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BBC Micro

The British Broadcasting Corporation Microcomputer System, or BBC Micro, is a series of microcomputers and associated peripherals designed and built by the Acorn Computer company in the 1980s for the BBC Computer Literacy Project, operated by the British Broadcasting Corporation. Designed with an emphasis on education, it was notable for its ruggedness and the quality of its operating system. An accompanying 1982 television series, The Computer Programme, featuring Chris Serle learning to use the machine, was broadcast on BBC2. After the Literacy Project's call for bids for a computer to accompany the TV programmes and literature, Acorn won the contract with the Proton, a successor of its Atom computer prototyped at short notice. Renamed the BBC Micro, the system was adopted by most schools in the United Kingdom, changing Acorn's fortunes, it was successful as a home computer in the UK, despite its high cost. Acorn employed the machine to simulate and develop the ARM architecture which, many years has become hugely successful for embedded systems, including tablets and mobile phones.

In 2013 ARM was the most used 32-bit instruction set architecture. While nine models were produced with the BBC brand, the phrase "BBC Micro" is used colloquially to refer to the first six, excluding the Acorn Electron. During the early 1980s, the BBC started; the project was initiated in response to an ITV documentary series The Mighty Micro, in which Christopher Evans of the UK's National Physical Laboratory predicted the coming microcomputer revolution and its effect on the economy and lifestyle of the United Kingdom. The BBC wanted to base its project on a microcomputer capable of performing various tasks which they could demonstrate in the TV series The Computer Programme; the list of topics included programming, graphics and music, controlling external hardware, artificial intelligence. It developed an ambitious specification for a BBC computer, discussed the project with several companies including Acorn Computers, Sinclair Research, Newbury Laboratories, Tangerine Computer Systems, Dragon Data.

The Acorn team had been working on a successor to their existing Atom microcomputer. Known as the Proton, it included better graphics and a faster 2 MHz MOS Technology 6502 central processing unit; the machine was only at the design stage at the time, the Acorn team, including Steve Furber and Sophie Wilson, had one week to build a working prototype from the sketched designs. The team worked through the night to get a working Proton together to show the BBC. Not only was the Acorn Proton the only machine to match the BBC's specification, it exceeded it in nearly every parameter. Based on the Proton prototype the BBC signed a contract with Acorn as early as February 1981; the OS Rom v1.0 contains the following credits: 1981 Acorn Computers Ltd. Thanks are due to the following contributors to the development of the BBC Computer:- David Allen,Bob Austin,Ram Banerjee,Paul Bond,Allen Boothroyd,Cambridge,Cleartone,John Coll,John Cox,Andy Cripps,Chris Curry,6502 designers,Jeremy Dion,Tim Dobson,Joe Dunn,Paul Farrell,Ferranti,Steve Furber,Jon Gibbons,Andrew Gordon,Lawrence Hardwick,Dylan Harris,Hermann Hauser,Hitachi,Andy Hopper,ICL,Martin Jackson,Brian Jones,Chris Jordan,David King,David Kitson,Paul Kriwaczek,Computer Laboratory,Peter Miller,Arthur Norman,Glyn Phillips,Mike Prees,John Radcliffe,Wilberforce Road,Peter Robinson,Richard Russell,Kim Spence-Jones,Graham Tebby,Jon Thackray,Chris Turner,Adrian Warner,Roger Wilson,Alan Wright.

Additionally, the last bytes of the BASIC ROM include the word "Roger", thought to be a reference to Roger Wilson. The machine was released as the BBC Microcomputer on 1 December 1981, although production problems pushed delivery of the majority of the initial run into 1982. Nicknamed "the Beeb", it was popular in the UK in the educational market, it called the Tube interface "the most innovative feature" of the computer, concluded that "although some other British microcomputers offer more features for a given price, none of them surpass the BBC... in terms of versatility and expansion capability". As with Sinclair's ZX Spectrum and Commodore's Commodore 64, both released in 1982, demand exceeded supply. For some months, there were long delays. Efforts were made to market the machine in the United States and West Germany. By October 1983, the US operation reported that American schools had placed orders with it totalling $21 million. In October 1984, while preparing a major expansion of its US dealer network, Acorn claimed sales of 85 per cent of the computers in British schools, delivery of 40,000 machines per month.

That December, Acorn stated its intention to become the market leader in US educational computing. The New York Times considered the inclusion of local area networking to be of prime importance to teachers; the operation resulted in advertisements by at least one dealer in Interface Age magazine, but the attempt failed. The success of the machine in the UK was due to its acceptance as an "educational" computer – UK schools used BBC Micros to teach computer literacy, information technology skills and a generation of games programmers. Acorn became more known for its

Chic (album)

Chic is the self-titled debut album by Chic, released on Atlantic Records in 1977. The cover art featured two models, Valentine Monnier and Alva Chinn, uncredited in a photograph taken by Frank Laffitte, it includes the hit singles "Dance, Dance" - released on Buddah Records - and "Everybody Dance". Chic's debut album reached #27 on the US Pop charts, #12 on the R&B charts and was certified Gold by the RIAA, selling more than half a million copies. Chic was released on compact disc by Atlantic Records/Warner Music in 1991; the album was digitally remastered and re-issued by Wounded Bird Records in 2006 and by Warner Music Japan in 2011. All tracks written by Bernard Edwards and Nile Rodgers, except "Dance, Dance" and "São Paulo" by Edwards, Kenny Lehman, Rodgers. Norma Jean Wright - Lead vocals Bernard Edwards - Lead vocals, bass guitar Nile Rodgers - guitar, vocals Tony Thompson - drums Luther Vandross - vocals Alfa Anderson - vocals David Lasley - vocals Robin Clark - vocals Diva Gray - vocals Kenny Lehman - woodwinds David Friedman - orchestral bells, vibraphones Raymond Jones - keyboards Robert Sabino - keyboards Andy Schwartz - keyboards Tom Coppola - keyboards Jeremy Wall - keyboards George Young - flute, tenor saxophone Vito Rendace - flute, tenor saxophone on "Dance, Dance" Jon Faddis - trumpet Jay Beckenstein - saxophone on Sao Paulo Barry Rogers - trombone Gerardo Velez - percussion Sammy Figueroa - percussion Alfred Brown - strings contractor Gloria Agostini - harp Bernard Edwards, Nile Rodgers, Kenny Lehman - arrangements Bernard Edwards - record producer Nile Rodgers - producer Kenny Lehman - co-producer Bob Clearmountain - sound engineer Bob Drake - engineer Michael Frondelli - engineer Ron Johnsen - engineer Tom Savarese - engineer Marc Kreiner, Tom Cossie - executive producers Bob Defrin - art direction Lynn Dresse Breslin - design Recorded at Electric Lady Studios, New York.


Genipa is a genus of trees in the family Rubiaceae. This genus is native to the American tropical forests. Tall trees, without any spines, thorns. Presence of interpetiolar stipules, triangle-shaped; the large flowers are arranged in terminal cymes. The stamens are located at the top of the corolla; the fruit is an globose or ovoid berry, fleshy, with a thick rind. The seeds are flat; the species from Madagascar described by Drake, do not belong to the Rubiaceae tribe Gardenieae like the New World Genipa species, but in the tribe Octotropideae. Those species were transferred to the genus Hyperacanthus. Genipa spruceana is considered doubtfully distinct from Genipa americana. Species recognized in Genipa are: Genipa americana L. Genipa infundibuliformis Zappi & J. Semir Genipa spruceana Steyerm; the genus is native to the tropical forests of America, including Florida

Twinless twin

A twinless twin, or lone twin, is a person whose twin has died. Twinless twins around the world unite through organizations and online groups to share support and the status as a twinless twin. Triplets and higher order multiples can experience this sort of loss. Jonathon Blum, American ice hockey player, whose fraternal twin sister, perished in a house fire. Philip K. Dick, American science fiction author whose twin sister, died when the twins were five weeks old; the loss of his twin is said to have profoundly affected his writing. Dolla, American rapper, his twin sibling died during birth. Robin Gibb, British singer, Bee Gees member and fraternal twin brother of Maurice Gibb, who died in January 2003. Robin died in May 2012. Tom Gullikson, American tennis player and identical twin brother of Tim Gullikson, who died of brain cancer in 1996. David Jason, British actor, twin brother died during childbirth. Marlon Jackson, former Jackson 5 member; as a result of the birth, Marlon was born a few weeks premature.

Jarosław Kaczyński, former Prime Minister of Poland and identical twin brother of former Polish President Lech Kaczyński, who died in the 2010 Polish Air Force Tu-154 crash. Jay Kay, British singer and frontman of acid jazz band Jamiroquai, twin brother died several weeks after birth. Liberace, classically trained pianist and comedian known for his elaborate costumes. Heather O'Rourke, child actress. Chuck Panozzo, member of Styx, his fraternal twin brother and bandmate John Panozzo died of cirrhosis of the liver in 1996. Elvis Presley, pioneering rock musician. Elvis spoke to friends and in interviews about feeling that a major part of him was missing without Jesse. Elvis's middle name at birth, was spelled to match with Jesse's designated middle name of Garon. Miklós Radnóti, Hungarian poet whose twin brother died along with their mother during childbirth. Solomon "Shazam" Conner, member of H-Town, his twin brother and bandmate Keven "Dino" Conner was killed in an automobile accident in 2003. Sophie Turner, British actress who starred in Game of Thrones revealed that she had a twin who died during pregnancy. website Lone Twin Network website

Óscar Diego Gestido

Óscar Diego Gestido Pose was president of Uruguay in 1967. Diego Gestido was from a military background, served in the military for 36 years before retiring with the rank of general in 1957. Afterwards he had an important participation during the Uruguayan floods of April 1959, being considered a hero, he was a member of the Colorado Party. On 27 November 1966 elections were celebrated, together with a constitutional referendum which gave place to a new Constitution restoring one-person presidency. Diego Gestido was elected President of Uruguay, a post he held from March 1, 1967, to December 6, 1967. Prominent people in his government included Vice President of Uruguay Jorge Pacheco Areco, César Charlone, Luis Hierro Gambardella, Julio Lacarte Muró, Manuel Flores Mora, Zelmar Michelini, who co-founded the Frente Amplio grouping. Diego Gestido died in office, his remains were buried at the Central Cemetery of Montevideo. His death meant, he was succeeded by Jorge Pacheco Areco. His brother Álvaro Gestido was a notable Uruguayan football player.

Rivera International Airport is named after him. Politics of Uruguay

The Spoils of Poynton

The Spoils of Poynton is a novel by Henry James, first published under the title The Old Things as a serial in The Atlantic Monthly in 1896 and as a book in 1897. This novel traces the shifting relations among three people and a magnificent collection of art, decorative arts, furniture arrayed like jewels in a country house called Poynton. Mrs. Gereth, a widow of impeccable taste and iron will, formed the collection over decades only to have it torn away from her when her son Owen decides to marry a frivolous woman; the story is told from the viewpoint of Fleda Vetch, a keenly intelligent young woman of straitened circumstances who, shortly after becoming the intimate friend and companion of Mrs. Gereth, falls in love with Owen. Sympathetic to Mrs. Gereth's anguish over losing the fine things she patiently collected, Fleda shuttles between the estranged mother and son, becoming more involved in their affairs. Widow Adela Gereth tells the sensitive and tasteful Fleda Vetch that she's afraid her son Owen will marry the coarse Mona Brigstock.

Mrs Gereth dreads the prospect of her painstakingly collected furniture and other art objects being given up to a philistine wife, while being left to live alone in Ricks, a small and coarsely designed cottage bequeathed to her. Owen in turn enlists Fleda to get his mother to leave with a minimum of fuss. Fleda is shocked to find that Mrs Gereth has decorated Ricks with many of the best pieces from Poynton. Owen reports that Mona is angry with the'theft' of the valuable heirlooms, becomes colder towards him. Meanwhile, he begins to show an attraction to Fleda and declares his love for her. Fleda insists. Mrs Gereth returns the fine furniture to Poynton on the assumption that Fleda has secured Owen for herself. After a few days Owen and Mona are reported to be married, they go abroad. Fleda gets a letter from Owen asking her to select any one piece from Poynton as hers to keep, she goes to Poynton some days only to find it has been consumed by fire; this constructed novel treats several themes common throughout James' work.

Fleda Vetch is one of James' sensitive central characters scrupulous and thus sometimes victimized by the more decisive if less fastidious people around her. Mrs. Gereth is a memorable example of James' unprincipled dominators, who try to bulldoze their way over other people. Disregarding Fleda's scruples, she attempts to force a marriage between Owen and Fleda because she believes it will give her a better chance to retain the "spoils" she so lovingly collected. Mrs. Gereth shows the acquisitive collector's mania that James though not always, saw as an insidious form of corruption. Owen is a brainless youth of no great harm, though he's and confused. James plays Mona for laughs as a bumptious barbarian, though she can turn nasty over acquiring what is due to her. Although The Spoils of Poynton is considered one of James' greatest works, most critics have enjoyed the entertaining and well-paced conflict in the novel; the poetic justice of the book's conclusion has been accepted as the best way to finish the struggle.

James' portrayal of Mrs. Gereth has received particular acclaim, she sometimes seems unbalanced in her passionate devotion to her fine furniture and art objects: "There isn’t one of them I don’t know and love—yes, as one remembers and cherishes the happiest moments of one’s life. Blindfold, in the dark, with the brush of a finger, I could tell one from another. They’re living things to me. Fleda Vetch has earned most critics' sympathy for steering the right course through an impossible situation, and there are the usual touches of understated but much-appreciated humor, as when Mrs. Gereth throws one of the Brigstocks' tacky magazines out the door at Mona, the coarse but athletic girl deftly snares it on the fly. "Good catch!" is Owen's reaction. However, some critics, among them William Veeder, argue that Owen makes a stronger choice in Mona, because Fleda is too manipulative and mentally unsound a character. In 1970, the BBC produced a regarded 4-part television program based on the book, starring Gemma Jones and Ian Ogilvy.

This was broadcast in the U. S. by PBS in 1971 as part of the first season of Masterpiece Theatre. In the 2004 Booker Prize–winning novel The Line of Beauty, written by Alan Hollinghurst, two of the main characters attempt to get financing for a film production of the story. In the novel In a Summer Season by Elizabeth Taylor, the character of Kate Heron fondly recalls reading The Spoils of Poynton with her late husband and friends Charles and Dorothea, they called Lady Asperley, a mutual friend, The Spoils of Poynton because her obsession with objects reminded them of Mrs. Gereth. In the novel “Mystery” by Peter Straub, the character of teacher Dennis Handley describes “...his greatest bookfinding coup, the discovery of a typed manuscript of “The Spoils of Poynton””. Handley describes how James dictated the novel, in part, to typist William McAlpine, how he, couldn’t prove this was THE original manuscript, but he didn’t need to do so, his telling of this story is spoiled when his audience, student Tom Pasmore, appears to not listen, instead steering the conversation to discussion of a local murder.

The Novels of Henry James by Edward Wagenknecht ISBN 0-8044-2959-6 The Novels of Henry James by Oscar Cargill Original magazi