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Baba O'Riley

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"Baba O'Riley"
The Who - Baba cover.jpg
Single by The Who
from the album Who's Next
B-side"My Wife"
Released23 October 1971 (1971-10-23)[1]
Format7-inch single
Recorded
GenreHard rock[3]
Length5:08
LabelPolydor
Songwriter(s)Pete Townshend
Producer(s)
The Who singles chronology
"Let's See Action"
(1971)
"Baba O'Riley"
(1971)
"Behind Blue Eyes"
(1971)
Who's Next track listing

"Baba O'Riley", a song by the British rock band The Who, is the opening track to the band's studio album Who's Next, and was issued in Europe as a single on 23 October 1971, coupled with "My Wife".

Roger Daltrey sings most of the song, with Pete Townshend singing the middle eight: "Don't cry/don't raise your eye/it's only teenage wasteland". The song's title is a combination of the names of two of Townshend's philosophical and musical influences: Meher Baba and Terry Riley.

"Baba O'Riley" appears in Time magazine's list of the All-Time 100 Songs, Rolling Stone's list of "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time", and the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as one of the 500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll.

It also features on live albums: Who's Last, Live from Royal Albert Hall, Live from Toronto, and Greatest Hits Live. In concert Daltrey plays the violin solo on harmonica.

Background and composition[edit]

Townshend originally wrote "Baba O'Riley" for his Lifehouse project, a rock opera that was to be the follow-up to the Who's 1969 opera, Tommy. In Lifehouse, the song would be sung at the beginning by a Scottish farmer named Ray, as he gathers his wife Sally and his two children to begin their exodus to London. When Lifehouse was scrapped, eight of the songs were salvaged and recorded for the Who's 1971 album Who's Next, with "Baba O'Riley" as the lead-off track.

Townshend stated in an interview that the song "is about the absolute desolation of teenagers at Woodstock, where audience members were strung out on acid and 20 people had brain damage. The irony was that some listeners took the song to be a teenage celebration: 'Teenage Wasteland, yes! We're all wasted!'"[4]

The "Baba O'Riley" title combines the names of Meher Baba and Terry Riley, two of Townshend's philosophical and musical mentors.[5] The song is often mistakenly called "Teenage Wasteland", after the phrase repeated in the song. "Teenage Wasteland" was in fact a working title for the song in its early incarnations as part of the Lifehouse project, but eventually became the title for a different but related song by Townshend, which is slower and features different lyrics.[6] A demo of "Teenage Wasteland" is featured on Lifehouse Chronicles, a six-disc set of music related to the Lifehouse project, and on several Townshend compilations and videos.

The song uses a I-V-IV chord progression and is composed in the key of F major. However, it was recorded using the European "A" which is 446 HZ rather than the standard 440 HZ.[7]

Recording and release[edit]

"Baba O'Riley"'s backing track was derived from the Lifehouse concept, where Townshend wanted to input the vital signs and personality of Meher Baba into a synthesiser, which would then generate music based on that data. When this idea fell through, Townshend instead recorded a Lowrey Berkshire Deluxe TBO-1 organ using its marimba repeat feature as the backing track.[8] This modal approach was inspired by the work of minimalist composer Terry Riley.

The song was derived from a nine-minute demo, which the band reconstructed.[9] "Baba O'Riley" was initially 30 minutes in length, but was edited down to the "high points" of the track for Who's Next.[10] The other parts of the song appeared on the third disc of Townshend's Lifehouse Chronicles as "Baba M1 (O'Riley 1st Movement 1971)" and "Baba M2 (2nd Movement Part 1 1971)".

"Baba O'Riley" was released in November 1971, as a single in several European countries. However, in the United Kingdom and the United States, it was released only as part of the album Who's Next.

Reception and legacy[edit]

The Who performing "Baba O'Riley" live at Manchester Arena in 2014

"Baba O'Riley" appears at No. 349 on Rolling Stone's list of "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time".[11] The song is in the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as one of the 500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll.[12] The band Pearl Jam regularly plays a cover of the song during concerts, and a readers' poll in Rolling Stone awarded this cover as #8 in their Greatest Live Cover Songs.[13]

During live performances, Roger Daltrey plays the studio violin part on harmonica.

The Tubes performed the song on 9 September 1978, at the Knebworth Festival in tribute to Keith Moon, who had died two days earlier.[14]

"Baba O'Riley" was used as the theme song for the popular television series CSI: NY (2004–13); with each CSI series using a Who song as its theme.[15] The live version of the song from the album Who's Last plays in the opening segment of the Miami Vice episode "Out Where the Buses Don't Run" (season two, 1985).[16] One of the working titles of That '70s Show (1998–2006) was "Teenage Wasteland," a reference to the repeated lyric in the song.[17] The song was also used in trailers for A Bug's Life (1998), American Beauty (1999), Resident Evil: Retribution (2012), and The Peanuts Movie (2015).[18] The song was featured heavily in the 2004 romantic comedy film The Girl Next Door, The song was also used in the beginning of the 2012 movie Premium Rush. The song has also been used in episode 14 of season one in the TV series House and in episode 10 of season one in the TV series The Newsroom. A remixed version of this song, re-done by Alan Wilkis, appears in the 2012 remake of Need for Speed: Most Wanted, as well as the Family Guy season 13 episode "Quagmire's Mom", the third Robot Chicken: Star Wars special and episode 11 of season one of Superstore. The song is featured in an episode of Joe Pera Talks With You, "Joe Pera Reads You the Church Announcements" on Adult Swim, in which Pera is unable to contain his excitement after hearing the song for the first time in his life.

Since 2003, "Baba O'Riley" has been played during player introductions for the Los Angeles Lakers during home games at the Staples Center.[19] The song is played prior to live UFC events during a highlight package showing some of the most famous fights in the mixed martial arts company's history.[20] It is also the official theme song of competitive eater Joey Chestnut.[21]

At both the opening and closing ceremonies of the 2012 London Olympics, the track "The Road Goes On Forever" by High Contrast is used during a countdown to the start of the proceedings, this song samples "Baba O'Riley" with a higher tempo as a 120bpm dance track.[22] "Baba O'Riley" was then performed by the Who as their first number during the last musical segment at the closing ceremony, with Daltrey singing a changed lyric of "Don't cry/Just raise your eye/There's more than teenage wasteland".[23] "Baba O'Riley" is also used as the pregame music at Sanford Stadium and is played right before kickoff at every University of Georgia home football game. It is also played at halftime of most New England Patriots home games, leading up to the second-half kickoff. It is also the entrance music for the New York Rangers at Madison Square Garden.

Personnel[edit]

Charts[edit]

Chart (1972) Peak position
Dutch Singles Chart 11[1]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/Sales
United Kingdom (BPI)[24] Gold 500,000double-dagger

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Baba O'Riley". ung Medien / hitparade.ch. Retrieved 28 November 2011.
  2. ^ Who's Next 1995 Remastered Liner Notes Page 17
  3. ^ John Atkins (1 February 2000). The Who on Record: A Critical History, 1963-1998. McFarland. p. 158. ISBN 978-0-7864-4097-9.
  4. ^ Guitar World Vol. 30 No. 9 pg. 76
  5. ^ The Who: The Ultimate Collection (Media notes). The Who. MCA Records. 2002. p. 12.
  6. ^ Lifehouse Chronicles box set
  7. ^ "Baba O'Riley Guitar Lesson – The Who". TheGuitarLesson.com. Retrieved 26 November 2014.
  8. ^ "Pete's Equipment, Lowrey Berkshire Deluxe TBO-1".
  9. ^ Who's Next 1995 Remastered Liner Notes Page 17
  10. ^ "The Hypertext Who " Article Archive — The Who Puts the Bomp (1971)". Thewho.net. Retrieved 4 January 2012.
  11. ^ "The RS 500 Greatest Songs of All Time". Rolling Stone. 2006-12-09. Archived from the original on 2006-08-15. Retrieved 2009-08-14.
  12. ^ "500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll". Archived from the original on 2008-07-07. Retrieved 2008-07-09.
  13. ^ "Readers' Poll: The Greatest Live Cover Songs". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
  14. ^ "Baba O'Riley / The Kids Are Alright - The Tubes with Todd Rundgren". YouTube. 9 September 1978. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  15. ^ Duboff, Josh (2010-02-07). "The Who Performs CSI Medley". New York The song was also used in the Fourth Season of One Tree Hill the song plays in the thirteenth episode "Pictures of You". Retrieved 2013-09-01.
  16. ^ *Moore, Allen F. (2003). Analyzing Popular Music. Cambridge University Press. p. 67. ISBN 052177120X.
  17. ^ "DVD Verdict Review - That '70s Show: Season One". Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  18. ^ "The Peanuts Movie Trailer: An Underdog and His Dog". Slashfilm.com. 2015-06-16. Retrieved 2016-10-03.
  19. ^ McMenamin, Dave (2010-10-04). "London Called, But Lakers Don't Figure to Be Back Any Time Soon". ESPN. Retrieved 2012-01-04.
  20. ^ "Q&A with local MMA announcer Ray Flores". Post-Tribune. 2011-08-23. Retrieved 2012-03-09.
  21. ^ Heilpern, John (July 2011). "The Fastest Mouth on Earth". Vanity Fair. Retrieved 2013-09-01.
  22. ^ "High Contrast's Olympic Story: Part 3 - Highly Contrasting". highlycontrasting.com.
  23. ^ "Did Roger Daltrey Forget the Lyrics to "Baba O'Riley"?". CBS News. 13 August 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-15.
  24. ^ "British single certifications – The Who – Baba O'Riley". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved 5 July 2018. Select singles in the Format field. Select Gold in the Certification field. Type Baba O'Riley in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.

External links[edit]