Bagh-e-Jinnah known as Lawrence Gardens, is a historical park in the city of Lahore, Pakistan. The large green space contains a botanical garden, Masjid Dar-ul-Islam, Quaid-e-Azam Library situated in a Victorian building. There are entertainment and sports facilities within the park: an open-air theater, a restaurant, tennis courts and the Gymkhana Cricket Ground, it is located on Lawrence Road next to Lahore Zoo, directly across from the Governor's House on The Mall. Built as botanical garden modelled on Kew Gardens, it was named after John Lawrence, Viceroy of India from 1864 to 1869; the place used to hold his statue, moved to Foyle and Londonderry College in Northern Ireland. Jinnah Garden Lahore, situated on 141 acres at this time, earlier it was in 176 acres, but the land was given to Lahore zoo, botanical garden govt. College university to roads alongside the garden. Now it is the plant area except roads building is 121 acres, it is a well managed botanical garden in Pakistan. It has 150 varieties of trees, 140 types of shrubs, 50 types of creepers, 30 palms 100 succulent and about same indoor along with all varieties of annual flowers.
The garden has a good name in Chrysanthemum shows, it was the first institute that started growing chrysanthemum and maximum no of varieties for it. It has 4 hilloaks in it. Bagh-e-Jinnah has Quaid-e-Azam library and Darusalam in it. Regarding collection of trees and climbers a book has been published by Ch. Muhammad Tariq (DDA Jinnah Garden, Muhammad Ramzan Rafique and Dr. Muhammad Afzal; this book contains common name, botanical name, flower time, type of plant, flowering color of each plant along with its picture. Furthermore, this book contains selective pictures from annual flowers in this garden; this book can be obtained from the office of Jinnah Garden. The park receives a nostalgic mention of the 1970s and 1980s life in Bano Qudsia's remarkable Urdu novel Raja Gidh; the Park has a Tomb of Great Saint named Peer Sakhi Abul Faizul Hassan known as Baba Turat Muraad Shah, with a heavy number of visitors. The park has a track of 2.65 kilometers. Bagh-e-Jinnah park is a famous cricket ground since 1885, built for the entertainment of government officers and civil servants.
Lahore Gymkhana Club had regular fixture here. The ground played host to friendly matches, competitive fixtures and host to Pakistan's first unofficial Test against the West Indies in 1948. A few more unofficial Tests Bagh-e-Jinnah became a Test venue when Pakistan took on India in 1954–55. New Zealand and West Indies played a Test here before Bagh-e-Jinnah lost its Test status as it played second fiddle to Gaddafi Stadium but still hosts tour matches involving visiting nations England. Two five wicket hauls in Test matches have been taken at the venue. Below are some pictures of Bagh-e-Jinnah: Bāgh List of parks and gardens in Lahore List of parks and gardens in Pakistan List of parks and gardens in Karachi Bagh-e-Jinnah at CricketArchive Bagh-e-Jinnah at Cricinfo The Lahore Gymkhana Bagh-e-Jinnah, WorldStadia
Playing or learning by ear is the ability of a performing musician to reproduce a piece of music they have heard, without having seen it notated in any form of sheet music. It is considered to be a desirable skill among musical performers vital for those who don't have a fundamental musical education and sufficient knowledge of musical notation, indispensible for illiterate musicians. Many forms of classical music throughout the world are fundamentally rooted in the concept of playing by ear, where musical compositions are passed down from generation to generation. In this respect, playing by ear can be seen as a music-specific example of oral tradition. However, there are some examples of musical traditions where greater importance is placed on a tradition of writing down the music, in some form of musical notation; the concept of playing by ear has led to the development of the idiom, to play by ear or "play it by ear." Learning music by ear is done by listening to other musicians, either their live shows or sound recordings of their songs, attempting to recreate what one hears.
Audiation involves hearing sounds mentally, although on a different level than just "hearing a song in one's head". The skill of reproducing those sounds involves the ability to mentally hear and recognize rhythms, tell the interval between a note and a reference note in a melody, play a specific interval between a melodic note and root note, play the notes of a specific chord based on the a given root note. In most instances, those traditions where learning music from playing by ear is paramount do not use musical notation in any form; some examples of this such as by early Blues guitarists and pianists, Romani fiddlers and folk music guitarists. One prominent example is of Indian classical music, where the teaching methods of its two major strands are exclusively oral; the Western classical music tradition has been based on the process of learning new pieces from musical notation, hence playing by ear has a lower importance in musical training. However, many teaching methods in this tradition incorporate playing by ear in some form.
Examples include the "ear training" courses that are a standard part of conservatory or college music programs, the Suzuki method, which incorporates a developed focus on playing by ear from a young age. In the West, learning by ear is associated with the genres of folk music, blues and jazz. Fiddle Tonal memory Ear training Musical aptitude Music education for young children Absolute pitch Description of Audiation from the Gordon Institute for Music Learning Basic introduction to playing by ear by Allan Jeong Professor of Instructional Systems & Learning Technology
Compass High School is the former Grandview High School in Grandview, built in the moderne style in 1937 using Works Progress Administration funding. The school was designed by Yakima architect John W. Maloney; the school is two stories along the street elevation, with a flat-roofed brick facade accented by horizontal recessed brick courses. The main entry is a recessed by extending to the line of the second floor window heads, ornamented with six small relief sculptures above in the brickwork. Glass block lines the inset bay. An arched gymnasium extends to the rear. Grandview High School has since relocated to a newer facility three blocks away; the former Grandview High School is now Compass High School, an alternative school established in 1994. The old school was listed on the National Register of Historic Places on February 17, 1987. Compass High School website