Baghdad International Airport

Baghdad International Airport Saddam International Airport, is Iraq's largest international airport, located in a suburb about 16 km west of downtown Baghdad in the Baghdad Governorate. It is the home base for Iraqi Airways; the present airport was developed under a consortium led by French company, Spie Batignolles, under an agreement made in 1979. The Iran/Iraq war delayed full opening of the airport until 1982; the airport at the time was opened as Saddam International Airport, bearing the name of the Iraqi president, Saddam Hussein. Most of Baghdad's civil flights stopped in 1991, when the United Nations imposed restrictions on Iraq after the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait during the Persian Gulf War; because of the no-fly zone imposed on Iraq by the United States and the United Kingdom, Iraqi Airways was only able to continue domestic flights for limited periods. Internationally, Baghdad was able to receive occasional charter flights carrying medicine, aid workers, government officials. Royal Jordanian Airlines operated regular flights from Amman to Baghdad.

In April 2003, US-led coalition forces invaded Iraq and changed the airport's name from Saddam International Airport to Baghdad International Airport. The ICAO code for the airport changed from ORBS to ORBI. Civilian control of the airport was returned to the Iraqi Government in 2004. Sather Air Base came under fire from periodic rocket attacks from Baghdad. On 6 December 2006 a 107 rocket attack landed 30 yards from a parked C-5A aircraft placing scores of shrapnel holes in the aircraft. Terminal C has been refreshed with three active gate areas for carriers operating from the airport. In January 2015, a FlyDubai jet carrying 154 passengers was struck by gunfire as it landed at the airport. One passenger was injured. After the incident, UAE carriers FlyDubai and Emirates suspended their flights from Dubai to Baghdad. Flights by Turkish Airlines and Royal Jordanian were temporarily suspended. Baghdad Airport Road, connecting to UAE Green Zone, once a dangerous route full of IEDs, has been refurbished with palm trees, manicured lawns, a fountain, with Turkish assistance.

On 3 January 2020, a U. S. drone strike killed Qasem Soleimani, leader of Iran's Quds Force, Abu Mahdi al-Muhandis, deputy commander of the Popular Mobilization Forces, as their convoy left the airport on Baghdad Airport Road. Within the airport there is a separate enclave called the New Al Muthana Air Base where the Iraqi Air Force's 23rd Squadron is based with three Lockheed C-130E Hercules transport aircraft, it is home to a number of Sukhoi Su-25 "Frogfoot"s. Sather Air Base or Camp Sather was a United States Air Force base on the west side of the airport occupied from 2003 to 2011 during the Iraq War, it was named in memory of Combat Controller Staff Sergeant Scott Sather, the first enlisted Airman to die in Operation Iraqi Freedom. Sather was awarded the Bronze Star Medal with Valor for his leadership of a 24th Special Tactics Squadron reconnaissance task force during the initial stages of the 2003 invasion of Iraq. On 18 May 2010, plans were unveiled for an expansion of Baghdad International Airport, which will double its capacity to 15 million passengers per year.

The expansion, to be funded by foreign investors, will include the construction of three new terminals and the refurbishment of the existing three terminals, which will each accommodate 2.5 million passengers annually. On 25 December 1986, Iraqi Airways Flight 163, a Boeing 737-200 flying from Baghdad to Amman, was hijacked and damaged by a bomb in flight; the bomb exploded in the cockpit, causing the plane to crash in the Saudi Arabian desert, killing 63 of the 106 on board. On 29 November 1987, Korean Air Flight 858, a Boeing 707-3B5C, was destroyed by a bomb over the Andaman Sea; the bomb was left by two North Korean agents who got off in Abu Dhabi. The plane was flying the Baghdad-Abu Dhabi-Bangkok-Seoul flight. All 104 passengers and 11 crew died. On 22 November 2003, a European Air Transport Airbus A300B4 freighter, registered OO-DLL, operating on behalf of DHL Aviation, was hit by an SA-14'Grail' missile shortly after takeoff; the airplane lost hydraulic pressure. After extending the landing gear to create more drag, the crew piloted the plane using differences in engine thrust and landed the plane with minimal further damage.

All three crew survived. Civilian planes now perform corkscrew landings to minimise the risk of damage from surface weapons. On 26 January 2015, a flydubai Boeing 737-800 flying from Dubai to Baghdad was hit by small-arms fire on approach to Baghdad International Airport with 154 passengers on board; the plane landed safely. On 3 January 2020, the US Air Force launched a drone strike near the airport, killing ten people, including the general in command of the Quds Force of Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, Qasem Soleimani. List of United Kingdom Military installations used during Operation Telic Media related to Baghdad International Airport at Wikimedia Commons Baghdad Airport Arrivals and Departures profile Christian Science Monitor article on reconstruction, October 2003 Extensive photographs of Baghdad Airport – 12.07.2004 Accident history for BGW at Aviation Safety Network

Jason Sturgeon

Jason Sturgeon is an American country music artist born and raised in Petersburg, Indiana. He has released two albums via Toolpusher Records. Sturgeon grew up in a family of coal miners and farmers, his creative side helped to balance out his love for the outdoors. Along with music, he enjoyed jockeying, he started racing in AQHA open horse shows and placed 8th in the World Championship Show in Oklahoma City and 4th in the Quarter Horse Congress in Columbus, Ohio. From 15 until 19 during the summers, he worked in the oilfields for his family and learned to build, do anything that needed to be done around the farm. After high school Jason planned to head to Nashville, Tennessee but his father convinced him to attend college at Vincennes University first and learn a trade, just in case, he became a medical device engineer for Cook Medical in Bloomington, Indiana. After graduating from Vincennes University, he moved to Nashville to pursue his music career. Soon after moving to Nashville, he began touring, spending the majority of his first two years touring.

His rapid city-to-city lifestyle inspired one of his hits "Time Bomb," a song about always being at a different venue in a different state. While he loved being on the road, he realized, he had plenty of experiences to write about after his time on the road. In 2012, Sturgeon played over 200 shows, in 2013, he's on pace to top that. In his 200+ shows during 2012, he opened for the likes of Gary Allan, Brooks & Dunn, Rodney Atkins, Luke Bryan, Dierks Bentley, among others; the band opened for artists like Brooks & Dunn, Rodney Atkins, Luke Bryan and others who were coming through the area, they released their own CD in 2008. Tapped to be part of Kenny Chesney’s “Next Big Star” competition, Sturgeon continued as a solo act, he traveled to Nashville but returned to Indiana until he received a phone call from Dane Clark, a member of John Mellencamp’s band. He released That's Me in 2010. Cornfields & Coal followed in September 2013

Fort Wilkins Historic State Park

Fort Wilkins Historic State Park is a historical park operated by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources at Copper Harbor, Michigan. The park preserves the restored 1844 army military outpost, Fort Wilkins, placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1970; the state park's 700 acres include camping and day-use facilities as well as the Copper Harbor Lighthouse, built in 1866. The park is a "Cooperating Site" of the Keweenaw National Historical Park. Copper Harbor is located at the northern tip of the Keweenaw Peninsula, it is one of the best natural harbors in Keweenaw County and was a quick focus of attention after copper was discovered on the peninsula in the 1830s. In the early 1840s, a copper rush took place that saw a flood of fortune-seekers moving to the peninsula; the U. S. government was concerned about possible disorder and violence, lake shipping interests asked the government to build an aid to navigation so that essential supplies could be shipped in and the copper moved out.

In 1844, Fort Wilkins was established at the direction of Secretary of War William Wilkins. The U. S. Army occupied Fort Wilkins, located east of Copper Harbor, Michigan on the strait of land between Copper Harbor and northern shore of Lake Fanny Hooe, in 1844; the troops stationed there were intended to help with local law enforcement and to keep the peace between miners and the local Ojibwas. However, the fort proved to be unnecessary; the Chippewa accepted the influx, the miners were law-abiding. The Army built 27 structures, including a guardhouse, powder magazine, 7 officer's quarters, two barracks, two mess halls, storehouse, sutler's store, quartermaster's store, blacksmith's shop, carpenter's shop, four quarters for married enlisted men, a slaughter house, to house the operations of two full-strength infantry companies. Several of these structures still survive. Others have been rebuilt following archaeological excavations; when it was first garrisoned in 1844, two companies were stationed there.

When war was declared with Mexico, Companies A and B were sent to Texas and were replaced by Company K. When Company K was sent to the Mexican front in 1846, the fort was left in the hands of a single caretaker, Sgt. William Wright, the only man to remain behind. With the passing of Wright in 1855, the fort was leased to Dr. John S. Livermore, who hoped to open a health resort "for invalids and others during the hot months." This plan fell through after his death in 1861. After the American Civil War, the U. S. army reoccupied Fort Wilkins for three years in 1867–1870. The U. S. Army needed a place for men to serve out the rest of their enlistments from the war. Company E, Forty-third Infantry, was stationed there from 1867 until May 1869, when they were replaced by Company K, First Infantry; the army permanently abandoned the facility at the end of August 1870. In 1848, the Copper Harbor Lighthouse complex was begun on the tip of the eastern point of land sometimes called Hays Point, that sits at the entrance of the harbor.

In 1923, the fort and adjacent lighthouse became a Michigan state park. The facility is open to the public in summer months, when it is staffed by costumed personnel who portray Army life during the fort's final summer as an active post. Copper mining in Michigan Fort Wilkins Historic State Park Michigan Department of Natural Resources Fort Wilkins Historic State Park Map Michigan Department of Natural Resources Fort Wilkins Map Michigan History Center