click links in text for more info
SUMMARY / RELATED TOPICS

Béla I of Hungary

Béla I the Boxer or the Wisent was King of Hungary from 1060 until his death. He descended from a younger branch of the Árpád dynasty. Béla's baptismal name was Adalbert, he left Hungary in 1031, together with his brothers and Andrew, after the execution of their father, Vazul. Béla married Richeza, daughter of King Mieszko II of Poland, he returned to his homeland upon the invitation of his brother Andrew, who had in the meantime been crowned King of Hungary. Andrew assigned the administration of the so-called ducatus or "duchy", which encompassed around one-third of the territory of the Kingdom of Hungary, to Béla; the two brothers' relationship became tense when Andrew had his own son, crowned king, forced Béla to publicly confirm Solomon's right to the throne in 1057 or 1058. Béla, assisted by his Polish relatives, rebelled against his brother and dethroned him in 1060, he introduced monetary reform and subdued the last uprising aimed at the restoration of paganism in Hungary. Béla was fatally injured.

Most Hungarian chronicles, including Simon of Kéza's Gesta Hungarorum and the Illuminated Chronicle, record that Béla's father was Ladislas the Bald, a cousin of Stephen, the first King of Hungary. However, many of the same sources add that it "is sometimes claimed" that Béla and his two brothers—Levente and Andrew—were in fact the sons of Ladislaus the Bald's brother, Vazul; the chronicles refer to gossip claiming that the three brothers were their father's illegitimate sons, born to "a girl from the Tátony clan". Modern historians, who accept the latter reports' reliability, unanimously write that the three brothers were the sons of Vazul and his concubine. Béla was born between 1015 and 1020, it is debated whether Béla was a third son. The former view is represented, for example, by the Polish historian Wincenty Swoboda, the latter by the Hungarian scholars Gyula Kristó and Ferenc Makk. Kristó and Makk write. However, the name may be connected to the Slavic word for white or to the Biblical name Bela.

King Stephen's only son who survived infancy, died on 2 September 1031. Thereafter, Vazul had the strongest claim to succeed the King. However, the monarch, suspecting that Vazul inclined towards paganism, favored his own sister's son, Peter Orseolo. In order to ensure his nephew's succession, Stephen had Vazul blinded. Béla and his two brothers fled from the kingdom, they first settled in Bohemia. They moved to Poland, where "they received a warm reception" from King Mieszko II. According to the Hungarian chronicles, Béla participated in a Polish expedition against the pagan Pomeranians and defeated their duke "in single combat"; the Illuminated Chronicle narrates that the Polish monarch "praised the boldness and strength of Duke Béla and bestowed on him all the Pomeranian tribute". The King gave his daughter—named either Richeza or Adelaide—in marriage to Béla and granted "a goodly quantity of land" to him. Makk says. At that time the Pomeranians refused to pay their yearly tribute to the Duke of Poland, to whom they were subject.

The Duke set out to exact by force of arms the tribute due to him from the Pomeranians. The Pomeranians, who were pagans, the Poles, who were Christians, agreed together that their leaders should meet each other in a duel, if the Pomeranian fell defeated, he would render the customary tribute. Since Duke and his sons shrank in fear from the duel to be fought, presented himself before them and through an interpreter spoke thus:'If it is pleasing to you, to the lord Duke, although I am of nobler birth than that pagan, yet I will fight for the advantage of your kingdom and for the honour of the Duke.' This was pleasing both to the Poles. When they met in combat, armed with lances, is said to have struck the Pomeranian so manfully that he unseated him from his horse; the Duke of the Pomeranians confessed himself at fault. King Mieszko II died in 1034. A period of anarchy followed. According to Kristó and Makk, Béla was staying in Poland during this period. On the other hand, the Polish historian, Manteuffel writes that Béla and his two brothers, in contrast with the unanimous report of the Hungarian chronicles, arrived in Poland only with Casimir, after 1039.

It is beyond doubt that Levente and Andrew departed from Poland in about 1038, because—according to the Illuminated Chronicle—they did not want to "live the life of hangers-on in the Duke of Poland's court, regarded only as Béla's brothers". Upon leaving Poland and Levente settled in Kiev, they returned to Hungary after a rebellion, dominated by pagans broke out against King Peter Orseolo in 1046. The King was dethroned, Andrew was proclaimed king. Levente died in the same year and Andrew, still childless, decided to invite Béla back to Hungary. Having lost one brother, King Andreas sent to Poland to his other brother Bela, calling him with great love and sayi

Keyshawn Johnson

Joseph Keyshawn Johnson is a former American football player, a wide receiver in the National Football League for eleven seasons. He played college football for the University of Southern California, earned All-American honors; the first pick in the 1996 NFL Draft, he played professionally for the New York Jets, Tampa Bay Buccaneers, Dallas Cowboys and Carolina Panthers. He retired from football following the 2006 season, spent seven years as a television broadcaster for the sports channel ESPN. Keyshawn Johnson was a contestant on the 17th season of Dancing with the Stars, in which he was the first contestant eliminated. Johnson was born in California, he attended Palisades High School for his sophomore and junior years and Susan Miller Dorsey High School in Los Angeles, played high school football for the Dorsey Dons his senior year. After playing football for two years at West Los Angeles College, Johnson transferred to University of Southern California, where he played for coach John Robinson's USC Trojans football team in 1994 and 1995.

In 1994, he finished with 66 catches for 1,362 yards and 9 touchdowns. In 1995, he finished with 102 catches for 7 touchdowns; as a Trojan, he was twice recognized as a consensus first-team All-America selection. After the 1994 college season, Johnson helped lead the Trojans to a win in the 1995 Cotton Bowl Classic, after which he was named the game's Most Valuable Player; the Trojans played in the 1996 Rose Bowl, during which Johnson caught 12 passes for a Rose Bowl record 216 yards and one touchdown in the Trojans' 41–32 victory over the Northwestern Wildcats. He was named the Player of the Game, he was inducted into the Rose Bowl Hall of Fame on December 31, 2008. While in college, Johnson appeared on the TV show Coach, as a player eligible for draft in the upcoming season, he flatly refused to be recruited to the fictional "Orlando Breakers" team for coach Hayden Fox, stating he would go to Canada to play first. Johnson graduated from USC with a B. A. in social sciences and history in 1997. The New York Jets drafted Johnson with the top overall selection in the 1996 NFL Draft.

He was the first wide receiver selected with the number one overall pick since Irving Fryar was chosen by the New England Patriots in 1984. While in New York, he played three seasons under Bill Parcells, who in two seasons would turnaround the Jets from 1–15 in 1996, Johnson's rookie year to 9–7 in 1997 and 12–4 in 1998 and the franchise's first AFC East Division title. One of his best performances was in a 34–24 win over the Jacksonville Jaguars in an AFC divisional playoff game after the 1998 season. In that game, Johnson caught nine passes for 121 yards and a touchdown, rushed for 28 yards and a touchdown, recovered a fumble, intercepted a pass on defense; the Jets however, fell one game short of the Super Bowl after losing the AFC Championship Game the next week to the Denver Broncos 23–10. Johnson wrote an autobiography with ESPN's Shelley Smith; the book covered his rookie year experiences. Johnson was traded on April 12, 2000 to the Tampa Bay Buccaneers for two first round draft choices in the 2000 NFL Draft.

Soon after Johnson arrived in Tampa Bay, they signed him to an 8-year, $56 million contract extension with the Buccaneers that made him the highest-paid wide receiver in the NFL. At that time he was joining a team that had fallen one game short of the Super Bowl the previous season. In 2002 Johnson went on to win a Super Bowl with the Buccaneers after the arrival of new head coach Jon Gruden, who succeeded Tony Dungy. Johnson had 76 catches for five touchdowns. However, his bitter relationship with Gruden led to his de-activation for the final 7 games of the 2003 season; the following offseason, he was traded to the Dallas Cowboys, where he was reunited with Bill Parcells, his coach while he was with the New York Jets. On March 19, 2004, the Tampa Bay Buccaneers traded him to the Dallas Cowboys for Joey Galloway, who the Cowboys had traded two first round picks to acquire. Reunited with his former coach Bill Parcells, Johnson lived up to his advance billing for the Cowboys in 2004, leading the team in receiving yards and tying for the lead in touchdown catches while taking over a leadership role in the locker room and on the field.

On March 23, 2006, Johnson signed a four-year, $14-million-dollar deal with the Carolina Panthers. Of this, he was guaranteed a five million dollar signing bonus, he was expected to play opposite Steve Smith as the number two receiver. During the Carolina Panthers' Monday Night Football game against the Buccaneers on November 13, 2006, Johnson became the first player in NFL history to score a touchdown on Monday Night Football with four teams. Johnson was released from the Panthers on May 2007, after just one season with the team, he posted 70 receptions for four touchdowns in Carolina. On May 23, 2007, Johnson announced he was retiring from the NFL turning down offers by several teams, including the Tennessee Titans. Titans' Head Coach Jeff Fisher, who became friends with Johnson while he played at USC, said he thought Johnson's numbers and production spoke for themselves: "He still played at a high-level last year, he takes good care of himself," Fisher said. "He hasn't had any injuries per season.

Anytime you get a chance to bring an experienced veteran in to add to your roster it's a good thing." On the same day, Johnson announced h

Chaceon

Chaceon is a crab genus in the family Geryonidae. Chaceon affinis Chaceon albus Davie, Ng & Dawson, 2007 Chaceon alcocki Ghosh & Manning, 1993 Chaceon atopus Manning & Holthuis, 1989 Chaceon australis Manning, 1993 Chaceon bicolor Manning & Holthuis, 1989 Chaceon chilensis Chirino-Gálvez & Manning, 1989 Chaceon chuni Chaceon collettei Manning, 1992 Chaceon crosnieri Manning & Holthuis, 1989 Chaceon eldorado Manning & Holthuis, 1989 Chaceon erytheiae Chaceon fenneri Chaceon gordonae Chaceon goreni Galil & Manning, 2001 Chaceon granulatus Chaceon imperialis Manning, 1992 Chaceon inghami Chaceon inglei Manning & Holthuis, 1989 Chaceon karubar Manning, 1993 Chaceon macphersoni Chaceon manningi Ng, Lee & Yu, 1994 Chaceon maritae Chaceon mediterraneus Manning & Holthuis, 1989 Chaceon micronesicus Ng & Manning, 1998 Chaceon notialis Manning & Holthuis, 1989 Chaceon paulensis Chaceon poupini Manning, 1992 Chaceon quinquedens Chaceon ramosae Manning, Tavares & Albuquerque, 1989 Chaceon sanctaehelenae Mannig & Holthuis, 1989 Chaceon sanctahelenae Manning & Holthuis, 1989 Chaceon somaliensis Manning, 1993 Chaceon yaldwyni Manning, Dawson & Webber, 1990 List of prehistoric malacostracans Data related to Chaceon at Wikispecies

Toyota 4Runner

The Toyota 4Runner is a compact mid-size sport utility vehicle produced by the Japanese manufacturer Toyota and sold throughout the world from 1984 to present. In Japan, it is known as the Toyota Hilux Surf, withdrawn from the market in 2009; the original 4Runner was a compact SUV and little more than a Toyota pickup truck with a fiberglass shell over the bed, but the model has since undergone significant independent development into a cross between a compact and a mid-size SUV. All 4Runners have been built in Japan at Toyota's plant in Tahara, Aichi, or at the Hino Motors plant in Hamura. For Southeast Asia the Hilux Surf was replaced in 2005 by the similar Fortuner, based on the Hilux platform; as of 2014, the 4Runner is sold in the United States, Central America, Ecuador, Peru and Colombia. The 4Runner came in at number five in a 2019 study by iSeeCars.com ranking the longest-lasting vehicles in the US. The 4Runner had 3.9 percent of vehicles according to the study. The Trekker was one of the first prototype walk through conversions done to Toyota trucks in the early 1980s.

They were similar to the successive 4Runner conversions done by Toyota, which started production in 1984, but were designed and built by Winnebago Industries with the approval of Toyota. The Trekker was no longer viable when Toyota started producing the 4Runner in 1984, having in essence acted as a marketing test vehicle for that car; the Trekker was produced from early 1981 through 1983. The Trekkers were all built on Toyota short box chassis. All of the Trekkers were classified as SR5 by both Winnebago and Toyota, regardless of the actual VIN denotation. There were to be a SR5 and Deluxe version of the Trekker, one with vented windows and one without. All 1981 Trekkers had vented canopy windows. Non-vented canopy windows were not installed on the Trekker until the 1982 model year. Unvented windows were installed due to leaking issues of a forward facing vent on the 1981 Trekkers canopy windows rather than the equipment level. Toyota shipped all trucks from Japan as cab and chassis in order to avoid the 25% assembled truck customs tax.

The trucks destined for production as Trekkers were shipped to the dealership handling the national distribution of the Trekker. From there they went to Winnebago to have the Trekker conversion installed, returned after completion to the dealership for national distribution. Most of the Trekker conversions sold went to the west coast of the United States; the Trekker conversion consisted of a fiberglass tub, bed sides, a non-removable canopy and rear hatch. The kit included a folding rear seat that could be folded forward to lay flat and add cargo space to the back. There was no tailgate on the Trekkers; the factory Toyota vinyl cab headliner was matched to the custom rear canopy headliner. About 1500 of the Trekkers were sold in the United States. An additional unknown number of Trekker kits less than 200, were shipped to Canada to be installed on Canadian trucks at the dealerships. 20 to 30 of the Trekker kits were shipped to Saudi Arabia for installation. For the first generation N60 series Hilux Surf and export specification 4Runner introduced in 1983, instead of developing an new model, modified the existing Hilux with short-bed pickup body.

The Hilux had undergone a major redesign in 1983 for the 1984 model year. Changes included the removal of the panel with integrated rear window from behind the front seats, the addition of rear seats, a removable fiberglass canopy; the implementation was borrowed from both the second generation Ford Bronco, the Chevrolet K5 Blazer, both short-bed trucks with removable fiberglass shells over the rear sections and having bench seats installed in the back. Like the Bronco and the Blazer, the Hilux Surf/4Runner did not have a wall attached to the front section behind front seats as the regular Hilux did. In that sense, all three vehicles were not conventional pickup trucks with a fiberglass shell included. Thus, the first generation is nearly mechanically identical to the Toyota Hilux. All first generation 4Runners had two doors and were indistinguishable from the pickups from the dashboard forward. Nearly all changes were to the latter half of the body. In North America, they were sold from the 1984½ model year from May 1984.

For this first year, all models were equipped with white fiberglass tops. An SR5 trim package was offered that upgraded the interior: additional gauges, better fabrics, a rear seat were standard with the package. All 1984 models were equipped with the carbureted 2.4 L 22R engine and were all available with a four-wheel-drive system that drove the front wheels through a solid front axle. 1985 saw the arrival of the electronically fuel-injected 2.4 L 22R-E I4 engine. This upped the horsepower numbers from 100 hp for the 22R, to 116 hp for the 22R-E Engine, though the carbureted engine remained available until 1988. Additionally, rear seats were available in all 1985 4Runner trim levels, not just the more upscale SR5. In 1986, the Surf/4Runner underwent a major front suspension design change as it was changed from a solid front axle to the Hi-Trac independent front suspension. Track width was increased by three inches; these changes made the trucks more comfortable on-road, improved stability and handling.

The new suspension also

Edgar Fernhout

Edgar Richard Johannes Fernhout, August 17, 1912 - 4 November 1974) was a Dutch painter. He was the son of the artist Annie Caroline Pontifex "Charley" Toorop and the philosopher Henk Fernhout. Like his mother and grandfather, Jan Toorop, he was working as a painter, he married Rachel Louise Pellekaan, but no children were born from this marriage. After divorce, in 1947 he married Nannette Salomonson, from this marriage; the youth of Eddy Fernhout was far from harmonious. His parents had a bad marriage, by constant financial problems, the family could not afford a permanent residence. Only after the marriage of his parents was stranded in 1917, there was some improvement for the family with three children. Edgar was dedicated at the age of sixth, under his mother's guidance; the grandfather, Jan Toorop took care of his granddaughter while supporting financially his daughter Charley Toorop and her two sons – Edgar and his one-year-younger brother John. For them, he built the studio house'De Vlerken' in the North Holland town Bergen, where they could retire in 1922.

In 1937 the Hague Gallery Nieuwenhuizen Segaar organized a special exhibition about the three generations Toorop family. But his son, Rik Fernhout is a painter, making the family painting-tradition flow for four generations, he taught alternative art education'Ateliers' 63' in Haarlem, among his students were Jan Dibbets, Wessel Couzijn, Carel Visser and Armando. Edgar Fernhout painted in his early period still life and portraits, his style was under the influence of his mother and he began to work more in small sizes. In his first work – still life and self-portraits – one recognizes Charley's influence. Charley's restless and irregular lifestyle did not benefit her son's secondary school education. In 1928 Fernhout interrupted his studies, spent the last year of high school in Paris with his mother. Through her relationship with the historian and anarchist Arthur Lehning Charley met representatives of the international avant-garde, such as Jean Arp, Alexander Calder and Max Ernst. Him as person and his work, impressed Fernhout and Mondriaan's influence on his paintings are hard to miss.

In the summer of 1932 Fernhout returned to Amsterdam. At the age of twenty, he had his first solo exhibition, successful, he met in September 1932 the seven-year-older Rachel Pellekaan, whom he started dating and married in 1934. Fernhout's relationship with his jealous mother became complicated. Charley continued to support the couple until 1940, so Fernhout could work quite carefree. From September 1936 the Fernhouts lived in Alassio on the Italian Riviera; the reason for this stay was twofold: Rachel's weak health required a warm climate, Fernhout wanted to study Renaissance painting. In addition this stay in the south allowed them to flee from his dominant mother; as from 1936, he received more and more portrait assignments increased, so he was able to provide for himself and his wife. During this period, Fernhout's work became more sophisticated, tended to magic realism, but by the influence of his mother he returned to precise realism; the threat of the Second World War convinced his wife to return to Bergen.

There the tensions increased, the good marriage between Fernhout and his wife ended at the end of 1940. From the summer of that first war year, Fernhout lived alone – at various addresses, most of the time, with acquaintances in Baarn. Fernhout fell into depression during this period, which not only coincided with his broken marriage and the German occupation, but with doubts about his artistry. While portraits made it possible for him to continue making a living during the years of war, according to his mother's advice he continued to work on polder landscapes; the sea, the beach and the dunes got a lot of influence on his work, after 1950 abstracted paintings of beach still life with flushed objects appeared in soft colorless shades. The famous French painter of the Ecole de Paris, Jean Bazaine had a lot of influence on the painting of Fernhout. Bazaine visited Zeeland from 1956 to 1959 annually for the light and space on the seaside, he learned intensively. Despite the far-reaching abstraction in his work, his titles still refer to nature.

Central Museum, Utrecht Dordrecht Museum Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Rotterdam Museum of Modern Art Arnhem Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam 2009 Museum of Modern Art, Arnhem biography information in the Dutch Archive: RKD poster of'Edgar Fernhout exhibition', 1963, in Van Abbemuseum, The Netherlands

Shally Awasthi

Shally Awasthi is an Indian professor and paediatric pulmonologist. She works at Lucknow, UP India. Awasthi is an elected fellow of all major Indian science academies namely the National Academy of Science, Indian Academy of Sciences, The National Academy of Medical Science and Indian Academy of Pediatrics, she was an Honorary Fellow of Royal College of Pediatrics and Child Health for 2018. The Department of Science and Technology Government of India honored her with its National Award for Outstanding Efforts in Science & Technology Communication through innovative and traditional methods in 2016; the Indian Council of Medical Research of the Government of India awarded her the Basanti Devi Amir Chand Award-2016, Amrut Mody Unichem Prize-2010, Dr HB Dingley Memorial Award-1996. The Medical Council of India awarded her the Bidhan Chandra Roy Award for 2003–2004