Bagar tract

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Bagar (बागड़) refers to the sandy tract of north-western India and eastern parts of current Pakistan bordering India.[1]


People of Bagar sandy tract speak Bagri (बागड़ी), a dialect of overlapping Rajasthani language , Haryanvi language and Punjabi language of the Indo-Aryan family, spoken by about five million speakers.[2][3]


Bagar tract is long strip of shifting sand dunes called tibba (टिब्बा) and finer lands between them called lal (लाळ ) sandy tract in along the western border of Haryana and eastern border of Rajasthan.[4]

In Haryana, it covers southern parts of Sirsa district, and western villages of Fatehabad, Hisar, Bhiwani and Charkhi Dadri districts.[2][3][4][4]

In Rajasthan, it covers parts of tehsils of Ganganagar; Bhadra, Nohar in Hanumangarh district; Taranagar tehsil in Churu district.[2][4]

In Punjab (India), bagar tract covers Fazilka district and southern villages of Muktsar district.[2][3][5]

In Punjab, Pakistan, Bagri as minor language is spoken in Bahawalpur and Bahawalnagar district, though these are not considered parts of Bagar tract.[2][3][6]


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Revised Land and Revenue Settlement of Hisar District 9006-9011
  2. ^ a b c d e Gusain, Lakhan: Reflexives in Bagri. Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, 1994
  3. ^ a b c d Gusain, Lakhan: Limitations of Literacy in Bagri. Nicholas Ostler & Blair Rudes (eds.). Endangered Languages and Literacy. Proceedings of the Fourth FEL Conference. University of North Carolina, Charlotte, 21–24 September 2000
  4. ^ a b c d India District Census Handboook, 1961
  5. ^ Census India 2001
  6. ^ Gusain, Lakhan: Bagri Grammar. Munich: Lincom Europa (Languages of the World/Materials, 2000, p384