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Ayahuasca, or ayaguasca and aioasca, from Quechua ayawaska. The brew is used as a traditional spiritual medicine in ceremonies among the indigenous peoples of the Amazon basin and is known by a number of different names. B. Caapi contains several alkaloids. Another common ingredient in ayahuasca is the shrub Psychotria viridis which contains the primary psychoactive, dimethyltryptamine. MAOIs are required for DMT to be orally active. Ayahuasca is known by many names throughout Brazil. Ayahuasca is the hispanicized spelling of a word in the Quechua languages, which are spoken in the Andean states of Ecuador, Bolivia and Colombia. Speakers of Quechua languages or of the Aymara language align with the alternative spelling ayawaska; this word refers both to the liana Banisteriopsis caapi, to the brew prepared from it. In the Quechua languages, aya means "spirit, soul", "corpse, dead body", waska means "rope" and "woody vine", "liana"; the word ayahuasca has been variously translated as "liana of the soul", "liana of the dead", "spirit liana".

In Brazil, the brew and the liana are informally called either caapi or cipó. In the União do Vegetal of Brazil, an organised spiritual tradition in which people drink ayahuasca, the brew is prepared from B. caapi and Psychotria viridis. Adherents of União do Vegetal call this brew vegetal; the Achuar people and Shuar people of Ecuador and Peru call it natem, while the Sharanahua peoples of Peru call it shori. Evidence of Ayahuasca use dates to at least 1000 A. D. such as a bundle containing the residue of ayahuasca ingredients and various other preserved shamanic substances in a cave in southwestern Bolivia, discovered in 2010. In the 16th century, Christian missionaries from Spain first encountered indigenous western Amazonian basin South Americans using ayahuasca. In the 20th century, the active chemical constituent of B. caapi was named telepathine, but it was found to be identical to a chemical isolated from Peganum harmala and was given the name harmine. Beat writer William S. Burroughs read a paper by Richard Evans Schultes on the subject and while traveling through South America in the early 1950s sought out ayahuasca in the hopes that it could relieve or cure opiate addiction.

Ayahuasca became more known when the McKenna brothers published their experience in the Amazon in True Hallucinations. Dennis McKenna studied pharmacology and chemistry of ayahuasca and oo-koo-he, which became the subject of his master's thesis. Richard Evans Schultes allowed Claudio Naranjo to make a special journey by canoe up the Amazon River to study ayahuasca with the South American Indians, he brought back samples of the beverage and published the first scientific description of the effects of its active alkaloids. In Brazil, a number of modern religious movements based on the use of ayahuasca have emerged, the most famous being Santo Daime and the União do Vegetal in an animistic context that may be shamanistic or, more integrated with Christianity. Both Santo Daime and União do Vegetal now have churches throughout the world; the US and Europe have started to see new religious groups develop in relation to increased ayahuasca use. Some Westerners have teamed up with shamans in the Amazon forest regions, forming ayahuasca healing retreats that claim to be able to cure mental and physical illness and allow communication with the spirit world.

In recent years, the brew has been popularized by Wade Davis, English novelist Martin Goodman in I Was Carlos Castaneda, Chilean novelist Isabel Allende, writer Kira Salak, author Jeremy Narby, author Jay Griffiths, American novelist Steven Peck, radio personality Robin Quivers, writer Paul Theroux. Sections of Banisteriopsis caapi vine are macerated and boiled alone or with leaves from any of a number of other plants, including Psychotria viridis, Diplopterys cabrerana, Mimosa tenuiflora, among other ingredients which can vary from one shaman to the next; the resulting brew may contain the powerful psychedelic drug DMT and MAO inhibiting harmala alkaloids, which are necessary to make the DMT orally active. The traditional making of ayahuasca follows a ritual process that requires the user to pick the lower Chacruna leaf at sunrise say a prayer; the vine must be "cleaned meticulously with wooden spoons" and pounded "with wooden mallets until it's fibre."Brews can be made with plants that do not contain DMT, Psychotria viridis being replaced by plants such as Justicia pectoralis, Brugmansia, or sacred tobacco known as mapacho, or sometimes left out with no replacement.

This brew varies radically from one batch to the next, both in potency and psychoactive effect, based on the skill of the shaman or brewer, as well as other admixtures sometimes added and the intent of the ceremony. Natural variations in plant alkaloid content and profiles affect the final concentration of alkaloids in the brew, the physical act of cooking may serve to modify the alkaloid profile of harmala alkaloids; the actual preparation of the brew takes several hours ta

Uncharted Seas

Uncharted Seas is a 1921 American silent romance drama film directed by Wesley Ruggles and starring Alice Lake, Carl Gerard, Rudolph Valentino. This is now a lost film; as described in a film magazine, after her drunken husband Tom Eastman brings home three cabaret women, Lucretia can no longer bear the abuse and turns to arctic explorer Frank Underwood, who has long loved her and promised to come whenever she needs his help. Urging her husband to become a man and do something worth while, Lucretia goes with him to the North seas in search of a treasure ship. Tom becomes panic stricken and turns back, while she goes on with Frank, on the same mission in his own ship; the two fight against temptation and win, when their ship is destroyed on the ice they set off to civilization with a dog sled. They are saved by a government cruiser. Alice Lake as Lucretia Eastman Carl Gerard as Tom Eastman Rudolph Valentino as Frank Underwood Robert Alden as Fred Turner Charles Hill Mailes as Old Jim Eastman Rhea Haines as Ruby Lawton Uncharted Seas on IMDb Synopsis at AllMovie

Live in Hamburg (Böhse Onkelz album)

Live in Hamburg is the fifth live album of the German rock band Böhse Onkelz. It was recorded on 5 October 2004 at the Color Line Arena in Hamburg; the concert was the last concert of the tournament "La Ultima". Intro Hier sind die Onkelz Lieber stehend sterben Finde die Wahrheit Ich bin in Dir Buch der Erinnerung Danket dem Herrn Ja, Ja Onkelz vs. Jesus Wieder mal'nen Tag verschenkt Terpentin Nichts ist für die Ewigkeit Firma Danke für Nichts Superstar Nur die Besten sterben jung Nie wieder Immer auf der Suche Stunde des Siegers So sind wir Für immer Heilige Lieder Gehasst, vergöttert Erinnerungen Feuer Auf gute Freunde Kirche Mexico Ihr hättet es wissen müssen A. D. I. O. Z

Free Fringe

The Free Fringe is an organisation that promotes free shows during the Edinburgh Festival Fringe, the world's largest arts festival, every August. Unlike most event promoters at the Fringe, the Free Fringe does not charge performers for use of performance spaces, on the condition that they do not charge an entry fee into their shows. Audience members are, asked to make a donation at the end of a show; this business model has been cited as an important development in the Fringe's culture and infrastructure, has been credited with restoring the "idealistic spirit of the Fringe". Peter Buckley Hill was awarded the Panel Prize at the 2009 Edinburgh Comedy Awards in recognition; the organisation should not be confused with other promoters of free events at the Fringe, which include Laughing Horse, Just the Tonic and Bob Slayer's Heroes. Free Fringe venues are independently run bars and nightclubs which create performance spaces in their premises for the duration of the Fringe. Predominantly the shows are comedy but the programme has expanded from its comedy roots to include theatre, cabaret and spoken word.

Performers range from newcomers to major names such as Phill Jupitus and established cult figures such as John Otway. The Free Fringe was started in 1996 by comedian Peter Buckley Hill with the show "Peter Buckley Hill And Some Comedians". Buckley Hill had lost £4,000 as a performer at the 1994 Fringe; the venues used by the Free Fringe have increased since 1996 from the original Footlights and Firkin venue to 529 free shows on 59 stages - over 9,260 performances. From 2004, Buckley Hill worked with the team behind comedy promoters Laughing Horse on promoting Free Fringe shows. However, the partnership ended in 2006. After the split, the two parties operated separate programmes under the "free" banner - Buckley Hill continuing to bill his programme the "Free Fringe", with the Laughing Horse adopting the name the Free Edinburgh Fringe Festival. By 2009, PBH's Free Fringe had 176 shows at a growth of 50 % in a year. In 2014 John Kearns won the Edinburgh Comedy Awards main prize with his Free Fringe show, having won Best Newcomer in the previous year.

Buckley Hill stepped down from managing the festival in 2016. Since 1996 the Free Fringe has won several awards including... Tap Water Awards: Spirit of the Fringe 2006 Chortle Award for Innovation 2007 Chortle Award for Best Off—Stage Contribution 2007 Three Weeks: Editor's Choice AwardAdditionally, in 2009, Peter Buckley Hill won the Edinburgh Comedy Awards Panel Prize, in recognition of his work on the Free Fringe, he was nominated for the Malcolm Hardee Award for Comic Originality in 2008 and in the "Most Likely To Make A Million Quid" category at the 2014 Malcolm Hardee Awards, where organisers said he would have won the "Least Likely To Win A Million Quid" Award The Free Fringe has been described as'the true spirit of the Fringe' by comedian Sean Lock. In 2015, there was a dispute between PBH Free Festival and rival promoters Freestival over the Cowgatehead venue. Freestival believed they had secured the lease for the building and booked a full programme of over 120 events. After the Fringe brochure deadline, by which time most acts had paid to register their show, PBH Free Fringe announced that they had secured the building and would be booking a programme of their own.

Peter Buckley-Hill stated that he would consider applications from Freestival acts if they agreed to the Free Festival "Ethos and Conditions", which forbid being a permanent member of a show in any rival free venue. The majority of shows were rehoused in venues organised by Just the Tonic and Laughing Horse. In 2015, Stephen Carlin was ejected from the Free Fringe and not allowed to continue his run at The Canon's Gait when the Free Fringe organisers realised that he had a permanent role in a play at a Laughing Horse show. In 2016, Peter Buckley Hill issued an instruction that Free Fringe acts could not use flyering companies which promoted other free shows, saying that "by using a service that leaflets for both without distinction, you are endorsing their tactics of riding on our coat-tails and taking our credit". Free Edinburgh Fringe Festival, The Free Festival The Free Fringe – Official website of The Free Fringe The Man Who Wants to Set the Fringe Free

List of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit characters

Law & Order: Special Victims Unit, a spin-off of the crime drama Law & Order, follows the detectives who work in the "Special Victims Unit" of the 16th Precinct of the New York City Police Department, a unit that focuses on crimes involving rape, sexual assault, child molestation, as well as any crime loosely connected with any of the three, such as domestic violence and child abandonment. Since its debut in September 1999, the series has followed the career of Olivia Benson, as she progresses from the rank of Detective, working with a partner, to Lieutenant, replacing Donald Cragen as commanding officer of SVU, to Captain; the unit has a prosecutor assigned from the District Attorney's office, interacts with medical examiners and psychiatrists. Three of the regular characters have appeared in other NBC series: Captain Donald Cragen, on the first three seasons of Law & Order; the characters of Olivia Benson and Elliot Stabler were named for creator Dick Wolf's children. Wolf's third child, daughter Sarina, had a character named for her, Benson's mother was named Serena, as well as former ADA Serena Southerlyn on the original Law & Order and Det.

Serena Stevens on Law & Order: Criminal Intent. Portrayed by Mariska Hargitay Episodes: "Payback" – presentOlivia Benson is the Captain of the Manhattan Special Victims Unit, which investigates sex crimes, she was partnered with Elliot Stabler, until he retired after season 12. She is tough and dedicated to her job, to the point that she is sometimes seen as having little personal life, her dedication sometimes wreaks havoc on her emotional state as she empathizes with victims of sexual assault, having been the child of rape and the victim of sexual assault while undercover in season 9. She has allowed her compassion for victims of abuse to sometimes cloud her professional judgment and impede her ability to remain impartial. Hargitay has received both an Emmy Award for her portrayal of Benson. In season 13, Detectives Benson and Tutuola are the senior detectives in the precinct. Throughout the first few episodes of season 13, she struggles to cope with the retirement of Stabler as she is more harsh and argumentative, as seen when she berates ADA Novak for "losing her nerve" after Novak said that Benson was "off."

Her primary partner from season 13 to 14 has been Nick Amaro, but is seen working with Tutuola and Detectives Amanda Rollins and Dominick "Sonny" Carisi at times. Upon the retirement of Sergeant Munch at the beginning of season 15, Captain Cragen recommends to her that she should take the sergeant's exam, as she was now his second in command. In the episode, "Rapist Anonymous", she makes the announcement that she has passed the exam making her a sergeant. After Cragen's retirement, she becomes acting commanding officer of SVU until she is subsequently promoted to Lieutenant in season 17 and takes command of the unit. At the end of season 15, she became a foster mother to Noah Porter, formally adopting him at the end of season 16, she is rescued unharmed. Shortly thereafter, she begins a relationship with IAB Captain Ed Tucker. Benson is promoted to Captain at the end of the season 21 opener. Portrayed by Ice-T Episodes: "Wrong is Right" – presentOdafin "Fin" Tutuola is a sergeant in the Manhattan Special Victims Unit.

He was raised in Harlem and he served in the United States Army, where he saw combat in Mogadishu. A former undercover narcotics detective, Tutuola replaced Monique Jeffries after she left the squad in 2000, he transferred out of narcotics. He has a rocky relationship with his colleagues in SVU his partner John Munch and Olivia Benson, he sees the world in black and white, with all criminals deserving of prison regardless of extenuating circumstances. He keeps a tight rein on his emotions, refusing to talk about his problems or to admit that the grisly nature of his work affects him, he talks about his personal life, not revealing he has a son to his fellow detectives until the sixth season. As the series progresses, he becomes closer with Munch and saves Benson from being raped while they were both undercover in season 9. However, he begins clashing more with fellow detective Elliot Stabler; as of the season 8 episode "Screwed", he is assigned Chester Lake as his new partner. After Lake kills a suspect, Stabler accuses Tutuola of tipping him off before he is taken into custody and checks his phone records.

Tutuola admits he says he did not expect him to run. Stabler quasi-apologizes for not trusting him, but Tutuola dismisses his apology because he believes Stabler will always be the same "bulldog". Afterwards, he requests a transfer from the squad, however the man in charge of transfers is a former colleague of Tutuola's who holds a grudge against him. Tutuola resolves himself to being "stuck" and his captain, Don Cragen, orders him to investigate a case with Stabler, who he calls a "headcase" and "cranky-balls"; as time has passed, Tutuola has again warmed to Stabler, a point proven in the season 11 episode "Solitary", when a suspect throws Stabler off a roof, Tutuola nearly throttles the suspect for attacking his "friend

Rick Hoberg

Richard Renick Hoberg is an American comics artist and animator. Hoberg began his career in comic books in the mid-1970s, working for Russ Manning on Tarzan comic books for overseas distribution and assisted Manning on the Star Wars comic strip. Hoberg ghosted Sunday pages for Fred Kida on The Amazing Spider-Man strip. Between 1977 and 1979, Hoberg contributed artwork for Marvel Comics' The Invaders, Kull the Destroyer, Savage Sword of Conan, Star Wars, What If...?. In the 1980s, Hoberg drew for such DC Comics titles as All-Star Squadron, The Brave and the Bold, Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew!, Green Arrow, Green Lantern, Justice League of America Annual. He was one of the contributors to the DC Challenge limited series in 1986. Writer Dennis Mallonee and Hoberg developed the format for Marvel's Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe series, they co-created Eternity Smith, from 1986 to 1988 Hoberg penciled that title, first for Renegade Press and for Hero Comics. Hoberg worked on DNAgents and Surge at Eclipse Comics.

In the 1990s, Hoberg spent a long stint as the penciller on Green Arrow. With writer Steve Englehart, Hoberg co-created The Strangers for Malibu Comics and penciled the title from 1993–1995. Hoberg penciled select issues of DC's New Gods in 1990–1991 and Roger Rabbit for Disney. Since the mid-1990s, Hoberg's comics work has been sporadic. In 2002–2003, Hoberg worked with Stefano Gaudiano on the art for the Batman Family series for DC Comics. Besides his comics work, Hoberg has been active in animation since 1978 as a storyboard artist, model designer, layout man for Hanna-Barbera, Ruby-Spears, Marvel Productions, Marvel Films, DIC Entertainment, Universal Studios, The Walt Disney Company, Cartoon Network, Film Roman, Warner Bros. and many other studios. Among the many animated series Hoberg has contributed to are Godzilla, Super Friends, Spider-Man and His Amazing Friends, The Incredible Hulk, G. I. Joe: A Real American Hero, Defenders of the Earth, Spider-Man, Justice League, X-Men, Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles.

Hoberg served as a director/producer for Marvel Productions, where he co-created the first X-Men cartoon, Pryde of the X-Men. Other animation work includes Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes, Ultimate Spider-Man, War of the Worlds: Goliath, Hulk and the Agents of S. M. A. S. H.. Hoberg has done some live action film work as well on movies such as Cyborg and TV miniseries like Stephen King's It. In addition, Hoberg has drawn line artwork for the official Star Wars style guide for Lucasfilm over the years, he is the Lead Cinematic Storyboard Artist at 343 Industries for Halo. Hoberg received a Bachelor of Arts from the University of Irvine. Hoberg received an Inkpot Award in 1984. Bar Sinister #1–4 Classic Star Wars: A New Hope #2 Classic Star Wars: The Early Adventures #4–5, 9 Roger Rabbit #1–3 Roger Rabbit's Toontown #3 The New DNAgents #11 Surge #1–2, 4 Three Dimensional DNAgents #1 Champions/Flare Adventures #11 Eternity Smith #1–9 Flare #5 Night Man: The Pilgrim Conundrum Saga #1 Strangers #1–8, 10–12, 14–18, 23–24 Strangers: The Pilgrim Conundrum Saga #1 Ultraverse Premiere #0 Invaders #35 Iron Man #209 Kull the Destroyer #21 Savage Sword of Conan #23 The Sensational Spider-Man vol. 2 #39 Star Wars #6 What If...?

#6–7, 10, 16 Eternity Smith #1–5 Official website Rick Hoberg at the Comic Book DB Rick Hoberg at Mike's Amazing World of Comics