The Office (U.S. TV series)
The Office is an American television sitcom that aired on NBC from March 24, 2005, to May 16, 2013, lasting nine seasons. It is an adaptation of the original BBC series of the same name and was adapted for American television by Greg Daniels, a veteran writer for Saturday Night Live, King of the Hill, The Simpsons, it was co-produced by Daniels' Deedle-Dee Productions, Reveille Productions, in association with Universal Television. The original executive producers were Greg Daniels, Howard Klein, Ben Silverman, Ricky Gervais, Stephen Merchant, with numerous others being promoted in seasons; the series depicts the everyday lives of office employees in the Scranton, Pennsylvania branch of the fictional Dunder Mifflin Paper Company. To simulate the look of an actual documentary, it was filmed in a single-camera setup, without a studio audience or a laugh track; the series debuted on NBC as a midseason replacement and aired 201 episodes over the course of its run. The Office featured Steve Carell, Rainn Wilson, John Krasinski, Jenna Fischer, B. J. Novak as the main cast.
Notable stars outside the original main cast include Ed Helms, Mindy Kaling, Craig Robinson, James Spader, Ellie Kemper. The Office was met with mixed reviews during its abbreviated first season, but the following four seasons received widespread acclaim from television critics; these seasons were included on several critics' year-end top TV series lists, winning several awards such as a Peabody Award in 2006, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, a Golden Globe Award for Carell's performance, four Primetime Emmy Awards, including one for Outstanding Comedy Series in 2006. Seasons were criticized for a decline in quality, with many seeing Carell's departure in season seven as a contributing factor. However, earlier writers oversaw the final season and ended the series' run with a positive reception; the series finale was viewed by an estimated 5.69 million viewers, preceded by an hour-long series retrospective. Greg Daniels served as the senior series showrunner for the first four seasons of the series and developed the British Office series for American television.
He left the position when he co-created the comedy series Parks and Recreation with fellow Office writer Michael Schur and divided his time between the two series. Paul Lieberstein and Jennifer Celotta were named the series showrunners for the fifth season. Celotta left the series after the sixth season and Lieberstein stayed on as showrunner for the following two seasons, he left the showrunner spot after the eighth season for the potential Dwight Schrute spin-off, The Farm, passed up by NBC. Daniels returned to the showrunner position for the final season. Other executive producers include cast members B. J. Novak and Mindy Kaling. Kaling, Daniels and Schur made up the original team of writers. Kaling and Lieberstein serve multiple roles on the series, as they play regular characters on the show, as well as write and produce episodes. Credited with twenty-four episodes, Kaling is the most prolific writer among the staff. Ricky Gervais and Stephen Merchant, who created the original British series, are credited as executive producer and wrote the pilot and the third-season episode, "The Convict."
Merchant directed the episode "Customer Survey" while Gervais appeared in the episodes "The Seminar" and "Search Committee."Randall Einhorn is the most frequent director of the series, with 15 credited episodes. The series had several guest directors, including Lost co-creator J. J. Abrams, Buffy the Vampire Slayer creator Joss Whedon, both of whom are fans of the series, filmmakers Jon Favreau, Harold Ramis, Jason Reitman, Marc Webb. Episodes have been directed by several of the actors on the show including Steve Carell, John Krasinski, Rainn Wilson, Ed Helms, Brian Baumgartner. Prior to the second episode airing, the writers spent time conducting research in offices; this process was used for Recreation. The pilot is a direct adaptation of the first episode of the original British series. Daniels chose to go this route because "completely starting from scratch would be a risky thing to do" owing to the show being an adaptation, he had considered using the idea for "The Dundies" as the pilot episode.
After the writers knew who the cast was, they were allowed to write for the actors, which allowed the show to be more original for the following episode, "Diversity Day". Following the mixed reaction toward the first season, the writers attempted to make the series more "optimistic" and to make Michael Scott more likable, they established the supporting characters of the series more, giving them actual personalities. They made the lights in the office brighter, which allowed the series to differentiate itself from the British series. A common problem with the scripts, according to Novak, is that they tended to run too long for the regular 22-minute time slot, leading to several cuts. For example, the script for the episode "Search Committee" was 75 pages, 10 pages too long. A complete script was written for each episode. Fischer said, "Our shows are 100 percent scripted, they put everything down on paper. But we get to play around a little bit, too. Steve and Rainn are brilliant improvisers." These improvisations lead to a large number of deleted scenes with every episode of The Office, all of which are considered part of the show's canon and storyline by Daniels.
Deleted scenes have sometimes been restored in repeats to make episodes longer or draw back peop
Newton South High School
Newton South High School is one of two public high schools in the city of Newton, the other being Newton North. Newton South places all students into one of four houses, Wheeler and Goodwin, in which they remain for the duration of high school. Unlike many other schools, houses at Newton South are only for administrative and attendance purposes, they have no effect on the activities of students, except for students' homerooms. Classes are split into A -- G, which are spread over the week; the school consists of multiple buildings divided into 9 separate administrative groups, in addition to the auditorium and student center. Connections between buildings are enclosed, creating the impression the campus is one giant building. Buildings 1 and 2 form an L shaped connection to the main campus body from the southwest corner, they are Goldrick, which houses a separate preschool department, Wheeler respectively. In the middle of the southern edge lies the Science building known as building 3, it contains the two central corridors to the northern campus buildings.
In the southeast corner is the S shaped Cutler building. Cutler is joined with building 5, which contains an indoor field house and associated wellness classrooms. In between the south and central parts of campus lay two open-air parks, while the connection between Cutler and Goodwin is the only non enclosed connection between two buildings on campus; the center buildings houses the library. The small building 8 used for administration lies next to the northern entrance to campus. Lastly, the northwest corner contains the Van Seasholes Auditorium, connected to the arts wing; as of 2017, the school enrolls about 1,850 students. About 60% of them participate in Advanced Placement exams; the Massachusetts Department of Education rated Newton South as performing at the 88th percentile of state high schools for the 2013 year. Newton South's mean SAT score for the 2013 senior class was 1849, the fourth-highest mean score in Massachusetts; the 2012 four-year graduation rate was 97%. The Newton-Beijing Jingshan School Exchange Program is the oldest exchange of public secondary school students between the United States and the People's Republic of China.
The city of Newton hosts Chinese students and teachers for four months each fall and sends students and teachers to Beijing each spring. It has become a tradition for the Jingshan students to give an entertaining presentation on their culture to the school shortly before returning to their country. Newton has had a long-standing relationship with its sister city of San Juan del Sur, Nicaragua; every February, a small group of Newton South students go to Nicaragua to live with local families and perform community service. Newton South competes in the DCL, which includes Acton-Boxborough Regional High School, Bedford High School, Boston Latin School, Concord-Carlisle High School, Wayland High School, Westford Academy, Weston High School, Waltham High School, South's principal rival, Lincoln-Sudbury Regional High School. Football Soccer Cross Country Volleyball Golf Field Hockey Basketball Gymnastics Nordic Skiing Alpine Skiing Indoor Track and Field Wrestling Hockey Swimming and Diving Lacrosse Baseball Softball Volleyball Track and Field Tennis Rugby Newton South was named Massachusetts's top athletic program by Sports Illustrated in 2009.
Marisa Catalina Casey, class of 1997, co-author of Born in Our Hearts: Stories of Adoption, is the Founder and Executive Director of the arts education nonprofit Starting Artists, Inc. located in Brooklyn, NY. John Krasinski, class of 1997, actor for NBC's comedy The Office. Ben Kurland, class of 2002, an actor in The Artist, which won five Academy Awards. Bill Lichtenstein, class of 1974, Peabody Award-winning journalist, radio producer. Robert C. Lieberman, class of 1982, American political scientist and former provost of the Johns Hopkins University Jonathan Mann, class of 1965, World Health Organization chief against AlDS. Roger Myerson, class of 1969, was one of the three recipients of the Nobel Prize in Economics in 2007 "'for having laid the foundations of mechanism design theory'." Hari Nef, class of 2011, transgender actress and writer. Debuted at New York Fashion Week Spring 2015. B. J. Novak, class of 1997, co-executive producer and actor for NBC's comedy The Office. Joe Rogan, class of 1985, TV host of Fear Factor, The Man Show, Joe Rogan Questions Everything, The Joe Rogan Experience podcast.
Eli Roth, class of 1990, film director, producer and actor. Co-starred with Novak in Inglourious Basterds. Marin Hinkle, class of 1984, actor for Amazon's The Marvelous Mrs. Maisel and CBS's Two and a Half Men. Josh Altman, class of 1997, real estate agent on Million Dollar Listing Los Angeles. Newton South's print publications used to be Denebola, the school's official paper, The Lion's Roar, a student-run paper. Jack Dvorak, an Indiana University professor who studies high school journalism, said, "I don't know of any school other than that has two papers at least in part supported by the school; that is rare, if not unique". During the 2011–2012 school year, Newton South's journalism program underwent a major revamping; the Lion's Roar remained unchanged. Denebola, was dissolved, reborn as the website, "NSHSDenebola.com". In addition, a newsmagazine, was established; the two publications are ranked among the best in the region.
The Tragedy of Hamlet, Prince of Denmark shortened to Hamlet, is a tragedy written by William Shakespeare sometime between 1599 and 1602. Set in Denmark, the play depicts Prince Hamlet and his revenge against his uncle, who has murdered Hamlet's father in order to seize his throne and marry Hamlet's mother. Hamlet is Shakespeare's longest play and is considered among the most powerful and influential works of world literature, with a story capable of "seemingly endless retelling and adaptation by others", it was one of Shakespeare's most popular works during his lifetime and still ranks among his most performed, topping the performance list of the Royal Shakespeare Company and its predecessors in Stratford-upon-Avon since 1879. It has inspired many other writers—from Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Charles Dickens to James Joyce and Iris Murdoch—and has been described as "the world's most filmed story after Cinderella"; the story of Shakespeare's Hamlet was derived from the legend of Amleth, preserved by 13th-century chronicler Saxo Grammaticus in his Gesta Danorum, as subsequently retold by the 16th-century scholar François de Belleforest.
Shakespeare may have drawn on an earlier Elizabethan play known today as the Ur-Hamlet, though some scholars believe Shakespeare wrote the Ur-Hamlet revising it to create the version of Hamlet we now have. He certainly wrote his version of the title role for his fellow actor, Richard Burbage, the leading tragedian of Shakespeare's time. In the 400 years since its inception, the role has been performed by numerous acclaimed actors in each successive century. Three different early versions of the play are extant: the First Quarto; each version includes entire scenes missing from the others. The play's structure and depth of characterisation have inspired much critical scrutiny. One such example is the centuries-old debate about Hamlet's hesitation to kill his uncle, which some see as a plot device to prolong the action but which others argue is a dramatisation of the complex philosophical and ethical issues that surround cold-blooded murder, calculated revenge, thwarted desire. More psychoanalytic critics have examined Hamlet's unconscious desires, while feminist critics have re-evaluated and attempted to rehabilitate the maligned characters of Ophelia and Gertrude.
The protagonist of Hamlet is Prince Hamlet of Denmark, son of the deceased King Hamlet, nephew of King Claudius, his father's brother and successor. Claudius hastily married King Hamlet's widow, Hamlet's mother, took the throne for himself. Denmark has a long-standing feud with neighbouring Norway, in which King Hamlet slew King Fortinbras of Norway in a battle some years ago. Although Denmark defeated Norway and the Norwegian throne fell to King Fortinbras's infirm brother, Denmark fears that an invasion led by the dead Norwegian king's son, Prince Fortinbras, is imminent. On a cold night on the ramparts of Elsinore, the Danish royal castle, the sentries Bernardo and Marcellus discuss a ghost resembling the late King Hamlet which they have seen, bring Prince Hamlet's friend Horatio as a witness. After the ghost appears again, the three vow to tell Prince Hamlet; as the court gathers the next day, while King Claudius and Queen Gertrude discuss affairs of state with their elderly adviser Polonius, Hamlet looks on glumly.
During the court, Claudius grants permission for Polonius's son Laertes to return to school in France and sends envoys to inform the King of Norway about Fortinbras. Claudius scolds Hamlet for continuing to grieve over his father and forbids him to return to his schooling in Wittenberg. After the court exits, Hamlet despairs of his mother's hasty remarriage. Learning of the ghost from Horatio, Hamlet resolves to see it himself; as Polonius's son Laertes prepares to depart for a visit to France, Polonius gives him contradictory advice that culminates in the ironic maxim "to thine own self be true." Polonius's daughter, admits her interest in Hamlet, but Laertes warns her against seeking the prince's attention, Polonius orders her to reject his advances. That night on the rampart, the ghost appears to Hamlet, telling the prince that he was murdered by Claudius and demanding that Hamlet avenge him. Hamlet agrees, the ghost vanishes; the prince confides to Horatio and the sentries that from now on he plans to "put an antic disposition on", or act as though he has gone mad, forces them to swear to keep his plans for revenge secret.
However, he remains uncertain of the ghost's reliability. Soon thereafter, Ophelia rushes to her father, telling him that Hamlet arrived at her door the prior night half-undressed and behaving erratically. Polonius resolves to inform Claudius and Gertrude; as he enters to do so, the king and queen finish welcoming Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, two student acquaintances of Hamlet, to Elsinore. The royal couple has requested that the students investigate the cause of Hamlet's mood and behaviour. Additional news requires that Polonius wait to be heard: messengers from Norway inform Claudius that the King of Norway has rebuked Prince Fortinbras for attempting to re-fight his father's battles; the forces that Fortinbras had conscripted to march against Denmark will instead be sent against Poland, though they will pass through Danish territory to get there. Polonius tells Claudius and Gertrude his theory regarding Hamlet's behaviour and speaks to Hamlet in a hall of the castle to try to uncover more information.
Hamlet feigns madness but subtly insults Polonius all the while. When Rosencrantz and Guildenstern arrive, Hamlet greets his "friends" warm
Late Night with Conan O'Brien
Late Night with Conan O'Brien is an American late-night talk show hosted by Conan O'Brien that aired 2,725 episodes on NBC between 1993 and 2009. The show featured varied comedic material, celebrity interviews, musical and comedy performances. Late Night aired weeknights at 12:37 am Eastern/11:37 pm Central and 12:37 am Mountain in the United States. From 1993 until 2000, Andy Richter served as O'Brien's sidekick; the show's house musical act was The Max Weinberg 7, led by E Street Band drummer Max Weinberg. The second incarnation of NBC's Late Night franchise, O'Brien's program debuted in 1993 after David Letterman moved to CBS to host Late Show opposite The Tonight Show. In 2004, as part of a deal to secure a new contract, NBC announced that O'Brien would leave Late Night in 2009 to succeed Jay Leno as the host of The Tonight Show. Jimmy Fallon began hosting his version of Late Night on March 2, 2009. Upon Johnny Carson's retirement from The Tonight Show in 1992, executives at NBC announced that Carson's frequent guest-host Jay Leno would be Carson's replacement, not David Letterman.
NBC said that Letterman's high ratings for Late Night were the reason they kept him where he was. Letterman was bitterly angry at not having been given The Tonight Show job. CBS signed Letterman to host his own show opposite The Tonight Show. Letterman moved his show to CBS unchanged, taking most of the staff and comedy formats with him. However, NBC owned the rights to the Late Night name, forcing Letterman to re-christen his show Late Show with David Letterman. NBC was not prepared to replace both Late Night. Aside from the name, it needed to build a new show. Both Dana Carvey and Garry Shandling declined to host it. Saturday Night Live producer Lorne Michaels was brought in to develop the new show, comedians Jon Stewart, Drew Carey, Paul Provenza auditioned to host. Michaels suggested to Conan O'Brien, an unknown writer for The Simpsons and former writer for Saturday Night Live, that he should audition for the job. Despite having "about 40 seconds" of television-performance experience as an occasional extra on Saturday Night Live sketches, O'Brien auditioned for the show on April 13, 1993.
His guests were Jason Alexander and Mimi Rogers, the audition took place on the set of The Tonight Show with Jay Leno. NBC offered the show to O'Brien on April 26, O'Brien made his first meaningful television appearance that day when Leno introduced him on Tonight. On the final episode of his 16-year run, O'Brien stated that he "owed his career to Lorne Michaels." O'Brien's Late Night debuted with Andy Richter chosen as O'Brien's sidekick. The premiere episode featured John Goodman, who received a "First Guest" medal for his appearance, Drew Barrymore, Tony Randall; the episode featured a cold open of O'Brien's walk to the studio with constant reminders that he was expected to live up to Letterman. After seeming to be unaffected by the comments, O'Brien arrives at his dressing room and cheerfully prepares to hang himself. However, a warning that the show is about to start causes him to abandon his plans; the show's first musical guest was English rock band Radiohead, who performed during the second episode.
American singer-songwriter Jonathan Richman was the show's second musical guest. O'Brien's inexperience was apparent, the show was considered mediocre by critics in terms of hosting; the Chicago Sun-Times' Lon Grankhe called O'Brien "nervous and geeky", Tom Shales wrote "As for O'Brien, the young man is a living collage of annoying nervous habits. He titters, jiggles about and fiddles with his cuffs, he has beady little eyes like a rabbit. He's one of the whitest white men ever." The originality and quality of the comedy, led by original head writer Robert Smigel, was praised. Although O'Brien benefited by comparison from the quick critical and commercial failure of the fellow new late-night The Chevy Chase Show, NBC only offered short-term contracts, 13 weeks at a time and once for six weeks, as reported by the press at the time. O'Brien was almost fired at least once in this period, but NBC had no one to replace him. According to Smigel, "We were canceled at Conan, they changed their minds in August of'94, gave us a reprieve."
According to O'Brien, NBC network executive Warren Littlefield told him, with regard to Andy Richter, he'd "never succeed until I'got rid of that big fat dildo.' That was the tone of the conversations between us and the network." It was expected that the host of Talk Soup, Greg Kinnear would take over the role, but Kinnear turned down the opportunity and decided to pursue a career in acting. Stars like Tom Hanks agreed to appear on Late Night. Letterman, who admired O'Brien's comic sensibility, appeared as a guest to register his support. O'Brien's performance style improved through experience, he began to receive more favorable reviews and ratings the following year. With the ratings improving over the course of two years, Late Night reached a new level of critical and commercial success in 1996. Tom Shales recanted his previous critical review with the headline "I was wrong", O'Brien received his first Emmy nomination for writing, since which he has gone on to receive every year. In 2000, Richter
Rachael Leigh Cook
Rachael Leigh Cook is an American actress, voice artist, producer, best known for her starring role in films She's All That and the Pussycats, the television series Into the West and Perception, as well as being the voice behind various characters in Robot Chicken and Tifa Lockhart in the Final Fantasy series, starting with the English version of the film Final Fantasy VII: Advent Children. Rachael Leigh Cook was born in Minneapolis, the daughter of JoAnn, a cooking instructor and weaver, Thomas H. Cook, a social worker and former stand-up comedian, she is of part Italian descent. Cook first appeared in a public service announcement for foster care at seven years of age, began working as a child print model at the age of 10, most notably in nationwide advertisements for Target and appearing on the boxes of Milk-Bone dog biscuits, she attended Clara Barton Open School, Laurel Springs School, Minneapolis South High School. Cook began auditioning for acting work at the age of 14, she made her debut as an actress in the 1995 film The Baby-Sitters Club.
In 1996, her modeling agency sent her to star in 26 Summer Street. In 1997, Cook appeared in a leading role in the film Country Justice as a 15-year-old rape victim, impregnated by her rapist. In 1999, Cook starred in her breakout role in the sleeper hit film She's All That, a romantic comedy that so far is the most financially successful film of her career. In 2000 she starred opposite Elijah Wood in the well-received The Bumblebee Flies Anyway, she took the lead role in 2001's Josie and the Pussycats, which turned out to be a box office failure. In 2000, she was the cover girl for the US issue of the March/April issue, she starred in the music video for New Found Glory's 2000 single "Dressed to Kill" and singer Daniel Powter's "Love You Lately". In 2002, she was ranked No. 26 in Stuff magazine's "102 Sexiest Women in the World". In 2003, she starred in the film 11:14 as Cheri, she appeared as a main cast member in the 2005 television miniseries Into the West produced by Steven Spielberg. In 2007 Cook was seen in the big screen adaptation of Nancy Drew.
She played the female lead in the independent sports drama The Final Season. She has appeared in numerous episodes of the Seth Green comedies Titan Robot Chicken. In 2008, she guest-starred in an episode of the USA Network series Psych as Abigail Lytar, she reprised the role in the following season. In February 2010, Cook signed on to play the female lead role in Fox TV's comedy pilot Nirvana, she had a role in the Western horror film Vampire, the English-language feature debut of Japanese director Iwai Shunji. In 2012, Cook signed on to play the female lead role in the TNT crime drama series Perception opposite Eric McCormack, she starred in the independent film Broken Kingdom, directed by her husband Daniel Gillies. She appeared in a Funny or Die sketch with Chad Michael Murray. Cook starred in the Hallmark Channel original film Summer Love in 2016. In the same year, she starred in another Hallmark film, Autumn In the Vineyard, followed by its sequel Summer in the Vineyard in 2017. 2017 saw Cook develop and executive produce the Hallmark Channel film Frozen in Love, broadcast in January 2018 as part of the channel's'Winterfest' season of programming.
Cook owns Ben's Sister Productions. Cook provided the voice for Chelsea Cunningham on the Kids' WB animated series Batman Beyond and in the animated film Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker. Cook voiced Tifa Lockhart in the video games Kingdom Hearts II, Dirge of Cerberus: Final Fantasy VII and Dissidia 012 Final Fantasy, as well as the CG movie Final Fantasy VII Advent Children. In 2011, she voiced the character of Jaesa Willsaam in the MMO game, Star Wars: The Old Republic. Cook's latest voice-over role is for the video game Yakuza. Cook first gained national attention in 1997, when she was featured in the famous This Is Your Brain on Drugs PSA television advertisement, in which she proceeds to destroy a kitchen with a frying pan as she lists the important things in life that heroin harms. In 2011, she was selected by the Obama administration as a Champion of Change for Arts Education. In June 2012, she began to award a small scholarship to students between ages 14 and 19; the scholarship helps pay for career classes, mentoring programs, other school fees.
In 2017, Rachael Leigh Cook reprised her "This Is Your Brain on Drugs" role twenty years for a PSA by the Drug Policy Alliance critiquing the War on Drugs and its contribution to mass incarceration, structural racism and poverty. The ad was posted to YouTube on April 20, 2017 in recognition of 4/20. Cook married actor Daniel Gillies in August 2004, whom she dated since 2001, they have two children: daughter Charlotte Easton Gillies and son Theodore Vigo Gillies. Rachael Leigh Cook on Twitter Rachael Leigh Cook on IMDb Rachael Leigh Cook at AllMovie Rachael Leigh Cook at the TCM Movie Database
William Shakespeare was an English poet and actor regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's greatest dramatist. He is called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon", his extant works, including collaborations, consist of 39 plays, 154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, a few other verses, some of uncertain authorship. His plays have been translated into every major living language and are performed more than those of any other playwright. Shakespeare was raised in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire. At the age of 18, he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children: Susanna and twins Hamnet and Judith. Sometime between 1585 and 1592, he began a successful career in London as an actor and part-owner of a playing company called the Lord Chamberlain's Men known as the King's Men. At age 49, he appears to have retired to Stratford. Few records of Shakespeare's private life survive; such theories are criticised for failing to adequately note that few records survive of most commoners of the period.
Shakespeare produced most of his known works between 1589 and 1613. His early plays were comedies and histories and are regarded as some of the best work produced in these genres; until about 1608, he wrote tragedies, among them Hamlet, King Lear, Macbeth, all considered to be among the finest works in the English language. In the last phase of his life, he collaborated with other playwrights. Many of Shakespeare's plays were published in editions of varying quality and accuracy in his lifetime. However, in 1623, two fellow actors and friends of Shakespeare's, John Heminges and Henry Condell, published a more definitive text known as the First Folio, a posthumous collected edition of Shakespeare's dramatic works that included all but two of his plays; the volume was prefaced with a poem by Ben Jonson, in which Jonson presciently hails Shakespeare in a now-famous quote as "not of an age, but for all time". Throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, Shakespeare's works have been continually adapted and rediscovered by new movements in scholarship and performance.
His plays remain popular and are studied and reinterpreted through various cultural and political contexts around the world. William Shakespeare was the son of John Shakespeare, an alderman and a successful glover from Snitterfield, Mary Arden, the daughter of an affluent landowning farmer, he was born in Stratford-upon-Avon and baptised there on 26 April 1564. His actual date of birth remains unknown, but is traditionally observed on 23 April, Saint George's Day; this date, which can be traced to a mistake made by an 18th-century scholar, has proved appealing to biographers because Shakespeare died on the same date in 1616. He was the third of eight children, the eldest surviving son. Although no attendance records for the period survive, most biographers agree that Shakespeare was educated at the King's New School in Stratford, a free school chartered in 1553, about a quarter-mile from his home. Grammar schools varied in quality during the Elizabethan era, but grammar school curricula were similar: the basic Latin text was standardised by royal decree, the school would have provided an intensive education in grammar based upon Latin classical authors.
At the age of 18, Shakespeare married 26-year-old Anne Hathaway. The consistory court of the Diocese of Worcester issued a marriage licence on 27 November 1582; the next day, two of Hathaway's neighbours posted bonds guaranteeing that no lawful claims impeded the marriage. The ceremony may have been arranged in some haste since the Worcester chancellor allowed the marriage banns to be read once instead of the usual three times, six months after the marriage Anne gave birth to a daughter, baptised 26 May 1583. Twins, son Hamnet and daughter Judith, followed two years and were baptised 2 February 1585. Hamnet died of unknown causes at the age of 11 and was buried 11 August 1596. After the birth of the twins, Shakespeare left few historical traces until he is mentioned as part of the London theatre scene in 1592; the exception is the appearance of his name in the "complaints bill" of a law case before the Queen's Bench court at Westminster dated Michaelmas Term 1588 and 9 October 1589. Scholars refer to the years between 1585 and 1592 as Shakespeare's "lost years".
Biographers attempting to account for this period have reported many apocryphal stories. Nicholas Rowe, Shakespeare's first biographer, recounted a Stratford legend that Shakespeare fled the town for London to escape prosecution for deer poaching in the estate of local squire Thomas Lucy. Shakespeare is supposed to have taken his revenge on Lucy by writing a scurrilous ballad about him. Another 18th-century story has Shakespeare starting his theatrical career minding the horses of theatre patrons in London. John Aubrey reported; some 20th-century scholars have suggested that Shakespeare may have been employed as a schoolmaster by Alexander Hoghton of Lancashire, a Catholic landowner who named a certain "William Shakeshafte" in his will. Little evidence substantiates such stories other than hearsay collected after his death, Shakeshafte was a common name in the Lancashire area, it is not known definitively when Shakespeare began writing, but contemporary allusions and records of performances show that several of
John Burke Krasinski is an American actor and filmmaker. He is best known for his role as Jim Halpert on the NBC sitcom The Office, he served as a producer and occasional director of the series throughout its nine-season run. Educated in theatre arts at Brown University and the National Theater Institute, Krasinski is the recipient of a number of accolades, including four Primetime Emmy Award nominations and two Screen Actors Guild Awards. Time named him one of the 100 most influential people in the world in 2018, his film credits include License to Wed, Away We Go, It's Complicated, Something Borrowed, Big Miracle, Promised Land, 13 Hours: The Secret Soldiers of Benghazi. Krasinski directed and starred in the drama Brief Interviews with Hideous Men and the comedy-drama film The Hollars. In 2018, Krasinski co-wrote and starred in the critically acclaimed horror film A Quiet Place; that year, he began portraying the title character in the Amazon thriller series Jack Ryan, which he produces. He was nominated for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Drama Series at the Screen Actors Guild Awards for his role.
In addition to acting in television series and films, Krasinski has performed voice-over work in both animated and documentary films such as Monsters University and a small role in Shrek the Third. He established a production company, Sunday Night Productions, in 2013. Krasinski is married to English actress Emily Blunt, they have two daughters together. Krasinski was born at St. Elizabeth's Hospital, in the Brighton neighborhood of Boston, to Mary Clare, a nurse, Ronald Krasinski, an internist, his father is Polish-American and his mother is Irish-American. He was raised as a Roman Catholic, he grew up in a suburb west of Boston. Krasinski made his stage debut as Daddy Warbucks in a sixth-grade school production of the musical Annie. Afterwards, he co-starred in a satirical play written and cast by his future The Office co-star B. J. Novak when they were high school seniors. Krasinski and Novak graduated from Newton South High School in 1997. Before entering college, Krasinski taught English as a foreign language in Costa Rica.
From there, he went to Brown University, studying theatre arts under Lowry Marshall and John Emigh, graduated in 2001 as a playwright with the honors thesis "Contents Under Pressure". During his time at Brown, he was a member of the sketch comedy group Out of Bounds. In college, he helped coach youth basketball at the Gordon School in East Providence, Rhode Island, he attended the National Theater Institute in Waterford, Connecticut. Besides training at the National Theater Institute, he studied at the Royal Shakespeare Company in Stratford-upon-Avon and The Actors Center in New York City. After graduating from Brown University, Krasinski went to New York City to pursue acting, appearing in commercials and guest-starring on television shows, as well as doing readings of off-Broadway plays while working as a waiter, he starred in the play What the Eunuch Saw, written and directed by his former college classmates Emily O'Dell and Isaac Robert Hurwitz. In 2000, Krasinski interned as a scriptwriter on the show Late Night with Conan O'Brien.
Krasinski's breakthrough came when he was cast in 2004 in the NBC sitcom The Office, a remake of the successful British TV series. In the series, a mockumentary about life at a mid-sized paper supply company, he played the role of Jim Halpert, an intelligent and mild-mannered sales representative and, in seasons, co-manager of the paper distribution company Dunder Mifflin in Scranton, Pennsylvania. Krasinski and Jenna Fischer's characters served as the central love interests of the series. To prepare for his role, Krasinski visited Scranton for research and interviewed employees at actual paper companies, he shot the footage of Scranton used in the opening credits. He appeared in every episode of the series and directed several including "Sabre". For his work in the series, Krasinski earned US$100,000 per episode of the third season of The Office, four times his salary for the previous two seasons. In 2006, Krasinski co-starred in Jason Carvey's independently produced, direct-to-DVD heist comedy A New Wave with Andrew Keegan and Lacey Chabert.
In 2007, he co-starred with Anna Faris and Danny Masterson as Brevin in Gregg Araki's independent stoner comedy Smiley Face. Reviews were positive for the film; that year, he starred in the romantic comedy License to Wed with Mandy Moore and Robin Williams. Despite negative critical reception of the film, it emerged as a commercial success. Krasinski guest-starred in a number of television series including Law & Order: Criminal Intent, Without a Trace, Ed, American Dad! and CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. He co-starred in films including Kinsey, Duane Hopwood, The Holiday and Shrek the Third, For Your Consideration and Dreamgirls. In 2008, Krasinski appeared alongside Renée Zellweger and George Clooney in the latter's directorial venture Leatherheads, a period comedy about the early years of professional American football, he portrayed Carter "the Bullet" Rutherford, Princeton University's college football star and a decorated hero of the First World War. MTV.com praised his acting, describing him as "an actor who's able to project both boyish warmth and intellectual concern" while stating that he "manages the considerable feat of holding the screen opposite Clooney without melting in the heat of his trademark movie-star mega-wattage."In 2009, Krasinski made his directorial debut in the comedy-drama film Brief Interviews with Hideous Men.
He wrote the