A backlot is an area behind or adjoining a movie studio, containing permanent exterior buildings for outdoor scenes in filmmaking or television productions, or space for temporary set construction. Some movie studios build a wide variety of sets on the backlot, which can be modified for different purposes as need requires and "dressed" to resemble any time period or look; these sets include everything from mountains, ships, to small-town settings from around the world, as well as streets from the Old West, to whole modern-day city blocks from New York City, Paris and London. There are streets that comprise an assortment of architectural styles, Victorian to suburban homes, 19th century-style townhouses that encircle a central park with trees. An example of this is Columbia Ranch in Burbank, California seen in the title sequence of Friends or, in the case of Universal Studios, the home of Norman Bates from the Hitchcock movie Psycho; the shells, or façades, on a studio backlot are constructed with three sides and a roof missing the back wall and/or one of the side walls.

The interior is an unfinished space, with no rooms, from the back of the structure one can see the electrical wires, pipes and scaffolding, which are exposed. Ladders are built into the structure, allowing performers to climb to an upper-floor window or the roof to perform scenes. Not all the buildings and houses are shells; some are closed in with a fourth wall. When not otherwise in use, they serve as storage facilities for lighting and other production equipment; when in use, the structures are dressed by adding window treatments and landscaping. L-shaped temporary walls are placed inside of doors to give the illusion of an interior; when not in use, the structures are stripped of this dressing. Mel Brooks' Blazing Saddles offers a rare look into the Warner Bros. backlot, with scenes spilling off the Laramie Street set into various stages and out of Gate 3 onto Olive Avenue in Burbank, California. Television shows such as Moonlighting and It's Garry Shandling's Show broke the fourth wall and gave audiences a peek of life on the other side of the camera.

All the sets on a studio backlot are built to appear large, as if covering miles of ground on the big or small screen, while occupying only a few acres of the backlot. At their peak, some backlots covered hundreds of acres around existing studios, filmmakers left the lot, as they would intercut the backlot shots with a handful of establishing shots filmed on location by a second unit. Today many studio backlots are nearly gone. There are several reasons for this. Los Angeles, like the rest of the United States, went through an economic boom after World War II; this caused real property taxes linked to fair market value to rise dramatically. At the same time, during the 1950s, 1960s, 1970s, global movie audiences were annoyed by films that were set all over the world, but were filmed in California; the primitive special effects technology of the era made it difficult to remove clues, such as chaparral-covered hills at the horizon line. Audiences wanted to see actors in locations which were both exotic and authentic, as opposed to tacky Hollywood copies.

The box office failure of the 1968 film Camelot was blamed in part on this issue, which in turn marked the end of large-scale backlot production in Southern California. By the early 1970s, the industry had transitioned to location shooting for the majority of outdoor scenes, backlots were viewed as an obsolete, unwanted capital expenditure and a tax burden on studios. Many were razed and the land was either sold to developers or repurposed for theme parks or office buildings. Since the late-1990s, the increased use of CGI and blue/green screen effects in big budget movies has further sped up the decline in use of studio backlots, as more and more films are shot indoors. Though some studios like MGM and Fox sold vast tracts in the 1960s and 1970s, many historical sets continue to be demolished today, as there seems to be little interest in their preservation. Cinema History of cinema Sound stage Movie ranch Location shooting Filming location "40 Acres" The Lost Backlot Studio of Movie & Television Fame "Columbia" A website about the former Columbia Studios Ranch in Burbank CA Backlot space at Pinewood & Shepperton Studios

Eva LaRue

Eva Maria LaRue is an American actress and model. She is known for her roles as Dr. Maria Santos on All My Children and Det. Natalia Boa Vista on CSI: Miami. LaRue was born in California to Marcie and Luis LaRuy, she has a brother, Luis Jr.. She is a member of the Baháʼí Faith, she is of Puerto Rican, French and Scottish ancestry. LaRue began acting at the age of six and was a teenage beauty queen, she won Danfranc Productions Miss California Empire 1984 title at the state pageant held in Irvine, California. In 1985, she graduated from Norco High School and soon after she started modeling, first working with the Judith Fontaine Agency and with Frederick's of Hollywood. LaRue was the co-host and announcer in Candid Camera from 1991 to 1992. From 1993 to 1997, again from 2002 to 2005, LaRue portrayed Dr. Maria Santos Grey on All My Children. There, she was half of All Maria, she received a Daytime Emmy Award nomination in the category of "Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series" for All My Children.

She received a nomination in 2004 in the category of "Outstanding Original Song" for composing the song "Dance Again with You", used as a backdrop to the lovemaking scene after the third marriage of the characters Edmund and Maria in June 2003. In 2010, LaRue reprised her role as Maria temporarily on January 5 for All My Children's 40th anniversary. LaRue performed in television movies over the years, appearing as Annette Funicello in a biographical movie of the former Mouseketeer and in the adaptation of Danielle Steel's Remembrance as Princess Serena. In 2005 LaRue portrayed Linda Lorenzo, George Lopez's "Long Lost" sister, on the TV sitcom George Lopez. In the fall 2005, LaRue began the role of Natalia Boa Vista on CSI: Miami, it was revealed in the end of season four that Eva's character, Natalia Boa Vista, was the mole in the lab reporting back to the FBI. Beginning with season five, LaRue became a full-time cast member. In July and September 2011, LaRue reprised her role as Dr. Maria Santos Grey on All My Children as a guest star as the show wrapped up its network run on ABC.

In 2013 she played Agent Tanya Mays in the episode "Final Shot" on Criminal Minds. In July 2015, it was announced that LaRue had been cast on Fuller House, the revival series of the sitcom Full House, she portrayed the character of the vivacious wife of Danny Tanner. The series premiered on Netflix in 2016, she played the role of the Admirable in three episodes of Mack & Moxy. In May 2019, she was cast on The Young and the Restless in the role of Celeste Rosales. LaRue's sister Nika was one of the women photographed by convicted serial killer Bill Bradford for his collection, she was No. 3 on the poster released by the Los Angeles Sheriff's Department to find living victims. Bradford would photograph women he met in bars and photo shoots under the guise that he would assist their modeling careers; the incident was used in CSI: Miami in the season five episode "Darkroom" soon after the revelation. Nika guest-starred in the episode as a reporter, she was offered the role of Eva's on-screen sister and a surviving victim, but declined that role, describing it as being "too surreal".

From 1992 to 1994, LaRue was married to actor John O'Hurley. LaRue was married to fellow All My Children actor John Callahan from 1996 to 2005, she gave birth to their daughter Kaya in 2001. On June 26, 2010, LaRue married Joe Cappucio, they divorced in early 2014. Official website Eva LaRue on IMDb 2007 Eva LaRue Interview on Sidewalks Entertainment

Hamburger RC

The Hamburger Rugby Club is a German rugby union club from Hamburg playing in the Rugby-Bundesliga. HRC was formed on 6 June 1950, under the leadership of Emil Creydt; the club suffered a crisis in 1958, when a number of players left to form the Wandsbeker RC, but returned to the HRC. It suffered a second crisis in 1969, when membership had dropped to 50 people and only seven of those were players, it was suggested that the club should fold and its players join SC Urania Hamburg, but the motion was dismissed. The fortunes of the club took a new turn from 1975, when Emil Creydt died and a new leadership was elected. In 1982, the club won its first Hamburg championship, followed by a second in 1986; the club achieved a number of good cup runs in the late 1980s and early 90s and took part in the promotion round to the Rugby-Bundesliga. After this, it temporarily dropped to Rugby-Regionalliga level. In 1998, the club achieved promotion to the 2nd Rugby-Bundesliga and managed to play at this level until 2005, when it dropped to the third division once more.

It earned promotion back to the 2nd Bundesliga despite only finishing fourth in the Regionalliga. In this league, where it competes as a second club from Hamburg, alongside the rugby department of FC St. Pauli, the team has been struggling against relegation in the past seasons. Lukas Hinds-Johnson, a current German international, is product of the club but now plays for RK 03 Berlin. Another former youth player of the club is Ferdinand Richter, he was playing for the Espoirs of Stade Toulouse and for the French team Blagnac Sporting Club Rugby. With his brother Valentin Richter he played for the Austrian XV. A league reform in 2012 allowed the club promotion to the Bundesliga as the league was expanded from ten to 24 teams. HRC finished fifth in their group in the 2012-13 season and failed to qualify for the championship round, instead entering the second tier DRV-Pokal, where it came third in the north/east division; the club advanced to the quarter finals of the play-offs where it was knocked out by Heidelberger TV.

The club qualified for the DRV-Pokal in 2013–14 and received a bye for the first round of the play-offs after coming second in the north-east division of the competition. The club was knocked out in the quarter finals by RC Aachen. In the 2014–15 season the club finished fourth in the north-east championship group but was knocked out of the first round of the play-offs after an 83–3 loss to SC Neuenheim. Recent seasons of the club: Until 2001, when the single-division Bundesliga was established, the season was divided in autumn and spring, a Vorrunde and Endrunde, whereby the top teams of the Rugby-Bundesliga would play out the championship while the bottom teams together with the autumn 2nd Bundesliga champion would play for Bundesliga qualification; the remainder of the 2nd Bundesliga teams would play a spring round to determine the relegated clubs. Where two placing's are shown, the first is the second spring. In 2012 the Bundesliga was expanded from ten to 24 teams and the 2nd Bundesliga from 20 to 24 with the leagues divided into four regional divisions.

Official website Hamburger RC club info at