Baffin Island, in the Canadian territory of Nunavut, is the largest island in Canada and the fifth-largest island in the world. Its area is 507,451 km2 and its population is about 13,148, it is located in the region of 70° N and 75° W. It was named by English colonists after English explorer William Baffin. Historians believe it is that Pre-Columbian Norse explorers from Greenland and Iceland knew of the island, they believe. Iqaluit, the capital of Nunavut, is located on the southeastern coast; until 1987, the town was called Frobisher Bay, after the English name for the bay on which it is located and was named for Martin Frobisher. That year the community voted to restore the Inuktitut name. To the south lies Hudson Strait, separating Baffin Island from mainland Quebec. South of the western end of the island is the Fury and Hecla Strait which separates the island from the Melville Peninsula on the mainland. To the east are Davis Strait and Baffin Bay, with Greenland beyond; the Foxe Basin, the Gulf of Boothia and Lancaster Sound separate Baffin Island from the rest of the Arctic Archipelago to the west and north.
The Baffin Mountains run along the northeastern coast of the island and are a part of the Arctic Cordillera. The highest peak is Mount Odin, with an elevation of at least 2,143 m, although some sources say 2,147 m. Another peak of note is Mount Asgard, located in Auyuittuq National Park, with an elevation of 2,011 m. Mount Thor, with an elevation of 1,675 m, is said to have the greatest purely vertical drop of any mountain on Earth, at 1,250 m; the two largest lakes on the island lie in the south-central part of the island: Nettilling Lake and Amadjuak Lake further south. The Barnes Ice Cap, in the middle of the island, has been retreating since at least the early 1960s, when the Geographical Branch of the Department of Mines and Technical Surveys sent a three-man survey team to the area to measure isostatic rebound and cross-valley features of the Isortoq River. Conversely, in the 1970s parts of Baffin Island failed to have the usual ice-free period in the summer. Baffin Island has been inhabited for over 3,000 years, first by the pre-Dorset, followed by the Dorset, the Thule people, ancestors of the Inuit who have lived on the island for the last thousand years.
In about 986, Erik Thorvaldsson, known as Erik the Red, formed three settlements near the southwestern tip of Greenland. In late 985 or 986, Bjarni Herjólfsson, sailing from Iceland to Greenland, was blown off course and sighted land southwest of Greenland. Bjarni appears to be the first European to see Baffin Island, the first European to see North America beyond Greenland, it was about 15 years that the Norse Greenlanders, led by Leif Erikson, a son of Erik the Red, started exploring new areas around the year 1000. Baffin Island is thought to be Helluland, the archaeological site at Tanfield Valley is thought to have been a trading post; the Saga of Erik the Red, 1880 translation into English by J. Sephton from the original Icelandic'Eiríks saga rauða': They sailed away from land. Thence they sailed away from Bjarneyjar with northerly winds, they were out at sea two half-days. They came to land, rowed along it in boats, explored it, found there flat stones, many and so great that two men might well lie on them stretched on their backs with heel to heel.
Polar-foxes were there in abundance. This land they gave name to, called it Helluland. In September 2008, the Nunatsiaq News, a weekly newspaper, reported that Patricia Sutherland, who worked at the Canadian Museum of Civilization had archaeological remains of yarn and cordage, rat droppings, tally sticks, a carved wooden Dorset culture face mask depicting Caucasian features, possible architectural remains, which indicated that European traders and settlers had been on Baffin Island not than 1000 CE. What the source of this Old World contact may have been is unclear and controversial. So, as Sutherland said, if you believe that spinning was not an indigenous technique, used in Arctic North America you have to consider the possibility that as "remote as it may seem," these finds may represent evidence of contact with Europeans prior to the Vikings' arrival in Greenland. Sutherland's research led to a 2012 announcement that whetstones had been found with remnants of alloys indicative of Viking presence.
In 2018, Michele Hayeur Smith of Brown University, who specializes in the study of ancient textiles, wrote that she does not think the ancient Arctic people, the Dorset and Thule, needed to be taught how to spin yarn "It's a pretty intuitive thing to do."...the date received on Sample 4440b from Nanook indicates that sinew was being spun and plied at least as early, if not earlier, than yarn at this site. We feel that the most parsimonious explanation of this data is that the practice of spinning hair and wool into plied yarn most developed within this context of complex, Arctic ﬁber technologies, not through contact with European textile producers. Our investigations indicate that Paleoeskimo communities on Baffin Island spun threads from the hair and from the sinews of native
This article presents lists of the literary events and publications in 1806. Noah Webster publishes his first English dictionary, A Compendious Dictionary of the English Language, recording distinctive American spellings. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe completes a preliminary version of his Faust. Sir Roger Newdigate founds the Newdigate Prize for English Poetry at the University of Oxford; the first winner is John Wilson. Nólsoyar Páll completes his anti-Danish Fuglakvæði, one of the first significant works in the Faroese language. December 29 – Thomas Dibdin's pantomime Harlequin and Mother Goose, it runs for 111 performances. Harriet Butler – Vensenshon Sophie Ristaud Cottin – Elisabeth, ou les Exilés de Sibérie Catherine Cuthbertson – Santo Sebastiano Charlotte Dacre – Zofloya Maria Edgeworth – Leonora Rachel Hunter -Lady Maclairn, the Victim of Villany Francis Lathom – The Mysterious Freebooter Matthew Gregory Lewis – Feudal Tyrants Sydney Owenson – The Wild Irish Girl Louisa Stanhope – Montbrasil Abbey Elizabeth Dawbarn – Young Person's Assistant in Reading the Old Testament Ann Taylor and Jane Taylor – Rhymes for the Nursery Richard Cumberland – Hint to Husbands Heinrich von Kleist – The Broken Jug Leandro Fernández de Moratín – The Maidens' Consent J. C.
Adelung – Mithridates, a History of Language and Dialects Johann Gottlieb Fichte – Bericht über die Wissenschaftslehre James Madison – An Examination of the British Doctrine which Subjects to Capture a Neutral Trade not Open in Time of Peace Maria Rundell – A New System of Domestic Cookery Jane West – Letters to a Young Lady February 1 – Jane Williams, Welsh poet and historian March 6 – Elizabeth Barrett Browning, English poet March 26 – James Hogg, Scottish editor and publisher April 17 – William Gilmore Simms, American author May 20 – John Stuart Mill, English political economist and philosopher July 20 – John Sterling, Scottish essayist and poet July 22 – Johann Kaspar Zeuss, German historian and philologist August 31 – Charles Lever, Irish novelist November 11 – Georgiana Chatterton, English novelist and travel writer February 12 – Gabriel-Henri Gaillard, French historian February 19 – Elizabeth Carter, English poet and translator February 24 – Collin d'Harleville, French dramatist March 3 – Heinrich Christian Boie, German poet and editor April 4 – Carlo Gozzi, Venetian dramatist May 6 – Ann Yearsley, English poet and library proprietor October 19 – Henry Kirke White, English poet October 28 – Charlotte Turner Smith, English poet and novelist November 23 – Sir Roger Newdigate, English antiquary and literary patron
Tirana railway station was the central railway hub of Tirana, Albania. The railway was connected to other cities in Albania including Durrës; the railway station was said to have no luggage office. On 2 September 2013, the station was closed for passenger and freight transport, was demolished to make room for a new boulevard that leads over the station area to the north. A new district will be created; as a result, the Tirana station was moved to Vorë in 2013, to renovated Kashar station in May 2015. The former Kashar-Tiranë line around 10 km in length was replaced with a bus service. In the northwestern district of Tirana, Laprakë, a new station will be built, planned as a multi-functional terminal for railway and bus; until its opening, the railway transport between Tirana and Kashar remains closed. Durrës–Tiranë railway