Babymetal at GQ Men of the Year 2015 ceremony in Tokyo due to winning Special Prize "Discovery of the year".
(left to right; Yuimetal, Su-metal, Moametal)
Babymetal[A] (stylized as BABYMETAL) are a Japanese kawaii metal band. Originally consisting of Suzuka Nakamoto as "Su-metal", Yui Mizuno as "Yuimetal", and Moa Kikuchi as "Moametal", the band was formed with the concept of a fusion of the heavy metal and Japanese idol genres. The band is managed by Kobametal from the Amuse talent agency. Their vocals are backed by heavy metal instrumentation played by the Kami Band during live performances.
Initially formed in 2010 as a sub-unit of the Japanese idol group Sakura Gakuin, Babymetal became an independent act in 2013, following Nakamoto's departure from the former. Babymetal released their eponymous debut album in February 2014. Their second album Metal Resistance was released worldwide on April 1, 2016 , charting well internationally for a Japanese band. Babymetal has also embarked on several tours, including the Babymetal World Tour 2014 held after the release of Babymetal, with a majority of their tour dates taking place outside of Asia.
On October 19, 2018, Babymetal announced that Yui Mizuno (Yuimetal) decided to leave the band due to poor health, following her absence from live performances since December 2017.
- 1 History
- 2 Artistry
- 3 Public image
- 4 Members
- 5 Discography
- 6 Videography
- 7 Tours
- 8 Awards and nominations
- 9 Notes
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Kobametal, the band's producer and long-time heavy metal enthusiast, started planning to launch an idol/heavy metal fusion group in 2009 after he was impressed by Suzuka Nakamoto's performance with her previous group, Karen Girl's, finding her suitable as lead vocalist for the new group. The band was formed in 2010 in Tokyo, Japan, as the heavy music club (重音部 Jūonbu), or sub-unit, of the female idol group Sakura Gakuin, which was also newly formed that year. According to Kobametal, Yui Mizuno and Moa Kikuchi were added to complement Nakamoto's "unique stage presence" with their then small statures, dancing around her "like angels". None of the three members were familiar with metal music before the inception of the band.
Babymetal's first live appearance was on November 28, 2010 In July 2011, Babymetal premiered the song, "Ijime, Dame, Zettai" ("No More Bullying"), at a Sakura Gakuin concert, but it would only be performed during live concerts for the time being. The band's first single, "Doki Doki ☆ Morning", originally appeared on Sakura Gakuin's debut album Sakura Gakuin 2010 Nendo: Message, released on April 27, 2011 . A music video for the song was uploaded to Toy's Factory channel on YouTube on 12 October 2011, and was released as a DVD single in late 2011, under the independent Toy's Factory sublabel Juonbu Records. The music video totaled over 1 million views by the end of 2012., at Sakura Gakuin's first solo concert, Sakura Gakuin Festival ☆ 2010.
Babymetal's first CD single was a collaboration with the band Kiba of Akiba, titled "Babymetal / Kiba of Akiba". Released in March 2012 by Juonbu Records, the single ranked at number three on the Oricon weekly indie chart, and number one in the Tower Records Shibuya weekly indie ranking. In the summer of 2012, the band released a music video for their next single, "Headbangeeeeerrrrr!!!!!", directed by Hidenobu Tanabe. In August 2012, Babymetal debuted at Japan's Summer Sonic Festival, becoming the youngest act ever to perform at the festival, at the average age of 12. The same year, Babymetal performed outside of Japan for the first time, Anime Festival Asia 2012, in Singapore.
2013–2015: Major label debut and Babymetal
On January 9, 2013, the band debuted on a major record label with "Ijime, Dame, Zettai". Released under the main Toy's Factory label and Juonbu Records, it sold 19,000 copies in its first week and debuted at number six in the Oricon Weekly Singles Chart. In the spring of 2013, Nakamoto graduated from junior high school and therefore had to "graduate" from Sakura Gakuin (a group of elementary and junior high school girls). However, their management decided that Babymetal would not dissolve and would continue its activities as a band. The group released its next single, "Megitsune", on June 19, 2013, under Toy's Factory and the band's new sublabel BMD Fox Records.
On 10 and 11 August 2013, Babymetal again took part in the Summer Sonic Festival, performing both in Tokyo and Osaka. Later, in October 2013, Babymetal also became the youngest act ever to perform at the heavy metal music festival Loud Park. In November 2013, Babymetal released a promo video for the Japanese premiere of Metallica's movie Through the Never, and released its first live music video Live: Legend I, D, Z Apocalypse, which debuted at seventh place in the weekly Oricon Blu-ray Disc charts, and at second place among music Blu-rays. In December 2013 Babymetal performed overseas again, at Anime Festival Asia Indonesia 2013, and played for a second time in Singapore, after their first overseas Asian tour in 2012.
On 26 February 2014, Babymetal released its first, eponymous album. It contained thirteen tracks and was also available in a limited edition that included a DVD with music videos and live footage. The album was very well received by music critics as well as the public, selling over 37,000 copies in Japan its first week, debuting at number four on the Oricon Weekly Album Chart, and number two in Billboard Japan. It also topped iTunes Metal charts in Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States, and reached number 187 on the US Billboard 200 chart on March 22; few Japanese artists have ever entered the chart. Their album also made it into the Heatseekers chart at number four. On March 1 and 2, 2014, the band gave two concerts at Budokan. With the average age of 14.7, they became youngest-ever female act to give a show there. The two concerts were attended by 20,000 people. On April 3, 2014, an episode of the Fine Brothers' YouTubers React show was uploaded to YouTube, covering the band, as well as the music videos of "Doki Doki Morning", "Iine!", and "Gimme Chocolate!!"; the band members' own reaction to the video would later be released on April 30, 2016.
Later in 2014, Babymetal embarked on their first world tour, the Babymetal World Tour 2014, performing in Paris, Cologne, and in the United Kingdom at the Sonisphere Festival 2014. They made their debut appearance in the United States on July 27 with a headlining show at The Fonda Theatre in Hollywood. They played Heavy Montréal 2014 in Canada on August 9 alongside Metallica and Slayer, and also performed at Summer Sonic 2014 in Japan on the Mountain Stage with bands such as Avenged Sevenfold and Megadeth. Babymetal was also the opening act to five of Lady Gaga's concerts in her "ArtRave: The Artpop Ball" 2014 tour in August along the western United States. Babymetal also released their second live album Live: Legend 1999 & 1997 Apocalypse on October 19, 2014, featuring their live performances at both the NHK Hall and at Makuhari Messe Event Hall from 2013.
In August 2014, it was announced that the band would be returning to England to play another show at London's O2 Academy Brixton on November 8, their final European show of the year as part of the group's "Babymetal Apocalypse" phase. It was later announced that the band would also be returning to New York City, which they had visited earlier in the year without giving an actual performance, performing in the Hammerstein Ballroom on November 4. At their Brixton performance, the band debuted a new song titled "Road of Resistance." Later revealed to be a collaboration with Sam Totman and Herman Li of prominent power metal band DragonForce, the song was subsequently released as a bonus track of their first live album Live at Budokan: Red Night, simultaneously released on January 7, 2015 along with the band's third live video album Live at Budokan: Red Night & Black Night Apocalypse, and later released as a digital single. Li later revealed via Twitter and Facebook posts that he and Totman had been working on the song's guitar parts since 2013. In 2015, the re-released their eponymous album via earMusic and RAL/Sony Music Entertainment. Ahead of their performance at the Metal Hammer Golden Gods Awards on June 15, the trio made a surprise appearance during DragonForce's set at Download Festival, performing "Gimme Chocolate!!", despite event organizer Andy Copping stating that he would never book the band.
2016–2017: Touring and Metal Resistance
During the band's headlining shows at Yokohama Arena in December 2015, announced a second studio album to be released on April 1, 2016, as well as a world tour starting in London at the Wembley Arena, and concluding in Japan with a debut at the Tokyo Dome. On January 15, 2016, the second album's title was revealed to be Metal Resistance. On March 13, the band's producer, Kobametal, received an Excellence Award from the Association of Media in Digital (AMD) in Japan for his success in promoting the band internationally. On April 2, one day after the release of Metal Resistance, Babymetal became the first Japanese act to headline Wembley Arena, with the largest sale of merchandise for a single day event in the venue's history, coinciding with the highest ever entry for an album in the UK charts for a Japanese act. The Guardian gave their Wembley performance a rating of five out of five stars. On April 5, Babymetal made their U.S. television debut, performing "Gimme Chocolate!!" on The Late Show with Stephen Colbert. Babymetal were added as a character skin in the Wii U video game Super Mario Maker in 2016.
On May 26, 2016, it was announced by WWE's Triple H on Twitter that their song "Karate", along with A Day to Remember's "Paranoia", would be used as one of the official theme songs of NXT TakeOver: The End. On July 18, the band made a special appearance at the Alternative Press Music Awards where they performed "Karate" before being joined onstage by Judas Priest frontman Rob Halford. Halford, along with Nakamoto and the Kami Band, performed an abridged version of "Painkiller", followed by a performance of "Breaking the Law" where they were rejoined by Mizuno and Kikuchi on guitars. On July 27, Metal Hammer readers voted Babymetal's debut album as the best album of the 21st century. In September 2016, Warner Bros. announced that a hybrid live action-animation fantasy-adventure short form series featuring the members of the band was under development. The series would be developed by Blue Ribbon Content in collaboration with Amuse Group USA (an Amuse Inc. subsidiary based in the United States). The band's producer, Kobametal, is also involved with production of the series.
On September 19 (Red Night) and September 20, 2016 (Black Night), Babymetal ended their Babymetal World Tour 2016: Legend Metal Resistance by performing at the Tokyo Dome, with both nights sold out and approximately 55,000 people attending each night. These included fans from Japan and many others from around the world. Yuimetal admitted she was "still in shock" that she was playing at the venue. Moametal felt the same, calling it " a big challenge for young girls of our age to stand on that stage". Su-metal explained that "In Japan we have played many big venues like Budokan and others, but Tokyo Dome was always a place that I have been dreaming of performing at." In December 2016, Babymetal supported the Red Hot Chili Peppers during The Getaway World Tour in the UK. During their final show on the tour, Red Hot Chili Peppers drummer Chad Smith joined Babymetal onstage to perform their covers of Judas Priest's "Painkiller" and "Breaking the Law". After the performance, Smith thanked Babymetal for being on tour with them and led the audience in singing "Happy Birthday" to Su-metal.
In January 2017, Babymetal supported Metallica for their WorldWired Tour at Gocheok Sky Dome and also appeared in Japan's performance of the Guns N' Roses' Not in This Lifetime... Tour as the opening act. In April 2017, Babymetal supported the Red Hot Chili Peppers during The Getaway World Tour in the US. In June 2017, Babymetal performed at the KISW Pain in the Grass music event in Auburn, Washington. During the summer of 2017, they supported Korn on their Serenity of Summer Tour. Afterwards, they commenced their The Five Fox Festival in Japan tour.
In October 2017, Babymetal were officially revealed as the performers of the "Unikitty Theme" for the Unikitty! TV series. On December 2 and December 3, 2017, Babymetal performed at the Hiroshima Green Arena, with the shows billed Legend "S" Baptism XX. This was the first time the group performed in Su-Metal's hometown of Hiroshima, and it was an early coming of age celebration for her, since December 20, 2017 was her 20th birthday (as hinted in the show title), the age of majority in Japan; the lyrics to "Headbangeeeeerrrrr!!!!", about a girl's fifteenth birthday, were even modified for the occasion. This was also Babymetal's first performance without all three members, as Yuimetal was unable to perform due to illness.
On December 30, 2017, Kami Band guitarist Mikio Fujioka fell from an observation deck; he died from his injuries on January 5, 2018.
2018–present: The Chosen Seven era and departure of Yuimetal
On April 1, 2018, Babymetal posted a mysterious video entitled "Metal Resistance Episode VII – The Revelation" on their YouTube channel. In the video, it is explained that a "dark side" of Babymetal exists, "with seven metal spirits", and that a "new era is about to begin". On May 1, they announced via Twitter that they were launching their own record label, named Babymetal Records. One day later, they posted another cryptic message via Twitter and Instagram, stating that "no one will know who, when, where, or how, the Chosen Seven will be presented, only the Fox God knows." Over the next week, they posted a series of cryptic images onto their Instagram story, labelled 1-7, and displaying mysterious, black and white imagery in anticipation of the tour and the Chosen Seven.[better source needed]
On May 8, 2018, just ahead of the Babymetal World Tour 2018, the band released a music video for a new single, "Distortion". Yuimetal was absent from Babymetal's tour of the United States in May 2018, with no advance warning. Amid fan speculation on Mizuno's status with the group, a representative of 5B Management, the American management company representing Babymetal, replied to an inquiry from Alternative Press Magazine by saying that "Yuimetal remains a member of the band, but she is not on this current U.S. tour." The reply also hinted about "a new narrative for the future of the band which is currently evolving" and a "storyline" that "has changed." However, Yuimetal was also absent from Babymetal's European tour in June 2018, and her appearance for the Asian leg remained unconfirmed. Babymetal has since performed at Rock on the Range in Columbus, Ohio, the Download Festival in Donington Park, United Kingdom, and the Rock am Ring and Rock im Park festivals in Germany.
On October 19, 2018, shortly before the Japan leg of the tour, the band released a new single, "Starlight". On the same day, the band officially announced Yuimetal's departure from the group. Mizuno had since released a statement explaining her decision and her desire to pursue a solo career.
Musical style and lyrics
The band defines its style as a new genre called "kawaii metal" ("kawaii" meaning "cute") and clarifies that it is "a mix of J-pop idol and heavy metal". The group has also been described as alternative metal, death metal, power metal, and speed metal.
Tristan Peterson, of Metal Obsession, remarked in his review of the band's debut album "This band was created for the demographic of “Music that your Japanese Boyfriend/Girlfriend, who doesn’t really like Metal, would enjoy.” as well as "[Babymetal] has made metal cute without losing any of its edge."
Patrick St. Michel from Japanese music and culture site MTV 81 praises the "pure, headbang-inducing energy" of the group's live performances and describes their style as a mixture of "...seemingly disparate sounds of heavy metal and idol pop, creating music anchored both by throat-mauling screeches and cuddly choruses." The magazine Metal Hammer described their act using the formula "Short skirts, school girl charm and squeaky voices — just like in the manga comics. But they mix the whole thing with Metal."
Lyrical themes found in Babymetal's music focus on real-world issues and also typical idol-pop topics such as encouraging young teens to accept and stand up for themselves, the body image concerns of girls and women pressured by society to remain thin and also bullying, while they also sing about what it's like going to your first concert, the concept of an "ideal woman" and chocolate, subjects which critics say are a step away from typical lyrical styles used by most metal bands.
Besides dancing, the trio all perform vocals. Su-metal is the main vocalist, credited on Babymetal's official site with vocals and dancing, while Moametal and Yuimetal are credited with scream and dance, whether to the side of or in front of her. In the band's early years, the band members did not speak directly to the audience, or smile at the crowd. Babymetal's costumes take a variety of cues from the popular Japanese Gothic and Punk Lolita styles, with an emphasis on red and black.
Since 2018, due to Yuimetal's absence and eventual departure, the band has performed with Moametal taking both sides accompanying Su-metal, while two backup dancers perform at the sides of the stage.
Instead of the sign of the horns, the band uses the hand gesture of the kitsune to symbolise the band's supposed divine inspiration. Initially, the band members were shown photos of the sign, but mistook it for the head of a fox; as a result, the management accepted it as the band's sign. Additionally, Babymetal style of moshing, known as mosh'sh (モッシュッシュ mosshusshu), has been described a safe, fun, friendly game of push and shove.
In their concerts, Babymetal are accompanied by a backing band. In their early stages, the backing band consisted of the "Babybones"—a group of nameless individuals dressed in skeleton costumes that would mime live performances while pre-recorded studio tracks were being used. In late 2012, Babymetal debuted a live band for their live performances which they referred to as "Full Metal Band" - a group of live musicians dressed in white robes and corpse paint. They have since been referred to by band members and fans as "Gods of Metal" and more recently "Kami Band". From late 2012 to early 2014, the two groups would alternate, with the Kami Band being used more for festival appearances and special events. At the Babymetal Death Match Tour in May 2013, the Kami Band performed all music live for the first time. As of early 2014, the Babybones band has been quietly retired, and the Kami Band has since been established as Babymetal's primary backing band.
The Kami Band has consisted of a rotating line-up of different musicians since its debut in late 2012. As of early 2018, however, the line-up has been relatively stable, consisting of guitarists Takayoshi Ohmura, Leda, and Isao, bassist Boh, and drummers Hideki Aoyama and Yuya Maeta with members occasionally substituting for one another if needed. Kami Band member Leda has contributed to Babymetal's music, most notably on their album Metal Resistance (credited as Ledametal).
According to Kei "Kobametal" Kobayashi, the band's executive producer, the band was formed under the idea of a new type of metal, and the members of the band receive "divine messages" from the Fox God, though Nakamoto explained that the messages received were indirect, as they would be sent to Kobametal first. He stated that it was up to the people's decision to accept or reject the idea. Additionally, he rejected the notion of the band being a "metal" or "pop" act, preferring "the one and only Babymetal." Kikuchi joked that the three members did not decide to join the band, as it was a destiny chosen by the Fox God, whose goal is said to have the band perform and spread their music all over the world.
The band has received varied reception by the public. Some critics praised the band for being "creative" and "rule-breaking" in the metal genre, while others called the band a "novelty group" and a "silly balancing act". When asked about people who do not consider the band's pop-infused music "metal", Nakamoto acknowledged the claims and praised such accusations, warranting how metal purists have their own preferences for metal being a certain way, and taking them into consideration for the band's progress. Additionally, the band members believe in staying true to themselves and enjoying what they do, as she agrees is enough for them.
The fanbase, collectively referred to as "The One", has been noted by Mizuno to be a mixed demographic of varying age. Noting the fans of metal and pop, she described the "metalheads" who look like themselves, and the pop fans who dress and cosplay as them. She hopes to be able to continue to reach out to all different types of people. When asked about being role models for their fans and young girls, she considered it an honour. She further emphasized the importance of being able to reach out to the youth, especially for younger music fans branching out to the metal genre via Babymetal, noting her own lack of experience of metal before joining the band.
In December 10, 2013, Babymetal released Babymetal Apocalypse, an incomplete binder that would be gradually filled with pages intermittently made available later. Pages would include the lore of Babymetal, artwork and photos, and information on member-exclusive events, like "Apocrypha" during the Babymetal World Tour 2014. By purchasing the binder and entering a code included with the enclosed art book online, one could join the band's official fanclub called "Babymetal Apocalypse Web". A video uploaded to "Babymetal Apocalypse Web" members in December 2014 announced the transition to a new official fanclub called "The One", which started with limited edition releases for Live at Budokan: Red Night & Black Night Apocalypse, and would continue to release member-exclusive media with news published to the official fansite.
- Su-metal (Suzuka Nakamoto) – lead vocals (2010–present)
- Moametal (Moa Kikuchi) – lead and background vocals (2010–present)
Kami Band members
- Takayoshi Ohmura – guitar (2013–present)
- Leda Cygnus – guitar (2013–present)
- Isao Fujita – guitar (2015–present)
- Boh – bass (2013–present)
- Hideki Aoyama – drums (2013–present)
- Yuimetal (Yui Mizuno) – lead and background vocals (2010–2018)
- Mikio Fujioka – Kami Band; guitar (2013–2018; died 2018)
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- Yuya Maeta – Kami Band; drums (2014)
- Isamu Takita – Kami Band; bass (2017)
- Eiji Matsumoto – Kami Band; drums (2018–present)
- Yusuke Hiraga – Kami Band; guitar (2018–present)
- Minako Maruyama – backup dancer (2018–present)
- Minami Tsukui – backup dancer (2018–present)
- Shōko Akiyama – backup dancer (2018–present)
- Saya Hirai – backup dancer (2018–present)
- Kotono Ōmori – backup dancer (2018–present)
|Title||Album details||Peak chart positions||Sales||Certifications|
|Title||Album details||Peak chart positions|
|UK Indie Break
|Live at Budokan: Red Night||
|Live at Wembley||
"The One" exclusive releases
- Live at Budokan: Black Night — released as part of the Budo-can.
- Legend 2015: New Year Fox Festival
|Title||Year||Peak chart positions||Album|
|"Doki Doki ☆ Morning"||2011||—||—||—||—||Babymetal|
|"Babymetal / Kiba of Akiba"
(with Kiba of Akiba)
|"Ijime, Dame, Zettai"||2013||6||14||5||—|
|"Road of Resistance"||2015||—||—||—||22||Metal Resistance|
|"Doki Doki ☆ Morning"||2011||Shimon Tanaka|||
|"Iine!" (Live in Tokyo 2012)||Unknown|||
|"Ijime, Dame, Zettai"||2013||Kamimetal[B]|||
|"Gimme Chocolate!!"||2014||Ryosuke Machida|||
|"Road of Resistance"||2015||Ryosuke Machida|||
|Title||Album details||Peak chart positions|
|Live: Legend I, D, Z Apocalypse||–||7|
|Live: Legend 1999 & 1997 Apocalypse||
|Live at Budokan: Red Night & Black Night Apocalypse||
|Live in London: Babymetal World Tour 2014||
|Live at Wembley||
|Live at Tokyo Dome||
|Legend S: Baptism XX||
"The One" exclusive releases
- Babymetal World Tour 2014 Apocalypse
- Legend 2015: New Year Fox Festival
- Trilogy: Metal Resistance Episode III – Apocalypse — later made available in limited quantities on September 19, 2016.
- The Chosen 500 — limited to five hundred copies.
- The Fox Festivals in Japan 2017: The Five Fox Festival & Big Fox Festival
- Babymetal World Tour 2014 (2014)
- Babymetal Back to the USA / UK Tour 2014 (2014)
- Babymetal World Tour 2015 (2015)
- Babymetal World Tour 2015 in Japan (2015)
- Babymetal World Tour 2016: Legend Metal Resistance (2016)
- Babymetal US Tour 2017 (with Korn and Stone Sour) (2017)
- The Five Fox Festival in Japan (2017)
- Big Fox Festival in Japan (2017)
- Babymetal World Tour 2018 (2018)
Awards and nominations
|2014||Babymetal||2014 MTV Europe Music Awards — Wild Card for Best Japanese Act||Pre-nominated|
|NEO Awards 2014 — Best Musical Act||Won|
|2015||Babymetal||7th CD Shop Awards — Grand Prix||Won|
|Babymetal||Loudwire 4th Annual Music Awards — Best New Artist of the Year Award ||Won|
|Kerrang! Awards 2015 — Spirit of Independence Award||Won|
|Metal Hammer Golden Gods Awards 2015 — Breakthrough Award||Won|
|2015 MTV Europe Music Awards — Best Japanese Act||Nominated|
|2015 MTV Video Music Awards Japan — Best Metal Artist||Won|
|GQ Men of the Year 2015 Award, Special Prize "Discovery of the year"||Won|
|Vogue Japan Women of the Year 2015||Won|
|NEO Awards 2015 — Best Musical Act||Won|
|Loudwire 5th Annual Music Awards — Most Devoted Fans of 2015||Won|
|Loudwire 5th Annual Music Awards — Best Live Act of 2015||Won|
|"Road of Resistance"||Loudwire 5th Annual Music Awards — Best Metal Song of 2015||Won|
|2016||Metal Resistance||Loudwire — Most Anticipated Release of April 2016||Won|
|2016 MTV Video Music Awards Japan — Best Album of the Year -Japan-||Won|
|"Karate"||2016 MTV Video Music Awards Japan — Best Metal Video (Japan)||Won|
|2016 MTV Video Music Awards Japan — Best Group Video (Japan)||Nominated|
|Babymetal||Kerrang! Awards 2016 — Best Live Band||Won|
|Metal Hammer Golden Gods Awards 2016 — Best International Band||Nominated|
|2016 Alternative Press Music Awards — Best International Band||Nominated|
|2016 AIM Independent Music Awards — Best Live Act||Won|
|Revolver Music Awards 2016 — Best New Talent||Nominated|
|2017||Metal Resistance||Loudwire 6th Annual Music Awards — Best Metal Album of 2016||Won|
|Loudwire 6th Annual Music Awards — Best Metal Song of 2016 - "Karate" (music video) ||Won|
|Babymetal||Loudwire 6th Annual Music Awards — Rock Goddess of the Year 2016 — "Su-metal" ||Won|
|Loudwire 6th Annual Music Awards — Best Live Act 2016 — "Babymetal" ||Won|
|Loudwire 6th Annual Music Awards — Most Devoted Fans 2016||Won|
|Loudwire 7th Annual Music Awards — Most Dedicated Fans 2017||Won|
|2017 MTV Europe Music Awards — Best Japan Act||Won|
- "Babymetal" (ベビーメタル Bebīmetaru) comes from the words "baby" (ベイビー beibī) and "heavy metal" (ヘビーメタル hebī metaru). The correct pronunciation rhymes with "heavy metal", without emphasis on the first a as in "baby". However, the band does not strictly enforce this, and most native English speakers still pronounce the name as baby metal.
- Also known as Kamiguchi (かみぐち). The music videos he directed include "Crazy Kanzen na Otona", "Kanashiki Amefuri" and "Adam to Even no Dilemma" by the girl group Cute.
- Yamamoto, Noboru (2013-02-13). "Hotwave" (Interview). Saitama: Television Saitama.
BABYMETALfan.com (2014-07-11), BABYMETAL - Interview on Hotwave 1 - English subbed, retrieved 2017-11-10 (translation)
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"BABYMETAL「ヘドバンギャー!!」でSU-METALに神降臨". Natalie. 2012-06-21.
"スペシャ「MVA」大賞はきゃりー、サカナ、ワンオク". Natalie. 2013-03-13.
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