The Balintang Channel is the small waterway that separates the Batanes and Babuyan Islands, both of which belong to the Philippines, in the Luzon Strait. The 2013 Guang Da Xing No. 28 incident known as the Balintang Channel incident was a fatal shooting incident that occurred on 9 May 2013 involving the Taiwanese fishing boat Guang Da Xing No. 28 and the Philippine Coast Guard patrol boat Maritime Control Surveillance 3001, which led to the death of Taiwanese fisherman Hung Shih-cheng by gunfire from the Philippine vessel. The Philippines' National Bureau of Investigation recommended that homicide be charged against the eight PCG personnel
Aparri the Municipality of Aparri, is a 1st class municipality in the province of Cagayan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 65,649 people, it sits at the mouth of the Cagayan River, the longest river in the Philippines, about 55 miles north of Tuguegarao, the provincial capital. Aparri has an approximate income of ₱90 million; the valley has been one of the largest tobacco-producing sections in the Philippines, the town has a considerable coastwise trade. It has a meteorological station located in Barangay Punta where the Cagayan River meets the Babuyan Channel, it administers Fuga Island, part of the Babuyan Group and is much closer to Claveria. In the near future,it is become the next city in the province of Cagayan. Aparri was a Japanese trading post because of its location at the northern tip of Luzon at the mouth of the Cagayan River, it was the main area for trade for Japan in the island of Luzon. Much of the area was once home to the native Ibanag people, who were at the time in alliance with Japan as an early form of an informal protectorate city-state.
It was formally established under Spanish rule in 1605 after the Spanish Crown seized the Philippines and made it part of the Spanish East Indies. Since it was on the route of Spanish Galleons during the great tobacco monopoly in the 16th to the 17th centuries, Aparri was therefore made one of the major Spanish ports of the Galleon Trade on May 11, 1680; the original inhabitants of this town were the Ybanags. As the Spaniards settled and because of its strategic location and Chinese people settled in the area. In the years before the outbreak of World War II, it became a transshipment point for smuggled goods from China and other neighboring Southeast Asian nations. Donald Blackburn's guerrilla forces and the local troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary are supported the Sixth United States Army Force B, in the capture of Aparri on 20 June 1945. In 2006, work was started to rebuild the port, after the old pier deteriorated due to the rising level of water, the common storms, poor construction.
Aparri is politically subdivided into 42 barangays. Aparri has a tropical monsoon climate with warm temperatures year round though temperatures dip during the winter months. In the 2015 census, the population of Aparri, was 65,649 people, with a density of 230 inhabitants per square kilometre or 600 inhabitants per square mile. Aparri is known for its foods such as the "bulung-unas", or Ribbon Fish, which are in abundance during January and early February. "Kilawin naguilas-asan" is a fillet of smaller "bulung-unas" which are leftover baits, soaked in Ilocos vinegar, seasoned with salt and pepper, finely cut onions and ginger. Ludong, a variety of Pacific salmon, is the Philippines' most expensive fish, ranging from 4,000 pesos to 5,000 per kilo; because of its price and its distinct taste and smell, it is nicknamed "President Fish". Caught only in the Aparri delta when, after a heavy rainfall, these fish are washed down by the fast raging water from the south, down to the mouth of the Cagayan River where it meets the Babuyan Sea.
Freshwater fish by nature, the salt water contributes to their super delicious taste. Ludong is available only in the rainy months of October and early November. Aparri's attractions include its sandy beaches and town fiesta. May 1 to 12 of every year, the town's fiesta celebrates the patron saint San Pedro Gonzales of Thelmo with nightly festivities at the auditorium, crowning of Miss Aparri beauty pageant and the "Comparza." It is home to the Archdiocesan Shrine of Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary and the Shrine of San Lorenzo Ruiz de Manila. Holy Week is celebrated in Aparri with the observance of Holy Thursday and Good Friday in the town churches. On the early hours of Easter Sunday, the "Domingo Sabet" celebrates the meeting of Jesus and the Holy Mother after the resurrection. Elected officials 2013-2016: Mayor: Shalimar D. Tumaru Vice Mayor: Rommel G. Alameda Councilors: Darlene J. A. DayagG Bryan Dale G. Chan Norman N. Ignacio Victor R. Suguitan Joselito C. Albanio Jimmy U. Siriban Ria P. Capina John Paul Q.
Decierto Official Website of the Municipality of Aparri Philippine Standard Geographic Code Philippine Census Information Philippine Census Information
World Heritage Site
A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area, selected by the United Nations Educational and Cultural Organization as having cultural, scientific or other form of significance, is protected by international treaties. The sites are judged important to the collective interests of humanity. To be selected, a World Heritage Site must be an classified landmark, unique in some respect as a geographically and identifiable place having special cultural or physical significance, it may signify a remarkable accomplishment of humanity, serve as evidence of our intellectual history on the planet. The sites are intended for practical conservation for posterity, which otherwise would be subject to risk from human or animal trespassing, unmonitored/uncontrolled/unrestricted access, or threat from local administrative negligence. Sites are demarcated by UNESCO as protected zones; the list is maintained by the international World Heritage Program administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 "states parties" that are elected by their General Assembly.
The programme catalogues and conserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common culture and heritage of humanity. Under certain conditions, listed sites can obtain funds from the World Heritage Fund; the program began with the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World's Cultural and Natural Heritage, adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on 16 November 1972. Since 193 state parties have ratified the convention, making it one of the most recognized international agreements and the world's most popular cultural program; as of July 2018, a total of 1,092 World Heritage Sites exist across 167 countries. Italy, with 54 sites, has the most of any country, followed by China, France, Germany and Mexico. In 1954, the government of Egypt decided to build the new Aswan High Dam, whose resulting future reservoir would inundate a large stretch of the Nile valley containing cultural treasures of ancient Egypt and ancient Nubia. In 1959, the governments of Egypt and Sudan requested UNESCO to assist their countries to protect and rescue the endangered monuments and sites.
In 1960, the Director-General of UNESCO launched an appeal to the member states for an International Campaign to Save the Monuments of Nubia. This appeal resulted in the excavation and recording of hundreds of sites, the recovery of thousands of objects, as well as the salvage and relocation to higher ground of a number of important temples, the most famous of which are the temple complexes of Abu Simbel and Philae; the campaign, which ended in 1980, was considered a success. As tokens of its gratitude to countries which contributed to the campaign's success, Egypt donated four temples: the Temple of Dendur was moved to the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, the Temple of Debod was moved to the Parque del Oeste in Madrid, the Temple of Taffeh was moved to the Rijksmuseum van Oudheden in the Netherlands, the Temple of Ellesyia to Museo Egizio in Turin; the project cost $80 million, about $40 million of, collected from 50 countries. The project's success led to other safeguarding campaigns: saving Venice and its lagoon in Italy, the ruins of Mohenjo-daro in Pakistan, the Borobodur Temple Compounds in Indonesia.
UNESCO initiated, with the International Council on Monuments and Sites, a draft convention to protect the common cultural heritage of humanity. The United States initiated the idea of cultural conservation with nature conservation; the White House conference in 1965 called for a "World Heritage Trust" to preserve "the world's superb natural and scenic areas and historic sites for the present and the future of the entire world citizenry". The International Union for Conservation of Nature developed similar proposals in 1968, they were presented in 1972 to the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm. Under the World Heritage Committee, signatory countries are required to produce and submit periodic data reporting providing the World Heritage Committee with an overview of each participating nation's implementation of the World Heritage Convention and a "snapshot" of current conditions at World Heritage properties. A single text was agreed on by all parties, the "Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage" was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO on 16 November 1972.
The Convention came into force on 17 December 1975. As of May 2017, it has been ratified by 193 states parties, including 189 UN member states plus the Cook Islands, the Holy See and the State of Palestine. Only four UN member states have not ratified the Convention: Liechtenstein, Nauru and Tuvalu. A country must first list its significant natural sites. A country may not nominate sites. Next, it can place sites selected from that list into a Nomination File; the Nomination File is evaluated by the International Council on Monuments and Sites and the World Conservation Union. These bodies make their recommendations to the World Heritage Committee; the Committee meets once per year to determine whether or not to inscribe each nominated property on the World Heritage List and sometimes defers or refers the decision to request more information from the country which nominated the site. There are ten selection criteria – a site must meet at least one of them to be included on the list
The humpback whale is a species of baleen whale. One of the larger rorqual species, adults range in length from 12–16 m and weigh around 25–30 metric tons; the humpback has a distinctive body shape, with a knobbly head. It is known for breaching and other distinctive surface behaviors, making it popular with whale watchers. Males produce a complex song lasting 10 to 20 minutes, its purpose is not clear. Found in oceans and seas around the world, humpback whales migrate up to 25,000 km each year, they feed in polar waters, migrate to tropical or subtropical waters to breed and give birth and living off their fat reserves. Their diet consists of krill and small fish. Humpbacks have a diverse repertoire of feeding methods, including the bubble net technique. Like other large whales, the humpback was a target for the whaling industry. Once hunted to the brink of extinction, its population fell by an estimated 90% before a 1966 moratorium. While stocks have recovered to some 80,000 animals worldwide, entanglement in fishing gear, collisions with ships and noise pollution continue to impact on the species.
Humpback whales are rorquals, members of the Balaenopteridae family that includes the blue, Bryde's, sei and minke whales. The rorquals are believed to have diverged from the other families of the suborder Mysticeti as long ago as the middle Miocene era. However, it is not known. Though related to the giant whales of the genus Balaenoptera, the humpback is the sole member of its genus. Recent DNA sequencing has indicated the humpback is more related to certain rorquals the fin whale and the gray, than it is to others such as the minke; the humpback was first identified as baleine de la Nouvelle Angleterre by Mathurin Jacques Brisson in his Regnum Animale of 1756. In 1781, Georg Heinrich Borowski described the species, converting Brisson's name to its Latin equivalent, Balaena novaeangliae. In 1804, Lacépède shifted the humpback from the family Balaenidae. In 1846, John Edward Gray created the genus Megaptera, classifying the humpback as Megaptera longipinna, but in 1932, Remington Kellogg reverted the species names to use Borowski's novaeangliae.
The common name is derived from the curving of their backs. The generic name Megaptera from the Greek mega-/μεγα- "giant" and ptera/πτερα "wing", refers to their large front flippers; the specific name means "New Englander" and was given by Brisson due to regular sightings of humpbacks off the coast of New England. Genetic research in mid-2014 by the British Antarctic Survey confirmed that the separate populations in the North Atlantic, North Pacific and Southern Oceans are more distinct than thought; some biologists believe that these should be regarded as separate subspecies and that they are evolving independently. Humpbacks can be identified by their stocky body, obvious hump, black dorsal coloring and elongated pectoral fins; the head and lower jaw are covered with knobs called tubercles, which are hair follicles and are characteristic of the species. The fluked tail, which rises above the surface when diving, has wavy trailing edges. Humpbacks have 270 to 400 darkly colored baleen plates on each side of their mouths.
The plates measure from 18 in in the front to about 3 ft in the back, behind the hinge. Ventral grooves run from the lower jaw to the umbilicus, about halfway along the underside of the body; these grooves are less numerous than in other rorquals, but are wide. The female has a hemispherical lobe about 15 cm in diameter in her genital region; this visually distinguishes females. The male's penis remains hidden in the genital slit. Grown males average 13–14 m. Females are larger at 15–16 m; the largest humpback on record, according to whaling records, was a female killed in the Caribbean. The largest measured by the scientists of the Discovery Committee were a female 14.9 m and a male 14.75 m, although this was out of a sample size of only 63 whales. Body mass is in the range of 25–30 metric tons, with large specimens weighing over 40 metric tons. Newborn calves are the length of their mother's head. At birth, calves measure 6 m at 2 short tons, they nurse for about six months mix nursing and independent feeding for six months more.
Humpback milk is 50 % pink in color. Females reach sexual maturity at age five. Males reach sexual maturity around seven years of age; the long black and white tail fin can be up to a third of body length. Several hypotheses attempt to explain the humpback's pectoral fins, which are proportionally the longest fins of any cetacean; the higher maneuverability afforded by long fins and the usefulness of the increased surface area for temperature control when migrating between warm and cold climates supported this adaptation. The varying patterns on the tail flukes distinguish individual animals. A study using data from 1973 to 1998 on whales in the North Atlantic gave researchers detailed information on gestation times, growth rates and calving periods, as well as allowing
Department of Environment and Natural Resources
The Department of Environment and Natural Resources is the executive department of the Philippine government responsible for governing and supervising the exploration, development and conservation of the country's natural resources. The Department of Environment and Natural Resources was first established on January 1, 1917 as the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources through the enactment of Act No. 2666 by the Philippine Commission, otherwise known as "An Act to Re-organize the Executive Department of the Government of the Philippine Islands," on 18 November 1916. In 1932, the DANR was reorganized into the Department of Commerce. In 1947, a reorganization act changed the DAC back to the Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources; the Natural Resources arm of the DANR was spun off on May 17, 1974 as the Ministry of Natural Resources. On January 30, 1987, the Ministry was reorganized into the Department of Environment and Natural Resources, by Executive Order No. 131 and was reorganized into the Department of Environment and Natural Resources by Executive Order No. 192 on June 10, 1987.
The DENR is working on a large-scale reforestation of Davao City. Laguna Lake Development Authority National Mapping and Resource Information Authority National Water Resources Board Natural Resources Development Corporation Palawan Council for Sustainable Development Philippine Mining Development Corporation Environmental issues in the Philippines Department of Environment and Natural Resources website Environmental Legal Assistance Center, Inc. website Mines and Geosciences Bureau
Babuyan Island is the highest and northernmost island in the Babuyan Islands in Luzon Strait north of Luzon Island in the Philippines. The whole island makes up the barangay of Babuyan Claro, that constitute the municipality of Calayan in Cagayan province; the volcanic island has a population of 1,423 as of the 2010 Census. Babuyan Island lies about 27 mi south-southwestward of Balintang Islands, about 55 mi northward of Cape Engaño Lighthouse; the nearly triangular island is about 8 mi long in a northeast and southwest direction, with an average width of about 6 mi. The island seems to be steep all around. A reef projects from its western point; the south point is steep and rocky with a black, sugarloaf islet, called Pan de Azucar, close inshore. Near the western point of the island is Smith Volcano known as Mount Babuyan, about 2,257 ft high. In the middle of the island and east-southeastward from Smith is Babuyan Claro known as Mount Pangasun, about 3,543 ft high, between which the mountains are much lower, so that from a considerable distance eastward it appears as a round mountain with a detached hillock northward.
There are three other volcanic cones with no historic eruptions on the island - Cayonan and Naydi. List of islands of the Philippines
Batanes is an archipelago province in the Philippines situated in the Cagayan Valley region. It is the northernmost province in the country, the smallest, both in population and land area, its capital is Basco located in the island of Batan. The island group is located 162 kilometres north of the Luzon mainland and about 190 kilometres south of Taiwan, separated from the Babuyan Islands of Cagayan Province by the Balintang Channel, from Taiwan by the Bashi Channel; the entire province is listed in the UNESCO tentative list for inscription in the World Heritage List. The government has been finalizing the site's inscription, establishing museums and conservation programs since 2001; the government aims to push for the site's inclusion between 2018-2019. Seven intangible heritage elements of the Ivatan have been set by the Philippine government in its initial inventory in 2012; the elements are undergoing a process to be included in the UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage Lists between 2018-2025.
The name Batanes derives from the words Batan, the local word for the Ivatan people. The ancestors of today's Ivatans descended from Austronesians who migrated to the islands 4,000 years ago during the Neolithic period, they drank sugar-cane wine, or palek. They used gold as currency and produced a thriving agriculture-based industry, they were seafarers and boat-builders. In 1687, a crew of English freebooters headed by William Dampier came with a Dutch crew and named the islands in honour of their country's nobility. Itbayat was named "Orange Isle" after William of Orange, Batan was named "Grafton Isle" after Henry FitzRoy, 1st Duke of Grafton. Sabtang Isle was named "Monmouth Isle" after 1st Duke of Monmouth. Capt. Dampier stayed for less than three months, did not claim the islands for the British crown. In 1783, the Spanish claimed Batanes as part of the Philippines under the auspices of Governor-General José Basco y Vargas; the Bashi Channel was used by English East India Company ships and the Spanish authorities brought the islands under their direct administration to prevent them falling under British control.
The Ivatan remained on their idjangs, or mountain fortresses for some time. In 1790, Governor Guerrero decreed that Ivatans were to live in the lowlands and leave their remote idjang; the mangpus, the indigenous Ivatan leader of the islands during that time, made a revolution against the Spaniards afterwards. With much ammunition and steel armors, the Spanish authorities quelled the uprising subjugating the rebels. Basco and Ivana were the first towns established under full Spanish control. Mahatao was administered by Basco, while Uyugan and Sabtang, by Ivana. Itbayat was not organized until its coast being a ridge. Soon, Ilocanos integrated with the local population. Roads, bridges and government buildings were built in this time. Limestone technology used by the Spanish was spread to the islands, making bridges strong and fortified; some of these bridges still remain at Mahatao. By 1890, many Ivatans were in Manila, became ilustrados, who brought home with them the revolutionary ideas of the Katipunan.
These Ivatans, who were discontented with Spanish rule, killed the ruling General Fortea and declared the end of Spanish rule. Toward the end of the Spanish administration, Batanes was made a part of Cagayan. In 1909, the new American authorities organized it into an independent province. During the American colonial period, additional public schools were constructed and more Ivatan became aware of their place in the Philippines. In 1920, the first wireless telegraph was installed, followed by an airfield in 1930. New roads were constructed and the Batanes High School was instituted; because of their strategic location, the islands was one of the first points occupied by invading Japanese imperial forces at the outbreak of the Pacific War. The morning of December 8, 1941, the Batan Task Force from Taiwan landed on the Batan Islands, which became the first American territory occupied by the Japanese; the purpose of the invasion was to secure the existing small airfield outside Basco, accomplished without resistance.
Japanese fighters from Basco took part in the raid on Clark Air Base the following day. However, over the next several days, the success of the Japanese bombing of Clark Field rendered a base at Basco unnecessary, on December 10, 1941, the naval combat force was withdrawn to participate in the invasion of Camiguin. One of the first School Superintendents on Batan was Victor de Padua, an Ilocano, who in 1942–45 during the Japanese occupation was made Provincial Governor. Early in 1945 the island was liberated by the Philippine Commonwealth forces of the 1st and 12th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army. In 1984, Pacita Abad, the foremost Ivatan visual artist, became the first woman to be awarded the Ten Outstanding Young Men award, breaking 25 years of male dominance. In her acceptance speech, she said, "it was long overdue that Filipina women were recognized, as the Philippines was full of outstanding women” and referred proudly to her mother. In 1993, the Batanes Protected Landscape and Seascape, which encompassed the entire province, was listed in the Tentative List of the Philippines for UNESCO World Heritage Site inscription in the future.
In 1997, the Indigenous Peoples Rights act or IPRA was passed in Philippine Congress. The law paved the way for the indigenous territorial rights of the Ivatans; the province has since promoted its Ivatan roots. Part of the Ilocano population has returned to mainland Luzon. In December 7, 2004, Pa