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Bakerloo line

The Bakerloo line is a London Underground line that runs between Harrow & Wealdstone in suburban north-west London and Elephant & Castle in south London, via the West End. Coloured brown on the Tube map, it serves 25 stations, of which 15 are below ground, over 14.4 miles. It runs on the surface and at deep level; the line was so named because it serves Waterloo. North of Queen's Park, the line shares tracks with the London Overground Watford DC Line and runs parallel to the West Coast Main Line. There are, tunnels on either side of Kensal Green. Opened between 1906 and 1915, many of its stations retain elements of their design to a common standard, the stations below ground using Art Nouveau decorative tiling by Leslie Green and the above-ground stations built in red brick with stone detailing in an Arts & Crafts style, it is the ninth busiest line on the network, carrying over 111 million passengers annually. For a detailed history of the line, see Baker Street and Waterloo Railway; the route had its origins in the failed projects of the pneumatic 1865 Waterloo and Whitehall Railway and the 1882 Charing Cross and Waterloo Electric Railway.

Called the Baker Street & Waterloo Railway, the line was constructed by the Underground Electric Railways Company of London and opened between Baker Street and Lambeth North on 10 March 1906. It was extended to Elephant & Castle five months on 5 August; the contraction of the name to "Bakerloo" caught on, the official name was changed to match in July 1906. When work on the line started in June 1898, it had been financed by the mining entrepreneur and company promoter Whitaker Wright, who fell foul of the law over the financial proceedings involved and committed suicide at the Royal Courts of Justice, after being convicted in 1904; as a result, work on the line was stopped for a few months and did not resume until Charles Yerkes and UERL stepped in and took over the project. By 1913, the line had been extended from its original northern terminus at Baker Street to the west with interchange stations with the Great Central Railway at Marylebone and the Great Western Railway at Paddington, a new station at Edgware Road.

In 1915 the line was extended to Queen's Park, where it joined the LNWR's Euston-Watford DC line to Watford Junction. Bakerloo services to Watford Junction were reduced in the 1960s and cut back in 1982 to Stonebridge Park. Services as far as Harrow & Wealdstone were restored from 1984, in 1989 the present all-day service was instituted. By the mid-1930s, the Metropolitan line was suffering from congestion caused by the limited capacity of its tracks between Baker Street and Finchley Road stations. To relieve this pressure, the network-wide New Works Programme, 1935-1940 included the construction of new sections of tunnel between the Bakerloo line's platforms at Baker Street and Finchley Road and the replacement of three Metropolitan line stations between those points with two new Bakerloo stations; the Bakerloo line took over the Metropolitan line's service to Stanmore on 20 November 1939. The branch remained part of the Bakerloo line until 1 May 1979, when similar congestion problems for the Bakerloo line caused by two branches converging at Baker Street led to the opening of the Jubilee line created by connecting the Stanmore branch to new tunnels bored between Baker Street and Charing Cross.

When the Bakerloo line was extended to Watford in 1915, it acquired an interchange at Harrow & Wealdstone with another route to Stanmore, the Stanmore branch line. This branch line was terminated at a separate Stanmore station, it was closed in 1964 due to the success of the rival Metropolitan/Bakerloo Underground line to Stanmore. An extension at the southern end of the line to Camberwell and Denmark Hill was proposed and approved in 1931 as part of the London Electric Metropolitan District and Central London Railway Companies Act, 1931. In April 1937, the estimated cost of the proposed extension was £5,000,000 and the London Passenger Transport Board announced that, due to rising materials prices, the extension had been postponed until the Board's finances improved. Apart from the extension of the sidings south of Elephant & Castle, no work on the extension took place before the Second World War, but the powers were renewed by the government in 1947 under the Special Enactments Act, 1940.

A projected extension as far as Camberwell was shown on a 1949 edition of the Underground map but no further work was done. The train describers at Warwick Avenue station showed Camberwell as a destination until the 1990s. One oddity is that from its opening until 1917, the Bakerloo operated with the polarity of the conductor rails reversed, the outside rail negative and the centre rail positive; this came about. On the Bakerloo, the outside conductor rail tended to leak to the tunnel wall, whereas on the District Railway, the centre rail shared a similar problem; the solution was to reverse the polarity on the Bakerloo line, so that the negative rail leaked on both systems. In 1917, the two lines were separated when the LNWR began its'New Line' service between Euston and Watford Junction, which the Bakerloo would share north of Queens Park; as a result, normal operation was restored. The line celebrated its centenary on 10 March 2006. Over the next few years the northern section of the line may again see changes foll

2018 German Masters

The 2018 D88 German Masters was a professional ranking snooker tournament, that took place from 31 January to 4 February 2018 in Berlin, Germany. It was the thirteenth ranking event of the 2017/2018 season. Anthony Hamilton was the defending champion. Mark Williams won his 20th professional ranking title and his second of the season, defeating Graeme Dott 9–1 in the final; the breakdown of prize money for this year is shown below: The "rolling 147 prize" for a maximum break stood at £5,000. These matches were played between 19 and 22 December 2017 at the Barnsley Metrodome in Barnsley, England. All matches. Ali Carter was a 2017 German Masters finalist. Total: 27 Total: 52

North Branford, Connecticut

North Branford is a town in New Haven County, United States. The population was 14,407 at the 2010 census; the town is known for agriculture and for other points of interest including Lake Gaillard and Northford Ice Pavilion. Wallingford and North Haven border it to the north- East Haven to the west, Guilford to the east, Branford to the south; the town has the neighborhoods of Totoket, Wood Chase, Sea Hill, Twin Lakes, Ashley Park, Doral Farms. This early mill and farming community incorporated from Branford in 1831; the year prior, Maltby Fowler had opened a button-making shop. Its success along with the inventiveness of his six sons—who devised a range of machines to produce such things as screws, embossed silk and horseshoe nails—saw the rise of new manufactures along the town’s Farm River. By the early 1900s, North Branford’s abundant supply of trap rock, a material used for making roadways, made quarrying a growth industry. Today, the town’s manufacturing sector is concentrated in electronics and electronic components.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 26.6 square miles, of which 24.9 square miles is land and 1.7 square miles is water. Neighboring towns are Wallingford and Durham to the north, Guilford to the east, Branford to the south, North Haven and East Haven to the west. Much of the town's acreage is dominated by Totoket Mountain, part of the Metacomet Ridge, a mountainous trap rock ridgeline that stretches from Long Island Sound to the Vermont border; the north side of Saltonstall Mountain is located in North Branford. Totoket Mountain contains Lake Gaillard, a reservoir, formed in 1926, managed by the South Central Connecticut Regional Water Authority; the SCCRWA maintains a network of hiking trails on Totoket Mountain in the Big Gulph area of Northford. The SCCRWA is said to own one-third of the town's area. Totoket Mountain, 720 feet high, is the highest point of the town in the Northford neighborhood; as of the census of 2000, there were 13,906 people, 5,132 households, 3,869 families residing in the town.

The population density was 558.0 people per square mile. There were 5,246 housing units at an average density of 210.5/sq. Mi.. The racial makeup of the town was 96.50% White, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.80% of the population, 1.19% African American, 0.92% Asian, 0.84% from two or more races, 0.06% Native American, 0.02% Pacific Islander. There were 5,132 households, of which 35.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 64.2% were married couples living together, 8.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 24.6% were nonfamilies. 20.5% of all households were made up of individuals, 10.2% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70, the average family size was 3.15. In the town, the population was spread out, with 25.6% under the age of 18, 5.7% from 18 to 24, 29.5% from 25 to 44, 25.5% from 45 to 64, 13.7% who were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females, there were 94.2 males. The median income for a household in the town was $64,438, the median income for a family was $71,813.

Males had a median income of $46,852 versus $33,469 for females. The per capita income for the town was $28,542. About 1.2% of families and 1.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 0.9% of those under age 18 and 3.7% of those age 65 or over. The Totoket, an Algonkian speaking native tribe, lived in the North Branford area; the high school in town is North Branford High School. The middle school is North Branford Intermediate School, their teams are known as the North Branford Thunderbirds. There are Jerome Harrison and Totoket Valley. In mid- 2010, the decision was made to rearrange grades and close the Stanley T. Williams elementary school in Northford. Headquartered in town is the Totoket Historical Society, Inc. Founded in 1958 as the Northford Historical Institute, the society runs four historic buildings in town: the Reynolds Beers House, the Miller Barn, the "Little White Gas Station", the Little Red Schoolhouse. THS has a collection of local historical artifacts; the Society's vast collection includes items such as historical photographs, business documents and ledgers, documents relating to land transfer and the incorporation of the town, as well as many more assorted documents.

In the Miller Barn is a collection of vintage farm equipment. The Reynolds-Beers House is open and other Society buildings are opened to the public on predetermined dates or by appointment. Branford Steam Railroad, a steam-powered freight railroad in town, utilized by Tilcon for the transportation of its products to shoreline barges. Northford Ice Pavilion Lake Gaillard Northford Center Historic District added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2002 North Branford contains many commercial offices, such as Tilcon, Fire-Lite Alarms, many more businesses located on major roads in North Branford and Northford. Charlotte Fowler Baldwin, American missionary in Hawaii Adam Erne, NHL player for the Detroit Red Wings Paul F. Zukunft, Commandant of the United States Coast Guard Town of North Branford official website Totoket Historical Society Grown in