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Badrinath Temple

Badrinath or Badrinarayan Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Vishnu, situated in the town of Badrinath in Uttarakhand, India. The temple and town form one of the four Char Chota Char Dham pilgrimage sites; the temple is one of the 108 Divya Desams dedicated to Vishnu, worshipped as Badrinath—holy shrines for Vaishnavites. It is open for six months every year in the Himalayan region; the temple is located in Garhwal hill tracks in Chamoli district along the banks of Alaknanda River at an elevation of 3,133 m above the mean sea level. It is one of the most visited pilgrimage centers of India; the image of the presiding deity worshipped in the temple is a 1 ft, the black stone statue of Vishnu in the form of Badrinarayan. The statue is considered by many Hindus to be one of eight swayam vyakta kshetras, or self-manifested statues of Vishnu. Mata Murti Ka Mela, which commemorates the descent of river Ganges on mother earth, is the most prominent festival celebrated in the Badrinath Temple.

Although Badrinath is located in North India, the head priest, or Rawal, is traditionally a Nambudiri Brahmin chosen from the South Indian state of Kerala. The temple was included in the Uttar Pradesh state government Act No. 30/1948 as Act no. 16,1939, which came to be known as Shri Badarinath and Shri Kedarnath Mandir Act. The committee nominated by the state government administers both the temples and has seventeen members on its board; the temple is mentioned in ancient religious texts like Skanda Purana. It is glorified in the Divya Prabandha, an early medieval Tamil canon of the Azhwar saints from the 6th–9th centuries AD; the temple is located in Garhwal hill tracks along the banks of the Alaknanda River in Chamoli district in Uttarakhand. The hill tracks are located 3,133 m above the mean sea level; the Nar Parbat mountain is located opposite to the temple, while the Narayana Parbat is located behind the Neelkanth peak. The temple has three structures: the Garbhagriha, the Darshan Mandap, Sabha Mandap.

The conical-shaped roof of the sanctum, the garbhagriha, is 15 m tall with a small cupola on top, covered with a gold gilt roof. The facade has arched windows. A broad stairway leads up to a tall, arched gateway. Just inside is a mandap, a large, pillared hall that leads to the sanctum, or main shrine area; the walls and pillars of the hall are covered with intricate carvings. The main shrine houses the 1 ft Shaligram idol of Lord Badrinarayana, housed in a gold canopy under a Badri Tree; the idol of Lord Badrinarayana shows Him holding a Shankha and a Chakra in two of His arms in a lifted posture and the other two arms resting on His lap in a Yogamudra posture. The sanctum houses images of the god of wealth—Kubera, sage Narada, Uddhava and Narayan. There are fifteen more images that are worshipped around the temple; these include that of Lakshmi and Navadurga, the manifestation of Durga in nine different forms. The temple has shrines of Lakshmi Narasimhar and for saints Adi Shankara and Narayan, Vedanta Desika and Ramanujacharya.

All the idols of the temple are made of black stone. The Tapt Kund, a group of hot sulphur springs just below the temple, are considered to be medicinal; the springs have a year-round temperature of 55 °C, while outside temperature is below 17 °C all year round. The two water ponds in the temple are called Surya Kund. There is no historical record about the temple, but there is a mention of the presiding deity Badrinath in Vedic scriptures. According to some accounts, the temple was a Buddhist shrine till the 8th century and Adi Shankara converted it to a Hindu temple; the architecture of the temple resembling that of a Buddhist vihara and the brightly painted facade, atypical of Buddhist temples leads to the argument. Other accounts relate that it was established as a pilgrimage site by Adi Shankara in the ninth century, it is believed that Shankara resided in the place for six years from AD 814 to 820. He resided the rest of the year in Kedarnath. Hindu followers assert that he discovered the image of Badrinath in the Alaknanda River and enshrined it in a cave near the Tapt Kund hot springs.

A traditional story asserts that Shankara expelled all the Buddhists in the region with the help of the Parmar ruler king Kanak Pal. The hereditary successors of the king endowed villages to meet its expenses; the income from a set of villages on the route to the temple was used to feed and accommodate pilgrims. The Parmar rulers held meaning speaking Badrinath, they had other titles, including Shri 108 Basdrishcharyaparayan Garharaj Mahimahendra and Dharamarakshak Sigamani. The throne of Badrinath was named after the presiding deity; the practice was continued until the late 19th century. During the 16th century, the King of Garhwal moved the murti to the present temple; when the state of Garhwal was divided, the Badrinath temple came under British rule but the king of Garhwal continued as the chairman of the management committee. The selection of priest is done after consultation between Garhwal and Travancore royal familiesThe temple has un

Alleycat Rock: Female Boss

Alleycat Rock: Female Boss aka Stray Cat Rock: Delinquent Girl Boss, Female Juvenile Delinquent Leader: Alleycat Rock, Wildcat Rock is a 1970 Japanese outlaw biker film directed by Yasuharu Hasebe and starring Akiko Wada and Meiko Kaji. It is the first entry in the five-film Alleycat Rock or Stray Cat Rock series and was followed by Stray Cat Rock: Wild Jumbo, Stray Cat Rock: Sex Hunter, Stray Cat Rock: Machine Animal and Alleycat Rock: Crazy Riders'71. Tough girl biker Ako comes across Mei and her girl gang as they are about to have a knife fight in Shinjuku, Tokyo with another gang of girls; when the second gang calls in their boyfriends for help, Ako joins in and turns the tide for Mei and her gang and becomes a leader figure for the girls. Meanwhile, Mei's boyfriend Michio wants to join the Seiyu Group. To prove himself, he induces an old friend Kelly to throw a boxing match so the Seiyu Group can cash in betting against him, but when the boxer, encouraged by Ako and Mei, wins the fight, the Seiyu Group takes their anger out on Michio until Mei and the Alleycats rescue him.

But Mei and the girls are now on the run from the powerful group. Michio and Mei are killed and Ako leaves Shinjuku, roaring away on her bike. Akiko Wada as Ako Meiko Kaji as Mei Kōji Wada as Michio Yagami Bunjaku Han as Yuriko Yuka Kemari as Mari Hanako Tokachi as Hanako Yūko Shimazu as Yūko Yuka Ōhashi (大橋由香 as Yuka Miki Yanagi as Miki Toshimitsu Shima (島敏光 as Maabō George Fujita as Hiroshi Ken Sanders as Kelly Fujiyama Tatsuya Fuji as Katsuya Yōsui Inoue Alleycat Rock: Female Boss was designed by Nikkatsu to compete with Toei's Delinquent Boss series, which, in turn, had been inspired by Roger Corman's early outlaw biker film, The Wild Angels. Nikkatsu meant the film to showcase the popular singer Akiko Wada, to appeal to her young audience. Co-star Meiko Kaji, attracted the most audience attention, she became the star of the remaining episodes in the Alleycat Rock series. Nikkatsu regarded Alleycat Rock: Female Boss as a prototype for a new direction for the studio and its success ensured the studio's move towards youth-oriented action films.

Director Hasebe and cult screenwriter-director Atsushi Yamatoya wrote the script to Alleycat Rock: Female Boss. Because of the film's low budget, the studio gave Hasebe and Yamatoya more creative freedom than was the case for Nikkatsu's staff at this time. Of the distinctive look of Alleycat Rock: Female Boss, Hasebe recalled, "I tried to infuse those movies with the culture of the time. I spent a lot of time visiting places. At the time, protest songs were popular. I remember, one day. Activists were protesting against the US-Japanese Security Treaty; these people were like the hippies in the States. I found them interesting. Cinematic. I wanted my film to be this modern." The Weissers, in their Japanese Cinema Encyclopedia: The Sex Films, judge Alleycat Rock: Female Boss to be better than Toei's Delinquent Boss series, with which it was meant to compete, call the series, "a prime example of sexually oriented-action movies, five excellent entries over a two year period". The style of the series, according to the Weissers, is "Ultra-chic, yet grim".

Allmovie writes that Alleycat Rock: Female Boss is "Good-looking and fast-paced". Alleycat Rock: Female Boss was released theatrically in Japan on May 2, 1970, it was released on DVD on December 8, 2006. Alleycat Rock: Female Boss at AllMovie Hasebe, Yasuharu.. Interviewed by Thomas and Yuko Mihara Weisser in Tokyo, 1999, in Asian Cult Cinema, #25, 4th Quarter, 1999, p. 32-42. "NORANEKO ROKKU: ONNA BANCHO". Complete Index to World Film. Retrieved 2010-02-22. Alleycat Rock: Female Boss on IMDb Weisser, Thomas. Japanese Cinema Encyclopedia: The Sex Films. Miami: Vital Books: Asian Cult Cinema Publications. Pp. 40–42. ISBN 1-889288-52-7. 女番長 野良猫ロック. allcinema.net. Retrieved 2010-02-22. 女番長 野良猫ロック. Japanese Cinema Database. Archived from the original on 2011-10-08. Retrieved 2010-02-22. 女番長野良猫ロック. Japanese Movie Database. Retrieved 2010-02-22. 女番長 野良猫ロック. Kinema Junpo. Archived from the original on 2012-03-24. Retrieved 2010-02-22. 女番長 野良猫ロック. www.nikkatsu.com. Archived from the original on 30 January 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-22

Miacidae

Miacids are extinct primitive carnivoramorphans within the family Miacidae that lived during the Paleocene and Eocene epochs, about 62–34 million years ago. Miacids existed for 28 million years. Miacids are thought to have evolved into the modern carnivorous mammals of the order Carnivora, they were small carnivores, superficially marten-like or civet-like with long, lithe bodies and long tails. Some species were arboreal, they fed on invertebrates, lizards and smaller mammals like shrews and opossums. Their teeth and skulls show, they had carnivoran-type carnassials, but lacked ossified auditory bullae. Miacidae as traditionally conceived is not a monophyletic group. Traditionally and Viverravidae had been classified in a superfamily, Miacoidea. Today and Miacoidea are grouped together in the crown-clade Carnivoramorpha, the Miacoidea are regarded as basal carnivoramorphs; some species of the genus Miacis are related to the order Carnivora, but only the species Miacis cognitus is a true carnivoran, as it is classified in the Caniformia.

The divergence of carnivorans from miacids is now inferred to have occurred in the middle-Eocene. Traditionally, the Viverravidae had been thought to be the earliest carnivorans, with fossil records first appearing in the Paleocene of North America about 60 million years ago, but recent cranial morphology evidence now places them outside the order Carnivora. Authorities disagreed, propose that the viverravids arose in North America 65-60 million years ago, spread to Asia later to Europe, were the first carnivorans and possessed the first true pair of carnassial teeth, it has been proposed that miacids arose in North America and Europe 50-60 million years ago later spread to Asia. Like the earlier viverravids, they possessed a true pair of carnassial teeth and therefore are related to order Carnivora, they possessed a full set of cheek teeth, were weasel to small fox sized, lived in forests. All modern carnivorans arose from them. Family Miacidae† Genus Eosictis Genus Messelogale Genus Miacis Genus Miocyon Genus Oodectes Genus Palaearctonyx Genus Paramiacis Genus Paroodectes Genus Procynodictis Genus Prodaphaenus Genus Quercygale Genus Tapocyon Genus Uintacyon Genus Vassacyon Genus Vulpavus Genus Xinyuictis Genus Ziphacodon

Yeo (locomotive)

Yeo was one of three narrow gauge 2-6-2T steam locomotives built by Manning Wardle in 1898 for the Lynton and Barnstaple Railway. The other two locomotives were named Taw. Yeo, like all the locomotives on the L&B, was named after a local river with a three-letter name, in this case the River Yeo; this naming tradition has been continued in the 21st Century, with Lyd operational on the Ffestiniog Railway and the Welsh Highland Railway. It had been intended that Lyd would receive Yeo's original chimney but it was found to be too corroded for further use; the naming tradition has been applied to a Kerr Stuart Joffre class locomotive running on the revived L&B, named Axe, a Maffei locomotive named Sid. Following the railway's closure in 1935 Yeo was scrapped along with all of the other L&B locomotives except Lew, exported to South America. A set of frames for a new Yeo were built by Winson Engineering in 2000 and are stored waiting for construction to continue when funds are available. A 7 1⁄4 inches gauge model was built by Milner Engineering in 1979 and worked in Buckfastleigh before moving to the Gorse Blossom Railway in 1984.

A 12 1⁄4 inches gauge model was built by David Curwen in 1978 for the Réseau Guerlédan Chemin de Fer Touristique in Brittany, France. When the line closed, it transferred to the Fairbourne Railway in North Wales

Adolphus Williamson

Adolphus Frederick "Dolly" Williamson was the first head of the Detective Branch of the Metropolitan Police and the first head of the Detective Branch's successor organisation, the Criminal Investigation Department. He joined the force in 1850 and became Chief Constable. Williamson was buried in Brookwood Cemetery in Surrey. In the television films The Suspicions of Mr Whicher and The Suspicions of Mr Whicher II he was played by William Beck. In the Steampunk book series The Guild Chronicles by J. M. Bannon Williamson is used as a character; the prequel to the series is titled "The Untold Tales of Dolly Williamson" and is a fictional story of the detective's involvement in solving a crime with a supernatural killer

Shimoyuino Station

Shimoyuino Station is a JR West railway station in the city of Ōno, Japan. Shimoyuino Station is served by the Hokuriku Main Line, is located 38.8 kilometers from the terminus of the line at Echizen-Hanandō and 41.4 kilometers from Fukui. The station consists of one ground-level side platform serving single bi-directional track. There is no station building; the station is unattended. Shimoyuino Station opened on December 15, 1960. With the privatization of Japanese National Railways on 1 April 1987, the station came under the control of JR West. Kuzuryū River List of railway stations in Japan Media related to Shimo-Yuino Station at Wikimedia Commons Official website