BBC Local Radio is the BBC's local and regional radio service for England and the Channel Islands, consisting of forty stations. They cover a variety of areas; the stations were launched progressively. Since many local radio stations have been merged and renamed but no new stations have been created where no service existed as plans to launch stations in unserved areas, most notably in Cheshire, have come to nothing; the popularity of pirate radio was to challenge a change within the very'stiff' and blinkered management at the BBC. The most prominent concession by the BBC was the creation of BBC Radio 1; the other, was the fact that these pirate radio stations were, in some cases, local. As a result, BBC Local Radio began as an experiment. Stations had to be co-funded by the BBC and local authorities, which only some Labour-controlled areas proved willing to do. Radio Leicester was the first to launch on 8 November 1967, followed by Leeds, Durham, Merseyside and Nottingham. By the early 1970s, the local authority funding requirement was dropped, stations spread across the country.
There were eight stations in the initial ` experiment'. When this finished, it was deemed so successful that all of the stations, except BBC Radio Durham, remained on air. In addition to this, more followed in 1970 and 1971. Despite the success of this, the original stations were seen as flawed, as they only broadcast on the FM waveband, not on the more available AM waveband; this was rectified a few years after the creation of these new channels. From 1973, Independent Local Radio launched nationally; as a result, many of the BBC Local Radio stations found themselves in direct competition with commercial competitors. Despite this, BBC Local Radio continued to flourish, with the majority of the current network in place by 1990; the network has remained in its current state since. The radio stations are operated from locations around the country that share with the BBC regional news services, their news gathering bureaux; the stations are operated by the region in which the station is based, are responsible to the BBC English Regions department, a division of BBC News.
The remit for each Local Radio station is the same: to offer a speech based service. The target audience of BBC Local Radio are listeners aged over 50, who are not served as well as other age groups on the BBC; each station produces most of their own programmes, some off-peak programming is produced from one station, covering all stations in the region, some is simulcast with other neighbouring regions, most of the stations simulcast BBC Radio 5 Live overnight when the local station is off air. A list of the forty local radio stations by region. In addition to these stations, there is an opt-out service covering Dorset. There were opt-out services covering Milton Keynes and the Fens and Swindon. BBC Essex BBC Radio Cambridgeshire BBC Radio Norfolk BBC Radio Northampton BBC Radio Suffolk BBC Three Counties Radio BBC Radio Derby BBC Radio Leicester BBC Radio Nottingham BBC Radio London BBC Newcastle BBC Radio Cumbria BBC Tees BBC Radio Lancashire BBC Radio Manchester BBC Radio Merseyside BBC Radio Berkshire BBC Radio Oxford BBC Radio Solent BBC Radio Kent BBC Surrey BBC Sussex BBC Radio Guernsey BBC Radio Cornwall BBC Radio Devon BBC Radio Jersey BBC Radio Bristol BBC Radio Gloucestershire BBC Somerset BBC Wiltshire BBC WM BBC CWR BBC Hereford & Worcester BBC Radio Shropshire BBC Radio Stoke BBC Radio Leeds BBC Radio Sheffield BBC Radio York BBC Radio Humberside BBC Radio Lincolnshire BBC Dorset FM BBC Radio Durham BBC Southern Counties Radio BBC Thames Valley FM Between October 2009 and April 2012, a generic jingle package produced by Mcasso Music Production was rolled out across the network, is now in use by all BBC Local Radio stations.
Mcasso updated the imaging in October 2015 replacing the generic package with a 6 note style package. In January 2020, BBC Radio Leicester launched a brand new custom made jingle package by Reelworld, based in Media City UK, Manchester; the new jingle package will be rolled out to the rest of the BBC Local radio stations over the coming months, alongside a refreshed “on air” sound to help encourage younger listeners to the station. The new station branding incorporates a new tag line, “The Sound of *area of coverage*, all the music you love”; the new jingle package marks the first time in 10 years that “sung jingles” are used in the stations on air branding. Dave and Sue are two fictional radio listeners created as marketing personas. Descripti
Near the Eifel town of Manderscheid are the ruins of two castles, the castles of Manderschied, whose history and location reflect the mediaeval conflict of interest between the Electorate of Trier and the Duchy of Luxembourg. The Oberburg or "Upper Castle" is located on a hilltop, levelled in order to construct the castle, it had, as can still be seen from the ruins, an triangular enceinte and a five-story bergfried or fighting tower, made accessible again. From the bergfried there is a clear view of the Niederburg or "Lower Castle", the town of Manderscheid and the countryside of the Lieser valley; the place name of Manderscheid is first recorded in a deed of gift by Ottos II to the Archbishop of Trier dating to 973. This is not, however, as is maintained in the literature, the earliest record of the castle, first known from the feud over St. Maximin's Abbey in front of Trier between Count Henry the Blind of Namur-Luxembourg and Archbishop Albero of Trier, between 1141 and 1146; the free lords of Manderscheid first appear in 1142 in the list of witnesses in a deed of gift.
In the 14th century, the village of Obermanderscheid gave its name to the Electoral Trier Amt of Manderscheid, which existed until the late 18th century. However, the seat of government was not at the castle, but in the Kellerei of the neighbouring village to which Elector Baldwin had granted town rights in 1332; the local estates of the Elector of Trier formed a sort of bridgehead into the surrounding sovereign territory of Luxembourg. In 1673 the castle, still owned by the Electorate, was destroyed by French troops. Today: the ruins of the Oberburg were renovated in 1921 by the municipality of Manderscheid, on whose land it stands, it is open to the public. Today: the ruins of the Niederburg have been owned since 1899 by the Eifel Club and the club has but continually, restored them, they may be visited daily during the summer months. Guided group tours are possible on request; the castle may be booked for private events such as weddings. On the last weekend in August every year there is a medieval festival at the castle and the adjacent jousting field which receives about 15,000 visitors.
Entry on Niederburg Manderscheid in EBIDAT, the databank of the European Castles Institute Entry on Oberburg Manderscheid in EBIDAT, the databank of the European Castles Institute Website of the Niederburg Artist's impression by Wolfgang Braun 1625 illustration by Daniel Meisner: Manderscheidt.
Alexandre Cingria was a Swiss artist who worked as a painter and art restorer. He was best known for his work on stained glass windows. Cingria was born in Geneva in 1879 from a well known Levantine family, his older brother was Charles-Albert Cingria, a famous writer, he studied at the École nationale supérieure des Beaux-Arts in Paris as well as at several universities and art schools in Florence and Munich. He created the stained glass for the Church of Christ-Roi in Tavannes. In 1928 Cingria participated in a competition to design stained glass for St. Pierre Cathedral in Geneva, he created the famous three mosaics located in The Old Arsenal depicting important historical occasions in Geneva, including the mosaic Julius Caesar arrives in Geneva. Cingria, together with his friend and colleague Fernand Dumas, founded the St Luke's Group, an association of artists and intellectuals who were Catholics and loved religious art in French speaking Switzerland; the group was operated between the world wars.
The two men were known to met at the hotel Lion d'Or in Romont. Their club ended up including artists from a wide range of origins. Fr:École des Pâquis Clavien, Alain. Les Helvétistes: intellectuels et politique en Suisse romande au début du siècle. Editions d'en bas. ISBN 9782829001956. Michael Bishop. Contemporary French and francophone art. Rodopi. ISBN 9789042018778. Mariella Nuzzo. Eugenio Cisterna. Un artista eclettico fra tradizione e modernità 1862-1933. Gangemi Editore spa. ISBN 9788849271300. Marcel Poncet. La violence de l'esprit et la pitié du cœur. L'AGE D'HOMME. ISBN 9782825132135. Alexandre Cingria at the Historical Dictionary of Switzerland
Ptilotus exaltatus Nees commonly known as the pink mulla mulla or tall mulla mulla, is one of the largest mulla mullas. The species is endemic to much of mainland Australia; this robust perennial or ephemeral herb grows to a height of 1 metre tall but in a good season can grow to 1.5 m tall and in poor years it may be only reach a few centimetres in height. There is a basal rosette of spathulate-oblanceolate smooth leaves up to 10 cm long, the stem leaves being shorter; the flower spikes are up to 10 cm long and 4 cm across with loosely hairy flowers. The species is widespread from the North-West coast of Australia east into the Northern Territory, New South Wales and south-east to the eastern agricultural districts and into South Australia. Ptilotus exaltatus was synonymised with Ptilotus nobilis in 2008, but a study in 2018 has reinstated P. exaltatus as a separate species based on strong morphological and ecological partitioning
The list of sled dog races contains dozens of contests created by supporters of mushing, the sport of racing sled dogs. It is unknown. Humans have domesticated dogs for thousands of years, sled dogs have been used for transportation in Arctic areas for as long; the first sled dog race to feature a codified set of rules was the All-Alaska Sweepstakes, which first took place in 1908. This was followed in 1917 by the American Dog Derby, the first sled dog race outside Alaska or the Yukon. In 1932, sled dog racing was a demonstration sport at the 1932 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid, New York, but was only included in one other winter olympics in a different form of sled dog racing known as pulka; the most famous sled dog race is the Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race, an annual 1000-mile race across Alaska. It commemorates the 1925 serum run to Nome; the first idea for a commemorative sled dog race over the significant Iditarod Trail was conceived Dorothy Page, the chair of the Wasilla-Knik Centennial Committee.
Though the race known today was not first run until 1973, thanks to the work of Joe Redington and his supporters. Joe Redington and the Iditarod helped restart worldwide interest in mushing in long-distance events. Since mushing's resurgence, the sport has proliferated and sled dog races are hosted in towns around the world, from Norway and Finland to Alaska and Michigan. Due to the cold temperatures needed for sled dog racing, most races are held in winter in cold climates, but occasional carting events known as dryland races, have been held in warmer weather. Other similar sports that using mushing as a means for transport include; these are not included in this list. A resurfaced race in 2020 is the Klondike Dog Derby, a 40-mile race around Lake Minnetonka in Excelsior, Minnesota; the race began in the 1930's and died out in 1998, until restarting. The majority of sled dog races in North America are held close to the northern border of the United States or farther north. Well-attended races in the United States such as the John Beargrease Sled Dog Marathon, Apostle Island Sled Dog Race, the U.
P. 200, all take place in the upper regions of Minnesota and Michigan, respectively. After these races, the majority of dog sled races take place farther north, in Alaska; the Klondike Dog Derby is one of few held in a more urban area, not in the far north. Bringing the sport to an urban area of Minnesota has brought attention from local news sources and residents, allowing for first-hand familiarization and education of the sport of mushing, otherwise hard to come across in an area, not in the far north; the accessory events held the weekend of the Klondike Dog Derby include the Hug-a-Husky event, Meet the Musher, allotted time for the public to hear musher's talk and answer questions on the sport. These events follow the same outline as the Klondike Dog Derby had, starting in the 1930's during Hennepin County's winter ice carnivals; the original race took place during a festival held annually by the Works Progress Administration called "Klondike Day." The festival featured a coronation of an Ice Princess and Ice Queen, a snow modeling contest, ski races, a skating party, the dog derby.
The race featured different classes and allowed people of all ages to harness their dogs to any sled they had at their disposal. This served as a way to connect sled dog racing to the people and bring the community together, thus bringing further attention to the sport throughout the area; the race was reintroduced in 2020 as their commitment to the sport. The race gives people an opportunity to meet the racers and their dogs; this is meant to create a more interactive atmosphere surrounding the sport in the upper Midwest. There are three typical types of sled dog races: sprint, mid-distance, long-distance; these types can be broken down into sub-types. Sprint races cover short distances of 4 to 25 miles/day, mid-distance races cover a total of 100 to 300 miles, long-distance races cover 300 miles to more than 1,000 miles. Sprint races are two- or three-day events with heats run on successive days with the same dogs on the same course. Mid-distance races are either heat races of 14 to 80 miles per day, or continuous races of 100 to 200 miles.
Long-distance races may be continuous or stage races, in which participants run a different course each day from a central staging location. Teams start one after another in equal time intervals, competing against the clock rather than directly against one another; this is due to logistic considerations of getting teams of dogs to the starting line for a clean timed start. Mass starts where all of the dog teams start are popular in parts of Canada. Another mode of dogsled racing is the freight race, in which a specified weight per dog is carried in the sled. Northern Pines Sled Dog Race, Iron River Wisconsin. Sprint and Mid-Distance races. Www.northernpinessdr.com Akiak Dash- Annual 60 mile race from Bethel, Alaska to Akiak and back Apostle Islands Sled Dog Race - The largest sled dog race in the Midwestern United States, held at Bayfield, Wisconsin, on a 60-mile course. Aisdr.org Baltic Winter Cup — Series of sleddog races across the Baltic states, on snow as well as on dryland. "Baltic cup" ADVANCE Sled Dog Challenge — The only snow based sled dog race event staged in Australia.
Zaporozhets za Dunayem is a Ukrainian comic opera with spoken dialogue in three acts with music and libretto by the composer Semen Hulak-Artemovsky. The orchestration has subsequently been rewritten by composers such as Reinhold Glière and Heorhiy Maiboroda; this is one of the best-known Ukrainian comic operas depicting national themes. It was premiered with a Russian libretto on 26 April 1863, in St Petersburg. However, it is now performed in a Ukrainian translation. According to contemporary accounts, Hulak-Artemovsky based the libretto on a story by the historian Mykola Kostomarov; the composer wrote nearly all of libretto, although some poetic phrasings are attributed to his good friend, the journalist V. Sykevych; the story depicts the events following the destruction of the island fortress of Zaporizhian Sich, the historic stronghold of the Ukrainian Cossacks on the Dnieper River. Although this destruction was ordered by the Russian Empress Catherine II in 1775, for unknown reasons the composer chose to set the action in 1772.
To tell the story of the freedom-loving Zaporozhian Cossacks of Ukraine, who had fought against the Russian Empire, Hulak-Artemovsky deliberately set the story in Turkish lands with the Cossacks fighting for the Sultan. This change of locale helped the work get past the Tsar's censors, who banned stories about Ukrainian Cossacks; the orchestral score was completed in the autumn of 1862 by Konstantin Lyadov, who developed it under the guidance of Hulak-Artemovsky. Hulak-Artemovsky had composed the original piano score and written the libretto, no than 12 July of that year; the libretto and score were first published in 1866 by the firm of F. Stelovsky. In 1902, the Ukrainian composer Oleksandr Horily wrote the aria Prylyn', when arranging the comic opera for Mykola Sadovsky's theatrical troupe; the aria extended the vocal range of the character Oksana, played by mezzo-sopranos. After 1898, the original role of Prokop Teren, a rival of Andriy for the affections of Oksana, was eliminated; the story is based on a historical event: when the Zaporizhian Sich was overwhelmed by the Russian army, the Zaporizhian Cossacks and their families headed across the Danube River to the safe haven of the Ottoman Empire and established the Danube Sich.
The comedy arises from the efforts made by a Cossack clan to adjust to their new home, from the eccentric behaviour of an amorous Turkish Sultan. The plot revolves around a chance encounter between Ivan Karas, an old Dnieper Cossack and the Turkish Sultan travelling incognito, resulting in permission for all the "Cossacks beyond the Danube" to resettle on Imperial Russian land, back in Ukraine. Transliterated title: Prylyn', Ukrainian: Пpилинь, пpилинь – "Come, come" – Act 1 Transliterated title: Vidkilya tse ty usiavsa, Ukrainian: Вiдкiля цe ти узявca – "Where did you come from?" – Act 1. Transliterated title: Chorna khmara za dibrovy, Ukrainian: Чорна xмapa з-за дiбpoви --"Black Clouds Behind the Grove" – Act 2 – "O Lord of Heaven and Earth" – Zaporozhets za Dunayem Ivan Karas: Sergei Yaroshenko, bass. Recorded in May 2009 at the National Opera and Ballet Theatre of Ukraine, Kiev. 1hr 48' Zaporozhets Za Dunayem known as Cossacks Beyond the Danube 1938-Ukraine/USSR-Costume Adventure/Film-Opera Produced in Ukraine by a home-grown production staff, this comic opera was released in English-speaking countries as Cossacks Beyond the Danube.