Azerbaijan the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic referred to as Soviet Azerbaijan, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union between 1922 and 1991. Created on 28 April 1920 when Soviet Russia brought pro-Soviet figures to power in the region, the first two years of the Azerbaijani SSR were as an independent country until incorporation into the Transcausasian SFSR, along with the Armenian SSR and the Georgian SSR. In December 1922, the Transcaucasian SFSR became part of the newly established Soviet Union; the Constitution of Azerbaijan SSR was approved by the 9th Extraordinary All-Azerbaijani Congress of Soviets on 14 March 1937. On 5 February 1991, Azerbaijan SSR was renamed the Republic of Azerbaijan according to the Decision No.16-XII of Supreme Soviet of Azerbaijan approving the Decree of the President of Azerbaijan SSR dated 29 November 1990, remaining in the USSR for another period before its independence in October 1991. The Constitution of the Azerbaijan SSR ceased to exist in 1995, upon the adoption of the new Constitution of Azerbaijan.
The name "Azerbaijan" originates as the "Land of Atropates", an Achaemenid Hellenistic-era king over a region in present-day Iranian Azarbaijan and Iranian Kurdistan, south of the modern state. Despite this difference, the present name was chosen by the Musavat to replace the Russian names Transcaucasia and Baku in 1918. "Azerbaijan" derives from Persian Āzarbāydjān, from earlier Ādharbāyagān and Ādharbādhagān, from Middle Persian Āturpātākān, from Old Persian Atropatkan. From its founding it was known as the Azerbaijan Socialist Soviet Republic; when the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic was abolished, the name was changed to the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic according to the 1937 and 1978 Azerbaijan SSR constitutions. Upon independence, it was renamed to the Republic of Azerbaijan in 1991; the current official name was retained after the new Constitution of Azerbaijan was adopted in 1995. The Azerbaijan SSR was established on 28 April 1920 after the surrender of the government of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic to local Bolsheviks led by Mirza Davud and Nariman Narimanov and the invasion of the Bolshevik 11th Red Army.
On 13 October 1921, the Soviet republics of Russia, Armenia and Georgia signed an agreement with Turkey known as the Treaty of Kars. The independent Naxicivan SSR would become an autonomous ASSR within Azerbaijan by the Treaty of Kars. Borders of Azerbaijan and Armenia, like elsewhere in the USSR, were redrawn several times, yet neither side was satisfied with the results. On 12 March 1922 the leaders of Azerbaijan and Georgian Soviet Socialist Republics established a union known as the Transcaucasian Soviet Federal Socialist Republic; this was the first attempt at a union of Soviet republics, preceding the USSR. The Union Council of TSFSR consisted of the representatives of the three republics – Nariman Narimanov, Polikarp Mdivani, Aleksandr Fyodorovich Miasnikyan; the First Secretary of the Transcaucasian Communist Party was Sergo Ordzhonikidze. In December 1922 TSFSR agreed to join the union with Russia and Belarus, thus creating the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics which would last until 1991.
The TSFSR, did not last long. In December 1936, the Transcaucasian Union was dismantled when the leaders in the Union Council found themselves unable to come to agreement over several issues. Azerbaijan and Georgia became union Republics of the Soviet Union directly. In the spring of 1921, a general change-over from revkoms and kombeds to Soviets took place. In order to help the Azerbaijani oil industry the Supreme Council of the National Economy decided in the same year to provide it with everything necessary out of turn; the new oilfields, like Ilyich Bay, Lok-Batan and Kala have been discovered. In 1929 a great kolkhoz movement had developed and Azerbaijan became the second Soviet tea producer after the Georgian SSR for the first time. On 31 March 1931 the oil industry of the Azerbaijan SSR, which supplied over 60% of the total Soviet oil production at the time, was awarded the Order of Lenin; the republic gained the second Order on 15 March 1935 during the observation of its 15th anniversary.
At the end of the second five-year plan Azerbaijan appeared at 3rd place in the Soviet Union by its capital investment size. During the period 17 September 1939 to 21 June 1941, Nazi Germany, due to its non-aggression pact and normalized trade relations with the USSR, was a major importer of oil produced in the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic; this changed when Germany invaded the Soviet Union on 22 June 1941. In the first year of the Soviet-German War, Azerbaijan produced 23,5 million tons of oil – a record for the entire history of its oil industry. By the end of 1941, thousands of Azerbaijanis had joined the People's Volunteer Corps. Mobilization affected all spheres of life the oil industries. A week after fighting began, the oil workers themselves took the initiative to extend their work to 12-hour shifts, with no days off, no holidays, no vacations until the end of the war. Meanwhile, in September 1942 Hitler's generals presented him with a large decorated cake which depicted the Caspian Sea and Baku.
Baku became the primary strategic goal of Hitler's 1942 Fall Blau offensive. This offensive was unsuccessful
Royal Air Force Station Lichfield known as Fradley Aerodrome, was an operational training station from 1940 until 1958. It was situated in Fradley, 2 miles north east of Lichfield, England; the airfield was the busiest airfield in Staffordshire during World War II. The airfield supported its own units as well as providing safe haven for many more, it was a control point for all aviation traffic that passed through the Birmingham area during the war and saw more aircraft movements than any other Staffordshire airfield. RAF Lichfield, known locally as Fradley Aerodrome, was constructed in from mid 1939 to 1940; the airfield was set out in the usual triangular pattern with two runways 1 km in length and a main runway of 1.46 km. It operated as a maintenance site, being home to the No. 51 Maintenance Unit from August 1940. Manufacturers sent newly built aircraft to Fradley to carry out any modifications before delivery to squadrons. After the war, large numbers of aircraft were broken up and many aircraft were prepared before being sold to the air forces of other countries.
The unit remained active until the closure of the airfield in 1958.27 OTU was formed on 23 April 1941. The crews from Australia and other Commonwealth countries, were posted to their allocated squadrons in Lincolnshire. Operational bombing missions were flown from Lichfield in 1942–43, including the 1,000-bomber raid on Cologne in May 1942. After 1943 most sorties were'Nickel' raids, the dropping of propaganda leaflets over German cities coupled with occasional bombing of French airfields occupied by German Forces; the unit was disbanded in June 1945 with the last flying training detail being flown on 22 June. After the war the airfield continued to be occupied by No. 51 Maintenance Unit preparing aircraft for service with foreign air forces and civilian use. The unit began breaking up surplus WW2 aircraft including Wellington's, Mosquitoes and 900 Typhoons; the unit became surplus to requirements and disbanded in July 1954. In its final years No. 99 Maintenance Unit, 5003 Airfield Construction Squadron and the Maintenance Command Ground Defence School used the airfield.
Two RAF gliding squadrons flew from Lichfield until 1955. The airfield was closed in 1958 and the entire site was disposed of by Winterton's on behalf of the Air Ministry in May 1962 for £240,000. Over the last 15 years the former aerodrome has been renamed Fradley Park, where a number of major developments have occurred, including industrial units and over 750 new homes, however all of the hangars still exist and the majority have been refurbished to be used for industrial purposes. RAF LICHFIELD The RAF Lichfield Association Fradley Village History
Marion Stokes was a Philadelphia, Pennsylvania access television producer, civil rights demonstrator, activist and prolific archivist known for single-handedly amassing hundreds of thousands of hours of television news footage spanning 35 years, from 1977 until her death at age 83, at which time she operated nine properties and three storage units. Stokes' tape collection consisted of 24/7-coverage of Fox, MSNBC, CNN, C-SPAN, CNBC and other networks—recorded on as many as eight separate VCR machines stationed throughout her house, she had a husband and children, family outings were planned around the length of a VHS tape. Every six hours when the tapes would be ending and her husband would run around the house to switch them out—even cutting short meals at restaurants to make it home to switch out tapes in time. In life when she was not as agile, Stokes trained a helper to do the task for her; the archives grew to live on 71,716 VHS and Betamax tapes stacked in Stokes' home, as well as apartments she rented just to store them.
She became convinced there was a lot of detail in the news at risk of disappearing forever, began taping. Her son, Michael Metelits, told WNYC that Stokes "channeled her natural hoarding tendencies to task."Her collection is not the only instance of massive television footage taping, but the care in preserving the collection is unusual. Known collections of similar scale have not been as well-maintained and lack the timely and local focus. In addition to collecting TV news footage, Stokes amassed large quantities of other items, she received half a dozen daily newspapers and 100-150 monthly periodicals, collected for half a century. Stokes had accumulated 30,000-40,000 books. Metelits told WNYC that in the mid-1970s, they would frequent the bookstore to purchase $800 worth of new books. Stokes held collections of toys and dollhouses. Stokes bought many Macintosh computers since the brand's inception, along with various other Apple peripherals. At her death, 192 of the computers remained in her possession.
Stokes kept the unopened items in a climate-controlled storage garage for posterity. The collection, speculated to be one of the last of its nature remaining, sold on eBay to an anonymous buyer. Stokes bequeathed her son Michael Metelits the entire television collection, with no instructions other than to donate it to a charity of his choice. After a stringent process of considering potential recipients, Metelits gave the collection to The Internet Archive one year after Stokes' death. Four shipping containers were required to move the collection cross-country to Internet Archive's headquarters in San Francisco, a move which cost her estate $16,000, it was the largest collection they had received. The group agreed to digitize the volumes, a process, expected to run on round-the-clock volunteers, costing $2 million and taking 20 digitizing machines several years to complete; as of November 2014, the project was still active. A documentary about her life, Recorder: The Marion Stokes Project, was directed by Matt Wolf and premiered at the 2019 Tribeca Film Festival.
Bob Monkhouse § Film and television archive List of archivists Marion Stokes Collection at The Internet Archive - personal papers, films and audio recordings are stored and may be browsed by searching for'Marion Stokes' "Input" - one of the first television programs Marion Stokes was involved in producing at then-CBS affiliate WCAU-TV10, featuring political discussion and debate among people of varying socioeconomic statuses. She made sure the original Ampex 1" tape broadcast reels were preserved copied them to Betamax L-500 tapes when the format was launched in the late 1970s. Tl.
The discography of Antique, a Swedish-Greek laïko and Eurodance musical duo, consists of three studio albums, two hybrid albums, two extended plays, three compilation albums, nine singles, four promotional singles, 12 music videos and 50 recorded songs. In 1999 Elena Paparizou and Nikos Panagiotidis, two Swedes born to Greek immigrant parents, recorded a demo of the Notis Sfakianakis hit "Opa Opa", leading to the formation of Antique and a contract with the newly formed Swedish indie label Bonnier Music. "Opa Opa" was released as a single in August. Becoming popular with the diaspora it became a top ten hit across Scandinavia, while charting in Romania and Switzerland, it was the first Greek-language song to reach the Swedish top five and was certified platinum and Antique were the first act to be nominated at the Grammis with a Greek-language song. The follow-up single "Dinata Dinata" reached the top ten and was certified gold, their debut album, Mera Me Ti Mera, was released that year, infusing Greek laïko music with Eurodance beats in a blend of both Greek and English lyrics.
The album peaked at number 27 on the Swedish Albums Chart and spawned a further single, the title track. They released a self-titled EP of remixes of their first two hits in 2000. In 2001 Antique competed and won the ticket to represent Greece in the Eurovision Song Contest 2001 with the song " Die for You", which placed third in the final contest, Greece's highest result in contest history at the time; this brought them recognition in Greece, where they were unknown, now signed to V2 Records. Their debut album was re-released there and was certified gold by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry of Greece, their second studio album, Die for You, was released in June 2001 in both Greece and Sweden, peaking at number 16 in the latter and being certified gold in Greece. The title track peaked at number three in Sweden and became their second gold-certified single there, while in Greece it topped the charts and was certified triple platinum, becoming one of the best-selling singles of all time.
It charted within the top ten of Romania and Europe and entered the charts of Denmark and Switzerland. The other singles included "Ligo Ligo", which became the group's lowest-charting song in Sweden, "Follow Me" which reached the top 20 in Sweden and Romania. Antique were awarded for shipments of 100 thousand records within the first year of their Greek career and were the best-selling group of the year, they won the Pop Corn Music Award for Best Group in 2002. They released a third album in December 2001 only in Greece, titled Me Logia Ellinika, a compilation of past remixes and new songs. Apart from "Follow Me", it included the laïko singles "Me Logia Ellinika" and "Kainourgia Agapi", it was re-released in 2002 with the content released on the standalone EP Dance: Re-mixes + Videos. Now based in Greece, Antique released their third studio album there, Alli Mia Fora which peaked at number four on the Greek Albums Chart and was certified gold, it spawned the singles "Moro Mou" and "Alli Mia Fora".
A compilation of past songs translated into English, Blue Love, was released as their final studio album in Sweden. It topped the Greek International Albums Chart and became their highest-charting album in Sweden, at 13, while charting in Finland; the singles were English versions of "Moro Mou", which tied their highest peak there at three, "Time to Say Goodbye" reached the top 20 in Sweden and Romania. There was a promotional single "Why?" Featuring Bulgarian artist Slavi Trifonov, while the final single, "List of Lovers", failed to chart anywhere. Antique announced their disbandment in 2003 and a series of compilations were released beginning with the box set Collector's Edition in Greece, while The Very Best of Antique peaked at 47 in Sweden. Another Greek compilation Collection: Hits & Remixes was released in 2006. Elena Paparizou discography Antique at MAD TV
Ring of Fire is a 1961 Metrocolor Drama directed by Andrew L. Stone, starring David Janssen, Joyce Taylor and Frank Gorshin; the film was shot in Vernonia and Wynoochee River, featuring footage from two real forest fires. The title song was performed by Duane Eddy. A deputy sheriff, Steve Walsh, encounters a trio of young people in Washington between Shelton and Aberdeen in rural Mason County forest and is taken hostage when the girl, produces a gun. Bobbie tries to seduce Walsh, twice her age and resists, her companion, tries to push Walsh off a cliff, but plummets to his own death instead. When a search party comes to Walsh's rescue, one of his captors, accuses the lawman of having improper relations with Bobbie, a minor. Before the matter can be resolved, a cigarette carelessly tossed by Frank earlier sets the forest ablaze. Townspeople are led by Walsh, who knows the region better than most, he herds them aboard a train that leads across a bridge to safety, but Frank, trying to flee, falls from the trestle and is killed.
David Janssen as Sergeant Steve Walsh Joyce Taylor as Bobbie'Skidoo' Adams Frank Gorshin as Frank Henderson Joel Marston as Deputy Joe Pringle James Johnson as Roy Anderson Ron Myron as Sheriff Tom Niles, Mason County Marshall Kent as Deputy Doodles Weaver as Mr. Hobart List of American films of 1961 Ring of Fire on IMDb Ring of Fire at AllMovie Ring of Fire at the TCM Movie Database
Joseph Dominick Calderazzo is a jazz pianist and brother of musician Gene Calderazzo. He played extensively in bands led by Michael Brecker and Branford Marsalis, has led his own bands. Calderazzo was born in New York, he began studying classical piano at age eight. His brother, got him interested in jazz, he studied with Richard Beirach and in the 1980s continued his studies at Berklee College of Music and the Manhattan School of Music. At the same time, he was playing professionally with Frank Foster. At a music clinic he met saxophonist Michael Brecker and became part of his quintet beginning in 1987. In 1990, he signed with Blue Note Records. Brecker produced Calderazzo's first album, In the Door, which featured Jerry Bergonzi and Branford Marsalis, his brother's roommate in Boston, they played To Know One, which included Dave Holland and Jack DeJohnette. Calderazzo appeared on Brecker's albums Tales from the Hudson and Two Blocks from the Edge as pianist and composer, he contributed to his album Music Evolution.
When pianist Kenny Kirkland died in 1998, Calderazzo assumed his place in the Branford Marsalis Quartet. In 1999 he recorded Joey Calderazzo with Jeff ` Tain' Watts, he played on Marsalis's albums Contemporary Jazz, Footsteps of Our Fathers, Romare Bearden Revealed, Eternal and on the DVD Coltrane's'A Love Supreme' Live in Amsterdam. Calderazzo's composition "Hope" appears on Braggtown, he was one of the first musicians to sign with Marsalis Music, owned by Branford Marsalis. Haiku, his first solo album, appeared in 2002, his album Amanacer featured guitarist Romero Lubambo. In 2011, he and Marsalis recorded Songs of Mirth and Melancholy. Calderazzo developed cubital tunnel syndrome in 2017, resulting in numbness in two fingers of his right hand. Following surgery and rest, he was able to return to playing as before. Main source