and enlisted members of the Army Reserve and has the same criteria as the other Reserve Services for award of a Reserve Good Conduct Medal; the Armed Forces Reserve Medal is a similar award, given for ten years of honorable reserve service and is presented to both officers and enlisted personnel. First created in 1962 with retroactive presentation to 1958, it remained an active decoration in the U. S. Navy until its discontinuation in 2014; the Naval Reserve Meritorious Service Medal was considered the enlisted successor award to the previous Naval Reserve Medal. From 1958 until 1996, the medal was awarded for four years of satisfactory enlisted reserve service as a drilling reservist in the Selected Reserve or Individual Ready Reserve, to include Volunteer Training Units. Full-time active duty enlisted personnel in the Naval Reserve's Training and Administration of the Reserve Program, while eligible for the Naval Reserve Medal, were not eligible for the Naval Reserve Meritorious Service Medal and were awarded the Navy Good Conduct Medal on par with active duty Regular Navy enlisted personnel.
The years of service requirement for the Naval Reserve Meritorious Service Medal dropped from four years of service to three years of service from 1997 until its discontinuation, synchronizing it with the reduction in the required service for the active duty Navy Good Conduct Medal, which replaced it pursuant to a SECNAV directive in 2014. As a result of this SECNAV directive, all enlisted sailors in both the Active Component and the Reserve Component now receive the same good conduct medal for the same period of service. Additional awards of the Naval Reserve Meritorious Service Medal are denoted by service stars; this was strictly
Awards and decorations of the United States Department of the Navy
The Awards and decorations of the United States Department of the Navy are the military awards and decorations which are presented to members of the United States Navy and United States Marine Corps under the authority of the Secretary of the Navy. Other military service members may receive specific Navy Department military awards, provided such service members are performing duty under a Navy or Marine Corps command. A Navy or Marine Corps service member may receive medals and decorations of another military branch, if cross assigned to a command of the respective service. All Navy and Marine Corps members are eligible to receive inter-service awards and decorations as well as approved foreign awards and International awards. * = Awarded only to US Navy Personnel ** = Awarded only to US Marine Corps Personnel No star indicates that the decoration is awarded to both services U. S. Navy order of precedence U. S. Navy ribbon checker U. S. Marine Corps ribbon checker