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Backronym

A backronym, or bacronym, is a constructed phrase that purports to be the source of a word, an acronym. Backronyms may be invented with either serious or humorous intent, or they may be a type of false etymology or folk etymology. An acronym is a word derived from the initial letters of the words of a phrase: For example, the word radar comes from "radio detection and ranging". By contrast, a backronym is "an acronym deliberately formed from a phrase whose initial letters spell out a particular word or words, either to create a memorable name or as a fanciful explanation of a word's origin."For example, the United States Department of Justice's Amber Alert program was named after Amber Hagerman, a 9-year-old abducted and murdered in 1996. The word is a blend of acronym. An example of a backronym as a mnemonic is the Apgar score, used to assess the health of newborn babies; the rating system was devised by and named after Virginia Apgar, but ten years after the initial publication, the backronym APGAR was coined in the US as a mnemonic learning aid: Appearance, Grimace and Respiration.

There has been a trend among American politicians to devise names for Political Action Committees and laws that form desired acronyms. For example, the official title of the USA PATRIOT Act, a 2001 Act of Congress, is "Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001". Sometimes a backronym is reputed to have been used in the formation of the original word, amounts to a false etymology or an urban legend. Acronyms were rare in the English language prior to the 1930s, most etymologies of common words or phrases that suggest origin from an acronym are false. Examples include an adjective describing stylish items or members of the upper class. A popular story derives the word as an acronym from "port out, starboard home", referring to nineteenth century first-class cabins on ocean liners, which were shaded from the sun on outbound voyages east and homeward heading voyages west; the word's actual etymology is unknown, but more related to Romani påš xåra or to Urdu safed-pōśh, a derogatory term for wealthy people.

The distress signal SOS is believed to be an abbreviation for "Save Our Ship" or "Save Our Souls" but was chosen because it has a simple and unmistakable Morse code representation – three dots, three dashes, three dots, sent without any pauses between characters. More recent examples include the brand name Adidas, named after company founder Adolf "Adi" Dassler but falsely believed to be an acronym for "All Day I Dream About Sports"; the dictionary definition of backronym at Wiktionary

Civilization III

Sid Meier's Civilization III is the third installment of the Sid Meier's Civilization turn-based strategy video game series. It was preceded by Civilization II and followed by Civilization IV, it was released in 2001. Unlike the original game, Civilization III was not designed by Sid Meier, but by Jeff Briggs, a game designer, Soren Johnson, a game programmer. Civilization III, like the other Civilization games, entails building an empire, from the ground up, beginning in 4,000 BC and continuing beyond the modern day; the player must construct and improve cities, train military and non-military units, improve terrain, research technologies, build Wonders of the World, make war or peace with neighboring civilizations, so on. The player must balance a good infrastructure, resources and trading skills, technological advancement and empire management and military power to succeed; the game map is made up of square tiles on a grid. Each city, terrain improvement, unit is located in a specific tile, each tile can host any number of units.

Land tiles can contain a land improvement or a city. Cities must be built a minimum of one tile away from each other; each tile is made of a particular type of terrain that determines, among other things, how much food and trade it produces when "worked". A tile can only be worked. A tile can only be worked by one city at a time, each city can only work a number of tiles equal to or less than its population. Food is used to grow the player's cities; each population unit requires food to survive, excess food is stored. Production, represented in the game as "shields", is used to build units and wonders. Commerce powers the player's economy; this commerce is split up as the player sees fit between technological research, tax revenue, luxuries, each with a different purpose. Each city's citizens have a certain mood. If most citizens are unhappy, the city falls into civil disorder and all production ceases. If most citizens are happy, they will increase economic benefits. Terrain improvements are built by Worker units.

Irrigation increases food, mines increase production, roads increase commerce and reduce movement costs for all allied land units using them. Two civilizations must have Right of passage treaty signed to benefit from each other's roads. Buildings enhance a city in some cost maintenance. Like units and Wonders, each one can only be built. Buildings require financial maintenance each turn, can be destroyed. Only one of each type of building can be constructed in each city; as in previous installments of Civilization, there are unique Wonders of the World that can only be built once per game. Wonders provide a variety of major benefits to a specific city, all cities on a continent, or to an entire empire. Civilization III added Small Wonders, which are functionally equivalent to Wonders except that each one can be constructed once per civilization, as opposed to once in every whole game. Small Wonders have, for the most part, a sociological requirement to construct them, as well as a technological requirement.

When a civilization captures a city with a Small Wonder, it is automatically destroyed. Some examples of small wonders are Wall Street, the Forbidden Palace, The Pentagon. One of the major features of gameplay is scientific research. Completing the research of a new technology will make available new units, city improvements, wonders of the world, as well as special bonuses and abilities that are related to the technology; the technology tree is divided into four ages. Additionally, there are non-requisite technologies that provide useful bonuses that are essential for good empire management, or allow a civilization to install a new government. Technologies can be traded to and from other civilizations in return for gold, technologies and cities. Technologies acquired in this way can in turn be exchanged for other new technologies by contacting one or more other civilizations. Citizens are the people. There are four kinds: Laborers, Tax Collectors, Scientists. If there are more citizens in a city than available tiles to work, the extra citizens automatically become Entertainers.

The second expansion, adds two new types of citizens to the game: Policemen and Civil Engineers. Culture is a feature, not present in previous installments of the franchise; each city has a cultural rating, the city's influence over local terrain. The culture's outer edge, or "border", acts as the boundary of each civilization's empire; as the city's culture rating increases, so does its sphere of influence, bringing more territory under the player's control. Civilizations' borders may abut. If one player's culture rating is sufficiently higher than the other's, the former's borders will encroach into territory owned by the latter. Given enough time and cultural pressure, the latter player's city may elect to join, or "flip to," the former's empire. Culture can thus serve as a means of peaceful conquest; every civilization starts with certain special

Car Dogs

Car Dogs is a film which stars George Lopez, Dash Mihok, Patrick J. Adams, Octavia Spencer, Josh Hopkins; the film is set in a car dealership where, in a single day, salesmen have to sell more cars than they have done. The story is set at the Chamberlain Auto Group, run by Malcolm Chamberlain, he has his son Mark working for him as the GM. Malcolm is a manipulative car dealer, he offers his son a major part of a new store if he and the team of car salesmen can move 35 cars in a day, they have to do it by 5pm. The sales manager has his eyes on the new dealership for himself and is playing dirty tricks behind Mark's back; the film came about as a result of Mark Edward King, a student of Adam Collis. He wrote a short film script about car salesmen at a dealership who were trying to sell as many cars in a single day, more than they had done. King was encouraged by Collis to expand it into a script for a full feature; the film was made with the assistance of film students. Car Dogs on IMDb

War Consultative Committee

The War Consultative Committee was a body set up by the Lieutenant Governor of the Isle of Man William Leveson-Gower, 4th Earl Granville in November 1939, which functioned as a'war cabinet' of sorts on the island during the Second World War. For Granville, the function of the War Consultative Committee would be to provide advice to him on the legislation and the daily affairs of the island; the Committee had no specific constitutional status. Granville appointed seven members from different sides of the political spectrum. All seven were members of Tynwald, five Members of the House of Keys and two Members of the Legislative Council; the ex-officio member of the Legislative Council Deemster William Percy Cowley served as its chairman. Other initial members were James Corrin, Walter C. Craine, Alfred Teare, Arthur E. Kitto, Samuel Norris and Daniel J. Teare; the Attorney General and the Government Secretary attended the sessions of the War Consultative Committee as advisers. The weekly sessions of the Committee were confidential.

Norris resigned in 1942. His seat was filled by Arthur J. Cottier, MHK. Daniel J. Teare died in 1943, his seat was filled by George H. Moore, MHK. Through the experience of working with the War Consultative Committee, the House of Keys argued towards the British government in favour of a more constitutional form of government for the island. In 1946 the Executive Council of the Isle of Man was formed as a new advisory body to the Lieutenant Governor, substituting the War Consultative Committee

My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own

"My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own" is a song written by Howard Greenfield and Jack Keller, a #1 hit for Connie Francis in 1960. Francis recorded "My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own" at Radio Recorders studio in Hollywood over three different sessions on July 9, 25, 31, 1960 with Jesse Kaye and Arnold Maxin acting as producers. Jack Keller brought one of the LA tapes back to New York for a Sax & Guitar overdub at Olmstead Studios. Artie Kaplan and Al Gorgoni were brought in for the guitar overdub. Several takes from these sessions are still extant; the original MGM K 12923 single utilized Take 49 but two weeks into release this was replaced by Take 37 at the behest of Francis and the song's writers. "My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own" became Francis' second consecutive A-side to top the Billboard Hot 100 reaching #1 on the chart dated 26 September 1960 and holding there the following week. The single marked Francis' final appearance of the R&B charts at #11. In the UK "My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own" reached #3.

On 18 October 1960, Francis recorded a German-language version of "My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own", which remained unreleased until 1988. Unlike Francis' precedent #1 "Everybody's Somebody's Fool", "My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own" did not become a C&W crossover hit for Francis herself but the song was subsequently recorded by several high-profile C&W songstresses beginning with Connie Smith on her 1966 album Downtown Country. In 1971 Smith's version was included on a compilation release, entitled My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own; the most successful country version was by Susan Raye in 1972 which hit Billboard's Top 10 Country Singles. Debby Boone made a less successful hit of it in 1979, peaking at #11. "My Heart Has a Mind of Its Own" was one of several Pop classic hits covered by Sandy Posey on One Fine Day a 2005 CD release which marked Posey's return to her countrypolitan roots on which Francis' "Who's Sorry Now?" and "My Happiness" were remade. List of Hot 100 number-one singles of 1960

Warwick, New York

Warwick is a town in the southwest part of Orange County, New York, United States. Its population was 32,065 at the 2010 census; the town contains eight hamlets. In the early 1700's, one of the original patent holders, Benjamin Aske, named his land "Warwick" after an area of England near his original ancestral home, he began to sell it off to settlers in 1719. His first parcel of land, 100 acres, was sold to Lawrence Decker. Other familiar family names of the Valley appeared in subsequent years; the white population of the valley grew from 1730 to 1765, the pre-existing indigenous native people declined as forests and land were cleared for pasture and were re-organized. By the start of the American Revolution all of the native population had disappeared in various ways. So the region has been referred to as Warwick since the early eighteenth century, but the town of Warwick was created in 1788. During the American War for Independence, Warwick was the site of a Continental Army encampment; the Hudson River Chain was forged at Stirling Iron Works in Warwick, preventing the British Navy from sailing up the Hudson River.

In 1783, George Washington traveled through Warwick, stopping at Baird's Tavern and spending the night in the home of John Hathorn. Warwick is situated along a freight rail line, which, as it did with many other towns in Orange County, contributed to the growth of the area; the nineteenth-century writer and naturalist Henry William Herbert, writing as Frank Forrester, popularized the area with his 1845 book, "The Warwick Woodlands." Today, the town of Warwick is a rural community with many agricultural pursuits that stimulate its economy. The town of Warwick comprises the southern tip of Orange County, it borders the townships of Vernon and West Milford in the state of New Jersey. To its north, Warwick is bordered by Chester via Sugar Loaf, Orange County's oldest hamlet, antedating both Warwick and Chester, and, part of Warwick until the mid-nineteenth century. To its east, Warwick is bordered by the town of Tuxedo, home of the New York Renaissance Faire and the hamlet of Tuxedo Park. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town is the second largest township in New York State and has a total area of 104.9 square miles, of which 101.7 square miles is land and 3.2 square miles is water.

Greenwood Lake is Orange County's largest lake, is bisected by the border between New Jersey and New York. Glenmere Lake, an critical endangered species habitat, is bisected by Warwick and Chester. Warwick is served by Warwick Municipal Airport and two regional state highways, New York State Route 17A and NY 94; the Appalachian Trail passes through Warwick, designated an Appalachian Trail Community. As of the census of 2000, there were 30,764 people, 10,868 households, 7,955 families residing in the town; the population density was 302.6 people per square mile. There were 11,818 housing units at an average density of 116.2 per square mile. The racial makeup of the town was 91.06% White, 4.51% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.85% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.60% from other races, 1.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.47% of the population. There were 10,868 households out of which 38.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.7% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 26.8% were non-families.

22.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.74 and the average family size was 3.25. In the town, the population was spread out with 27.2% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 24.6% from 45 to 64, 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.2 males. The Warwick Valley Central School District serves as the public school system for Warwick residents and residents of the southern portion of the town of Chester, it does not serve residents of the villages Greenwood Florida. Applefest is an annual outdoor festival attracting up to 35,000 people each year in October; the Hudson Valley Jazz Festival named the Warwick Valley Jazz Festival, takes place during the summer. Warwick is served by 197 buses to Manhattan, it is served by the Warwick inter-municipal bus.

Warwick – village located by the junction of NY 94 and NY 17A. Florida – village located on NY 17A. Greenwood Lake – village located on NY 17A at the north end of Greenwood Lake. Amity – hamlet located between Edenville and Pine Island near the New Jersey state line, it is served by the Amity Station of the Pine Island Fire Department and is the site of the Amity Presbyterian Church, first opened in 1796. Amity is home to the Crystal Inn, a famous restaurant and bar located on Amity Road, which opened in 1965. Bellvale – hamlet on NY 17A between Warwick village and Greenwood Lake. Black Walnut Hill – hamlet north of Hoopstick on Pulaski Highway. Center – an historic hamlet identified by the post office, located at the Warwick Woodlands Hotel from 1909-1916 on the west shore of Greenwood Lake north of Furnace Brook. An earlier post office by the name of Warwick Woodlands, NY, operated at the same location from 1882-1891. Durland – hamlet northeast of Warwick vill