States and union territories of India
India is a federal union comprising 29 states and 7 union territories, for a total of 36 entities. The states and union territories are further subdivided into districts and smaller administrative divisions; the Constitution of India distributes the sovereign executive and legislative powers exercisable with respect to the territory of any State between the Union and that State. The Indian subcontinent has been ruled by many different ethnic groups throughout its history, each instituting their own policies of administrative division in the region. During the British Raj, the original administrative structure was kept, India was divided into provinces that were directly governed by the British and princely states which were nominally controlled by a local prince or raja loyal to the British Empire, which held de facto sovereignty over the princely states. Between 1947 and 1950 the territories of the princely states were politically integrated into the Indian Union. Most were merged into existing provinces.
The new Constitution of India, which came into force on 26 January 1950, made India a sovereign democratic republic. The new republic was declared to be a "Union of States"; the constitution of 1950 distinguished between three main types of states: Part A states, which were the former governors' provinces of British India, were ruled by an elected governor and state legislature. The nine Part A states were Assam, Bombay, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal; the eight Part B states were former princely states or groups of princely states, governed by a rajpramukh, the ruler of a constituent state, an elected legislature. The rajpramukh was appointed by the President of India; the Part B states were Hyderabad and Kashmir, Madhya Bharat, Mysore and East Punjab States Union, Rajasthan and Travancore-Cochin. The ten Part C states included both the former chief commissioners' provinces and some princely states, each was governed by a chief commissioner appointed by the President of India.
The Part C states were Ajmer, Bilaspur, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur and Vindhya Pradesh. The only Part D state was the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, which were administered by a lieutenant governor appointed by the central government; the Union Territory of Puducherry was created in 1954 comprising the previous French enclaves of Pondichéry, Karaikal and Mahé. Andhra State was created on 1 October 1953 from the Telugu-speaking northern districts of Madras State; the States Reorganisation Act of 1956 reorganised the states based on linguistic lines resulting in the creation of the new states. As a result of this act, Madras State retained its name with Kanyakumari district added to form Travancore-Cochin. Andhra Pradesh was created with the merger of Andhra State with the Telugu-speaking districts of Hyderabad State in 1956. Kerala was created with the merger of Malabar district and the Kasaragod taluk of South Canara districts of Madras State with Travancore-Cochin. Mysore State was re-organized with the addition of districts of Bellary and South Canara and the Kollegal taluk of Coimbatore district from the Madras State, the districts of Belgaum, North Canara and Dharwad from Bombay State, the Kannada-majority districts of Bidar and Gulbarga from Hyderabad State and the province of Coorg.
The Laccadive Islands which were divided between South Canara and Malabar districts of Madras State were united and organised into the union territory of Lakshadweep. Bombay State was enlarged by the addition of Saurashtra State and Kutch State, the Marathi-speaking districts of Nagpur Division of Madhya Pradesh and Marathwada region of Hyderabad State. Rajasthan and Punjab gained territories from Ajmer and Patiala and East Punjab States Union and certain territories of Bihar was transferred to West Bengal. Bombay State was split into the linguistic states of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960 by the Bombay Reorganisation Act. Nagaland was formed on 1 December 1963; the Punjab Reorganisation Act of 1966 resulted in the creation of Haryana on 1 November and the transfer of the northern districts of Punjab to Himachal Pradesh. The act designated Chandigarh as a union territory and the shared capital of Punjab and Haryana. Madras state was renamed Tamil Nadu in 1968. North-eastern states of Manipur and Tripura were formed on 21 January 1972.
Mysore State was renamed as Karnataka in 1973. On 16 May 1975, Sikkim became the 22nd state of the Indian Union and the state's monarchy was abolished. In 1987, Arunachal Pradesh and Mizoram became states on 20 February, followed by Goa on 30 May, while Goa's northern exclaves of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli became separate union territories. In November 2000, three new states were created. Orissa was renamed as Odisha in 2011. Telangana was created on 2 June 2014 as ten former districts of north-western Andhra Pradesh. ^Note 1 Andhra Pradesh was divided into two states, Telangana and a residual Andhra Pradesh on 2 June 2014. Hyderabad, located within the borders of Telangana, is to serve as the capital for both states for a period of time not exceeding ten years; the Go
Suri is a city and a municipality in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the headquarters of the Birbhum district. Suri is located at 23.9167°N 87.5333°E / 23.9167. It has an average elevation of 71 metres, it is situated on the extended part of Chotanagpur Plateau. Tilpara barrage on Mayurakshi river is located 3 km north-west of Siuri. Prior to the advent of the British in India and their acquisition of the territory of Bengal, Suri was but a small village. Yet, the British colonists preferred to choose Suri as the district headquarters of Birbhum owing to convenience of transport and communication. Suri was well-connected to many places via road, however, it is not possible to tell about the conditions of those roads clearly; these roads can be traced in James Rennel's map of the'Jungleterry District'. After the defeat of Siraj ud-Daulah, the Nawab of Bengal, the British placed many puppet-kings in his place; when Mir Quasim was the Nawab, he ordered all the zamindars to pay more revenue. At this, the ruler of Rajnagar, Asad Jama Khan disagreed.
In December 1760, the army of the Nawab and the British marched together to attack Birbhum. Asad Jama Khan got prepared with a cavalry of about 5,000 soldiers, an infantry of nearly 20,000. In the battle, Asad Jama Khan was defeated and his zamindari was snatched, he took shelter amidst the dense woods of Chotanagpur. There he had a clandestine meeting with a Maratha army general and Shivabhatta joined him with a cavalry of two to three thousand soldiers as well as a large infantry. Another battle was fought near Kariddhya in 1763. Thus, the British got the control of Suri. During the early years of the British rule and Birbhum was administered from Murshidabad. A new district was formed joining Birbhum and Bishnupur, Suri was made the headquarters. During this time, British officials used the name' Hydrabad', the name Suri was used, but only later. G. R. Foley was the first District Collector of Birbhum, he was appointed in 1786. J. Sherburne became the collector and after him, Christopher Keating became the collector.
Suri Municipality started functioning from 1876. The population of Suri was no more than 7,000; the first Chairman of the municipality was A. A. Owen. Rail transport arrived in Suri in 1859; the chief industries of Suri include rice milling and silk weaving, furniture manufacture. In March 2008, a private Kolkata-based firm, Ramsarup Group, unveiled a proposal for large-scale investment in a greenfield power plant and cement manufacturing plant worth Rs 2200 crores was submitted to the Government of West Bengal. Bakreshwar Thermal Power Plant is around 12 kilometres away from Suri town. According to 1991 census Suri had a population of 54,298; as of 2001 census Suri had a population of 61,806. As of 2011 census Suri had a population of 111,377. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Suri has an average literacy rate of 74%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 79%, female literacy is 68%. In Suri, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. According to the 2011 census, the Sex Ratio in Suri is 963, higher than the national average 940.
The overall literacy rate is 86.95% with the male literacy rate being 90.83% and the female literacy rate being 82.92%. The Scheduled Castes population constitutes 18.95% of the total population of Suri Municipality while the Scheduled Tribes population constitutes 0.92% of that. Suri is 220 km from State capital Kolkata, 90 km from Durgapur, 34 km from Bolpur, Santiniketan, 55 km from Andal and 19 km from Sainthia on the Andal-Sainthia Branch Line of Eastern Railway, it is on Panagarh–Morgram Highway.. Suri connects to Ahmadpur station via Purandarpur, Kondaipur Village. Transport system depends on Govt. Bus Service & Private Bus service; the town is well connected to major towns like - Kolkata, Asansol, Medinipur, Burdwan, English Bazar, Siliguri, etc. through roadway. Suri is a model Railway Station. From Suri Railway Station, there are few trains to go to Howrah, like the Hool Express, Mayurakshi Fast Passenger, Siuri-Howrah, etc. Principal language of communication is Bengali and English. Colleges in Suri include Birbhum Mahavidyalaya and Suri Vidyasagar College, both affiliated to the University of Burdwan.
Birbhum Institute of Engineering & Technology and Sri Ramakrishna Shilpa Vidyapith known as "L. C. College" provide technical education. Another 2 Diploma Technical Colleges at Tasarkanta and Bandhersole, Suri. 5D. ED. Colleges and 5 B. ED. Colleges situated at Suri. Total 18 Higher Secondary Schools including a West Bengal Govt. School 4 C. B. S. E. Senior Secondary Schools namely K. E. Karmel, JNV, KENDRIYA VIDYALAYA and UP PUBLIC SCHOOL. One W. B. B. S. E. English Medium school-St. Andrews; the Albatross Public School follows CBSE curriculum and allows Cambridge International Examination. The Levelfield School has joined the list of private schools offering higher secondary education. Suri Vidyasagar College was established on 9 March 1942, as a branch of Calcutta Vidyasagar College, it came under the University of Burdwan. Many great personalities, such as the President of India, Shri Pranab Mukherjee and the former Prime Minister of Nepal, Dr. Tulsi Giri studied here; some notable schools of Suri are Birbhum Zilla School, R.
T. Girls' High School (established-1884 as River Thompson Girls' High School renamed as Rabi
Lakshmi or Laxmi, is the Hindu goddess of wealth and prosperity. She is the wife and shakti of Vishnu, one of the principal deities of Hinduism and the Supreme Being in the Vaishnavism Tradition. With Parvati and Saraswati, she forms the holy trinity. Lakshmi is an important deity in Jainism and found in Jain temples. Lakshmi has been a goddess of abundance and fortune for Buddhists, was represented on the oldest surviving stupas and cave temples of Buddhism. In Buddhist sects of Tibet and southeast Asia, goddess Vasudhara mirrors the characteristics and attributes of the Hindu goddess Lakshmi with minor iconographic differences. Lakshmi is called Sri or Thirumagal because she is endowed with six auspicious and divine qualities, or gunas, is the divine strength of Vishnu. In Hindu religion, she was born from the churning of the primordial ocean and she chose Vishnu as her eternal consort; when Vishnu descended on the Earth as the avatars Rama and Krishna, Lakshmi descended as his respective consort as Sita and Rukmini.
In the ancient scriptures of India, all women are declared to be embodiments of Lakshmi. The marriage and relationship between Lakshmi and Vishnu as wife and husband is the paradigm for rituals and ceremonies for the bride and groom in Hindu weddings. Lakshmi is considered another aspect of the same supreme goddess principle in the Shaktism tradition of Hinduism. Lakshmi is depicted in Indian art as an elegantly dressed, prosperity-showering golden-coloured woman with an owl as her vehicle, signifying the importance of economic activity in maintenance of life, her ability to move and prevail in confusing darkness, she stands or sits like a yogin on a lotus pedestal and holds lotus in her hand, a symbolism for fortune, self-knowledge and spiritual liberation. Her iconography shows her with four hands, which represent the four goals of human life considered important to the Hindu way of life: dharma, kāma, artha and moksha, she is depicted as part of the trinity consisting of Saraswati and Parvati.
Archaeological discoveries and ancient coins suggest the recognition and reverence for Lakshmi by the 1st millennium BCE. Lakshmi's iconography and statues have been found in Hindu temples throughout southeast Asia, estimated to be from the second half of the 1st millennium CE; the festivals of Diwali and Sharad Purnima are celebrated in her honor. Lakshmi is one of many Hindu deities whose meaning and significance evolved in ancient Sanskrit texts. Lakshmi is mentioned once in Rigveda, where it means kindred sign of auspicious fortune. भद्रैषां लक्ष्मीर्निहिताधि वाचिbhadraiṣāṁ lakṣmīrnihitādhi vāci"an auspicious fortune is attached to their words" In Atharvaveda, transcribed about 1000 BCE, Lakshmi evolves into a complex concept with plural manifestations. Book 7, Chapter 115 of Atharva Veda describes the plurality, asserting that a hundred Lakshmis are born with the body of a mortal at birth, some good and auspicious, while others bad and unfortunate; the good are welcomed. The concept and spirit of Lakshmi and her association with fortune and the good is significant enough that Atharva Veda mentions it in multiple books: for example, in Book 12, Chapter 5 as punya Lakshmi.
In some chapters of Atharva Veda, Lakshmi connotes the good, an auspicious sign, good luck, good fortune, prosperity and happiness. Lakshmi is referred to as the goddess of fortune, identified with Sri and regarded as wife of Viṣṇu. For example, in Shatapatha Brahmana, variously estimated to be composed between 800 BCE and 300 BCE, Sri is part of one of many theories, in ancient India, about the creation of universe. In Book 9 of Shatapatha Brahmana, Sri emerges from Prajapati, after his intense meditation on creation of life and nature of universe. Sri is described as a trembling woman at her birth with immense energy and powers; the gods were bewitched, desire her and become covetous of her. The gods approach Prajapati and request permission to kill her and take her powers and gifts. Prajapati refuses, tells the gods that males should not kill females and that they can seek her gifts without violence; the gods approach Lakshmi, deity Agni gets food, Soma gets kingly authority, Varuna gets imperial authority, Mitra acquires martial energy, Indra gets force, Brihaspati gets priestly authority, Savitri acquires dominion, Pushan gets splendour, Saraswati takes nourishment and Tvashtri gets forms.
The hymns of Shatapatha Brahmana thus describe Sri as a goddess born with and personifying a diverse range of talents and powers. According to another legend, she emerges during the creation of universe, floating over the water on the expanded petals of a lotus flower. In the Epics of Hinduism, such as in Mahabharata, Lakshmi personifies wealth, happiness, grace and splendour. In another Hindu legend, about the creation of universe as described in Ramayana, Lakshmi springs with other precious things from the foam of the ocean of milk when it is churned by the gods and demons for the recovery of Amṛta, she appeared with a lotus in her hand and so she is called Padmā. Root of the wordLakshmi in Sanskrit is derived from the root word lakṣ and lakṣa, meaning to perceive, know and goal, objective respectively; these roots give Lakshmi the symbolism: know and understand
Dubrajpur is a city and a municipality in Suri Sadar subdivision of Birbhum district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Dubrajpur is located at 23.8°N 87.38°E / 23.8. It has an average elevation of 77 metres. Near Dubrajpur town there is a hill named Mama Bhagne. A large number of large sized rocks are found in the area. Two remarkable of these rocks are known as Bhagne. Now, the entire area is known as Mama Bhagne. Mama Bhagne pahar is now a tourist spot; as of 2001 India census, Dubrajpur had a population of 32,752. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Dubrajpur has an average literacy rate of 56%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 65% and, female literacy is 46%. In Dubrajpur, 14% of the population is under 6 years of age, it is believed that when Rama decided to attack Ravana, he found it necessary to throw a bridge across the straits for the conveyance of his troops, he drove in his aerial chariot to the Himalayas, picked up what stones he needed and drove back.
As he was passing Dubrajpur his horses took fright and tilted up the chariot and so some stones fell out. These are the stones at Mama Bhagne. There is another legend to the effect that they were collected by Viswakarma, at the command of Shiva, to erect in one night a second Kasi; when he collected the rocks and was about to commence work, day dawned, so he left
The State Legislative Assembly is the lower house of a state legislature in the States and Union Territories of India. In the 29 states and 2 union territories with unicameral state legislature it is the sole legislative house. In 7 states it is the lowest house of their bicameral state legislatures with the upper house being Vidhan Parishad or the State Legislative Council. 5 Union Territories have no legislative body. Each Member of the Legislative Assembly is directly elected to serve 5 year terms by single-member constituencies. In 14 states the Governor of a state may appoint one Anglo-Indian MLA to their respective states Assemblies, in accordance with the 23rd Amendment of the Constitution of India; the Constitution of India states that a State Legislative Assembly must have no less than 60 and no more than 500 members however an exception may be granted via an Act of Parliament as is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim and the union territory of Puducherry which have fewer than 60 members.
A Vidhan Sabha may be dissolved in a state of emergency, by the Governor on request of the Chief Minister, or if a motion of no confidence is passed against the majority coalition. To become a member of a State Legislative Assembly, a person must be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age, he or she should not be bankrupt. He or she should state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him or her. Speaker of State Legislative Assembly, responsible for the conduct of business of the body, a Deputy Speaker to preside during the Speaker's absence; the Speaker manages all debates and discussions in the house. He or she is a member of the stronger political party A State Legislative Assembly holds equal legislative power with the upper house of state legislature, the State Legislative Council, except in the area of money bills in which case the State Legislative Assembly has the ultimate authority. A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the State Legislative Assembly.
If it is passed by a majority vote the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers must collectively resign. A money bill can only be introduced in State Legislative Assembly. In bicameral jurisdictions, after it is passed in the State Legislative Assembly, it is sent to the Vidhan Parishad, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days. In matters related to ordinary bills, the will of Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months. † – In these fourteen legislative assemblies, one seat is reserved for the nominated Anglo-Indian member. ‡ – In Jammu and Kashmir Legislative Assembly, two seats are reserved for the nominated women members. # – In Puducherry Legislative Assembly, three seats are reserved for the nominated members by the Union Government of India. Legislative assembly Legislative council State governments of India State Assembly elections in India Politics of India Legislative Bodies in India website Assembly constituency level publications website Laws of India website to download laws made by different states Punjab State Legislative Assembly Election Results 2012
Shakti is the primordial cosmic energy and represents the dynamic forces that are thought to move through the entire universe in Hinduism and Shaktism. Shakti is the concept or personification of divine feminine creative power, sometimes referred to as "The Great Divine Mother" in Hinduism; as a mother, she is known as "Adi Shakti" or "Adi Parashakti". On the earthly plane, Shakti most manifests herself through female embodiment and creativity/fertility, though it is present in males in its potential, unmanifest form. Hindus believe that Shakti is both responsible for the agent of all change. Shakti is cosmic existence as well as liberation, its most significant form being the Kundalini Shakti, a mysterious psychospiritual force. In Shaktism, Shakti is worshipped as the Supreme Being. Shakti embodies the active feminine energy of Shiva and is synonymously identified with Tripura Sundari or Parvati. David Kinsley mentions the "shakti" of Lord Indra's as Sachi. Indrani is part of a group of seven or eight mother goddesses called the Matrikas, who are considered shaktis of major Hindu gods.
The Shakti goddess is known as Amma in south India in the states of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. There are many temples devoted to various incarnations of the Shakti goddess in most of the villages in South India; the rural people believe that Shakti is the protector of the village, the punisher of evil people, the curer of diseases, the one who gives welfare to the village. They celebrate Shakti Jataras with great interest once a year; some examples of Shakti incarnations are Mahalakshmi, Parvati, Bhuvaneshwari, Meenakshi, Yellamma and Perantalamma. One of the oldest representations of the goddess in India is in a triangular form; the Baghor stone, found in a Paleolithic context in the Son River valley and dating to 9,000–8,000 years BCE, is considered an early example of a yantra. Kenoyer, part of the team that excavated the stone, considered that it was probable that the stone is associated with Shakti. Shaktism regards Devi as the Supreme Brahman itself with all other forms of divinity considered to be Her diverse manifestations.
In the details of its philosophy and practice, Shaktism resembles Shaivism. However, practitioners of Shaktism, focus most or all worship on Shakti, as the dynamic feminine aspect of the Supreme Divine. Shiva, the masculine aspect of divinity, is considered transcendent, Shiva's worship is secondary. From Devi-Mahatmya: By you this universe is borne, By you this world is created, Oh Devi, by you it is protected. From Shaktisangama Tantra: Woman is the creator of the universe, the universe is her form. In woman is the form of all things, of all that lives and moves in the world. There is no jewel rarer than woman, no condition superior to that of a woman. Adi Parashakti, whose material manifestation is Parvati and Tripura Sundari, is a Hindu concept of the Ultimate Shakti or Mahashakti, the ultimate power inherent in all Creation; this is prevalent in the Shakta denomination within Hinduism, which worships the Goddess Devi in all her manifestations. Her human or Shakti Svarūpa, was married to Shiva, while her Gyān Svarūpa, weds Brahma and her Dhan Svarūpa, becomes the consort of Vishnu.
In the Smarta Advaita sect of Hinduism, Shakti is considered to be one of five equal personal forms of God in the panchadeva system advocated by Adi Shankara. According to some schools, there are four Adi Shakti Pitha and 51 Shakti centers of worship located in South Asia, they can be found in India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Pakistan. These are called Shakti Peethas; the list of locations varies. A accepted list of Shakti Peethas and their temple complexes includes: Hinglaj Mataji Balochistan Jwalaji Tara Tarini Katyayani Bhadrakali Kamakhya Kali at Kalighat Naina Devi Temple Guhyeshwari Temple Devi Ambaji Vishalakshi Temple Chandranath Temple Other pithas in Maharashtra are: Tuljapur Kolhapur vani-Nashik Mahurgadh There are many ancient Shakti devotional songs and vibrational chants in the Hindu and Sikh traditions; the recitation of the Sanskrit mantras is used to call upon the Divine Mother. Kundalini-Shakti-Bhakti Mantra Adi Shakti, Adi Shakti, Adi Shakti, Namo Namo! Sarab Shakti, Sarab Shakti, Sarab Shakti, Namo Namo!
Prithum Bhagvati, Prithum Bhagvati, Prithum Bhagvati, Namo Namo! Kundalini Mata Shakti, Mata Shakti, Namo Namo! Translation: Primal Shakti, I bow to Thee! All-Encompassing Shakti, I bow to Thee! That through which Divine Creates, I bow to Thee! Creative Power of the Kundalini, Mother of all Mother Power, To Thee I Bow!"Merge in the Maha Shakti. This is enough to take away your misfortune; this will carve out of you a woman. Woman needs her own Shakti, not anybody else will do it... When a woman chants the Kundalini Bhakti mantra, God clears the way; this is not a religion, it is a real
Labhpur is a census town in Labpur CD Block in Bolpur subdivision of Birbhum district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is known to the outside world as the native place of Tarashankar Bandopadhyay and one of the 51 Shakti Peethas. Labhpur is located at 23.83°N 87.82°E / 23.83. It has an average elevation of 35 m, it lies in the flood plains of Mayurakshi River and when water is released from Massanjore dam and Tilpara barrage in large quantities, flood waters wreak havoc in the area. In 2006, nearly 50,000 people were marooned in surrounding blocks of Birbhum district. Labhpur police station has jurisdiction over Labpur CD Block; the headquarters of Labpur CD Block are located at Labhpur. 1. Labpur 1 no gram panchayat 2. Labpur 2 no gram panchayat As per the 2011 Census of India, Labhpur had a total population of 5,419 of which 2,762 were males and 2,657 were females. Population below 6 years was 443; the total number of literates in Labhpur was 4,193. There are presently one high school for boys, one for girls, one junior high school, a junior high madrasha and a central government CBSE coeducational high school.
There are government-aided primary schools, several public primary schools, one degree college under B. U. one ICSE school, two CBSE Schools, one B. Ed and one D. El. Ed college; the main educational institutions in Labhpur town and its surroundings are: College Sambhunath College, Labpur. Labpur Teachers' Training Institute Labpur Teachers' Training Institute High School Labpur Jadablal High School Satyanarayan Shikshaniketan Girls' High School Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya at Gopalpur. St. Josheph's Convent School at Laghata. Jakir Hossain Minority Educational Society Labpur Jr. High Madrasha. Laghata Jr. High School. Primary School Nirmalshib Junior Basic School. Jagadamba Junior Basic School. Sandipan Pathshala. Sambhu Mukherjee Smriti Prathamik Bidyalaya. Laghata Santal Primary School. Bisweshwari Smriti Sishu Siksha Mandir. Ramkrishna Vivekananda Vidyashram. Bhaswati Vidyapith. Sambhunath College: The college was established in 1963, it was named after Sambhunath Bandyopadhyay, the ex-Vice Chancellor of Calcutta University and justice of Calcutta High Court.
The land was donated by Md.. Kashem Mullick; the college was re-opened on 1 July 1973 after a period of closure since 1968. Sambhunath Bandyopadhyay, Sudhiranjan Das, Dr. D. M. Sen, Dr. Srikumar Bandyopadhyay, Dr. Satkari Mukhopadhyay, Dr. S. N. Mukherjee, Dr. Ramaranjan Mukhopadhyay, Sri Satya Narayan Bandyopadhyay, #Dr. K. D. Roy and many other eminent persons were present in the inaugural meeting on 16 August 1963; the chair of the President of governing body of this College was honored by renowned persons like Sambhunath Bandyopadhyay, Somnath Chattopadhyay and Pranab Mukherjee. It is located on the Suri–Phutishanko road and is about 12 km from Ahmedpur and 11 km from Kirnahar on the Ahmedpur Katwa Railway. One pair of trains ran daily along the 52 km Ahmedpur – Katwa narrow gauge line, it remained a single line since its inception. Indian Railways took over the narrow gauge tracks between Katwa and Ahmedpur, Katwa and Bardhaman from McLoyd and Company in 1966; the railways have identified poor turnout of passengers and their unwillingness to buy tickets as the reasons behind the losses incurred by the narrow gauge section.
Since 16 January 2013 the train services had been stopped and the work of conversion of the narrow-gauge line was going on. Conversion work was completed in early 2017 and the section has been opened to passenger traffic since 24 May 2018; the bus terminal is near of Labpur Sambhunath College & Block Development office. Labpur is well connected by bus routes with Siuri, Rampurhat, Bolpur and other important parts of the district, it is connected with Burdwan, Asansol, Katwa, Krishnanagar by frequent bus service. Traditionally, there used to be a weekly market, locally called hat. Apart from vegetables, such needs as pottery, wooden materials, iron materials, seeds etc. were available. But at present the economy of Labpur is changed. There are 4 main market 1. Old busstand market, 2. BDO complex, 3. Sastinagar market & 4. Hattala. Labpur is important for the villages situated near Labpur. Tarashankar Bandopadhyay, the Bengali writer, was born at Labhpur on 23 July 1898, he passed matriculation from Labhpur in 1916.
Many of his novels and stories carry vivid descriptions of the area. In the novel Hansulibanker Upkatha, he writes, "The Hansulibank countryside is somewhat rough land. Here, man's fight is more with land with rivers; when drought comes, in extreme summer, the river becomes a desert, it is a land of sand – only deep water somehow manages to weave a narrow way through it. The land is transformed into rock; the grass dries up. The land heats up as if it is a piece of heated-up iron."In his novel Ganadevata, he quotes a rural rhyme Poush-Poush, golden Poush, Come Poush but don’t go away, don’t leave, Don’t leave Poush, Don’t, The husband and son will eat a full bowl of rice. Labpur Atulshiv Club, Birbhum Sangskriti Bahini and Dishari Sangskritik Chakra are among the renowned cultural organisations in Labhpur. Besides other cultural activities, these organisations stages dramas in and outside Labhpur; the most important festival of Labhpur is Durga Puja, followed by Rash Yatra. The Banerjee Family ce