Bayerische Motoren Werke AG, translated in English as Bavarian Motor Works referred to as BMW, is a German multinational company which produces automobiles and motorcycles. The company was founded in 1916 as a manufacturer of aircraft engines, which it produced from 1917 until 1918 and again from 1933 to 1945. Automobiles are marketed under the brands BMW, Mini and Rolls-Royce, motorcycles are marketed under the brand BMW Motorrad. In 2015, BMW was the world's twelfth-largest producer of motor vehicles, with 2,279,503 vehicles produced. BMW is headquartered in Munich and produces motor vehicles in Germany, China, South Africa, the United Kingdom, the United States and Mexico. BMW has significant motorsport history in touring cars, Formula 1, sports cars and the Isle of Man TT. Bayerische Flugzeugwerke AG was formed in 1916; this company was renamed to Bayerische Motoren Werke in 1922. However the name BMW dates back to 1913. BMW's first product was a straight-six aircraft engine called the BMW IIIa.
Following the end of World War I, BMW remained in business by producing motorcycle engines, farm equipment, household items and railway brakes. The company produced its first motorcycle, the BMW R 32 in 1923. BMW became an automobile manufacturer in 1928 when it purchased Fahrzeugfabrik Eisenach, which, at the time, built Austin Sevens under licence under the Dixi marque; the first car sold as a BMW was a rebadged Dixi called the BMW 3/15, following BMW's acquisition of the car manufacturer Automobilwerk Eisenach. Throughout the 1930s, BMW expanded its range into larger luxury cars. Aircraft engines and automobiles would be BMW's main products until World War II. During the war, against the wishes of its director Franz Josef Popp, BMW concentrated on aircraft engine production using forced labor consisting of prisoners from concentration camps, with motorcycles as a side line and automobile manufacture ceased altogether. BMW's factories were bombed during the war and its remaining West German facilities were banned from producing motor vehicles or aircraft after the war.
Again, the company survived by making pots and bicycles. In 1948, BMW restarted motorcycle production. BMW resumed car production in Bavaria in 1952 with the BMW 501 luxury saloon; the range of cars was expanded in 1955, through the production of the cheaper Isetta microcar under licence. Slow sales of luxury cars and small profit margins from microcars meant BMW was in serious financial trouble and in 1959 the company was nearly taken over by rival Daimler-Benz. A large investment in BMW by Herbert Quandt and Harald Quandt resulted in the company surviving as a separate entity; the BMW 700 was successful and assisted in the company's recovery. The 1962 introduction of the BMW New Class compact sedans was the beginning of BMW's reputation as a leading manufacturer of sport-oriented cars. Throughout the 1960s, BMW expanded its range by adding luxury sedan models; the BMW 5 Series mid-size sedan range was introduced in 1972, followed by the BMW 3 Series compact sedans in 1975, the BMW 6 Series luxury coupes in 1976 and the BMW 7 Series large luxury sedans in 1978.
The BMW M division released its first road car, a mid-engine supercar, in 1978. This was followed by the BMW M5 in 1984 and the BMW M3 in 1986. In 1986, BMW introduced its first V12 engine in the 750i luxury sedan; the company purchased the Rover Group in 1994, however the takeover was not successful and was causing BMW large financial losses. In 2000, BMW sold off most of the Rover brands. In 1998, BMW acquired the rights to the Rolls Royce brand from Vickers Plc; the 1995 BMW Z3 expanded the line-up to include a mass-production two-seat roadster and the 1999 BMW X5 was the company's entry into the SUV market. The first mass-produced turbocharged petrol engine was introduced in 2006, with most engines switching over to turbocharging over the following decade; the first hybrid BMW was the 2010 BMW ActiveHybrid 7, BMW's first electric car was the BMW i3 city car, released in 2013. After many years of establishing a reputation for sporting rear-wheel drive cars, BMW's first front-wheel drive car was the 2014 BMW 2 Series Active Tourer multi-purpose vehicle.
The name BMW is an abbreviation for Bayerische Motoren Werke. This name is grammatically incorrect, why the name's grammatically correct form Bayerische Motorenwerke has been used in several publications and advertisements in the past. Bayerische Motorenwerke translates into English as Bavarian Motor Works; the suffix AG, short for Aktiengesellschaft, signifies an incorporated entity, owned by shareholders. The terms Beemer and Bee-em are sometimes used as slang for BMW in the English language and are sometimes used interchangeably for cars and motorcycles; the circular blue and white BMW logo or roundel evolved from the circular Rapp Motorenwerke company logo, from which the BMW company grew, combined with the blue and white colors of the flag of Bavaria. The BMW logo still used; the origin of the logo is thought to be a portrayal of the movement of an aircraft propeller with the white blades cutting through a blue sky. However, this portrayal was first used in a BMW advertisement in 1929 – twelve years after the logo was created – so this is not the origin of the logo itself.
The slogan'The Ultimate Driving Machine' was first used in North America
John Henry Barbee was an American blues singer and guitarist. He was born in Tennessee, he claimed that he was born William George Tucker and that he changed his name with the commencement of his recording career, in tribute to his favorite folk song, "The Ballad of John Henry", but this claim is not supported by census records, in which he is registered as the son of Beecher Barbee and Cora Gilford. Barbee toured in the 1930s throughout the American South and playing slide guitar, he teamed up with Big Joe Williams and with Sunnyland Slim in Memphis, Tennessee. Travelling down to Mississippi, he met Sonny Boy Williamson and played with him off and on for several years, he released two sides for Vocalion Records in 1939. The record sold well enough to cause Vocalion to call on Barbee again, but by that time he had left his last known whereabouts in Arkansas. Barbee explained that this sudden move was due to his evading the law for shooting and killing his girlfriend's lover, he found out that he had only injured the man, but by the time this was discovered, Barbee was no longer making a career playing music.
Barbee did not show up again in the music industry until the early 1960s, when a revival of interest in the blues was at its height. Willie Dixon found him working as an ice-cream server in Chicago, Illinois. In 1964, Barbee joined the American Folk Blues Festival on a European tour with other blues players, including Lightnin' Hopkins and Howlin' Wolf. Barbee returned to the United States and used the money from the tour to purchase his first automobile. Ten days after buying the car, he killed a man, he was taken to a Chicago jail and died there of a heart attack a few days on November 3, 1964, 11 days before his 59th birthday. He is interred in Alsip, Illinois; the third annual White Lake Blues Festival, held at the Howmet Playhouse Theater in Whitehall, Michigan, on May 11, 2010, was organized by executive producer Steve Salter, of the nonprofit organization Killer Blues, to raise monies to honor Barbee's unmarked grave with a headstone. The event was a success, a stone was placed in June 2010.
Portraits in Blues, vol. 9, studio album Blues Live! 1964, split album with live shows by Barbee and Sleepy John Estes Blues Masters, vol. 3, compilation List of blues musicians List of country blues musicians List of Delta blues musicians Oliver, Paul. LP liner notes. I Ain't Gonna Pick No More Cotton. Blues Roots, vol. 3. Storyville SLP 4037. Illustrated John Henry Barbee discography Bluebeat.com biography Works by or about John Henry Barbee in libraries
William Chapman Revercomb was an American politician and lawyer in the state of West Virginia. He served two separate terms in the United States Senate. Revercomb was born in Covington, the son of Elizabeth Forrer and George Anderson Revercomb, he attended Washington and Lee University before entering the United States Army in World War I where he served as a corporal. Returning from the war, he transferred to the law school at the University of Virginia, graduating in 1919, he practiced law in Covington for few years before moving to Charleston, West Virginia in 1922. He was elected to the Senate in 1942. There he championed opposition to the foreign and domestic policies of the administration of Harry S. Truman and was a stalwart supporter of civil rights. In 1945, Revercomb was among the seven senators who opposed full United States entry into the United Nations. Revercomb was defeated for re-election in 1948 and for the state's other Senate seat in 1952. In both races, his support of the national Republican party's civil rights policies were major issues.
In 1956, he won a special election to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Harley M. Kilgore, his Democratic opponent in the 1952 election, he re-entered the Senate and served through the end of 1958. During his second tenure in the Senate, Revercomb voted in favor of the Civil Rights Act of 1957. In 1958, he lost to Congressman Robert Byrd in his re-election bid in another racially charged election, he lost the Republican nomination for governor in 1960 and retired from politics. He practiced law in Charleston until his death in 1979. Revercomb was the last Republican to represent West Virginia in the Senate until the election of Shelley Moore Capito in 2014 ended a 58- year streak of Democratic Senate victories in the state. United States Congress. "Chapman Revercomb". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved on 2009-5-18 "Chapman Revercomb". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2009-05-18