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Backbiting, backstabbing, or tale-bearing is slandering someone in their absence — to bite them behind their back. Backbiting referred to an unsporting attack from the rear in the blood sport of bearbaiting. In the Bahá'í Faith, Christian and Jewish doctrine, backbiting is considered a sin; the Bahá’í leaders condemned it as the worst of sins as it destroyed the'life of the soul' and provoked divine wrath. Thomas Aquinas classified it as a mortal sin, but did not consider it to be the gravest sin that one could commit against one's neighbour. In Islam, backbiting is known as Ghibat and Islam considers it to be a major sin and the Qur'an compares it to the abhorrent act of eating the flesh of one's dead brother. In Judaism, backbiting is known as hotzaat shem ra and is considered a severe sin. In Buddhism, backbiting goes against the ideal of right speech. Backbiting may occur as a form of release after a confrontation. By insulting the opposing person, the backbiter diminishes them and, by doing so, restores their own self-esteem.

A bond may be established with the confidant if they are receptive to the hostile comment. Such gossip is common in human society as people seek to divert blame and establish their place in the dominance hierarchy, but the backbiting may be perceived as a form of delinquent behaviour due to an inferiority complex. Gossip Presumption of guilt

Heinrich Debus (chemist)

Heinrich Debus was a German chemist. In 1838, he attended a trade school in Kassel, he studied chemistry from 1845 to 1848 in Marburg, served as Bunsen's assistant from 1847. In 1848, he earned his doctorate by investigating a red madder dye, he completed his habilitation in 1851. At the suggestion of Frederick Augustus Genth, Debus was named Bunsen's successor at Marburg. In 1851 he left for England to be a chemistry teacher at Queenwood College followed from 1868 to 1870 by the position as Science Master at Clifton College, Bristol, he taught at Guy's Hospital, London from 1870 until appointed foundation Professor of Chemistry in 1873 at the new Royal Naval College, where he remained until his retirement and return to Germany. In 1858, Debus first synthesized imidazole from glyoxal and formaldehyde; the Debus synthesis was often commented by the Polish chemist Bronisław Leonard Radziszewski. Therefore, this reaction is sometimes called "Radziszewski reaction", he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1861.

Rogerson, H.. "Obituary notices". Journal of the Chemical Society. 111: 325–331. Doi:10.1039/CT9171100312. T. T. E.. "Prof. H. Debus, F. R. S". Nature. 96: 515–516. Bibcode:1916Natur..96..515T. Doi:10.1038/096515a0

The Spire School

The Spire School is a private, co-educational college preparatory day school in Stamford, for students in grades 6–12. Spire is accredited by the New England Association of Schools and Colleges, is a Connecticut State-Approved Special Education School. Spire is owned and operated by the Greenwich Education Group, which operates Links Academy and The Pinnacle School, both of which are located in Stamford, Connecticut; the Spire School provides customized instruction for intellectually capable students who are struggling with executive functioning challenges, anxiety, ineffective coping skills and other emotional issues. The Spire School supports its students with an emphasis on self-care through use of effective coping skills, exercise and academic empowerment; the Spire School was founded in 2010 by Greenwich Education Group. Spire's initial debut included 10-15 students; as of the 2018/19 school year Spire had an enrollment of 53 students, 21 of which were graduating seniors. The school has a strong academic focus that partners an individualized educational program with a health and wellness curriculum in order to help its students overcome any academic, social, or emotional difficulties that they may face.

Spire's high school offers standard and Advanced Placement college preparatory courses, as well as opportunities for college-level coursework and credit through the Norwalk Community College High School Partnership Program and the University of Connecticut's Early College Experience Program. In the 2018/19 school year, students took a whopping 22 AP/ECE courses. Eligible seniors have the opportunity to partake in Spire's Senior Internship Experience, an unpaid work placement outside the classroom, during the last few months of their senior year. Following this internship, those who participated present at Spire's Senior Symposium to describe their job experiences to fellow students and teachers, allowing seniors to reflect on their internships as well as inspire their younger peers to follow their educational and career goals; each student at The Spire School is assigned a life coach, i.e. a clinical professional who holds at least a master's degree in fields relating to counseling, social work, or school psychology.

Life coaches meet with students weekly, but are available on a daily basis to help reinforce skills through executive function support, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Dialectical Behavior Therapy. Each student has their own community of allies, composed of parents, counselors, psychologists and any other important adults in the student's life. InSPIREd is literary magazine published at the end of each school year; the magazine showcases the talents and artistic interests of any students who choose to submit their work to the publication. In the 2018/19 school year, 60% of students at Spire contributed to inSPIREd magazine. Tammy Moscrip, Executive Director/Chief Administrator Kevin M. Ryan, Education Director Dede LeComte, Director of Admissions Daniel Katz, Dean of Students/Director of Guidance The Spire School Greenwich Education Group

Melvin Endsley

Melvin Endsley was a musician and songwriter best known for writing the song "Singing the Blues", along with over 400 songs recorded by hundreds of artists since 1956. Some of the artists that have recorded his songs include Johnny Cash, Marty Robbins, Andy Williams, Paul McCartney, Stonewall Jackson, Ricky Skaggs. At the beginning of his career, Endsley recorded including RCA and MGM, his vocal recordings were commercially unsuccessful. In 1998, he was inducted into the Arkansas Entertainers Hall of Fame. Endsley was born in Drasco, Arkansas on 30 January 1934; when he was three years old, he contracted polio, requiring him to use a wheelchair for the rest of his life. From the age of 11, he spent three years in the Crippled Children's Hospital in Memphis. While there, he taught himself to play the guitar. After returning to Drasco, he began to play on radio shows. By the time he was 20 years old, his song, "It Happens Everytime", caught the attention of Don Gibson and Dorsey Burnette. Endsley wrote "Singing the Blues" in 1954.

The following year, he took the song to Nashville's Grand Ole Opry to pitch it backstage. In 1956, Marty Robbins recorded the song, credited with putting Robbins on the map. Endsley's writing talents were in high demand, after Robbins's success with "Singing the Blues"; the song became a number one record for Marty Robbins, Guy Mitchell, Tommy Steele on various music genre charts. In October 1956, Guy Mitchell released "Singing the Blues", after which it spent nine weeks at No. 1 on the U. S. Billboard chart from December 8, 1956 to February 2, 1957. Mitchell's version was No. 1 in the U. K. for three weeks in early 1957. In late 1956 and early 1957, Marty Robbins' version made it to number one on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart for 13 weeks, peaking at No. 17 on the U. S. pop charts. Additional memorable versions of "Singing the Blues" include Bill Haley & His Comets' 1960 recording, a 1963 version by Dean Martin, a 1971 version by Black Oak Arkansas; the song made an appearance on an episode of I Love Lucy, when it was sung by Vivian Vance and William Frawley for a Ford Motor Company television commercial promoting the Edsel.

In 1991, the song was performed live by Paul McCartney on the MTV show Unplugged and included on the soundtrack, Unplugged. Endsley had further success with the song "Love Me to Pieces", recorded by Jill Corey, Janis Martin, Janet Eden in 1957. Robbins and Guy Mitchell had hits with "Knee Deep in the Blues" in 1957 and 1991. Andy Williams recorded "I Like Your Kind of Love" in 1957, while The Browns covered "I'd Just Be Fool Enough" in 1966. Other hits include "I Ain't Getting Nowhere With You" and "Bring the Blues to My Door."Endsley himself had recorded "I Like Your Kind of Love" and "I'd Just Be Fool Enough" while he was under contract with RCA 1957-58. When his contract with RCA ended, he signed with MGM for a year, followed by a two-year stint with Hickory from 1960-61, he recorded on his own record label, Mel-Ark. His last major hit, was with "Why I'm Walkin'", recorded by Stonewall Jackson in 1960. Over the course of Endsley's career, he wrote over 400 songs. Melvin Endsley discography at Discogs Melvin Endsley at AllMusic

Stoloteuthis leucoptera

Stoloteuthis leucoptera known as the butterfly bobtail squid, is a widespread species of bobtail squid. Its natural range covers the Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, southwestern Indian Ocean, it is distributed from the Gulf of St Lawrence to the Straits of Florida in the western Atlantic and in the Bay of Biscay in the eastern Atlantic. In the Mediterranean Sea, it is found in the northern and southern Tyrrhenian Sea, Ligurian Sea, off Gorgona Island. S. leucoptera has been recorded from the Benguela Current off Namibia. There exist unverified records of specimens off eastern Tasmania. On average, females are larger than males, they grow to 17 mm in mantle length, respectively. "CephBase: Stoloteuthis leucoptera". Archived from the original on 2005. Tree of Life web project: Stoloteuthis leucoptera

Purnima Sinha

Purnima Sinha was an Indian physicist and was one of the first Bengali women to receive a doctorate in physics.. It is mistaken that Sinha was the first woman to get PhD in physics, but it was Bibha Choudhury. Purnima was born on 12 October 1927 as the youngest daughter of Dr. Nares Chandra Sen-Gupta, a constitutional lawyer and a progressive writer who had written over sixty-five books and several essays in Bengali as well as in English, some of them on women’s education, she married the eminent anthropologist professor Surajit Chandra Sinha, former vice-chancellor, Visva-Bharati University who made significant contributions to understanding the process of acculturation of tribal peoples in India.. Her Daughters Supurna Sinha and Sukanya Sinha are both physicists at Raman Research Institute and Indian Statistical Institute respectively. Purnima's early education started in Lake School, established by her elder sister Sushama Sengupta, she attended Asutosh College, followed by the Scottish Church College, the University of Calcutta.

Her own artistic interests are varied and include learning Hindustani classical music from Yamini Ganguly, painting from the well-known painter Gopal Ghosh. She has taken tabla lessons from Pandit Jnan Prakash Ghosh, her other talents include painting. Purnima's career in science spans many decades. Fifty years ago, she earned her doctorate in x-ray crystallography of clay minerals, she received her doctorate from the University of Calcutta as a student of the Rajabazar Science College in 1956-7, under the guidance of professor Satyendra Nath Bose. She has the distinction of being the first Bengali woman to receive a doctorate in physics, she had written extensively on many subjects in both Bengali. She had been a regular contributor to Jnan O Bijnan, a scientific journal in the Bengali vernacular published by Bangiya Bijnan Parishad, founded by Satyendra Nath Bose. Bangiya Bigyan Parishad awarded and felicitated her for popularizing science in Bengali, a passion she shared with her teacher, she has written extensively on Satyendra Nath Bose and the works on him are: Bijnan Sadhanar Dharay Satyendranath Bose, a book published by Visva Vidya Sangraha.

Amar Katha, a book published by Bangiya Bijnan Parishad. Satyen Bose-er Byaktitto O mononer dhara, article published in Desh She enjoyed singing, painting and reading books, she had a rare collection of books and journals at home. At the age of 80, she continued to enjoy meeting people and reminiscing