Baccarat is a French commune in the Meurthe-et-Moselle department in the Grand Est region of north-eastern France. The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bachâmoises; the commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom. Baccarat lies in the district of Lunéville in the department of Meurthe-et-Moselle. Baccarat is located some 25 km south-east of Lunéville and 30 km north-west of Saint-Dié-des-Vosges in the Meurthe river valley between the Deneuvre plateau and the wooded hills of Grammont. Access to the commune is by the Route nationale N59 from Bertrichamps in the south-east which passes through the heart of the commune east of the town and continues north-west to join the N333 south-east of Lunéville; the D590 goes from Bertrichamps and passes through the town continuing north-west to Azerailles. The D19 goes north from the village to Gélacourt; the D935 goes north-east from the town to Merviller and south-west, changing to the D435 at the departmental border, to Ménil-sur-Belvitte.
A railway passes through the commune with a station near the town and the railway line coming from Azerailles in the north-west continuing to Bertrichamps in the south-east. The commune farmland; the Meurthe river passes though the commune and the town from the south-east flowing north—west to join the Moselle at Custines. The Ruisseau des Bingottes rises east of the commune and joins the Meurthe in the south of the commune. Baccarat was a suburb of the city of Deneuvre which has Roman origins; the name Baccarat comes from Bacchi-ara, the name of a Roman castellum of which there remains a relic called the Tower of Bacha on the heights of Deneuvre. The Castellany belonged to the Diocese of Metz. In 1305 Henri, first lord of Blâmont from the House of Salm, dedicated Deneuvre for the Bishop of Metz and, to ensure its safety, he built the Tower of Voués at the bottom of the spur. A suburb formed at its foot: this was the origin of Baccarat; the name Baccarat appeared for the first time in 1291. In 1459 the city was best known for its drapers as well as wine.
Louis XV authorized the creation of a glassworks in 1764 at the instigation of the Bishop of Metz, anxious to sell the important local production of firewood. A glassworks named; the works became a crystal glassworks in 1817 and was sold to the Compagnie des Cristalleries in 1881 subsequently achieving worldwide fame under the name of Baccarat. The growing number of workers enabled the development of the commune with the construction of housing, shops and small industries but the war marked a halt to this development. On the eve of the First World War the city was home to the 20th Batailion of Foot Chasseurs at the Haxo barracks - some buildings of which remain today; the period between the two world wars was marked by the construction of the church, the bridge, the town hall. During the Second World War there was much damage to the city including the destruction of the church in October 1944. Liberated by the French 2nd Armoured Division on 31 October 1944, the city resumed its industrial expansion in 1945.
The reconstruction of the church was done in 1953. The Canton of Baccarat includes 20 communes: Azerailles, Baccarat proper, Brouville, Flin, Fontenoy-la-Joûte, Gélacourt, Hablainville, Merviller, Mignéville, Pettonville, Thiaville-sur-Meurthe, Vacqueville and Veney; the Community of communes of Cristal was created on 1 January 2004 to link Baccarat with the neighbouring communes of Lachapelle and Thiaville-sur-Meurthe. In 2010 Baccarat was awarded the Certification mark of "Ville Internet @@". List of Successive Mayors Baccarat has twinning associations with: Gernsbach since 1962; the town's celebrated glassworks and crystal factory known as Baccarat, has operated since 1765. Its technique was established by Aimé Gabriel d'Artigues. Many of its workers under Mr. Roland-Gosselin in the 1950s were awarded the title of Meilleur Ouvrier de France. Around the time of the Franco-Prussian War, the town was noted for its large export trade of timber, wheels and charcoal; the commune has many sites that are registered as historical monuments: The Berthelon Gasworks at 28 Rue du 20e Bataillon The Gasworks contains a Gas Meter, registered as an historical object.
The Société des Constructions Métalliques de Baccarat at 30 Rue du 20e Bataillon The Hydro-electric Power Plant at Rue des Cristalleries The Gasworks at 49 Rue des Cristalleries The Chateau de la Cristallerie at 6 Rue des Cristalleries was enlarged for Aimé d'Artigues, the recipient of the glassworks in 1816 by the addition of two lateral bodies in 1817. It was used as housing for the administrators of the crystal works from the middle the 19th century. Part of the ground floor has now been converted into a museum of Baccarat crystal products; the park was bisected by an open street in the 1st half of the 19th century and a part was subdivided in the last years of the 19th century for the construction of the Workers' City. There are some private archives; the Saint Anne Glassworks at 6-49 Rue des Cristalleries The Glassworks contains a Stained glass panel depicting Glass workers, registered as an
Erik Sjöqvist was the director of Swedish Cyprus Expedition and director of Swedish Institute at Rome and professor of classical archaeology at Princeton University. Sjöqvist joined the Princeton faculty in 1951, his arrival at Princeton was heralded by the Princeton administration as a ripe opportunity for a revival of interest in Classical studies. Prior to coming to Princeton, Sjöqvist had conducted archaeological fieldwork in Cyprus. Sjöqvist was responsible for the inception of the Princeton excavations at Morgantina, Sicily, in 1955 together with Richard Stillwell, he was married to Gurli Sjöqvist. Sjöqvist served as adviser to the Swedish Crown Prince, King, Gustaf VI Adolf. Svenska Cypernexpeditionen, 1927-1931, The Swedish Cyprus expedition: finds and results of the excavations in Cyprus, 1927-1931... Stockholm, The Swedish Cyprus Expedition, [1934-. - v. and atlas of plates v. Sjöqvist, Problems of the late Cypriote bronze age, The Swedish Cyprus Expedition, 226 p. "The study... is based upon primary material brought to light during the expedition's excavations in Cyprus in 1927-1931 and published by Einar Gjerstad and myself in the two first volumes... ".
Sjöqvist, Reports on excavations in Cyprus. The swedish Cyprus expedition: finds and results of the excavations in Cyprus 1927-1931. Vol. I, Revised reprint, Stockholm, V. Petterson, 1940, 240 p. Sjöqvist, Erik and the Greeks: studies in the interrelationship between the indigenous populations and the greek colonists, Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, cop. 1973, XIII-90 p.. ISBN 0-472-08795-9. - ISBN 9780472087952 City of gold: the archaeology of Polis Chrysochous, Cyprus:, edited by William A. P. Childs, Joanna S. Smith and J. Michael #Padgett, Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Art Museum: Distributed by cop. 2012. - 359 p. ISBN 978-0-300-17439-7. - ISBN 0-300-17439-X. "In memory of Professor Erik Sjöqvist member of the Swedish Cyprus Expedition and professor of art and archaeology, Princeton University"
The Central Election Commission of Abkhazia is the body responsible for conducting national elections and overseeing local elections in Abkhazia. It was first formed on 20 July 1991; the first chairman of the Central Election Commission was Viacheslav Tsugba, who held the post until he became Prime Minister in 1999. On 11 October 2004, Sergei Smyr resigned during the height of the crisis following the Presidential election earlier that month. On 14 December, the newly formed Central Election Commission elected former Justice Minister Batal Tabagua as its chairman. In 2016, Tabagua was not re-appointed to the Central Election Commission, on 23 December, former State Privatisation Committee Chairman Tamaz Gogia was elected his successor during the first meeting of the CEC in its new composition
Lewis Vital Bogy was a United States Senator from Missouri. Born in Ste. Geneviève, he attended the public schools, was employed as clerk in a mercantile establishment, studied law in Illinois, graduated from Transylvania University (Lexington, Kentucky in 1835 and commenced practice in St. Louis, he served in the Black Hawk War, was a member of the board of aldermen of St. Louis in 1838, was a member of the Missouri House of Representatives in 1840–1841 and 1854–1855, he was Commissioner of Indian Affairs in 1867 and 1868 and president of the city council of St. Louis in 1872. Bogy was one of the founders of the St. Louis Iron Mountain Railway, acting as president for two years. Bogy was elected as a Democrat to the U. S. Senate and served from March 4, 1873, until his death in St. Louis in 1877. List of United States Congress members who died in office United States Congress. "Lewis V. Bogy". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Operation Yellow Ribbon was commenced by Canada to handle the diversion of civilian airline flights in response to the September 11 attacks in 2001 on the United States. Canada's goal was to ensure that destructive air traffic be removed from United States airspace as as possible, away from potential U. S. targets, instead place these aircraft on the ground in Canada, at military and civilian airports in the Canadian provinces of Nova Scotia and Labrador, British Columbia where any destructive potential could be better contained and neutralized. None of the aircraft proved to be a threat, Canada hosted thousands of passengers who were stranded until U. S. airspace was reopened. Canada commenced the operation after the U. S. Federal Aviation Administration, implementing Security Control of Air Traffic and Air Navigation Aids, grounded all aircraft across the United States, an unprecedented action; the FAA worked with Transport Canada to reroute incoming international flights to airports in Canada.
During the operation, departing flights—with the exception of police and humanitarian flights—were cancelled, marking the first time that Canadian airspace had been shut down. In total, as a result of Operation Yellow Ribbon, between 225 and 240 aircraft were diverted to 17 different airports across the country. After the attacks on the World Trade Center, both Transport Canada and Nav Canada, the Canadian air navigation agency, activated their emergency measures. Transport Canada activated its situation centre in Ottawa at 09:21 EDT, 35 minutes after the first WTC crash; the SitCen is Transport Canada's emergency operations center constructed to deal with earthquakes along the British Columbia Coast. It had been used several times prior to September 11, 2001, including the January 1998 North American ice storm and after Swissair Flight 111 crashed off the coast from Peggy's Cove, Nova Scotia on September 2, 1998; as personnel staffed the SitCen, key organizations such as NAV CANADA, the Department of National Defence, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, Canadian Security Intelligence Service and Immigration Canada, Canada Customs and Revenue Agency were involved in SitCen operations.
One of the tasks of the SitCen was to maintain contact with other members of the Canadian aviation community, such as the Air Transport Association of Canada and local airport authorities. Their counterparts in the FAA and other international civil aviation authorities were kept apprised. Nav Canada set up the Strategic Command Centre and the Tactical Command Centre; the SCC, located at the head office in Ottawa and headed by Andy Vasarins, vice-president, oversaw the entire crisis and ensured that information and resources were shared amongst the TCC and other parties. The TCC was a training institute in Cornwall and headed by Kathy Fox, assistant vice-president, air traffic services, its role in the crisis was to disseminate information amongst airports and control towers. To facilitate this, general managers from across Canada were present. After the immediate crisis passed, the TCC was relocated to the head office and its operations were merged with the SCC; the operation began at 09:45 ET, when Ben Sliney, working in his first day in his position as the FAA's National Operations Manager, ordered all U.
S. airspace to be shut down as a result of the attacks. After learning that the FAA had closed down U. S. airspace, David Collenette, the Canadian Transport Minister, gave orders that Canadian airports be open only for outgoing police and humanitarian flights, incoming U. S. bound international flights. This was the first time. About 500 flights were en route to the U. S. at the time of the attacks. Transport Canada instructed Nav Canada to give permission for transoceanic flights that were at least halfway towards their destination to land at the nearest Canadian airport, depending on their point of origin and remaining fuel. Planes were entering Canadian airspace at a rate of one to two planes per minute. During the operation, SitCen staff focused on two issues: where to land the aircraft, how to screen and clear tens of thousands of passengers through immigration and customs. CIC and CCRA brought in extra staff from other posts to clear the passengers; the first airport to receive diverted flights was CFB Goose Bay.
As the operation progressed, SitCen staff maintained contact with the affected airports and his deputy, Margaret Bloodworth. The operation was a challenge for airports in Atlantic Canada. Transport Canada asked Nav Canada to instruct flights coming from Europe to avoid Macdonald-Cartier International Airport in Ottawa, as well as Lester B. Pearson International Airport in Toronto and Dorval International Airport in Montreal as a security measure, since they are among the major—and therefore busiest—airports in Central Canada; the majority of incoming flights from Europe were received by Atlantic airports, though some diverted flights did land at Dorval and Pearson. Gander International Airport, the first North American airport on the transatlantic route, took in 38 wide-body aircraft heading for U. S. destinations. The number of passengers and crew accommodated at Gander was about 6,600; the population of Gander a
Southend University Hospital is an NHS hospital located in Westcliff-on-Sea, Southend-on-Sea, England. It is managed by Southend University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust. In 1887, to celebrate Queen Victoria's Golden Jubilee, a public fund was started with the aim of building a hospital, the site for Southend's first hospital was bought for £350. Built at a cost of £1,287 4s 6d, Southend Victoria Hospital was opened in May 1888. By Christmas, with eight beds and two cots, it had treated 61 patients at an average weekly cost of 4s 6d. In order to allow expansion a new site was identified at Westcliff-on-Sea: building work on the new hospital, designed by Henry Percy Adams, began in 1930 and the new building was opened by the Rt. Hon Earl of Iveagh in 1932. In 1948, when the hospital joined the National Health Service, there were 24 consultants and 11 resident medical staff; the Tower Block was opened by Princess Anne in 1971. In December 2013, chief executive Jacqueline Totterdell announced that the Trust was considering merging some functions with other local hospitals.
The trust was the only one in England not to follow the Agenda for Change conditions of service for its staff, but in January 2019 it decided to revert to the national contract. The hospital serves as a teaching hospital for medical students from Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry. Local bus routes 7, 8, 17 and 29, operated by Arriva and 17, 20, 21, 21A and 25, operated by First, serve the hospital; the nearest railway stations are Westcliff and Southend Central on the London and Southend Railway and Prittlewell and Southend Victoria on the Southend branch of the Great Eastern Main Line. Trust website Care Quality Commission inspection reports