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Badghis Province

Bādghīs is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan, located in the northwest of the country, on the border with Turkmenistan. It is considered to be one of the country's most underdeveloped provinces; the capital is Qala i Naw, while district is Bala Murghab. The ruins of the medieval city of Marw al-Rudh, the historical capital of the medieval region of Gharjistan, are located in the province near the modern city of Bala Murghab. Badghis Province is located in the isolated hills of northwestern Afghanistan and shares its borders with Herat and Faryab provinces as well as Turkmenistan; the province has a total area of 20,591 km2. Hydrologically, the province is dominated by the Murghab River, used for irrigation; the province is windy. Its northern border extends to the edge of the part of the Karakum desert known as the Sarakhs desert. Northern Badghis includes the loess and other aeolian formations, known locally as the "chul", through which the Turkmen-Afghan boundary runs. Across the border in Turkmenistan is the Badhyz State Nature Reserve in the Badkhiz-Karabil semi-desert.

Prior to the Arab conquest, the province was the center of the Kingdom of Badghis, whose king Tarkhan Tirek resisted an Umayyad invasion in 709 AD. In 1964, the province was carved out of portions of Meymaneh Province; the province was one of the last captured by the Taliban in their military offensive before the American invasion in 2001. The province was retaken by Northern Alliance forces as the United States initiated hostilities. Like in the rest of Afghanistan, no exact population numbers are available; the Afghan Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation & Development along with UNHCR and Central Statistics Office of Afghanistan estimates the population of the province to be around 499,393. According to the same sources, Uzbeks and Hazaras make up around 55% of the total population, followed by Pashtuns and other minorities at 45%; the current Governor of the province is Jamaluddin Ishaq. The major political parties are: Jamiat-e Islami Hezb-e Islami Gulbuddin Hizb-i-Wahdat Islamic Council of HeratAt the province was a Provincial Reconstruction Team, led by Spain.

As of early 2019 violence in the province was ongoing and a US service member from Texas, serving with the 75th Ranger Regiment, was fatally wounded during a combat operation in the province on January 13. Badghis is counted as one of the most underdeveloped of the country's thirty-four provinces. Not only does it have little infrastructure, poor roads, it has a chronic shortage of water. Agriculture is the main source of people's income and the existence of the Murghab River makes the available land suitable for cultivation; the province has suffered from severe drought continuing. It has caused tens of thousands of residents to flee to refugee camps outside Herat; the drought has been exacerbated by excessive cutting of forests since 2001. Badghis is the leading province in Afghanistan in pistachio production, it is one of the carpet-making areas of the country. Badghis Province suffers from a lack of adequate transportation. A single airport exists at the provincial seat--Qala i Naw Airport, capable of handling light aircraft.

Work on a 233 km section of the Afghan ring road started up again in 2012. This section would connect Bala Murghab with Herat in the southwest, Maymana and Mazar-i Sharif in the northeast; the percentage of households with clean drinking water fell from 11.6% in 2005 to 1% in 2011. The percentage of births attended to by a skilled birth attendant increased from 15% in 2005 to 17% in 2011. Official government figures for 2007 indicated that 17% of the Badghis population had access to safe drinking water, while only 1% of births were attended by a skilled person. According to information of education department, there are 457 schools with 75 high and the rests are primary and secondary schools; as many as 120,000 students with 35% of them are female students. There is one vocational high school of agriculture and one midwife training Institute in the province as well. However, as of 2007 the overall literacy rate was only 9.5%. Badghis province is divided into seven districts. Ab Kamari Ghormach District Jawand District Muqur District Murghab District Qadis District Qala i Naw District Provinces of Afghanistan Map of Badghis Province Badghis Province Overview - Slides Afghanistan Information Management Service

Nelaton's line

In anatomy, the Nelaton's Line is a theoretical line, in the moderately flexed hip, drawn from the anterior superior iliac spine to the tuberosity of the ischium. It was named for German surgeon and ophthalmologist Wilhelm Roser and French surgeon Auguste Nélaton; the greater trochanter of the femur lies below this line, but in cases of iliac joint dislocation of the hip or fracture of the neck of the femur the trochanter is felt above or in the line. Though the line can be of help for diagnosis of fractures, its practical value is disputed. Hip fracture "eMedicine/Stedman Medical Dictionary". EMedicine. Archived from the original on February 16, 2008. Retrieved 2008-10-18. Platzer, Werner. Color Atlas of Human Anatomy, Vol 1: Locomotor system. Thieme. ISBN 3-13-533305-1. Simon, Robert R. Emergency Orthopedics: The Extremities. McGraw-Hill Professional. P. 417. ISBN 0-8385-2210-6

Mediterranean University

Mediterranean University is a university located in Podgorica, Montenegro. It was founded on 30 May 2006, is the first private university established in Montenegro and is organized in 6 faculties; the university is member of the Balkan Universities Network. Mediterranean University is the first private university in Montenegro, it was founded on 30 May 2006 and consisted of four organizational units: Faculty of Tourism and Trade Management Bar, Faculty of Economics and Business, Faculty of Visual Arts and Faculty of Information Technology. On, two more faculties joined the University ”Mediterranean”: Faculty of Foreign Languages and Faculty of Law became the organizational units of Mediterranean University on 16 December 2006. Faculty of Tourism and Trade Management Bar was founded in 2004. as the first private institution of higher education in Montenegro. On February 9, 2008, it changed its name to: Faculty of Tourism Bar – MTS – "Montegro Tourism School"; the seat of Mediterranean University is in Podgorica, as well as the following organizational units: Faculty of Business Studies "Montenegro Business School", Faculty of Visual Arts, Faculty of Information Technology, Faculty of Foreign Languages and Faculty of Law.

Faculty of Tourism and Trade Management is located in Bar. Since its founding, Mediterranean University in Podgorica functions as a single legal entity in accordance with the Bologna Declaration; the quality of study programs at all faculties of the University was checked in 2008 by the expert committee of the Council for Higher Education. The University has been reaccredited for the following five years, an indication of the high quality of our work; the report of the expert team, among other things, states: “The team was surprised how much Mediterranean University has developed and created a solid foundation for rapid future development with the ambition to become a high quality regional university”. The University is and committed to enhancing the quality of studies in a systematic and organized manner in order to be modern, comparable and efficient. In that sense and in compliance with the Bologna process, there is a continuous work on increasing the quality level of all activities at the University - teaching, study programmes, grading system based on the introduction of the European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System - ECTS, textbooks and literature, equipment of study rooms and other areas, information system, scientific research, selection of teaching and administration staff, permanent education, interuniversitary cooperation and other standards.

Faculty of Tourism "Montenegro Tourism School" – Tourism and Hospitality Management Faculty of Economics and Business – Financial Management and Marketing Faculty of Information Technology – Information Technologies Faculty of Visual Arts – Design of Visual Communications and Audiovisual production Faculty of Foreign Languages – Business English Language and Business Italian Language Faculty of Law – Commercial Law Study Programme and Judicial Study Programme Faculty of Engineering – Civil Engineering Study Programme and Architecture Study Programme Faculty of Tourism "Montenegro Tourism School" – specialist studies Management in Tourism and Hotel Management and master studies under the same title. Faculty of Economics and Business – specialist studies Financial Management and Marketing Management and master studies under the same title. Faculty of Information Technology – specialist studies Information Technologies and master studies under the same title. Faculty of Visual Arts – specialist studies Design of Visual Communications and Audiovisual Production and master studies under the same title.

Faculty of Law – specialist studies Commercial Law and Judicial–Criminal Law and master studies Commercial Law, Judicial–Criminal Law and Legal-Political study program Faculty of Engineering – Civil Engineering higher Study Programme and Architecture Study Programme Faculty of “Montenegro Tourism School” organizes PhD studies Management in Tourism with the duration of three years. From the 2010/11 academic year Mediterranean University and Rochester Institute of Technology from New York will offer a masters of science in professional studies. Students will be offered two study programmes: Service Leadership and Innovation and Project Management. Upon successful completion of studies, students will receive dual degrees. Teaching staff of Mediterranean University and Rochester Institute of Technology will deliver the programmes and lectures will be in English; the University established a Centre for Project Consulting. Through working with projects and development of the teaching staff University strengthens the bond between academic and business environment in Montenegro.

By accepting European standards in teaching and scientific research, through cooperation with many international institutions of higher education, the University participates in the cultural and economic development of Montenegro and its integration into European and world trends. Mediterranean University in cooperation with partner universities from the EU - University of Debrecen, Wageningen University, Scottish Agricultural College, Budapest Business School, partners from Montenegro - University of Montenegro, Chamber of Economy of Montenegro and the Ministry of Tourism of Montenegro, have started in January 2010 the TEMPUS project under the title "Development of Business Training in Montenegro”; the main goal of DEBUT-M project is to establish partnerships between higher education institutions and companies through free business training for experts and managers from companies in Montenegro. Mediterranean University is a pa