Chinese is a group of related, but in many cases not mutually intelligible, language varieties, forming the Sinitic branch of the Sino-Tibetan language family. Chinese is spoken by many minority ethnic groups in China. About 1.2 billion people speak some form of Chinese as their first language. The varieties of Chinese are described by native speakers as dialects of a single Chinese language, but linguists note that they are as diverse as a language family; the internal diversity of Chinese has been likened to that of the Romance languages, but may be more varied. There are between 7 and 13 main regional groups of Chinese, of which the most spoken by far is Mandarin, followed by Wu, Yue, etc. Most of these groups are mutually unintelligible, dialect groups within Min Chinese may not be mutually intelligible. Some, like Xiang and certain Southwest Mandarin dialects, may share common terms and a certain degree of intelligibility. All varieties of Chinese are analytic. Standard Chinese is a standardized form of spoken Chinese based on the Beijing dialect of Mandarin.
It is the official language of China and Taiwan, as well as one of the four official languages of Singapore. It is one of the six official languages of the United Nations; the written form of the standard language, based on the logograms known as Chinese characters, is shared by literate speakers of otherwise unintelligible dialects. The earliest Chinese written records are Shang dynasty-era oracle inscriptions, which can be traced back to 1250 BCE; the phonetic categories of Archaic Chinese can be reconstructed from the rhymes of ancient poetry. During the Northern and Southern dynasties period, Middle Chinese went through several sound changes and split into several varieties following prolonged geographic and political separation. Qieyun, a rime dictionary, recorded a compromise between the pronunciations of different regions; the royal courts of the Ming and early Qing dynasties operated using a koiné language based on Nanjing dialect of Lower Yangtze Mandarin. Standard Chinese was adopted in the 1930s, is now the official language of both the People's Republic of China and the Republic of China on Taiwan.
Most linguists classify all varieties of Chinese as part of the Sino-Tibetan language family, together with Burmese and many other languages spoken in the Himalayas and the Southeast Asian Massif. Although the relationship was first proposed in the early 19th century and is now broadly accepted, reconstruction of Sino-Tibetan is much less developed than that of families such as Indo-European or Austroasiatic. Difficulties have included the great diversity of the languages, the lack of inflection in many of them, the effects of language contact. In addition, many of the smaller languages are spoken in mountainous areas that are difficult to reach, are also sensitive border zones. Without a secure reconstruction of proto-Sino-Tibetan, the higher-level structure of the family remains unclear. A top-level branching into Chinese and Tibeto-Burman languages is assumed, but has not been convincingly demonstrated; the first written records appeared over 3,000 years ago during the Shang dynasty. As the language evolved over this period, the various local varieties became mutually unintelligible.
In reaction, central governments have sought to promulgate a unified standard. The earliest examples of Chinese are divinatory inscriptions on oracle bones from around 1250 BCE in the late Shang dynasty. Old Chinese was the language of the Western Zhou period, recorded in inscriptions on bronze artifacts, the Classic of Poetry and portions of the Book of Documents and I Ching. Scholars have attempted to reconstruct the phonology of Old Chinese by comparing varieties of Chinese with the rhyming practice of the Classic of Poetry and the phonetic elements found in the majority of Chinese characters. Although many of the finer details remain unclear, most scholars agree that Old Chinese differs from Middle Chinese in lacking retroflex and palatal obstruents but having initial consonant clusters of some sort, in having voiceless nasals and liquids. Most recent reconstructions describe an atonal language with consonant clusters at the end of the syllable, developing into tone distinctions in Middle Chinese.
Several derivational affixes have been identified, but the language lacks inflection, indicated grammatical relationships using word order and grammatical particles. Middle Chinese was the language used during Northern and Southern dynasties and the Sui and Song dynasties, it can be divided into an early period, reflected by the Qieyun rime book, a late period in the 10th century, reflected by rhyme tables such as the Yunjing constructed by ancient Chinese philologists as a guide to the Qieyun system. These works define phonological categories, but with little hint of. Linguists have identified these sounds by comparing the categories with pronunciations in modern varieties of Chinese, borrowed Chinese words in Japanese and Korean, transcription evidence; the resulting system is complex, with a large number of consonants and vowels, but they are not all distinguished in any single dialect. Most linguists now bel
Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith
Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith is a 2005 American epic space-opera film written and directed by George Lucas. It is the sixth entry in the Star Wars film series and stars Ewan McGregor, Natalie Portman, Hayden Christensen, Ian McDiarmid, Samuel L. Jackson, Christopher Lee, Anthony Daniels, Kenny Baker, Frank Oz, it is the third and final installment in the Star Wars prequel trilogy, following The Phantom Menace and Attack of the Clones. The film begins three years after the onset of the Clone Wars; the Jedi Knights are spread across the galaxy. The Jedi Council dispatches Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi to eliminate the notorious General Grievous, the leader of the Separatist Army. Meanwhile, Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker grows close to Palpatine, the Supreme Chancellor of the Galactic Republic and, secretly, a Sith Lord known as Darth Sidious, their deepening friendship threatens the Jedi Order, the Republic, Anakin's best interest. Lucas began writing the script. Production of Revenge of the Sith started in September 2003, filming took place in Australia with additional locations in Thailand, China and the United Kingdom.
Revenge of the Sith premiered on May 15, 2005, at the Cannes Film Festival released worldwide on May 19, 2005. The film received favorable reviews from critics in contrast to the mixed reviews of the previous two prequels: praise was directed towards its action sequences, mature themes, musical score, visual effects, the performances of McGregor, McDiarmid, Oz, Jimmy Smits. Revenge of the Sith broke several box office records during its opening week and went on to earn over $848 million worldwide, making it, at the time, the third-highest-grossing film in the Star Wars franchise, unadjusted for inflation, it was the highest-grossing film in the U. S. in 2005 and the second-highest grossing film worldwide. The film holds the record for the highest opening day gross on a Thursday, making $50 million. Three years after the beginning of the Clone Wars, Jedi Master Obi-Wan Kenobi and Jedi Knight Anakin Skywalker lead a mission to rescue the kidnapped Supreme Chancellor Palpatine from the cyborg Separatist commander, General Grievous, during a space battle over Coruscant.
After infiltrating Grievous's flagship, the Jedi battle Count Dooku, whom Anakin executes at Palpatine's urging. Grievous escapes the battle-torn ship. There, Anakin reunites with Padmé Amidala, who reveals that she is pregnant. While excited, Anakin begins to have prophetic visions of Padmé dying in childbirth. Palpatine appoints Anakin to the Jedi Council as his representative and informant, but the Council declines to grant Anakin the rank of Jedi Master, orders him to spy on Palpatine, diminishing Anakin's faith in the Jedi. Palpatine tempts Anakin with his knowledge of the dark side of the Force, including the power to prevent death. Meanwhile, Obi-Wan travels to Utapau, where he kills Grievous, Yoda travels to the Wookiee homeworld of Kashyyyk to defend it from invasion. Palpatine reveals to Anakin that he is the Sith Lord Darth Sidious and that he knows how to save Padmé. Anakin reports Palpatine's treachery to Mace Windu, who confronts and subdues the Sith Lord, disfiguring his face. However, fearing that he will lose Padmé, Anakin severs Windu's hand, allowing Palpatine to cast him out the window to his death.
Anakin pledges himself to Sidious. As the Supreme Chancellor, Palpatine issues an order that causes the clone troopers to betray and kill their commanding Jedi officers. Vader kills the remaining Jedi in the temple including the child younglings travels to the volcanic planet of Mustafar to slaughter the Separatist leaders. Palpatine declares himself Emperor before the Galactic Senate, transforming the Republic into the Galactic Empire. Having survived the chaos, Obi-Wan and Yoda return to learn of Vader's betrayal. Padmé implores Vader to return to the light side. Vader sees Obi-Wan on Padmé's ship, thinking they have conspired to kill him, angrily chokes Padmé. Obi-Wan engages Vader in a lightsaber duel, after gaining the higher ground, warns his former pupil to stand down; when Vader attacks, Obi-Wan severs his legs and arm, leaving him at the bank of a lava flow burned. On Coruscant, Yoda battles Palpatine. Yoda flees with Bail Organa while Palpatine, sensing that his apprentice is in danger, travels to Mustafar.
Obi-Wan regroups with Yoda on the asteroid Polis Massa, where Padmé gives birth to a boy and girl, whom she names Luke and Leia before dying. On Mustafar, Palpatine finds Vader still alive and brings him to Coruscant, where his mutilated body is treated and covered in a black armored suit. Meanwhile, Obi-Wan and Yoda conceal the twins from the Sith. Yoda exiles himself to the planet Dagobah, while Vader and the Emperor oversee the construction of the Death Star. Bail Organa adopts Leia and takes her to Alderaan, while Obi-Wan delivers Luke to his step-family and Beru Lars, on Tatooine. Ewan McGregor as Obi-Wan Kenobi: a Jedi Master and general for the Galactic Republic Natalie Portman as Padmé Amidala: a senator of Naboo, secretly Anakin Skywalker's wife Hayden Christensen as Anakin Skywalker / Darth Vader: a Jedi Knight and hero of the Clone Wars who turns to the dark side of the Force and becomes the Sith lord Darth Vader Ian McDiarmid as Chancellor Palpatine / Darth Sidious: the Supreme Chancellor of the Galactic Republic, secretly a Sith Lord, the founder, commander
The Beautiful Country
The Beautiful Country is a 2004 drama film set in 1990. It is directed by Hans Petter Moland and starring Damien Nguyen, Nick Nolte, Bai Ling, Chau Thi Kim Xuan, Tim Roth, Anh Thu, Temuera Morrison and John Hussey; the screenplay was written by Sabina Murray. The film tells the story of Binh, a Vietnamese boy, referred to as a "bui doi". After a life of prejudice and servitude, Binh decides to leave his tiny Vietnamese village and search for his mother in Saigon. Binh finds his mother and discovers he has a younger brother and precocious Tam. Mai is employed by the cruel mistress of a great house. After getting a job at the house with his mother, Binh discovers that she is sexually harassed by Mrs. Hoa's son. While dusting with his mother, Binh lifts a red glass statue of Buddha, a precious family heirloom, to allow his mother to dust; as Binh lifts the statue to see it glow in the sun, the mistress walks in and charges Binh, calling him a thief. As Binh tries to keep the Buddha safe in his arms, the mistress slips on a wet patch of the floor, falling to her death.
Binh and his mother escape the house back to their apartment. They frantically pack the belongings of Tam, his mother gives them American money, the address of Binh's American father, passage on a boat. Binh and Tam both make it onto a boat bound for the United States, but a storm knocks them off course and instead takes them to Malaysia. Stuck in a refugee camp and Tam adapt to their new circumstances and meet Ling, a Chinese prostitute whose passage to America was detoured to Malaysia. Binh and Ling seem to develop feelings for each other, kissing after Ling sings a ballad in Mandarin and dances for him. Ling had been selling sexual favors for some time and had managed to buy herself and Tam's way out of the refugee complex and onto a barge captained by the British Captain Oh. During the voyage Binh and Tam suffer shortages of food and fresh water. A gambling game threatens the other passengers by unfairly winning their food and money. Several people succumb to the conditions, as does little Tam.
A heartbroken Binh and Ling give him a funeral at sea. The immigrants reach the United States, but are rushed into transport trucks, bound for Chinatown in New York City. Binh works at a Chinese restaurant as a delivery boy and Ling works in a Chinatown cabaret, though she still keeps prostitution as her main source of income. Ling meets a wealthy businessman to support her. Binh's feelings for Ling go unanswered. Binh sends a letter explaining Tam's death to his mother, along with all the money he had saved thus far. Binh finds out that Vietnamese children born to American fathers are allowed free airplane passage to the United States and granted citizenship. Angry because he didn't have to lose his brother, he promptly leaves his job and hitch hikes toward Houston, meeting amputee Vietnam War veterans and a Hispanic family along the way. Upon reaching the address Binh finds his father's ex-wife, his father had relocated after their divorce, working as a handyman at a ranch in Texas. Binh is confronted with his father, blinded after opening a crate filled with explosives he thought was beer during the war.
While Binh doesn't confess that he's his son, his father realizes it and the film ends with Binh and his father joking and laughing as he cuts his father's hair. Damien Nguyen as Binh Bai Ling as Ling Tim Roth as Captain Oh Nick Nolte as Snakehead Temuera Morrison as Steve The Beautiful Country grossed $878,325 around the world from a budget of $6 million. On review aggregator Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 77% based on 76 reviews, with an average rating of 6.8/10. The site's critical consensus reads, " The plight of Asian refugees is sensitively rendered, the movie builds, with the help of Nolte, to a wrenchingly poignant conclusion". On Metacritic, the film has a score of 64 out of 100, based on 23 critics, indicating "generally favorable reviews". Bui doi The Beautiful Country on IMDb The Beautiful Country at Rotten Tomatoes Review - The New York Times. Review - San Francisco Chronicle
Simplified Chinese characters
Simplified Chinese characters are standardized Chinese characters prescribed in the Table of General Standard Chinese Characters for use in mainland China. Along with traditional Chinese characters, they are one of the two standard character sets of the contemporary Chinese written language; the government of the People's Republic of China in mainland China has promoted them for use in printing since the 1950s and 1960s to encourage literacy. They are used in the People's Republic of China and Singapore. Traditional Chinese characters are used in Hong Kong and the Republic of China. While traditional characters can still be read and understood by many mainland Chinese and the Chinese community in Malaysia and Singapore, these groups retain their use of simplified characters. Overseas Chinese communities tend to use traditional characters. Simplified Chinese characters may be referred to by their official name colloquially; the latter refers to simplifications of character "structure" or "body", character forms that have existed for thousands of years alongside regular, more complicated forms.
On the other hand, the official name refers to the modern systematically simplified character set, which includes not only structural simplification but substantial reduction in the total number of standardized Chinese characters. Simplified character forms were created by reducing the number of strokes and simplifying the forms of a sizable proportion of Chinese characters; some simplifications were based on popular cursive forms embodying graphic or phonetic simplifications of the traditional forms. Some characters were simplified by applying regular rules, for example, by replacing all occurrences of a certain component with a simplified version of the component. Variant characters with the same pronunciation and identical meaning were reduced to a single standardized character the simplest amongst all variants in form. Many characters were left untouched by simplification, are thus identical between the traditional and simplified Chinese orthographies; some simplified characters are dissimilar to and unpredictably different from traditional characters in those where a component is replaced by a simple symbol.
This has led some opponents of simplification to complain that the'overall process' of character simplification is arbitrary. Proponents counter that the system of simplification is internally consistent. Proponents have emphasized a some particular simplified characters as innovative and useful improvements, although many of these have existed for centuries as longstanding and widespread variants. A second round of simplifications was promulgated in 1977, but was retracted in 1986 for a variety of reasons due to the confusion caused and the unpopularity of the second round simplifications. However, the Chinese government never dropped its goal of further simplification in the future. In August 2009, the PRC began collecting public comments for a modified list of simplified characters; the new Table of General Standard Chinese Characters consisting of 8,105 characters was implemented for use by the State Council of the People's Republic of China on June 5, 2013. Although most of the simplified Chinese characters in use today are the result of the works moderated by the government of the People's Republic of China in the 1950s and 60s, character simplification predates the PRC's formation in 1949.
Cursive written text always includes character simplification. Simplified forms used in print are attested as early as the Qin dynasty. One of the earliest proponents of character simplification was Lufei Kui, who proposed in 1909 that simplified characters should be used in education. In the years following the May Fourth Movement in 1919, many anti-imperialist Chinese intellectuals sought ways to modernise China. Traditional culture and values such as Confucianism were challenged. Soon, people in the Movement started to cite the traditional Chinese writing system as an obstacle in modernising China and therefore proposed that a reform be initiated, it was suggested that the Chinese writing system should be either simplified or abolished. Lu Xun, a renowned Chinese author in the 20th century, stated that, "If Chinese characters are not destroyed China will die". Recent commentators have claimed that Chinese characters were blamed for the economic problems in China during that time. In the 1930s and 1940s, discussions on character simplification took place within the Kuomintang government, a large number of Chinese intellectuals and writers maintained that character simplification would help boost literacy in China.
In 1935, 324 simplified characters collected by Qian Xuantong were introduced as the table of first batch of simplified characters, but they were suspended in 1936. The PRC issued its first round of official character simplifications in two documents, the first in 1956 and the second in 1964. Within the PRC, further character simplification became associated with the leftists of the Cultural Revolution, culminating with the second-round simplified characters, which were promulgated in 1977. In part due to the shock and unease felt in the wake of the Cultural Revolution and Mao's death, the second-round of simplifications was poorly received. In 1986 the authorities retracted the second round completely. In the same year, the authorities promulgated a final list of simplifications, identical to the 1964 list except for six changes (including the restoration of three characters, simplified in the First Round: 叠, 覆, 像.
Chen Jingrun was a Chinese mathematician who made significant contributions to number theory. Chen was the third son in a large family from Fuzhou, China, his father was a postal worker. Chen Jingrun graduated from the Mathematics Department of Xiamen University in 1953, his advisor at the Chinese Academy of Sciences was Hua Luogeng. His work on the twin prime conjecture, Waring's problem, Goldbach's conjecture and Legendre's conjecture led to progress in analytic number theory. In a 1966 paper he proved what is now called Chen's theorem: every sufficiently large number can be written as the sum of a prime and a semiprime – e.g. 100 = 23 + 7·11. The Asteroid 7681 Chenjingrun was named after him. In 1999, China issued an 80-cent postage stamp, titled The Best Result of Goldbach Conjecture, with a silhouette of Chen and the inequality: P x ≥ 0.67 x C x 2. Several statues in China have been built in memory of Chen. At Xiamen University, the names of Chen and four other mathematicians — Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet, Matti Jutila, Yuri Linnik, Pan Chengdong — are inscribed in the marble slab behind Chen's statue.
J.-R. Chen, On the representation of a large integer as the sum of a prime and a product of at most two primes, Sci. Sinica 16, 157–176. Chen, J. R, "On the representation of a large integer as the sum of a prime and the product of at most two primes". J. Kexue Tongbao 17, 385–386. Chen prime Chen's theorem Pan Chengdong and Wang Yuan, Chen Jingrun: a brief outline of his life and works, Acta Math. Sinica 12 225–233. Chen Jingrun at the Mathematics Genealogy Project Chen's home page at the Chinese Institute of Mathematics. A Chinese stamp from 1999 commemorating Chen
Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards
The Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards is a film festival and awards ceremony held annually in the Republic of China. It was founded in 1962 by the Government Information Office of the Republic of China; the awards ceremony is held in November or December in Taipei, though the venue has been shifted around the island in recent times. Since 1990, the festival and awards was organized and funded by the Motion Picture Development Foundation R. O. C, it set up the Taipei Golden Horse Film Festival Executive Committee. The Committee consists of nine to fifteen film scholars and film scholars on the executive board, which includes the Chairman and CEO. Under the Committee, there are five different departments: the administration department for internal administrative affairs, guest hospitality and cross-industry collaboration; the awards ceremony is Taiwan’s equivalent to the Academy Awards. The awards are contested by Chinese-language submissions from Taiwan, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China and elsewhere.
It is one of the four major Chinese-language film awards, along with Hong Kong Film Award, Golden Rooster Awards and Hundred Flowers Awards one of the most prestigious film awards and among the most respected in Chinese-speaking world. It is one of the major annual awards presented in Taiwan along with Golden Bell Awards for television production and Golden Melody Awards for music; the Golden Horse awards ceremony is held after a month-long festival showcasing some of the nominated feature films for the awards. A substantial number of the film winners in the history of the awards have been Hong Kong productions. Submission period are around July to August each year and nominations are announced around October with the ceremony held in November or December. Although it has been held once a year. Winners are selected by a jury of judges and awarded a Golden Horse statuette during the broadcast ceremony. In May 1962, the Government Information Office of the Republic of China enacted the "Mandarin Film Award Regulation of Year 1962" to found the Golden Horse Awards.
The name Golden Horse comes from the islands of Matsu, which are under ROC control. The awards ceremony was established to boost the industry of making Chinese films, award the good Chinese movies and good moviemakers, it is one of the most honorable awards in the movie industry in Asia. It has been helping the development of movies in Chinese as it provides great support and encouragement to the filmmakers. Moreover, it intends to introduce excellent films to Taiwanese audience from around the world to stimulate exchange of ideas and inspire creativity; the awards ceremony does not only pay attention to commercial movies but the artistic ones and documentaries. This move generate some critiques from the society because they believe that it cannot help much with the Taiwanese commercial movie industry. However, the awards ceremony plays a significant role in helping the movie industry and drawing more people’s attention to Chinese-language movies. Under current regulations, any film made in Chinese is eligible for competition.
Since 1996, a liberalization act allows for films from mainland China to enter the Awards. Mainland artists or films have won several times, such as Jiang Wen's In the Heat of the Sun in 1996, Best Actor for Xia Yu in 1996, Joan Chen's Xiu Xiu: The Sent Down Girl in 1999, Best Actress for Qin Hailu in 2001 and Lu Chuan's Kekexili: Mountain Patrol in 2004. For the first fourteen award ceremonies, there were no regular hosts for the ceremony. Hosts began since the fifteenth ceremony. Since there are two hosts every year, sometimes with a combination of one host from Hong Kong and the other from Taiwan. A significant number of celebrities have hosted the ceremony, such as Jackie Chan, Eric Tsang, Kevin Tsai and Dee Hsu. In 2012, Bowie Tsang and Huang Bo were the hosts and Huang Bo became the first host from Mainland China in the history of the Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards. Hong Kong actor Tony Leung Chiu-wai has won the most Best Leading Actor awards, he won this award in the 31st, 40th and 41st awards ceremony with Chungking Express, Infernal Affairs, Lust, Caution.
He holds the record for actor with most nominations in the Best Actor category with 7 times. Hong Kong actress Maggie Cheung won the most Best Leading Actress awards, she won this award in the 26th, 28th, 34th and 37th awards ceremony with Full Moon in New York, Center Stage, Comrades: Almost a Love Story, In the Mood for Love. In 2009, at the 46th awards ceremony, for the first time, two winners were jointly awarded Best Actor: Hong Kong actor Nick Cheung and Chinese actor Huang Bo. In 2006, at the 43rd awards ceremony, 9-year-old actor Ian Gouw was crowned Best Supporting Actor for his performance in After This Our Exile, he became the youngest winner in the history of the awards. Taiwanese actress Loretta Yang was named Best Leading Actress in the 22nd awards ceremony, she is the first actress. Hong Kong actor Jackie Chan took the Best Leading Actor aw
People is an American weekly magazine of celebrity and human-interest stories, published by Time Inc. a subsidiary of the Meredith Corporation. With a readership of 46.6 million adults, People has the largest audience of any American magazine. People had $997 million in advertising revenue in 2011, the highest advertising revenue of any American magazine. In 2006, it had revenue expected to top $1.5 billion. It was named "Magazine of the Year" by Advertising Age in October 2005, for excellence in editorial and advertising. People ranked number 6 on Advertising Age's annual "A-list" and number 3 on Adweek's "Brand Blazers" list in October 2006; the magazine runs a 50/50 mix of celebrity and human-interest articles. People's editors claim to refrain from printing pure celebrity gossip, enough to lead celebrity publicists to propose exclusives to the magazine, evidence of what one staffer calls a "publicist-friendly strategy". People's website, People.com, focuses on celebrity news and human interest stories.
In February 2015, the website broke a new record: 72 million unique visitors. People is best known for its yearly special issues naming the "World's Most Beautiful", "Best & Worst Dressed", "Sexiest Man Alive"; the magazine's headquarters are in New York, it maintains editorial bureaus in Los Angeles and in London. For economic reasons, it closed bureaus in Austin and Chicago in 2006; the concept for People has been attributed to Andrew Heiskell, Time Inc.'s chief executive officer at the time and the former publisher of the weekly Life magazine. The founding managing editor of People was Richard B. Stolley, a former assistant managing editor at Life and the journalist who acquired the Zapruder tapes of the John F. Kennedy assassination for Time Inc. in 1963. People's first publisher was another Time Inc. veteran. Stolley characterized the magazine as "getting back to the people who are causing the news and who are caught up in it, or deserve to be in it. Our focus is on people, not issues." Stolley's religious determination to keep the magazine people-focused contributed to its rapid early success.
It is said that although Time Inc. pumped an estimated $40 million into the venture, the magazine only broke 18 months after its debut in March 1974. The magazine was sold on newsstands and in supermarkets. To get the magazine out each week, founding staff members slept on the floor of their offices two or three nights each week and limited all non-essential outside engagements; the premier edition for the week ending March 4, 1974 featured actress Mia Farrow starring in the film The Great Gatsby, on the cover. That issue featured stories on Gloria Vanderbilt, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn and the wives of U. S. Vietnam veterans; the magazine was, apart from its cover, printed in black-and-white. The initial cover price was 35 cents; the core of the small founding editorial team included other editors, writers and photo editors from Life magazine, which had ceased publication just 13 months earlier. This group included managing editor Stolley, senior editors Hal Wingo, Sam Angeloff and Robert Emmett Ginna.
Many of the noteworthy Life photographers contributed to the magazine as well, including legends Alfred Eisenstaedt and Gjon Mili and rising stars Co Rentmeester, David Burnett and Bill Eppridge. Other members of the first editorial staff included editors and writers: Ross Drake, Ralph Novak, Bina Bernard, James Jerome, Sally Moore, Mary Vespa, Lee Wohlfert, Joy Wansley, Curt Davis, Clare Crawford-Mason, Jed Horne an editor of The Times-Picayune in New Orleans. In 1996, Time Inc. launched a Spanish-language magazine entitled People en Español. The company has said that the new publication emerged after a 1995 issue of the original magazine was distributed with two distinct covers, one featuring the murdered Tejano singer Selena and the other featuring the hit television series Friends. Although the original idea was that Spanish-language translations of articles from the English magazine would comprise half the content, People en Español over time came to have original content. In 2002, People introduced People Stylewatch, a title focusing on celebrity style and beauty – a newsstand extension of its Stylewatch column.
Due to its success, the frequency of People Stylewatch was increased to 10 times per year in 2007. In spring 2017, People Stylewatch was rebranded as PeopleStyle. In late 2017, it was announced that there would no longer be a print version of PeopleStyle and it would be a digital-only publication. In Australia, the localized version of People is titled Who because of a pre-existing lad's mag published under the title People; the international edition of People has been published in Greece since 2010. On July 26, 2013, Outlook Group announced that it was closing down the Indian edition of People, which began publication in 2008. In September 2016, in collaboration with Entertainment Weekly, People launched the People/Entertainment Weekly Network; the network is "a free, a