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Baháʼí Faith

The Baháʼí Faith is a religion teaching the essential worth of all religions, the unity of all people. Established by Baháʼu'lláh in 1863, it grew in Persia and parts of the Middle East, where it has faced ongoing persecution since its inception, it is estimated to have between 5 and 8 million adherents, known as Baháʼís, spread throughout most of the world's countries and territories. It grew from the mid-19th-century Bábí religion, whose founder taught that God would soon send a prophet in the same way of Jesus or Muhammad. In 1863, after being banished from his native Iran, Baháʼu ` lláh announced, he was further exiled. Following Baháʼu'lláh's death in 1892, leadership of the religion fell to his son ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, his great-grandson Shoghi Effendi. Baháʼís around the world annually elect local and national Spiritual Assemblies that govern the affairs of the religion, every five years the members of all National Spiritual Assemblies elect the Universal House of Justice, the nine-member supreme governing institution of the worldwide Baháʼí community, which sits in Haifa, near the Shrine of the Báb.

Baháʼí teachings are in some ways similar to other monotheistic faiths: God is considered single and all-powerful. However, Baháʼu'lláh taught that religion is orderly and progressively revealed by one God through Manifestations of God who are the founders of major world religions throughout history. Baháʼís regard the major religions as fundamentally unified in purpose, though varied in social practices and interpretations. There is a similar emphasis on the unity of all people rejecting notions of racism and nationalism. At the heart of Baháʼí teachings is the goal of a unified world order that ensures the prosperity of all nations, races and classes. Letters written by Baháʼu'lláh to various individuals, including some heads of state, have been collected and assembled into a canon of Baháʼí scripture that includes works by his son ʻAbdu'l-Bahá, the Báb, regarded as Baháʼu'lláh's forerunner. Prominent among Baháʼí literature are the Kitáb-i-Aqdas, Kitáb-i-Íqán, Some Answered Questions, The Dawn-Breakers.

In English-language use, the word Baháʼí is used either as an adjective to refer to the Baháʼí Faith or as a term for a follower of Baháʼu'lláh. It is derived from the Arabic Baháʼ, meaning "glory" or "splendor"; the older term "Bahaʼism" is still used, for example as a variant of "Bahai Faith" by the U. S. Library of Congress, though it is now less common and the Baháʼí community prefers "Baháʼí Faith"; the teachings of Baháʼu'lláh, the founder of the Baháʼí Faith, form the foundation for Baháʼí belief. Three principles are central to these teachings: the unity of God, the unity of religion, the unity of humanity. Baha'is believe that God periodically reveals his will through divine messengers, whose purpose is to transform the character of humankind and to develop, within those who respond and spiritual qualities. Religion is thus seen as orderly and progressive from age to age; the Baháʼí writings describe a single, inaccessible, omnipresent and almighty God, the creator of all things in the universe.

The existence of God and the universe is thought to be eternal, without a end. Though inaccessible directly, God is seen as conscious of creation, with a will and purpose, expressed through messengers termed Manifestations of God. Baháʼí teachings state that God is too great for humans to comprehend, or to create a complete and accurate image of by themselves. Therefore, human understanding of God is achieved through his revelations via his Manifestations. In the Baháʼí religion, God is referred to by titles and attributes, there is a substantial emphasis on monotheism; the Baháʼí teachings state that the attributes which are applied to God are used to translate Godliness into human terms and to help individuals concentrate on their own attributes in worshipping God to develop their potentialities on their spiritual path. According to the Baháʼí teachings the human purpose is to learn to know and love God through such methods as prayer and being of service to others. Baháʼí notions of progressive religious revelation result in their accepting the validity of the well known religions of the world, whose founders and central figures are seen as Manifestations of God.

Religious history is interpreted as a series of dispensations, where each manifestation brings a somewhat broader and more advanced revelation, rendered as a text of scripture and passed on through history with greater or lesser reliability but at least true in substance, suited for the time and place in which it was expressed. Specific religious social teachings may be revoked by a subsequent manifestation so that a more appropriate requirement for the time and place may be established. Conversely, certain general principles are seen to be consistent. In Baháʼí belief, this process of progressive revelation will not end. Baháʼís do not expect a new manifestation of God to appear within 1000 years of Baháʼu'lláh's revelation. Baháʼí beliefs are sometimes described as syncretic combinations of earlier religious beliefs. Baháʼís, assert that their religion is a distinct tradition with its own scriptures, teachings, la

Hey Arnold!

Hey Arnold! is an American animated children's television series created by Craig Bartlett that aired on Nickelodeon from October 7, 1996, to June 8, 2004. The show centers on a fourth grader named Arnold, who lives with his grandparents in an inner-city boarding house. Episodes center on his experiences navigating urban life while dealing with the problems he and his friends encounter. Bartlett's idea for the show is based on a minor character named Arnold whom he created while working on Pee-wee's Playhouse; the executives enjoyed the character, Bartlett completed the cast by drawing inspiration from people he grew up with in Portland and Seattle, Washington. Bartlett created the pilot episode in his living room in 1994 and official production began in 1995; the animators worked to transform Arnold from clay animation to cel animation, leading to the series premiere. The show finished production in 2001 after 100 episodes. A feature film based on the series, Hey Arnold!: The Movie, was released in 2002.

All five seasons have been released on DVD. In 2015 a television film continuation of the series, Hey Arnold!: The Jungle Movie, was green-lit. It picks up from where the series resolved unanswered plot lines of the story; the film premiered on November 2017, on Nickelodeon. Hey Arnold! Stars nine-year-old Arnold and his neighborhood friends: Gerald, a street-smart character who serves as the leader of the group, Helga, a girl who bullies Arnold in order to hide the fact that she is in love with him. Bartlett drew inspiration from people. Arnold lives with his eccentric but loving paternal grandparents and Gertrude, proprietors of the Sunset Arms boarding house, in the fictional city of Hillwood. In each episode, he helps a schoolmate or boarding home tenant in solving a personal problem or encounters a predicament of his own. Many episodes involve urban legends told by Gerald, such as superheroes or headless horsemen. Other characters include students and faculty at P. S. 118, Arnold's school, citizens of Hillwood.

Certain episodes focus on the lives of supporting characters, such as the tenants of the boarding house that Arnold's grandparents own. Hey Arnold! takes place in the fictional American city of Hillwood. While its geographic location is never revealed outright, Bartlett described the city as "an amalgam of large northern cities I have loved, including Seattle and Brooklyn". Bartlett, having grown up in Seattle, based many of the show's events on his own experience growing up in the city. Evan Levine of the Houston Chronicle commented on the series' "backdrop of dark streets, nighttime adventures and rundown buildings, all seen from a child's point of view". Animator Craig Bartlett graduated from Anacortes High School and obtained a degree in communications from The Evergreen State College in Olympia, Washington. During high school and college, he studied painting and sculpture at the Museum Art School in Portland, his first job after college was at Will Vinton Productions, a claymation studio.

Bartlett intended to become a painter "in the 19th-century sense", but he became interested in animation during a trip to Italy. In 1987, while working on Pee-wee's Playhouse, he created claymation cutaways about a character named Penny and her friend Arnold, made three "Arnold" shorts: Arnold Escapes from Church, The Arnold Waltz and Arnold Rides His Chair which years were given the nickname "Clay Arnold ". Six years Bartlett teamed up with five writers from Rugrats to develop animation projects for Nickelodeon; these meetings were difficult and the writers became frustrated. Network execs got migraines just counting us coming in the door." As a last resort, Bartlett played the "Penny" tapes, intending to highlight the Penny character. However, the executives were more impressed despite him being a minor character. After the meeting, the group began developing Arnold, creating his personality and evolving him from claymation to cel animation. Bartlett stated: "We did a lot of talking about. We came up with a reluctant hero who keeps finding himself responsible for solving something, making the right choices, doing the right thing."

After creating ideas for Arnold, Bartlett began work on the supporting characters, drawing influence from his childhood: "A lot of the characters are an amalgam of people I knew when I was a kid. The girls in Hey Arnold! are girls that either liked or didn't like me when I was in school."In 1994, Bartlett created the pilot episode of Hey Arnold! in his living room, showed it to producers at Nickelodeon. A year the network decided to begin work on the series; as mentioned earlier, the character was featured in a trilogy of clay animation shorts from 1988 to 1991: Arnold Escapes from Church, The Arnold Waltz, Arnold Rides a Chair, the latter having been aired as a filler short on Sesame Street in 1991. The 10-minute pilot episode, titled Arnold, was shown in theaters in 1996 before Nickelodeon's first feature-length film, its adaptation of Harriet the Spy. Apart from the animation style, Nick's Arnold wears a sweater, with his plaid shirt untucked. Only Arnold's cap remains unchanged from his original clay-animation wardrobe.

Arnold comic strips appeared in Simpsons

Miyaki Station

Miyaki Station is a railway station on the Iida Line in the town of Tatsuno, Kamiina District, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company. Miyaki Station is served by the Iida Line and is 194.6 kilometers from the starting point of the line at Toyohashi Station. The station consists of one ground-level side platform serving a single bi-directional track. There is no station building, but only a shelter built on top of the platform; the station is unattended. Miyaki Station opened on 28 December 1909. With the privatization of Japanese National Railways on 1 April 1987, the station came under the control of JR Central. In fiscal 2016, the station was used by an average of 575 passengers daily. Tenryū River List of railway stations in Japan Station information