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Azaleas are flowering shrubs in the genus Rhododendron the former sections Tsutsuji and Pentanthera. Azaleas bloom in the spring, their flowers lasting several weeks. Shade tolerant, they prefer living under trees, they are part of the family Ericaceae. Plant enthusiasts have selectively bred azaleas for hundreds of years; this human selection has produced over 10,000 different cultivars. Azalea seeds can be collected and germinated. Azaleas are slow-growing and do best in well-drained acidic soil. Fertilizer needs are low; some species need regular pruning. Azaleas are native to several continents including Asia and North America, they are planted abundantly as ornamentals in the southeastern US, southern Asia, parts of southwest Europe. According to azalea historian Fred Galle, in the United States, Azalea indica was first introduced to the outdoor landscape in the 1830s at the rice plantation Magnolia-on-the-Ashley in Charleston, South Carolina. From Philadelphia, where they were grown only in greenhouses, John Grimke Drayton imported the plants for use in his estate garden.

With encouragement from Charles Sprague Sargent from Harvard's Arnold Arboretum, Magnolia Gardens was opened to the public in 1871, following the American Civil War. Magnolia is one of the oldest public gardens in America. Since the late 19th century, in late March and early April, thousands visit to see the azaleas bloom in their full glory. Azalea leafy gall can be destructive to azalea leaves during the early spring. Hand picking infected leaves is the recommended method of control, they can be subject to phytophthora root rot in moist, hot conditions. In Chinese culture, the azalea is known as "thinking of home bush", is immortalized in the poetry of Du Fu; the azalea is one of the symbols of the city of São Paulo, Brazil. Azaleas and rhododendrons were once so infamous for their toxicity that to receive a bouquet of their flowers in a black vase was a well-known death threat. In addition to being renowned for its beauty, the azalea is highly toxic—it contains andromedotoxins in both its leaves and nectar, including honey from the nectar.

Bees are deliberately fed on Azalea/Rhododendron nectar in some parts of Turkey, producing a mind-altering medicinal, lethal honey known as "mad honey". According to the ancient Roman historian Pliny the Elder in his Natural History, an army invading Pontus in Turkey was poisoned with such honey, resulting in their defeat. Motoyama, Kōchi has a flower festival in which the blooming of Tsutsuji is celebrated and Tatebayashi, Gunma is famous for its Azalea Hill Park, Tsutsuji-ga-oka. Nezu Shrine in Bunkyo, holds a Tsutsuji Matsuri from early April until early May. Higashi Village has hosted an azalea festival each year since 1976; the village's 50,000 azalea plants draw an estimated 60,000 to 80,000 visitors each year. Sobaeksan, one of the 12 well-known Sobaek Mountains, lying on the border between Chungbuk Province and Gyeongbuk has a royal azalea festival held on May every year. Sobaeksan has an azalea colony dotted around Biro mountaintop and Yonwha early in May; when royal azaleas have turned pink in the end of May, it looks.

The Ma On Shan Azalea Festival is held in Ma On Shan, where six native species are found in the area. The festival has been held since 2004. Many cities in the United States have festivals in the spring celebrating the blooms of the azalea, including Summerville, South Carolina; the Azalea Trail is a designated path, planted with azaleas in private gardens, through Mobile, Alabama. The Azalea Trail Run is an annual road running event held there in late March. Mobile, Alabama is home to the Azalea Trail Maids, fifty women chosen to serve as ambassadors of the city while wearing antebellum dresses, who participated in a three-day festival, but now operate throughout the year; the Azalea Society of America designated Houston, Texas, an "azalea city". The River Oaks Garden Club has conducted the Houston Azalea Trail every spring since 1935. List of Award of Garden Merit rhododendrons List of plants poisonous to equines "Azalea". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1911. Azalea Society of America American Rhododendron Society: What is an Azalea?

Azalea Collection of the U. S. National Arboretum Azalea Collection of Botany garten Pruhonice CZ

1832 United Kingdom general election

The 1832 United Kingdom general election, the first after the Reform Act, saw the Whigs win a large majority, with the Tories winning less than 30% of the vote. The Earl Grey had been Prime Minister since November 1830, he headed the first predominantly Whig administration since the Ministry of All the Talents in 1806–07. In addition to the Whigs themselves, Grey was supported by other allied politicians; the Whigs and their allies were coming to be referred to as liberals, but no formal Liberal Party had been established at the time of this election, so all the politicians supporting the ministry are referred to as Whig in the above results. The Leader of the House of Commons since 1830 was Viscount Althorp, who served as Chancellor of the Exchequer; the last Tory prime minister, at the time of this election, was the Duke of Wellington. After leaving government office, Wellington continued to lead the Tory peers and was the overall Leader of the Opposition; the Tory Leader of the Opposition in the House of Commons was Bt.

John Wilson Croker had used the term "conservative" in 1830, but the Tories at the time of this election had not yet become known as the Conservative Party. This distinction would take hold after the Liberal Party was created. In Irish politics, Daniel O'Connell was continuing his campaign for repeal of the Act of Union, he had founded the Irish Repeal Association and it presented candidates independent of the two principal parties. Following the passage of the Reform Act 1832 and related legislation to reform the electoral system and redistribute constituencies, the tenth United Kingdom Parliament was dissolved on 3 December 1832; the new Parliament was summoned to meet on 29 January 1833, for a maximum seven-year term from that date. The maximum term could be and was curtailed, by the monarch dissolving the Parliament, before its term expired. At this period there was not one election day. After receiving a writ for the election to be held, the local returning officer fixed the election timetable for the particular constituency or constituencies he was concerned with.

Polling in seats with contested elections could continue for many days. The general election took place between December 1832 and January 1833; the first nomination was on 8 December, with the first contest on 10 December and the last contest on 8 January 1833. It was usual for polling in the University constituencies and in Orkney and Shetland to take place about a week after other seats. Disregarding contests in the Universities and Orkney and Shetland, the last poll was on 1 January 1833. For the distribution of constituencies in the unreformed House of Commons, before this election, see the 1831 United Kingdom general election. Apart from the disenfranchisement of Grampound for corruption in 1821 and the transfer of its two seats as additional members for Yorkshire from 1826, there had been no change in the constituencies of England since the 1670s. In some cases the county and borough seats had remained unaltered since the 13th century. Welsh constituencies had been unchanged since the 16th century.

Those in Scotland had remained the same since 1708 and in Ireland since 1801. In 1832 politicians were facing an unfamiliar electoral map, as well as an electorate including those qualified under a new uniform householder franchise in the boroughs; however the reform legislation had not removed all the anomalies in the electoral system. Table of largest and smallest electorates 1832–33, by country and number of seats Monmouthshire is included in Wales in these tables. Sources for this period may include the county in England. Table 1: Constituencies and MPs, by type and country Table 2: Number of seats per constituency, by type and country List of United Kingdom general elections List of MPs elected in the 1832 United Kingdom general election Craig, F. W. S. British Electoral Facts: 1832–1987, Dartmouth: Gower, ISBN 0900178302 Rallings, Colin. British Electoral Facts 1832–1999, Ashgate Publishing Ltd Walker, B. M. ed. Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland 1801–1922, Royal Irish Academy Spartacus: Political Parties and Election Results

New Tecumseth

New Tecumseth is a town in Simcoe County, in south-central Ontario, Canada. While it is not a part of the Greater Toronto Area, it is counted, in terms of the census, as being a part of the Toronto Census Metropolitan Area; the municipality was created through the amalgamation of the municipal governments of several communities with the Township of Tecumseth. The name'New Tecumseth' was chosen because a Town of Tecumseh exists in Essex County; the borders of the old township, with some adjustments along the eastern edge, with the addition of all of Alliston, are the borders of the new town. The main centres in New Tecumseth are the communities of Alliston and Beeton; the town includes the smaller communities of Allimil, Green Briar, Penville, Rich Hill, Schomberg Heights and Thompsonville. New Tecumseth has eight elementary schools and two area high schools: Alliston Union PS Banting Memorial High School Boyne River PS Ernest Cumberland ES FX O'Reilly Catholic School Monsignor Ronan Catholic School St. Paul's Catholic School St. Thomas Aquinas Catholic Secondary School Tecumseth Beeton ES Tecumseth South Central PS Tottenham PS Public schools are in the Simcoe County District School Board and Catholic with the Simcoe Muskoka Catholic District School Board.

Kate Aitken, influential cooking and homemaking expert and radio broadcaster, born in Beeton. A plaque was placed in Beeton Park in her honour. Dr Sir Frederick Banting and scientist born in Alliston. Discovered insulin with his assistant, Charles Best. Sir William Osler and professor of medicine was born in Bond Head, he has been called'the Father of Modern Medicine'. Jim Rutherford, journeyman NHL goaltender and Stanley-Cup-winning General Manager was born in Beeton. Deanne Rose, Olympic medal-winning soccer player was born in New Tecumseth. List of townships in Ontario Town of New Tecumseth

Kyiv Medical University of UAFM

Kyiv Medical University of UAFM or Kiev Medical University of UAFM is a Ukrainian higher learning institution. Established in 1992, the university has trained over 10,000 health personnel—mainly general practitioners and pharmacists; as of August 2014, about 1000 foreign students study at KMU. As a university with the highest level of accreditation by the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, all degrees issued to foreign students are legalized and apostilized by the Foreign Affairs Ministry of Ukraine. Kyiv Medical University is recognized and listed in all relevant international directories of medical universities such as the International Medical Education Directory; this means graduates are eligible to write the United States Medical Licensing Examinations and means certificates are recognized by the Education Commission for Foreign Medical Graduates in US and the Medical Council of Canada for eligibility of graduates to obtain certification and Licensure hence may pursue residency and postgraduate programs in these countries.

The university is registered in the AVICENNA Directory, maintained by the University of Copenhagen in collaboration with the World Health Organization and the World Federation for Medical Education meaning KMU is recognized by the WHO all governments. The university's Foundation for advancement of international medical education and research School ID is F0002349. Kyiv Medical University is recognized by the Ghana Dental and Medical Council, Nigerian Dental and Medical Council, Pakistan Medical and Dental Council, European Council of Medicine, Indian Medical Council and General Medical Council of UK just to name a few, it has joint research and partnership relations with many scientific institutions of the former USSR and all over the world, such as The Poland Medical Academy, Center of control and prophylaxis of diseases of Department of health protection, the southern Kazakhstan scientific and practical conference with international participation and contract with Knurów Sląsk Hospital, Poland about organization of medical practice for students in 4th and 5th courses of medical faculty of KMU

Niccolò Perotti

Niccolò Perotti Perotto or Nicolaus Perottus was an Italian humanist and author of one of the first modern Latin school grammars. Born in Sassoferrato, Marche, he studied with Vittorino da Feltre in Mantua in 1443 in Ferrara with Guarino, he studied at the University of Padua. At the age of eighteen he spent some time in the household of the Englishman William Grey Lord High Treasurer, travelling in Italy and was a student of Guarino, he accompanied him to Rome when he moved there. He was a secretary of Cardinal Basilius Bessarion in 1447, wrote a biography of him in 1472. From 1451 to 1453 he taught poetry at the University of Bologna. In 1452 he was made Poet Laureate in Bologna by the Emperor Frederick III, as acknowledgment of the speech of welcome he had composed. In 1455 he became secretary to Pope Callixtus III. In 1456 he was ordained, from 1458 he was Archbishop of Siponto, he officiated as papal governor in Viterbo and Perugia. He travelled on diplomatic missions to Naples and Germany. On behalf of Pope Nicholas V he translated Polybius' Roman History for which the Pope paid him five hundred ducats.

He wrote a Latin school grammar, Rudimenta Grammatices, one of the earliest and most popular Renaissance Latin grammars, which attempted to exclude many words and constructions of medieval, rather than classical, origin. Described by Erasmus as'accurate, yet not pedantic', it became a bestseller of its day, going through 117 printings and selling 59,000 copies in Italy, Germany and the Low Countries by the end of the century. With Pomponio Leto, he produced a version of the poet Martial's Epigrammaton in the 1470s. A book on Martial, Cornu Copiae - part commentary, part dictionary -, completed by Perotti in 1478 and printed after his death, in 1489, was another bestseller. One commentator calls it "a massive encyclopedia of the classical world; every verse, indeed every word of Martial's text was a hook on which Perotti hung a densely woven tissue of linguistic and cultural knowledge". It was dedicated to the condottiere Federico III da Montefeltro, he was something of a controversialist and criticized Domizio Calderini for his work on Martial.

He was involved in Lorenzo Valla's dispute with the writer Poggio Bracciolini, in 1453 he sent an assassin to murder Poggio Chancellor of Florence. When the attempt failed and the Florentine government protested, he was forced by Bessarion, his employer, to write an apology to Poggio. Perotti was so incensed by the number of errors in Giovanni Andrea Bussi's printed edition of Pliny's Natural History that the wrote to the Pope asking him to set up a board of learned correctors who would scrutinise every text before it could be printed; this has been described as the first call for censorship of the press. He himself was accused by another scholar of introducing 275 serious errors in the text when he produced his own version of the work. A collection of fables by Phaedrus, not known from any other source, was discovered by Perotti in a manuscript, now lost. Perotti's version has been preserved in the Vatican Library and is known as "Perotti's Appendix". Together with the Florentine bookseller Vespasiano da Bisticci, he collected books for the Papal library.

He died in Sassoferrato in 1480. I rapporti tra Niccolò Perotti e Sassoferrato - tre nuove lettere e una vicenda sconosciuta, Dario Cingolani, Istituto Internazionale di Studi Piceni, Sassoferrato, 1999 Perugia I reliquiari donati da Niccolò Perotti a Sassoferrato, G. Barucca, Studi umanistici piceni, XII, pag. 9-46 Dove morì Mons. Perotti?, G. Battelli, Atti e memorie della Regia Deputazione di storia patria per le provincie delle Marche, serie VII, vol. I, Ancona, 1946, pp. 147–149. La Trebisonda del Perotti, S. Boldrini, Maia, 36, pp. 71–83 La patria del Perotti, S. Boldrini, Studi umanistici piceni, VI, pp. 9–17 Vecchi e nuovi elementi nella biografia di Niccolò Perotti, A. Greco, Studi umanistici piceni, I, pp. 77–91

Charles W. Shea

Charles William Shea was a United States Army officer and a recipient of the United States military's highest decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in World War II. Shea joined the Army from his birthplace of New York City in July 1942, by May 12, 1944 was serving as a second lieutenant in Company F, 350th Infantry Regiment, 88th Infantry Division. On that day, near Mount Damiano, Italy, he single-handedly disabled three German machine gun nests, he was awarded the Medal of Honor eight months on January 12, 1945. After the war, Shea joined the New York National Guard in 1949, retired with the rank colonel in 1972, he died in Plainview, New York at age 72 and was buried in Long Island National Cemetery, New York. Shea's official Medal of Honor citation reads: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty, on May 12, 1944, near Mount Damiano, Italy; as 2d Lt. Shea and his company were advancing toward a hill occupied by the enemy, 3 enemy machineguns opened fire, inflicting heavy casualties upon the company and halting its advance.

2d Lt. Shea moved forward to eliminate these machinegun nests in order to enable his company to continue its attack; the deadly hail of machinegun fire at first pinned him down, boldly continuing his advance, 2d Lt. Shea crept up to the first nest. Throwing several hand grenades, he forced the 4 enemy soldiers manning this position to surrender, disarming them, he sent them to the rear, he crawled to the second machinegun position, after a short fire fight forced 2 more German soldiers to surrender. At this time, the third machinegun fired at him, while deadly small arms fire pitted the earth around him, 2d Lt. Shea crawled toward the nest, he stood up and rushed the emplacement and with well-directed fire from his rifle, he killed all 3 of the enemy machine gunners. 2d Lt. Shea's display of personal valor was an inspiration to the men of his company. List of Medal of Honor recipients List of Medal of Honor recipients for World War II "Charles W. Shea". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients.

Find a Grave. Retrieved 2007-11-06. "Medal of Honor recipients - World War II". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. Retrieved 2007-11-06